Religion in Canadian Francophone Communities

HIST 224/3.0

Introduces students to the socio-cultural and religious realities of French-language communities in Canada, from the 19th century to today. Ce cours introduit les étudiants aux réalités socio-culturelles et religieuses des communautés de langue française au Canada, due 19e siècle à nos jours.


This online and distance course aims to introduce students to the socio-cultural and religious realities of French-language communities in Canada, from the 19th century to today, with particular attention to Québec, French Canadians outside Québec, Acadians and French-speaking First Nations in Canada. The main objective is to offer an overview of these communities and the challenges they face, including questions of assimilation, education, linguistic rights and the roles played by Churches and religion among them.

This course is divided into 12 units, comprised of textual, audio and video learning resources. Each unit is organized around a geographical and chronological theme, in accordance with the teaching and marking conventions and requirements established at Queen's University. Evaluations must be handed in at specified dates, according to the class schedule established by the lecturer.

This course is entirely bilingual. All teaching material, all units and all communications with the students are entirely available in both Canada's official languages. Not all reading material will be the same between the two languages, however, because not all English-language studies on the topic are available in French, and the reverse. Nevertheless, great care has been put in selecting the readings, to make sure they are equivalent in length, quality and difficulty.

This course is open to all interested students, from Queen's or from other universities in Canada through distance education. Particular focus is placed on students in History, Religious Studies and those currently studying for Ordained Ministry.

Learning Outcomes

In addition to the lessons, the readings that compliment each written lecture are designed to provide a range of perspectives and represent diverse interpretations. This is intended to help you think critically about the subtlety and nuances of difference, and how religious and political decisions over the decades have both helped and hindered different groups. Inevitably you will need to know some key names and dates; but it is impossible for anyone to memorize everything, especially over the course of four months. Indeed, this is not the objective of this course. You should end the course with a solid understanding of the events that unfolded since the 19th century. Names, terms or dates that might appear on the final exam have been highlighted in bold for each lesson. It is recommended that you make a list for yourself of the information that has been highlighted so that you have it to study for the final exam.






Forum Participation

Weeks 5 and 10

At least one thoughtful posting

2x5% = 10%

3-Article Analysis

Week 4

6 pages


Book Analysis

Week 9

6-8 pages


Final Exam

19 April 2012



About the Assignments

There are two assignments and a final exam for this course. You must complete both assignments and pass the final exam in order to pass this course.

Participation: Questions on the forum, 2x5% (10% total), questions posted on weeks 5 and 10, at least one comment per forum question. Latest possible participation on February 13th and Mars 31st respectively.

On February 4th and on March 18th, I will post questions on Moodle's discussion forum. The questions will be about the class material up to that week. You are asked to participate in the discussion. You must participate at least once per forum question in order to be awarded the points for this discussion.

Final Examination

At-Home Final Exam, due 19 April 2013

The at-home final exam will be made up of three short essay questions. It will only focus on the video, audio and textual lesson material. Key information has been put in bold in the textual lessons so that you can keep track of it throughout the course of the term.

The at-home exam questions and instructions will be made available on the last day of the term, Friday April 5th, 2013, through Moodle. Your responses are due April 19th, 2013.

To activate your Queen’s NetID and access Moodle or visit

Assignment Submission:

Only students with proper documentation will receive extensions. There will be a late penalty of 2% per day (that includes weekends) for each day an assignment is late. THERE WILL BE NO EXCEPTIONS WITHOUT PROPER MEDICAL DOCUMENTATION. If there is a death in the family documentation must also be provided. Late assignments will NOT be accepted after assignments have been marked and handed back to students. Students granted an extension or those with medical certificates will be given a different assignment.

It is understood that many of you have other commitments over the course of the semester and as such due dates may prove difficult at times – please note there are no penalties for handing an assignment in early!



Course content

Before class begins

0.0 Introduction to course organization and content

0.1 Video presentation

0.2 Readings: Syllabus, course schedule and assignment guidelines

Week 1


1.0 19 th -century Québec society

1.1 Video: Thinking about Québec as a minority society?

1.2 Lesson: The Québec Church-Nation and Canadian Anglo-Protestants

1.3 Readings: on Moodle

Week 2


2.0 20 th - and 21 th -century Québec society

2.1 Audio: From a Catholic province to a non-religious nation?

2.2 Lesson: The dismantling of the Québec Church-Nation

2.3 Readings: on Moodle

Week 3


3.0 French Canadians outside Québec and the Catholic Church

3.1 Audio: Church as cultural fortress

3.2 Lesson: Survivance at all costs

3.3 Readings: on Moodle

Week 4


4.0 Franco-Ontarians

4.1 Audio: Church as rampart

4.2 Lesson: Using religion as a means of resisting assimilation

4.3 Readings: on Moodle


Assignment ONE is due during week 4

Latest possible due date is February 3rd, 2013

Week 5


5.0 French Canadians in Western Canada

5.1 Audio: Church as community-founding institution

5.2 Lesson: It all starts with internal migration...

5.3 Readings: on Moodle


Questions up on the forum

Week 6


6.0 The Métis and other French-speaking First Nations

6.1 Audio: Paradoxical assimilation

6.2 Lesson: The ups and downs of syncretism

6.3 Readings: on Moodle

Reading Week


Week 7


7.0 French-speaking Protestants, 19 th and 20 th centuries

7.1 Audio: Interview with Rev. Stéphane Vermette

7.2 Lesson: Protestantism as a means of Othering

7.3 Reading: on Moodle

Week 8


8.0 Acadians

8.1 Audio: From non-clerical to priest-ridden and back again

8.2 Lesson: The Catholic Church, Acadians, Irishmen and the State

8.3 Reading: on Moodle

Week 9


9.0 Francophones in the United Church of Canada

9.1 Audio: Interview with Rev. Stéphane Vermette

9.2 Lesson: Always a minority, always overlooked

9.3 Reading: on Moodle


Assignment TWO due during week 9

Latest possible due date is March 17th, 2013

Week 10


10.0 French-speaking Immigrants since 1945

10.1 Audio: Furthering the process of Othering

10.2 Lesson: Immigration, race, “ethnic communities”, and “reasonable accommodations”.

10.3 Reading: on Moodle


Questions up on the forum

Week 11


11.0 Assimilation, mixed marriages and the “new Churches”

11.1 Audio: “In what Church are we getting married, honey?”

11.2 Lesson: Parallel linguistic and religions assimilations

11.3 Reading: on Moodle

Week 12


12.0 Religious Practice among Francophones today

12.1 Video: What happens when the Catholic Church is not longer a rampart?

12.2 Lesson: The efficacy of Evangelical Churches?

12.3 Reading: on Moodle

Exam Period


At-home Final Exam

Upload your responses on Moodle

on April 19, 2013 at the latest.

Time Commitment

It is recommended that you glance over all the lessons so that you know which weeks are heavier than others. For a typical week you should expect to spend approximately two to three hours reading over that week’s lesson, in addition to the article readings. Again, this course has been designed to replicate a typical university class. Each week you would expect to attend three hours worth of lectures – the lectures written for this class provide the same amount of information.

Course Resources


SOLUS is Queen’s Student On-Line University System. You’ll have access to a SOLUS account once you become a Queen’s student. You’ll use SOLUS to register for courses, add and drop courses, update your contact information, view financial and academic information, and pay your tuition.


Moodle is Queen's online learning platform. You'll log into Moodle to access your course. All materials related to your course—notes, readings, videos, recordings, discussion forums, assignments, quizzes, groupwork, tutorials, and help—will be on the Moodle site.

About Credit Units

Queen’s courses are weighted in credit units. A typical one-term course is worth 3.0 units, and a typical two-term course is worth 6.0 units. You combine these units to create your degree. A general (three-year) BA requires a total of 90 credit units.

Computer Requirements

To take an online course, you’ll need a good-quality computer (Windows XP/Vista/7, Pentium III, or Mac OS X 10.5, G4 or G5 processor, 256 MB RAM) with a high-speed internet connection, soundcard, speakers, and microphone, and up-to-date versions of free software (Explorer/Firefox, Java, Flash, Adobe Reader). See also Preparing For Your Course.


The deadlines for new applications to Queen’s Arts and Science Online courses are in our Dates and Deadlines section.

Tuition Fees

Tuition fees vary depending when you start, your year, faculty, and program. Fees for 2014-15 first-year Distance Career Arts & Science Canadian students are as follows: for a 3.0-unit course, $605.31; for a 6.0-unit course, $1210.62. See also Tuition and Payment.

Grading Scheme

The information below is intended for undergraduate students in the Faculty of Arts and Science. Academic Regulations in other Faculties may differ.

Letter Grade Grade Point

GPA Calculators
Have your SOLUS grade report handy and then follow the link to the Arts and Science GPA calculators.

How does this affect my academics?
See the GPA and Academic Standing page.

Follow the link above for an explanation of how the GPA system affects such things as the Dean’s Honour List, requirements to graduate, and academic progression.

Frequently Asked Questions on the Grading Scheme
Please follow this link to the FAQ's

Campus Bookstore

All textbooks can be purchased at Queen’s Campus Bookstore.

Non-Queen’s Students

All Queen’s Arts and Science Online courses are open to students at other universities. Before applying as a visiting student, request a Letter of Permission from your home university that states that you have permission to take the course and apply it to your degree. See also Apply.

Academic Integrity

Please see Queen’s policy statement on academic integrity for information on how to complete an online course honestly.