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Queen's University


Many of the methods relating to the analysis of inorganic analytes are based on methods referenced in 'Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater'. Instrument specific modifications were made to methods as required.

The analysis of TKN, nitrate/nitrite, ammonia, total phosphorus and soluble phosphorus at the ASU use methods designed and tested by the instrument company, SEAL Analytical. These methods are USEPA approved for the analysis of wastewater and drinking water.

Link to SEAL Analytical

SEAL Installation TKN tubes

A seperate dedicated autoanalyzer (Technicon) is available for the analysis of Phenols in wastewater.

Fluoride, chloride, nitrate, nitrite and sulfate are the most common anions tested for in water matrices at the ASU. High pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) instrumentation is used. Extensive method details relating to HPLC analysis of water samples such as the type of columns used, detectors and gradient profiles/eluents are available in the literature. At the ASU the most common column used is the IonPac AS11. This is also used at the ASU for the analysis of bromide, bromate and phosphate.

At the ASU we use a Dionex DX300 ion chromatographic system with autosampler, eluent degas system, computer interface and gradient module. Isocratic and ramp profiles have been developed to analyze for a variety of anions including the ones detailed above.

Follow this link to the Dionex website for the AS11 column specifications and an extensive list of application notes.

IC Pump

Standard methods are also used for the determination of pH and conductivity, COD (chemical oxygen demand) in water and selected anions (using ion specific electrodes).

Kingston, Ontario, Canada. K7L 3N6. 613.533.2000