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Queen's University


Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometery

The ASU has just purchased a 7700x ICP-MS spectrometer from Agilent Technologies with an ASX-500 series autosampler and a clean enclosure.  This will allow us to offer our clients much lower detection limits than are currenly achievable with our ICP-OES spectrometer. 



Image from Agilent Technologies Brochure 





Traditionally, ICPMS instruments were used to determine a samples elemetal composition (through ion analysis) primarily for water samples and other samples of known composition.


For environmental laboratories, submitted water samples are quite variable in their composition and can range from 'clean' drinking water samples to solutions with total dissolved solids (TDS) exceeding the instruments tolerance of 0.1-0.2%. To minimize time consuming pre-analysis dilution steps, the 7700x employs a proprietary gas dilution technique known as HMI or high matrix introduction.



HMI-High Matrix Introduction


Image from Agilent Technologies Brochure 


The following papers from Agilent Technologies illustrate how the HMI interface can be used to analyze samples with high TDS.


Simple, Reliable Analysis of High Matrix Samples According to US EPA Method 6020A using the Agilent 7700x ICPMS


Direct Analysis of Undiluted Soil Digests Using the Agilent High Matrix Indroduction Accessory with the 7500cx ICP-MS


Performance Characteristics of the Agilent High Matrix Sample Introduction (HMI) Accessory for the 7500 Series ICP-MS


Analytical Services Unit Feb 2012

Collision/Reaction Cells in ICPMS

Isotopic (polyatomic and isobaric) interferencies are common in ICP-MS and there are many methods which these interferencies can be reduced or removed.


Reactive gas (such as hydrogen or ammonia), can be used to remove selected interferencies, but in certain instances, new matrix dependant interferencies can be created which can complicate an analysis. Sensitivity for certain analyte ions can also be significantly reduced using reactive cell gases.


For environmental samples, where information regarding the sample composition is not available, collision mode can be a preferred way to minimize interferencies.


Collision mode uses a non-reactive gas (such as helium) to remove interferencies by a process known as kinetic energy discrimination (or KED). The principle behind this interference removal technique is simply that molecular ions are bigger than single ions. Bigger = more collisions with the inert gas. The interfering ions are thus slowed down more than the analyte ion and with the appropriate hardware can be separated.


Our ICP-MS 7700x instrument employs a universal collision mode "octopole reaction system" (ORS3).




Octopole Reaction System3


Image from Agilent Technologies Brochure 


For details on the operation of the collision mode, please refer to the following agilent literature:


Collision/Reaction Cells in ICP-MS


7700x ORS3 and Helium Mode


At the ASU ICP-MS Location (After Installation)








Good detection limits, instrument stability and relatively straightforward to use!


Kingston, Ontario, Canada. K7L 3N6. 613.533.2000