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2010-2011 Academic Year

Arts and Science Departments, Programs and Courses Geological Sciences and Geological Engineering Courses of Instruction


Courses of Instruction
AVAILABILITY
The Department of Geological Sciences and Geological Engineering does not offer all of the courses listed in the Calendar every year. For the most up-to-date information on the availability of courses offered in the current year, check QCARD or consult with the departmental office.
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GEOL-104*/0.5 The Dynamic Earth 3L;1P
An introduction to the internal structure of the earth and to the dynamic processes which have shaped the earth's surface. An integrated study of global tectonics and continental movement, rock genesis, mountain building, glaciation and geological time. Laboratories give an overview of the earth scientist's toolbox including rock and mineral identification, geochronology, geomorphology and structural geology. Field trip to local exposures may be offered.
NOTE Lab manual and materials: about $10. Course offered in Fall Term and again in Winter Term.
EXCLUSION    APSC 151.
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GEOL-106*/0.5 Environmental Geology and Natural Hazards 3L
The relationship between human-kind and our ever-changing planet, with a focus on natural geologic hazards (volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis, mass movement, floods, extraterrestrial impacts, etc.), and environmental impacts which result from population and land-use expansion and our increased use of water, energy and mineral resources. A study of the sources and impact of pollution and global climate change. Public perception of and response to geological risk.
EXCLUSION    GEOL 105* (2003-2006).
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GEOL-107*/0.5 History of Life 3L;1P
The history of life, from its inception four billion years ago to the present day, focusing on the inter-relationship between organic evolution and global change. Coevolution of early life and the atmosphere; development of marine animals and their ecosystems; invasion of the land; dinosaurs and their world; mass extinctions; the Age of Mammals; and hominid evolution. Lectures plus four three-hour laboratories.
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GEOL-200*/0.5 Oceanography 3L
Introduction to marine science. Topics include: ocean basins and their sediments; seawater chemistry/biochemistry; ocean waves, tides and currents; ocean-atmosphere interaction; polar to tropical organism communities; marine resources; environmental concerns; global change. PREREQUISITE Any of PHYS 104, PHYS 106, PHYS 107,CHEM 112 (or CHEM 116), BIOL 102*, BIOL 103*, GEOL 104*, GEOL 105*, GEOL 106*, GEOL 107* or their equivalents.
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GEOL-212*/0.5 Introduction to Mineralogy 2L;2P
An introduction to the crystallography and crystal chemistry of rock-forming minerals for students not in the Geological Sciences. The structural, chemical and genetic aspects of the crystalline state as displayed by minerals are considered. PREREQUISITE    4U Chemistry or equivalent.
PREREQUISITE OR COREQUISITE GEOL 104* or permission of the Department.
EXCLUSION GEOL 232*.
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GEOL-221*/0.5 Geological Field Methods 5P;2L
An introduction to the field study and description of surficial deposits, sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks, and geological processes, based on geological features of the Kingston area. Descriptions, samples and measurements acquired on weekly field trips during the first part of the course will be analyzed, and the results will be recorded in maps, sections, data bases, and reports during the second part of the course. PREREQUISITE GEOL 104* or permission of the Department.
COREQUISITE GEOL 232* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-232*/0.5 Mineralogy 3L;3P
Characterization of rock- and soil-forming silicate and non-silicate minerals (their crystallography, optical and physical behaviour, and crystal chemistry). The structural, chemical and genetic aspects of the crystalline state as displayed by minerals are considered. Implications of mineral properties for the engineering behaviour of soils and rocks, and for human needs, are discussed. PREREQUISITES    4U Chemistry or equivalent.
PREREQUISITE OR COREQUISITE GEOL 104* or equivalent.
EXCLUSION GEOL 212*.
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GEOL-235*/0.5 Genesis and Characterization of Solid Earth Materials 3L;3P
Macroscopic and microscopic characterization of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Processes by which rocks are formed and transformed, and influence of genesis on shape, distribution, and rock-mass character of rock bodies. Implications and consequences of rock-forming processes for mineral exploration and production, fossil-fuel exploration and production, and engineering site investigation. PREREQUISITES GEOL 221*, GEOL 232*.
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GEOL-238*/0.5 Surficial Processes, Sedimentation and Stratigraphy 3L;2P
An examination of the genetic link between surficial geological processes and the sedimentary record produced by these processes. Students obtain an integrated overview of the nature and operation of the Earth-surface environment. Topics include origin of sedimentary rocks and their sedimentary structures, depositional environments and stratigraphic successions; stratigraphic principles and their application to sedimentary basins, with implications for hydrocarbon genesis; interaction of natural processes with human society. PREREQUISITE GEOL 104* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-249*/0.5 Geophysical Characterization of the Earth 3L;1T
The application of physical principles to examine and characterize the Earth at all scales. The Earth's physical properties and dynamic processes will be assessed and evaluated by integrating such topics as gravity, seismology, magnetism, geochronology, and heat flow, as related to scientific and engineering problems. PREREQUISITES OR COREQUISITES GEOL 104* orequivalent; MATH 121 (or equivalent); one of PHYS 104, PHYS 106 or PHYS 107; or permission of the Department.
EXCLUSION GEOL 269*.
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GEOL-262*/0.5 Geological Aspects of Mineral Deposits 3L;1.5P
The basic mineralogy and petrology of mineral deposits are examined. The formation and classification of mineral deposits, considering such aspects as tectonic setting, age, rock composition, geometry, and mineralogy are investigated. Emphasis is placed on the processes by which mineral deposits are formed and transformed, and their influence on mining and production. Laboratory work integrates geological information from the scale of hand samples to regional maps as tools to assist with mine design, estimation of ore grade and evaluation of issues related to ore processing. PREREQUISITE GEOL 104*.
EXCLUSIONS GEOL 232*, GEOL 362*.
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GEOL-269*/0.5 Physics of the Earth 3L;1T
An examination of the physical principles and properties exhibited by the Earth which can be used to understand its origin, structure, dynamic processes, and evolution through time.Topics such as gravity, seismology, magnetism, geochronology, and heat flow are discussed in conjunction with the unifying theory of plate tectonics. PREREQUISITES OR COREQUISITES 4U Physics or equivalent; GEOL 104*; MATH 121 or equivalent; or permission of the Department.
EXCLUSION GEOL 249*.
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GEOL-282*/0.5 Earth Systems Engineering II: Resources and Environment 2L;3P
An earth-system engineering perspective on the nature, acquisition and utilization of energy, mineral and water resources, with particular emphasis on the environmental considerations in their extraction, processing, and use. Criteria for designing resource exploration programs are examined. Practical exercises, projects and seminars (team and individual) deal with these issues, and include the design of risk-management plans, environmental life-cycle assessments, sustainable systems and ore-reserve estimations. PREREQUISITES GEOL 221* and GEOL 232* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-300*/0.5 Geological Field School
An intensive two-week course taken immediately after final examinations in second year (see Sessional Dates). Teams of students use geological field methods as the basis for an assessment of overburden and bedrock for a specific outcome. A final report is presented and defended. The cost of accommodation and food ($550 in 2009, but subject to change) will be borne by the student. PREREQUISITES GEOL 221* and GEOL 235* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-319*/0.5 Applied Geophysics 3L;1T
Techniques of geophysics (including gravity, magnetic, electrical, and seismic) applied to engineering problems, including resource exploration and site investigation. Physical principles, instrumentation, field procedures, data interpretation, and design of field programs are covered for each of the major methods. PREREQUISITES GEOL 249* and MATH 232* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-321*/0.5 Analysis of Rock Structures 3L;3P
Application of material mechanics to rock deformation. The nature, origin and interpretation of deformation and fracture of rocks, and the application of structural methods to site-investigation and resource exploitation. Topics include geometric, kinematic and dynamic analysis; mechanical analysis (stress and strain theory); geologic mapping and map interpretation; engineering rockmass classification and rock engineering in structurally controlled ground, introduction to geotectonics with examination of selected tectonic associations. Application of structural geology and geomechanics to design issues related to construction, mining, natural hazards, and resource exploitation.Required full-day field trip and several half day excursions. PREREQUISITE GEOL 300* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-323*/0.5 Quaternary Glacial Geology 3L;2P;1S
Quaternary paleoclimates and ice ages. Glacial and proglacial processes, environments and landforms. Dating techniques. Glacial-interglacial history and stratigraphy of selected areas in Canada. One or more one-day field trips may be required. Not offered in 2009-2010. PREREQUISITE GEOL 238* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-333*/0.5 Terrain Evaluation 3L;2P
The nature and origin of surficial deposits and landforms are investigated with emphasis on their recognition and their inter-relationships with, and influence on, engineering activities. Air-photo interpretation is a major component of the course. Techniques of remote sensing are investigated. Students design terrain-evaluation maps, based on air-photo studies to solve scientific and engineering problems. PREREQUISITE GEOL 104* or GEOL 105* or GEOL 106* or equivalent or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-337*/0.5 Paleontology 3L;2P
Review of the major groups of invertebrate fossils, emphasizing functional morphology, and geological significance. Introduction to paleoecology and biostratigraphy. Course includes a required paleontological field trip. PREREQUISITE GEOL 238*, or a minimum mark of 75 per cent in GEOL 107*, or BIOL 201* and BIOL 202* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-343*/0.5 Hydrogeology 2L;3P
Development of the equations governing flow and transport; sensitivity to sub-surfacecomplexities. Field instrumentation, installation and sampling protocols, elements of groundwater investigation. Assessment of measurement techniques and interpretation of fundamentalhydrogeological properties. Groundwater occurrence, flow system analysis, with afocus on designing extraction scheme. PREREQUISITES GEOL 238* and CHEM 112 (or CHEM 116) or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-349*/0.5 Applications of Quantitative Analysis in Geological Engineering 3L;1T
A course in the application of quantitative mathematical methods to solve a variety of geological engineering problems. The utility, significance and widespread applicability of analytical and numerical techniques will be illustrated in the evaluation and solution of practical problems taken from environmental science, geology geohydrology, and geophysics. Not offered in 2009-2010. PREREQUISITES MATH 121 or equivalent; GEOL 249*; CISC 101* or CISC 121* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-352*/0.5 Topics in Mineralogy 2L;3P
Through lectures, seminars and assigned readings selected topics in mineralogy are explored. Emphasis on the current literature and the details of mineralogical phenomena will lead to better understanding of petrologic systems. Not offered in 2009-2010. PREREQUISITE GEOL 232* or GEOL 212*.
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GEOL-362*/0.5 Petrology Applied to Ore Deposits 3L;3P
Characterization of major ore deposit types using petrological, geochemical and geophysical engineering sciences. Tectonic setting, age, rock composition, geometry, mineralogy and textures, geochemical and geophysical signatures. Metallogenic epochs and provinces. Design and evaluation of ore deposit models and exploration programs, including ore processing and environmental issues. Laboratory work integrates techniques of ore microscopy to determine paragenetic sequences, estimation of ore grade and evaluation of issues related to ore processing and site contamination. PREREQUISITE GEOL 235* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-365*/0.5 Geochemical Characterization of Earth Processes 3L;2P
The application of thermodynamics and kinetics to the understanding of natural processes in the Earth Sciences. Distribution of the elements, and practical uses of isotopes and elemental tracers. Geochemical actions and transactions within, and among, the lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere, including the impact of human evolution and environmental geochemistry. Practical application of geochemistry to solving problems in natural systems will be emphasized. A practical involving problems, laboratory experience and field experience will be part of the course. PREREQUISITES CHEM 112 (or equivalent), GEOL 232*, GEOL 235* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-368*/0.5 Carbonate Sedimentology 3L;3P
The origin, composition and diagenesis of carbonate rocks. Study of modern carbonate sediments and depositional environments; development of facies models; petrographic and geochemical analysis of limestones and dolostones. Required extended field trip during term. PREREQUISITE GEOL 238* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-402*/0.5 Exploration Field School
A two-week, intensive field course. Design and application of field data collection methods in exploration and mining projects, and in environmental site remediation. Elements of design include: surface mapping and underground surveying in mining camps, drill core logging, determination of geological properties, 3-D geological projections, integration of scientific literature and mining industry reports. Production of a final report with design solutions. Offered next in Spring 2010. Students should consult with course instructors regarding field trip costs. PREREQUISITES GEOL 300* and GEOL 362* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-409*/0.5 Applied Geophysics: Laboratory 1L;3P;4T
Local field exercises and laboratory assignments using a variety of exploration methods. Lectures will be used to teach basic instrument theory, and to teach the principles of exploration program design. The course includes a four-day field exercise to design and carry out an integrated geophysical investigation. Evaluation is based on submitted technical reports arising from the practical assignments. Next offered in 2010-2011. PREREQUISITE GEOL 319* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-418*/0.5 Petroleum Geology 3L;3P
The origin, migration and accumulation of petroleum resources, emphasizing typical reservoir styles, potential reservoir lithologies, methods of exploration and basic concepts of formation evaluation. Concepts and applications equip students with the basic principles necessary to undertake petroleum industry exploration and production. Laboratory exercises include a major exploration problem and presentation. Offered in 2009-2010 and in alternate yearsthereafter. PREREQUISITES GEOL 238* and GEOL 321* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-421*/0.5 Igneous Petrology 2L;3P
Rock classification and tectonic associations, petrochemistry, petrogenesis; the origin and differentiation of primary magmas, plate tectonics and magmatic evolution. Phase diagrams of igneous minerals. Laboratory study of rock suites and special projects. PREREQUISITE GEOL 235*.
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GEOL-422*/0.5 Metallogeny and Mineral Exploration 2L;3P
Integration of geological, mining and metallurgical engineering, economic, political, social and environmental issues, and application of ore deposit modeling and geophysical and geochemical exploration methods, in the design of comprehensive exploration programs for the discovery and development of Earth materials in an economic and environmentally responsible manner. Next offered in 2010-2011. PREREQUISITE OR COREQUISITE GEOL 362* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-429*/0.5 Geophysical Signal Analysis and Inverse Theory 3L;1T
Underlying theory and guiding principles of digital geophysical data collection and processing system design. Discrete Fourier and sampling theory; filter poles and zeros, signal shaping, least-squares and prediction filters; causality implications. Applications to processing of potential field map data and waveform time series. Theory and practice of geophysical inversion culminating in the design and construction of optimized quantitative Earth models. Discrete linear problems, maximum likelihood, Lanczos decomposition, uniqueness and accuracy. Nonlinear problems from seismic imaging. Offered in 2009-2010. PREREQUISITES MATH 338* (or equivalent) and GEOL 319* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-452*/0.5 Instrumental Techniques Applied to the Study of Solids 2L;3P
The theory and practical aspects of the techniques of X-ray powder diffraction and scanning electron microscopy are studied. Other techniques including Mossbauer, infra-red spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy will also be covered. An extensive term project is required where the student employs these techniques to study a material of their choice. Not offered in 2009-2010. PREREQUISITE GEOL 232* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-463*/0.5 Methods of Geological Data Analysis 2L;3P
Digital and analog methods, for collection, correction, and analysis of geologic data. Field collection using GPS and hand computers. Geographic Information Systems technology, and acquisition and distribution of data across the Internet. Air photo and remotely-sensed imagery to evaluate geologic sensing systems including Radar and Hyperspectral methods. Labs on resource and environment assessment. Next offered in 2010. PREREQUISITE GEOL 211* or GEOL 221* or permission of the Department.
EXCLUSION    GISC 201*.
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GEOL-465*/0.5 Exploration Geochemistry 2L;3P
Principles of geochemistry in mineral exploration, and the use of geochemistry in tracing specific paleohydrologic flow in complex, multicomponent media in systems that deposit ores. Primary and secondary dispersion and their significance in geochemical exploration. Selected case histories. Field and analytical techniques, and interpretation of geochemical data. Design of exploration programs. Not offered in 2009-2010. PREREQUISITE GEOL 362* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-466*/0.5 Isotopes and the Environment 3L;2P
This course is designed to expose advanced students in the fields of biology, chemistry, geography or geology to the principles of stable isotope and radiogenic isotope systematics in natural processes. Emphasis will be placed on the use of isotopes in tracing elemental cycles, biological cycles and hydrologic cycles and how some isotopes can be used to place constraints on the timing of specific events in these cycles. Not offered in 2009-2010. PREREQUISITE CHEM 112 (or equivalent) or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-472*/0.5 Economic Analysis Methods in Geological Engineering 3L;1T
Cost, risk, and return characteristics of mineral exploration; introduction to economic evaluation; cash flow and time value concepts; discounted cash flow methods; mining taxation considerations; sensitivity and risk analysis techniques; exploration economics and strategies; evaluation of exploration projects; exploration planning issues. PREREQUISITES GEOL 235* and permission of the Department.
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GEOL-478*/0.5 Terrigenous Clastic Sedimentology 3L;3P/S
Principles of sequence stratigraphy. Depositional processes, facies models, and sequence stratigraphy of fluvial, coastal, shelf, and deep-marine environments. Introduction to analysis of sedimentary basins. Required extended field trip during term. Offered in 2009-2010 and in alternate years thereafter. PREREQUISITE GEOL 238* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-481*/0.5 Advanced Structural Analysis 2L;3P
Applications of the principles of brittle and ductile deformation to the fabric analysis of rocks in the optimization of strategies for open-ended resource exploration, resource engineering, continental tectonics studies, and geotechnical engineering problems. Emphasis is on fracture, fault, and vein analysis; structures in fold and thrust belts and continental collision zones; and studies of superposed deformation and their impact on effective and economical mineral resource development. Offered 2009-2010 and in alternate years thereafter. PREREQUISITE GEOL 321* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-485*/0.5 Environmental Aqueous Geochemistry 3L
Examination of rock-water interaction, and the geological controls on the chemical evolution and anthropogenic modification of surface- and ground-water, as applied to environmental problems. Application of thermodynamics, activity diagrams, and computer models in the design of assessment systems and mitigation schemes for problems of water contamination. Students evaluate, and design solutions related to, case studies in the areas of geochemical hazards to human health and the environmental impacts of mining, including acid mine drainage. Offered next in 2010-2011 and in alternate years thereafter. PREREQUISITE GEOL 232* or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-488*/0.5 Geology of North America 3L
An advanced course discussing the principles of earth evolution as exemplified by North America. The holistic approach illustrates the way in which geodynamics, geochemistry, sedimentation, paleo-biology and oceanography are used to unravel the history of the continent. PREREQUISITE Geology core program or permission of the Department.
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GEOL-543/1.0 Research and Thesis
Directed, independent research on geological problems. The thesis may be based on data or material collected during summer fieldwork or in the fall/winter around Kingston, on laboratory research, or using published data. Monthly tutorials will cover various aspects of literature review, writing skills and oral presentations. A seminar concerning the thesis topic will be presented at the end of Winter term. Two copies of the thesis, including the original, must be submitted in acceptable form to the Department Head.
PREREQUISITE   Admission to the final year of an honours program with a concentration in Geological Sciences.
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Arts and Science Departments, Programs and Courses Geological Sciences and Geological Engineering Courses of Instruction
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