Urban Forest Plan



Miller and Nicol Halls Front Planting
62. Miller and Nicol Halls Front Planting


Diseased Maple in Front of Gordon Hall
63. Diseased Maple in Front of Gordon Hall


John Deutsch University Centre Front Landscape
64. John Deutsch University Centre Front Landscape


East Union Street: Existing Condition
65. East Union Street: Existing Condition


East Union Street: Improvement Concept
66. East Union Street: Improvement Concept


Macdonald Hall Front Landscape
67. Macdonald Hall Front Landscape


Tindall Field North Edge Planting
68. Tindall Field North Edge Planting


Parking lot North Edge Planting
69. Parking lot North Edge Planting


West Union Street: Existing Condition
70. West Union Street: Existing Condition


West Union Street:  Improvement Concept
71. West Union Street: Improvement Concept


11   UNION STREET

Union Street is the primary east west corridor through the campus and is a significant component of the campus image. The streetscape especially along the south side should be upgraded with consistent street tree planting and selective removal of overgrown and poor condition plantings to open up views. Campus gateway and building entrances should be emphasized to improve identification.

Priority rating: 1

Union Street has taken on a more urban character with the completion of Jock Harty Arena, Goodwin and Walter Light Halls, and more recently Stauffer Library, and by the planting of trees in paving and raised planters. Many of these plantings are new. The more mature trees are struggling. The south side of Union Street has less paving, and many of the plantings are mature and in varying states of health.

East Union Street: South Side

This includes the area between Miller Hall and Douglas Library. Tree plantings range from new to mature specimens, generally in lawn. Plantings of Birch, Red Oak and Fir in front of Miller Hall are dense and some are very close to the building, obscuring the view of the facade. The Crimson King Maples along the street edge are in poor condition. A secondary row of street trees should be planted as replacements. Many of the plantings in front of Miller Hall and Gordon Hall are dead or in poor condition, and should be removed. Two acceptable White Pine and Pyramidal Oak specimens should be maintained. Two new Red Maples in front of Gordon Hall have chlorosis and a soil investigation should be pursued before new plantings are started. The paved entrance at Fifth Field Company Drive should be redeveloped in a less cluttered manner.

Planting strategies for this section of Union Street should include the pruning and/or removal of all dead and poor trees. Where possible, tree plantings along the south side should be in soft landscape, maintaining a consistent setback from buildings and paving. A single row of new street trees should be planted in a line set back from the sidewalk. Trees should not be planted too close together since this is the shadier side of the street. Openings in this planting should be centred at intersections and building entrances. Secondary plantings adjacent to buildings should be in groups, and should be sited to reveal rather than obscure building facades and to enhance the landscape forecourt along this side of the street.

East Union Street: North Side

This includes the area between Walter Light Hall and John Deutsch University Centre. The plantings in front of John Deutsch University Centre and the Physical Education Centre are new, with the exception of the remaining Red and Silver Maple street trees in front of the Arena. They are in poor and declining health. New plantings in the planters behind these trees should be well maintained. Various inappropriate plantings next to Walter Light Hall should be removed, and gaps in the street tree planting filled to reinforce the continuity of the streetscape.

West Union: North and South Sides

The recent construction of the Stauffer Library has enhanced the landscape character along the north side with plantings of Norway Maples in shrub beds. The adjacent Victoria School, surrounded by parking, has two Honeylocust trees planted in front, but is otherwise surrounded by very poor mature Silver Maple street trees. A new planting of street trees should be started to prepare for the eventual removal of the Silver Maples.

The south side landscape is very diverse. Buildings here are closer to the street than those along the eastern half. This creates fewer opportunities for plantings. Many are in random sod islands surrounded by paving. Plant species are a random mix of Oak, Horse Chestnut, Crabapple, Norway Maple and Honeylocust. Newer plantings in front of the School of Policy Studies appear to be struggling. The random pattern of plantings along the Dunning Hall frontage should be simplified to a consistent street tree pattern with accent tree groupings to anchor buildings corners and frame views. The former rose garden planters are in poor condition; the grade and visual separation from the Dunning-Macdonald Courtyard should be remedied.

The street frontage of the parking lot and Tindall Field consists of a combination of street tree and shrub plantings. Plantings along the parking lot frontage include a variety of Maple species and Ash. The parking lot entrance is demarcated by a planter which includes Hackberry, Cherry and Spruce plantings. Plantings around the playing field are similar, except that they are more of the self-seeding species. Under-plantings of miscellaneous shrubs in this area should be removed due to poor appearance and condition, safety considerations, and to open up views to the campus beyond from the gateway at Albert Street.

Improvements along this section of Union Street should be aimed at reinforcing the visual continuity of the street edge. A simplified planting palette of street trees should be used. Pedestrian paving should be restricted to the street edge and front yards should be established adjacent to buildings. This would accommodate a row of street trees, preferably in soft landscape areas. In areas of high pedestrian traffic, street trees can be planted in paving as on the north side of Union Street. Views and access to adjacent courtyard spaces should be improved.

Species recommendation

Street tree
   Acer x 'Jeffersred', Autumn Blaze Maple
   Acer rubrum, Red Maple
   Ulmus 'Pioneer', Pioneer Elm

Gateway planting
   Malus sp., Flowering Crabapples
   Syringa reticulata, Ivory Silk Tree Lilac
   Picea pungens, Colorado Spruce
   Pinus strobus, White Pine

Front lawn tree
   Acer rubrum 'Armstrong', Armstrong Maple
   Betula papyrifera, Paper Birch
   Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata', European Hornbeam
   Quercus robur 'Fastigiata', Pyramidal English Oak
   Abies concolor, Silver Fir
   Picea pungens 'Hoopsii', Hoopsi Blue Spruce
   Pinus strobus, White Pine
   Tsuga canadensis, Hemlock

Front lawn foundation planting (north side)
   Amelanchier canadensis, Serviceberry
   Cercis canadensis, Redbud
   Cladastrus lutea, Yellowood
   Ostrya virginiana, Blue Beech