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Queen's University

Centre for International and Defence Policy

Recent Publications by Centre Fellows



Todd Hataley and Christian Leuprecht

Available from Macdonald-Laurier Institute (2013)

A Canada-US strategy for a new era of continental perimeter-security cooperation envisages a layered approach to border security that shifts functions away from the actual border. Beyond the Border: A Shared Vision for Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness is meant to diminish marginal costs of legal cross-border activity. At the same time, it inadvertently risks lowering marginal costs for illicit cross-border activity. Moreover, BTB’s assessment of the resources necessary for adopting a layered security strategy is deficient and does little to curb Canada’s most pervasive and persistent cross-border security liability – that is, organized crime – and may even enhance its economic competitiveness.


edited by Hans-Georg Ehrhart, Sven Bernhard Gareis, and Charles Pentland

Available from McGill-Queen's University Press (2012)

In the aftermath of 9/11, a NATO-led coalition entered Afghanistan. A decade later, the country's prospects are still very troubling. As the coalition gradually prepares to withdraw and the Afghan National Army and Afghan National Police assume increasing responsibility, Afghanistan in the Balance brings together Canadian and European experts to answer important questions concerning the country's future: What has been the impact of ten years of international intervention? What lessons have been learned about the conduct and consequences of such missions?

Cover of Cold War Fighters by Randall WakelamCOLD WAR FIGHTERS: CANADIAN AIRCRAFT PROCUREMENT, 1945-1954

Randall Wakelam

Available from UBC Press (2012)

The mysterious cancellation in 1959 of the CF-105 Arrow, Canada's state-of-the-art interceptor aircraft, holds such a strong grip on the Canadian imagination that earlier developments in defence procurement remain in the shadows. This book corrects this oversight by providing a compelling account of Canadian procurement between 1945 and 1954, a period when the Royal Canadian Air Force was expanding rapidly to meet the Soviet threat. Competing pressures to arm the air force, please allies, and save money resulted in the CF-100 Canuck and the F-86 Sabre, Canada's front-line defensive aircraft in the coldest years of the Cold War. Cold War Fighters reveals that neither the RCAF nor the government believed that AVRO was up to manufacturing even the CF-100 Canuck on budget. Wakelam also offers fresh insight into current procurement issues, including the government’s decision to purchase the F-35 fighter.


Oded Haklai

Available from University of Pennsylvania Press (2011)

Arabs make up approximately 20 percent of the population within Israel's borders. Certain activists within this population claim that they are a national and indigenous minority dispossessed by more recent settlers from Europe. Ethnically based political organizations inside Israel are making nationalist demands and challenging the Jewish foundations of the state. This book investigates the rise of this new movement, which has important implications for the Palestinian-Israeli conflict as a whole. It investigates how the debate over Arab minority rights within the Jewish state has given way to questioning the foundational principles of that state, not only explaining the transitions in Palestinian Arab political activism in Israel but also presenting new theoretical arguments about the relationship between states and societies.

Security Operation 21 Century coverSECURITY OPERATIONS IN THE 21ST CENTURY:
Canadian Perspectives on the Comprehensive Approach

Edited by Michael A. Rostek and Peter Gizewski

Available from McGill-Queen's University Press (2011)

In recent years, there has been increased recognition of the need for a more coordinated and holistic approach to government security operations. To this end, various Canadian government departments have been investigating the effectiveness of a new collective approach to security operations known as the Comprehensive Approach. Such an undertaking would bring together the efforts of government departments, non-governmental organizations, and private sector entities to work towards a shared goal. Considerable progress has been made with this approach but questions remain regarding its sustainability. The authors demonstrate that the research and experience of academics and practitioners can be consolidated as Canada attempts to create a new standard for dealing with the security challenges of the 21st century

International Policy and Politics in Canada coverINTERNATIONAL POLICY AND POLITICS IN CANADA 

Kim Richard Nossal, Stéphane Roussel and Stéphane Paquin

Available from Pearson Education Canada (2011)

This text on Canadian foreign policy presents a critical examination of Canada’s foreign policy behaviour in the international system.  Through a variety of historical and modern examples, the book discusses Canada’s international location, main actors, and political processes at the international, domestic and governmental levels.  It seeks to answer two main questions while offering a framework for analysis: what is international policy, and what determines a country’s course in international politics?

Europe Without Soldiers coverEUROPE WITHOUT SOLDIERS:
Recruitment and Retention across the Armed Forces of Europe

Edited by Tibor Szvircsev Tresch and Christian Leuprecht

Available from McGill-Queen's University Press (2011)

European armed forces are confronted with increasing recruitment and retention challenges as governments shift from compulsory service to all-volunteer forces, unprecedented population aging notwithstanding. This volume compares human-resource developments in both old and new NATO members as well as unaligned countries, including Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. In its cross-European approach to comparing variation in policy and trends across more than a dozen like-minded countries, the study offers empirical insights into the permutations that civil-military relations are undergoing in the twenty-first century.

muslimswantcover.jpgWHAT DO MUSLIM CANADIANS WANT? 
The Clash of Interpretations and Opinion Research

Christian Leuprecht and Conrad Winn

Available from  Macdonald-Laurier Institute  (2011)

This study examines the values and opinions of a sample of Canadian Muslims to understand their varied and extremely diverse attitudes on Canada, terrorism, foreign policy, and Sharia law: “The sheer complexity of Muslim opinion, including its apparent variation by national origin, cries out for more and better research on its character, causes and extent. That a thoughtful minority of Muslim newcomers comes to Canada to escape extremism and embrace pluralism is a cause for much celebration. So too is the fact that many Muslim newcomers to Ottawa and Canada are so admiring of Canada’s freedoms and lawfulness. That only a small minority of Muslim newcomers unequivocally reject terrorist organizations such as Hamas and Hezbollah or the Iranian regime gives pause for thought.” Other findings include: varied responses on introduction of Sharia law; differing opinions among Canadian Muslims about Israel and the United States; opposition to all forms of extremism seems to be highest among immigrants from Iran, while lower among those arriving from the Middle East; above-average support for extremism participants in meetings of small religious study groups.

Locating Global Order coverLOCATING GLOBAL ORDER:
American Power and Canadian Security after 9/11

Edited by Bruno Charbonneau and Wayne S. Cox

Available from UBC Press (2010)

Should the United States don the mantle of empire for the sake of world peace, or will peace come through world government? This book questions the very assumptions of this debate—that the political order is hierarchical, with state and international institutions at the top and individuals and groups at the bottom. Rather, Canada’s role in the construction and maintenance of global order, both domestically and internationally, reveal that the location of social and political practices creating global order is no longer certain. How are these practices influencing America’s ability to structure its power around the world? What are the links between Canadian security policy, our involvement in the war in Afghanistan, and US power? This book argues that the post-9/11 global order is not exclusively American—allied powers are a key component of its hegemony.

Mission Critical coverMISSION CRITICAL:
Smaller Democracies' Role in Global Stability Operations

Edited by Christian Leuprecht, Jodok Troy and David Last

Available from McGill-Queen's University Press (2010)

Can smaller countries achieve through cooperation what superpowers cannot achieve by force? Herein lies the challenge of expeditionary missions for smaller advanced democracies: reject the technological fantasy of future war scenarios, come to terms with the social context of violence and the human implications of managing it, and project stabilization globally in support of a consensus that will survive a changing world order. Mission Critical will appeal to scholars, military, and strategic planners in countries small and large with an interest in sharing the heavy lifting of international security more effectively.

Architects and Innovators CoverARCHITECTS AND INNOVATORS:
Building the Department of Foreign and International Trade, 1909-2009 

Edited by Greg Donaghy and Kim Richard Nossal

Available from McGill-Queen's University Press (2009)

This collection focuses on the personalities and careers of key, but often-overlooked, individuals who shaped the Canada's foreign ministry in its first century, and offers a compelling and accessible introduction to the history of Canadian diplomacy by some of Canada's leading scholars. There are chapters on the contributions to Canada's international policy and diplomacy of Sir Joseph Pope, Sir Robert Borden, Raoul Dandurand, O.D. Skelton, Peter Larkin, Vincent Massey, Herbert Marler, Hume Wrong, A.D.P. Heeney, Gerry Riddell, Howard Green, Marcel Cadieux, Margaret Meagher, Ivan Head, Pierre Elliott Trudeau, Sylvia Ostry and Allan Gotlieb.

The Afghanistan Challenge cover THE AFGHANISTAN CHALLENGE:
Hard Realities and Strategic Choices

Edited by Hans-Georg Ehrhart and Charles Pentland

Available from McGill-Queen's University Press (2009)

Canada and Germany are among the largest contributors to the international mission in Afghanistan, with troops in different parts of the country, fulfilling different roles. Canadians sometimes criticized Germany and other European allies for their unwillingness to take on riskier military tasks in Afghanistan. Some Germans, in turn, chided Canada for stressing war-fighting rather than development. This Canadian-German dialogue reflected a larger debate within NATO concerning Afghanistan and the future of the alliance. This collection of essays by leading German and Canadian experts assesses the present state and future prospects of the Afghanistan mission, both to advance the dialogue and to suggest better approaches to the policy questions that continue to confront the alliance.

Right to Rule coverTHE RIGHT TO RULE:
How States Win and Lose Legitimacy

Bruce Gilley

Available from Columbia University Press (2009)

Popular perceptions of a state's legitimacy are inextricably bound to its ability to rule. Vast military and material reserves cannot counter the power of a citizen's belief, and the more widespread the crisis of a state's legitimacy, the greater the threat to its stability. This book demonstrates the link between political consent and political rule. Fixing a definition of legitimacy that is both general and particular, it merges a broad study of legitimacy and performance in seventy-two states with a detailed empirical analysis of the mechanisms of legitimation.  Considering a range of explanations of other domestic and international phenomena as well, the book argues that, because of its evident real-world importance, legitimacy should occupy a central place in political analysis.




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