What is “ratification”? How does this work?

Ratification by the union is the process by which members of the bargaining unit vote to accept or reject the terms of the collective agreement that the university and union have negotiated. The ratification vote happens at the end of collective bargaining, after the university and the union have reached a tentative agreement.

All members of the bargaining unit have the right to vote. Each person gets one vote. The vote must be conducted by secret ballot. The collective agreement is considered “ratified” by the bargaining unit if more than 50 per cent of those voting vote to accept the terms of the tentative collective agreement.

A collective agreement is ratified by the university, when the tentative agreement is approved by the Board of Trustees or alternatively, by the Human Resources sub-committee of Board in cases where that responsibility is delegated.

Once both parties have ratified the tentative collective agreement, it is finalized and implemented.


Posted in: FAQs: Collective Bargaining

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