Canadian Public Opinion Trends
Source Canadian Opinion Research Archive
http:///www.queensu.ca/cora/trends
The Environment Before Jobs
I'd like you to tell me how you personally feel about this statement by giving me a number between plus or minus 5, where +5 means you totally agree with the statement and -5 means you totally disagree with the statement. Many people's opinions fall somewhere between these two points depending on how they feel about the statement. The statement is: We should do more to protect the environment even if it means jobs would be lost in the process.
Year Month Totally Disagree 2 3 4 5 Depends 7 8 9 10 Totally Agree No Opinion Valid N Variable Survey Firm
1980 March 8.4 2.5 3.9 3.7 2.5 11.4 5.5 8.4 13.3 9.5 28.9 1.8 1500 r61 DQ1 Decima
1982 June 12.3 3.1 6 5.4 3 10 6 9.8 16.4 8.8 18.9 0.3 1500 r61 DQ10 Decima
1984 June 10.8 2.7 4.8 4.8 3.9 9 7.4 9.2 12.7 9.4 25.4 0.1 1500 r61 DQ18 Decima
1985 June 10 2.6 7 4.3 4.4 10.3 7.8 11.6 15.5 7 19.2 0.2 1500 r61 DQ22 Decima
1986 June 7.8 2.4 5.2 3.9 2.9 9.2 6.8 10.3 16.7 11.3 23.5 0.1 1500 r61 DQ26 Decima
1988 June 8.7 2.5 4.9 3.5 2.7 8.6 6.4 11.3 16.3 8.4 26.6 0.1 1500 r61 DQ34 Decima
1989 June 8.4 2.6 5.2 3.9 2.6 8.3 6.6 10.2 15 8.6 28 0.5 1500 r61 DQ38 Decima
1990 June 8.2 1.5 3.8 3.1 2.4 10.3 6.8 10.7 16.3 9.8 26.7 0.5 1500 r61 DQ42 Decima
1991 June 9.8 2.9 5.7 3.9 3.9 13 8.6 12.4 14.4 6.4 18.4 0.5 1500 r61 DQ46 Decima
1992 June 7.6 3 5 5.7 4.2 12 10.8 12.5 15.4 7.4 16.4 0 1500 r61 DQ50 Decima
Level of Pollution
Would you say that the level of pollution in Canada has increased, decreased or remained the same over the past two years?

Year Month Increased Decreased Remained the Same DK/NA Depends Valid N Variable Survey Firm
1981 November 69.2 6.6 15.8 8.4 - 1994 q36n3 EFC821 Environics
1983 February 62.1 12 14.6 11.4 - 2018 q87n3 EFC832 Environics
1983 November 62.6 8.6 16.8 12 2009 q42n3 EFC841 Environics
1987 September 70.8 6 18.9 4.3 - 2013 q20 EFC874 Environics
1989 June 78.8 6.6 13.2 1.3 - 2002 q54 EFC893 Environics
1991 July 71 9.4 16.8 2.8 - 2012 q103 EFC913 Environics
1993 September 59.4 11.9 25.9 2.8 - 2001 q94 EFC933 Environics
2005 Q1 68.1 6.5 22.2 3 - 2022 q59c EFC051 Environics
2007 Q1 73.2 4.8 19.1 2.6 0.3 2030 q43c EFC071 Environics
Greenhouse Effect
Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not very concerned about each of the following environmental issues? Changes in our climate due to the greenhouse effect.
Year Month Very Concerned Somewhat Concerned Not Very Concerned Not At All Concerned DK/NA Valid N Variable Survey Firm
1988 October 42.4 34.5 16.9 - 6.2 1508 q3j EEM884 Environics
1989 November 44.3 35.4 15.8 - 4.5 1518 q2j EEM894 Environics
1990 October 47.7 36.3 16.1 - - 1450 q3j EEM904 Environics
1992 March 47.2 40.1 12.7 - - 1478 q15j EEM921 Environics
1992 December 46.2 40.3 13.5 - - 1475 q3j EEM924 Environics
1995 December 36.6 43.6 19.8 - - 1484 q6f EEM954 Environics
1998 March 38.2 43.3 18.5 - - 1484 q4a6 EEM981 Environics
1999 January 42.8 40.6 16.6 - - 1527 q3f EEM984 Environics
2000 February 39.5 42.9 17.6 - - 1576 q5f EEM994 Environics
2001 February 42.7 41.2 16.1 - - 1528 q1f EEM011 Environics
2005 Q1 52.1 34.6 7.6 5.5 0.2 877 q61j EFC051 Environics
2007 Q1 54.8 30.3 8.6 5.4 0.9 869 q45j EFC071 Environics
Threat to Health and Safety
In your view, what kind of pollution poses the greatest threat to human health and safety?

Year Month Acid Rain Cigarette Smoke Toxic Chemicals Chemicals /Pollution in Water Chemicals /Pollution in Air Chemicals /Pollution in Food Nuclear Radiation/ Waste Ozone Depletion/ CFCs Hazardous Waste/ Landfills Pollution in General Industrial Automobile Pollution Other DK/NA Valid N Variable Survey Firm
1988 October 14.5 0.6 13.3 12.8 19.5 0.8 4.7 3 7.5 7.7 2.8 - 4.5 8.3 1454 q5 EEM884 Environics
1990 October 8.8 0.6 11.6 15.3 34 1.9 3.4 3.5 2.3 5.4 - 4.6 5.5 - 1375 q31 EEM904 Environics
1995 December 1.5 1.4 10.5 12.5 38.2 6.1 4.2 3.7 2.2 / 2.4 3.9 - 5.1 7.3 - 1442 q7 EEM954 Environics
The Kyoto Protocol
As you may know, Canada and other countries from around the world met in Kyoto, Japan to discuss the next steps and timetables for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. From what you have read or heard, do you think the agreement reached by the countries in Kyoto goes too far in trying to cut emissions, doesn't go far enough or is about right?
Year Month Goes Too Far Doesn't Go Far Enough About Right DK/NA Valid N Variable Survey Firm
1997 December 7.3 34.8 28.6 29.2 2022 q52 EFC974 Environics
2001 April 7 57.7 35.3 - 1675 q60 EFC011 Environics
2005 Q1 7.8 36.4 38.9 16.8 1989 q77 EFC051 Environics
2006 Q1 10.8 44.2 34.3 10.7 2004 q48 EFC061 Environics
At a 1997 United Nations summit in Kyoto, Japan, many countries, including Canada, made some commitments to reduce environmental pollution, including gas emissions that lead to global warming. From what you know, do you think Canada has done a very good, somewhat good, somewhat poor or very poor job of carrying out these commitments?
Year Month Very Good Somewhat Good Somewhat Poor Very Poor Valid N Variable Survey Firm
2000 June 6.7 44.2 33.7 15.4 1894 q39 EFC002 Environics
The federal government ratified Kyoto one year ago, and is now developing an implementation plan to meet commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Based on what you know, do you support or oppose its implementation in Canada?*

Year Month Strongly Support Somewhat Support Somewhat Oppose Strongly Oppose DK/NA Valid N Variable Survey Firm
2003 Q4 40.7 29.8 8.8 11.2 9.5 2002 q36 EFC034 Environics
2005 Q1 26.1 33.7 9.2 8.1 22.8 1989 q76 EFC051 Environics
2006 Q1 27.7 34.4 11.9 8.4 17.6 2004 q47 EFC061 Environics
2006 Q2 24.7 32.7 12.9 10 19.8 2005 q69 EFC062 Environics
2007 Q1 37.3 26.4 9.7 12.7 13.9 2030 q57 EFC071 Environics
*In EFC051, the question wording was changed so that "implementation" was replaced by "ratification."
Now that the Accord has been ratified, the next step is to develop an implementation plan to figure out how to reach the targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Which view is closer to your own?

Year Month Consensus Not Necessary Consensus Necessary Other DK/NA Valid N Variable Survey Firm
2003 Q4 27.8 66.1 0.6 5.4 2002 q37 EFC034 Environics
Would you say that you are very familiar, somewhat familiar, not very familiar or not at all familiar with the commitments Canada has made under the Kyoto Accord?
Year Month Very Familiar Somewhat Familiar Not Very Familiar Not At All Familiar DK/NA Valid N Variable Survey Firm
2005 Q1 4.1 39.3 33.2 21.8 1.6 2022 q75 EFC051 Environics
2006 Q2 8 44.4 31.4 14.8 1.5 2036 q68 EFC062 Environics
See Also:
Support for Federal Government Spending - Environmental Protection
Federal Government Approval - Environment