Department of History

Department of History
Department of History

History Course Descriptions:  2017-18

First Year Courses

Hist 121 FW The Intellectual Origins of the Contemporary West
Co-ordinator: Dr. Jeff Collins/Dr. Ana Siljak

This course is a survey of the major ideas in Western Civilization and the societies, cultures, and people, which helped to form them. Students will learn about the past by reading and discussing the great works of philosophy, history, and literature from antiquity to our contemporary world. The first half of the course (Fall term) starts with creation ideas in Hebrew thought and Greek myth, and ends with contact between Europe and the so called New World in the sixteenth century. Students will study the roots of modern society in the political and educational ideals of the ancient Greek city-states, Roman notions of justice and power, the Christian transformation of pagan antiquity, Islam and science, monks and knights in medieval Europe, and the rebirth of the arts and religion in the Renaissance and Reformation. The second half of the course (Winter term) continues the survey of themes and ideas from the Scientific Revolution, the Enlightenment, and the French Revolution to Romanticism, Marxism, liberalism, modern feminism, colonial exploitation, and the destructive theories behind Nazism and fascism. This course reveals how the past is very much alive in our contemporary society; an inheritance for better or worse most evident in ideas about politics, morality, religion, and education.   

The course is presented through a combined weekly lecture and seminar discussion format. Attendance in both is required. The weekly lecture provides necessary background to seminar discussions where groups of moderate size meet to discuss material read in advance. The readings are all excerpts of primary sources -- the actual writings of thinkers who lived in the times under discussion and influenced the development of Western Civilization. Students are required to do weekly assigned readings and to participate in class discussion. To do well in this course students must also attend lectures, complete assignments with care, and study for exams.

Hist 122 FW The Making of the Modern World
Co-ordinators: Dr. Aditi Sen/Dr. Amitava Chowdhury

This course is a thematic introduction to world history from prehistoric times to the present, with particular emphasis on the changing balance of power between regions of the globe and the contributions of the peoples of Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas to modernity. In questioning what has been a European-centered explanation for progress and development, this course examines ingrained patterns of thinking about non-European peoples, the environmental aspect of the north/south divide, the emergence of social inequalities within and between states, as well as the role of modern capitalism, colonialism and militarism in enforcing an order from which only a small percentage of the world's population benefit. In introducing students to conceptual tools and basic chronology, this course provides a firm foundation for future studies in history and the social sciences.

This course is in two parts: i) a lecture and ii) a seminar. There will be a lecture once a week of approx. 245 students usually led by professors, and a weekly seminar of some 30-40 students led by different seminar instructors. Lecturers will determine all in-lecture assignments and examinations. Seminar instructors will determine seminar assignments, mark all coursework and exams, and make decisions regarding your grades for the seminars.

Hist 124 FW Canada in the World
Co-ordinator:  Steven Maynard

This course is a critical survey of the main social, economic, and political developments in Canadian history. The approach taken can be called "a history of the present." Approaching the Canadian past as a history of the present offers at least three advantages. First, it defamiliarizes some of the defining features of present-day Canada, such as liberalism, capitalism, or multiculturalism by subjecting them to historical scrutiny rather than treating them as timeless or taken-for-granted categories of Canadian history. Second, it questions the linear narrative of Canada's development from 'colony to nation' by exploring both the nation's own complicated history of colonizing and the competing claims of other nations within Canada. Third, it fosters a dynamic dialogue between the past and the present, and in doing so encourages us to consider the crucial role critical historical thinking can play in our everyday lives as we ponder news ways of inhabiting the world.

The course comprises three parts: a weekly lecture by the course coordinator; a bi-weekly, in-class seminar led by Teaching Fellows; and, in the weeks between seminars, exercises in self-directed learning. Course requirements - assignments, tests/exams, participation, etc. - will be set by the course coordinator and will be the same for all students in the course, while Teaching Fellows will supervise and mark the work of students in their particular sections. Written work will emphasize the art of book critiquing and the analysis of primary historical documents.

Hist 124 F/W (on-line) Canada in the World
Instructor: Dr. Caroline-Isabelle Caron

An introduction to major themes and events in the history of Canada placed in a North American and world context. Topics include relations between natives and newcomers, comparative colonialism, the emergence of nation-states and new social and cultural identities. Assignments emphasize analysis of historical texts and development of research and writing skills.

For more details see Continuing and Distance Studies

Hist 125 S/S and FW (on-line) The Evolution of Modern Europe
Instructor: Dr. Leonid Trofimov

A survey of European history from the 18th to the 21st century. The focus is on the revolutions which produced modern Europe, notably the political revolutions (1789 and 1848), industrialization, urbanization, population growth, secularization, the rise of new classes, and changes in ideologies and popular attitudes.

For more details see Continuing and Distance Studies

Second Year Courses - Lectures (Hist 200-299)

200*F (on-line) India and the World
Instructor:  Dr. Aditi Sen

For more details see Continuing and Distance Studies

201*W Europe, 1572-1815
Instructor:  Dr. Jeff Collins

This course provide a narrative survey of European history from the late Reformation era through the French Revolution. Major themes include: religious transformation and religious war, state formation, colonialism, social and economic change, political revolutions, and major intellectual movements. The course is designed to equip students with a general understanding of early modern European history.

207 S/S - (on-line) Global Indigenous Histories
Instructor:  Tabitha Renaud

For more details see Continuing and Distance Studies

211*W (on-line) The Cold War
Instructor: Dr. Leonid Trofimov

The course explores the origins and changing nature of the conflict between postwar superpowers, as well as its outcome and lasting impact on global affairs. The Cold War is viewed not only from the Western perspective, but also from the Soviet perspective and from a variety of global perspectives. The course will focus on major geopolitical, ideological, economic, military, and cultural factors that shaped the Cold War as well as on specific individuals, their mindsets, interactions, and critical choices. Students will have an opportunity to formulate and discuss major historical questions, but also experience Cold War history through a variety of primary sources and multi-media tools. 

For more details see Continuing and Distance Studies

212*F Experiential Learning in Historical Practice
Instructor: Undergraduate Chair

Experiential Learning in Historical Practice Offers credit for non - academic work in historical practice. Examples include but are not limited to work in or at: museums, archives, historic sites, NGOs, or government agencies. Students must submit to the chair of Undergraduate Studies a one - page proposal before the work experience and a ten page report after the work has been completed.

For more information please see Interships

212*W Experiential Learning in Historical Practice
Instructor: Undergraduate Chair -

Experiential Learning in Historical Practice Offers credit for non - academic work in historical practice. Examples include but are not limited to work in or at: museums, archives, historic sites, NGOs, or government agencies. Students must submit to the chair of Undergraduate Studies a one - page proposal before the work experience and a ten page report after the work has been completed. 

For more information please see Interships

214*W (on-line) Food in Global History
Instructor: Dr. Aditi Sen

For more details see Continuing and Distance Studies

215*W Sport and the Spectacle of Violence from Antiquity to the Renaissance
Instructor: Dr. Anthony D'Elia

Sport and public entertainments were spectacles of violence, from ancient Greek athletic contests and Roman gladiatorial combat to the jousts, hunts, executions, and mock battles of Medieval and Renaissance Europe. Exploring ruins of buildings, texts, and images as evidence will illuminate such issues as gender roles, the social and political functions of violence, eroticism, and cruelty to animals.

216*F U.S. Civil War and Reconstruction
Instructor:  Dr. Rosanne Currarino

The Civil War has been the defining moment in American history.  This lecture course examines the political, cultural and social origins of the conflict, looks that experiences of the war itself for both soldiers and civilians, studies the unfinished revolution of Reconstruction, and considers the legacy of the Civil War and Reconstruction in the contemporary United States.

218*F Byzantium
Instructor:  Dr. Richard Greenfield

The world of Byzantium – that of the ‘other’ Middle Ages of the Eastern Mediterranean – is a fabled and exotic one. If you’ve ever heard of Constantine or Justinian & Theodora, of Constantinople or Antioch, of Hagia Sophia or the Hippodrome, of the battle of Manzikert or the Fourth Crusade, of iconoclasts, monophysites or the schism of the churches, of eunuch courtiers or pillar saints, and if you’ve ever wondered who or what they really were, this is the course for you! This lecture will survey some of the most interesting and key aspects of Byzantine history, society and culture from the fourth to the fifteenth century. One aim of the course will be to familiarize students with the general shape of the political history of the Byzantine state during the nine hundred years from its foundation in Late Antiquity as the successor of Rome down to its final crippling and ultimately fatal encounters with the crusading powers of Western Medieval Europe and the emerging Ottoman Turks. The lectures also aim, through a series of snapshots of vital topics, to provide a broad understanding of some of the most important features of Byzantine society, culture, and belief as well as its complex identity. It will also attempt to give some sense of Byzantium’s place in the world – its relations with and attitudes towards the numerous and diverse peoples, powers, and religions of the regions that surrounded it. In doing so it will encourage broad interest in Medieval, Middle Eastern and Mediterranean studies while being of particular interest to students of the Roman Empire, the Middle Ages, the Eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, Greece, Turkey, and the Balkans, as well as the history of Christianity and Islam.

221*F Jewish and World Civilization (until 1492)
Instructor:  Dr. Vassili Schedrin

A thematic-chronological history of the Jews from ancient times to the beginning of the modern era. Topics to be explored include: emergence of Biblical Judaism; political, social, religious and cultural interactions of the Jews and other ancient and medieval civilizations and religions, such as Babylon, Greece, Rome, Christianity and Islam; the rise of rabbinic Judaism and Jewish communities in Diaspora. The course traces continuity and change of Judaism and Jewish civilization thorough examination of a variety of source material: primary historical texts, historiography, and works of art, including literature and film.

222*W Jewish and World Civilization (since 1492)
Instructor: Dr. Vassili Schedrin

A thematic-chronological history of Jews from the beginning of the modern era to the post World War II period. Topics to be explored include: political emancipation of the Jews in Western Europe; Jewish attempts to integrate into European societies; reform and counter-reform of Judaism; rise of modern antisemitism; Holocaust; emergence of Zionism and establishment of the Jewish state. The geographic span of the course includes Western and Eastern Europe, North America, and Middle East. The course analyzes the impact of modernity on Jewish life through examination of a variety of source material: primary historical texts, historiography, and works of art, including literature and film.

244-001*W Selected Topics in History: Jews on Film
Instructor:  Dr. Gordon Dueck

244-002*W Selected Topics in History: Antisemitism in Historical Perspective
Instructor:  Dr. Howard Adelman

The use of the term “antisemitism,” first coined in the nineteenth century, encompasses a wide range of earlier and contemporary phenomena, blurring different causes, effects, historical developments, and political motivations. This course will examine the religious, economic, social, political, and racial aspects of Jewish relations with other peoples often subsumed under this rubric, spanning from the biblical period to the present, including under Hellenism, the Romans, Medieval Christianity, early Islam, the Renaissance and Reformation, the Enlightenment, nineteenth century nationalism, twentieth century extermination, the modern Middle East, North America, and contemporary issues such as the controversies over Israel, Holocaust denial, and the radical right. 

245*F Imperial Russia
Instructor:  Dr. Ana Siljak

This course is an overview of the history of Imperial Russia from the reign of Peter the Great up to the Russian Revolution.  Particular attention will be paid to the intellectual and cultural developments of the age. Readings include memoirs, documentary sources, and works by Dostoyevsky and Turgenev.

250* W The Later Middle Ages
Instructor:  Dr. Abigail Agresta

This course serves as an introduction to medieval Europe, a society that went from the scattered remains of the Roman empire to a power that would go on to dominate much of the world.  The goal is to acquaint undergraduates with the slow creation of European culture and society during the period 1000-1500, including the invention of romantic love, the rise of the university, and the growing use of credit.  This was a society that was becoming increasingly complex, with expanding cities, growing religious dissent, and increasing contact with the wider world. 

252* W Africa in the Modern World
Instructor:  Dr. Awet Weldemichael

253*W History of Public Policy
Instructor: Dr. Tim Smith

257*W Environmental History
Instructor: Dr. Emily Hill

258*W Slavery in North America
Instructor:  Dr. Barrington Walker

260 S/S - (on-line) Canada from the Conquest to the Present
Instructor: Dr. Martina Hardwick

263*F (on-line) War in the Twentieth Century: Myths and Reality
Instructor:  Dr. Claire Cookson-Hills

An online course that will introduce students to armed forces in modern history, and how they relate to the societies they function within and against.

This course will thematically draw together some of the key issues of international violence and armed force from the twentieth century, and will allow students to connect them to the experience of the modern world. It will explore the fundamental questions of what military force is, how it is organized, how it is used, and what some of the ramifications of that use are both to the military and to civilian populations. Thematic examples will be drawn from throughout the twentieth century, with the overarching theme that how we imagine war (heroic, masculine, physical) often bears no resemblance at all to how modern war is conducted (mechanical, bureaucratic, and industrialized). Other themes will include how war has shaped modern society, how these societies shape warfare both in history and today, and how war is portrayed and consumed in contemporary Canadian culture.

For more details see Continuing and Distance Studies

269*F Politics and the State in Canada to 1896
Instructor: Dr. Jeff McNairn

This introductory lecture course concerns the political history of northern North America, predominately in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. How was political power conceived, exercised, and contested in the Aboriginal, French and British colonial, and early-national polities of what is now Canada? What were the intellectual and institutional underpinnings of different modes of governance, including our current system of liberal democracy which owes its origins to this period? Particular attention will be paid to changing forms of popular political participation, schooling, and the criminal law as well as to more traditional topics in political history, including treaty and other relations with First Nations, patronage and elections, and Confederation. Lectures will be structured around answering a particular historical question or controversy and will incorporate a variety different types of historical evidence.

273*F New Imperialism
Instructor: Patrick Corbeil

History 273 is a survey of European imperialism from the “new imperialism” which began in the 1870s, through to the period of formal decolonization after World War II. The British empire will be our primary lens. Through it we will examine the development and formal dismantling of European empire in Asia and Africa. We will also discuss imperial developments elsewhere, including France and Germany. Thematically, the course will address how Europe’s “civilizing mission” intersected with the economic rationales for empire, and how these justifications informed concepts of racial, cultural and civilizational hierarchy. 

The course will begin with a discussion of economic and industrial changes experienced by Europe in the 1870s, facilitating the “scramble for Africa” that began in the 1880s. Why did European powers embark on a vigorous project of colonization in the final decades of the nineteenth century, and what was “new” about this imperialism in comparison to what came before? We will discuss the development of anti-imperialism in both Europe and the colonies, addressing various justifications and objections to empire in the period before 1870, before turning to examine why imperialism was viewed increasingly as a problem in the 1890s and afterwards. We will study how colonial subjects responded to empire, and unpack the ways in which the forms and structures of colonial rule were shaped and limited by the actions of colonized peoples.

The second half of the course will track imperial powers and anti-imperial opposition in the context of the dynamics created by the end of the Second World War. We will examine case studies of the development of post-colonial nation states such as India, Pakistan, Kenya, Algeria, and Vietnam, and situate their respective fights for national independence within the larger processes of the Cold War, the further development of economic globalization, and the emergence of diasporas of formerly colonized peoples in the West. The course will conclude by examining how the dynamics created by the new imperialism and the end of formal empire in Asia and Africa continue to shape and define both global and domestic European and Western politics. What do concepts like “post-colonialism” and “decolonization” mean in an era “after empire”? Have we seen the end of empire? And how can knowledge about new imperialism and decolonization serve us as global citizens?

280 FW (on-line) Gender in North American History
Instructor:  Valerie Martin

This online course introduces students to history of gender in North America. Over the course of the year, we will use the lenses of manhood, womanhood and modern – “gender analysis” to: (1) explore change and continuity in the cultural meanings and lived experiences of men and women; (2) investigate some of the ways, in which popular understandings of masculinity and femininity and family formations have shifted (or been subtly reinforced) overtime; and (3) examine the social construction of gender in relation to other categories of power and difference, including class, ethnicity, “race”, sexuality, and religion. The course also considers the impact of gender on historical events and phenomena such as colonization, industrialization, class conflict, economic upheavals, and wars. The goal is to teach students about the craft, practice, and discipline of history while also offering a broad introduction to gender history in the North American past.

For more details see Continuing and Distance Studies

286*F Latin America from 1850 to Today: The Modern Era
Instructor: Dr. David Parker

This course surveys the history of Central and South America, Mexico, and the Spanish-speaking Caribbean from the mid nineteenth century to recent years.  Major political events and social trends will be explained in their broader economic, cultural, and intellectual context, with significant attention to issues of development, political conflict, and movements for social change.  History 286 is a lecture course.

295*F The Holocaust
Instructor:  Dr. Gordon Dueck

A lecture course which examines the genocide of European Jews , as well as the interlocking roles played by perpetrators, collaborators, and bystanders The experience of other minorities under Hitler's regime, e.g., the disabled, the Roma people, homosexuals, and Afro-Germans, will also be discussed.

Second Year "Core Seminars" (Hist 300-329)

301 FW Medieval Societies
Instructor:  Dr. Richard Greenfield

As a core seminar, the course will have among its primary intended learning outcomes the development of research, analytical, writing and communication skills appropriate to students entering upon a concentration in History. Assignments and practical activities will be directed specifically to this end while being based in exploration of Byzantine history, society and culture.

In the Fall Term, this course will run concurrently with the lecture HIST 218* Byzantium (see above for details) where students will become generally familiar with key elements of Byzantine history. In the Winter Term the seminar portion of the course will continue with a more focused study of ways in which Byzantine society helped to shape the world of Europe and the Mediterranean in the medieval period. With an emphasis on the interpretation of primary sources in translation and of debated issues, the course will explore some of the more significant episodes and aspects of Byzantine history and culture and will relate them to Byzantium’s place in the broader medieval world and its relations with and attitudes towards the many diverse peoples, powers, and religions of the regions that surrounded it. Among topics to be studied will be Constantine and the emergence of a ‘Christian’ empire, the construction of orthodoxy, Justinian, the coming of Islam and the end of the ancient world, iconoclasm, interaction with the Crusades, the conception and practice of imperial and military power and of justice, the development of Constantinople and the decline of the ancient city, the construction of gender (masculine, feminine and eunuch), the lives of ‘ordinary’ people, the construction of sanctity and the practice of monasticism, the place of icons, relics and amulets in religious behavior, belief in angels and demons, and the practice of magic and sorcery.

303 FW History of the Caribbean in a Global Perspective
Instructor: Dr. Amitava Chowdhury

The Caribbean is a crucible where myriad of global processes intersect, a plethora of cultures and communities crisscross and a multitude of traditions and horizons of memory merge and evolve. It is as much a destination of immigrants as it is a point of departure for emigrants. White planters and colonial administrators, itinerant merchants and trading diasporas, enslaved and liberated Africans, as well as time-expired indentured servants and their successors leave the Caribbean quite readily to continue their journey elsewhere. This course provides a unique lens to examine the intersections of the narratives and processes of global history within the confines of the multifaceted and colorful Caribbean crucible.

This is a yearlong core seminar course on Caribbean history designed as a comprehensive introduction for second year students. In the fall term, we shall concentrate on the major events and processes of Caribbean history in a chronological fashion remaining within the confines of the Caribbean geographical space but sensitive to transnational and global dimensions. In the winter term, we shall attempt to enhance our understanding of the Caribbean inter-regional arena by exploring the history of the region through various organizing lenses such as gender, race, ethnicity, and identity. We will explore popular culture, music and cricket and examine global cultural transactions within the Caribbean cultural horizons. Particularly in the twentieth century, the Caribbean became a crucible for intellectual traditions. Shaped by wider global intellectual trends, the region in turn has enhanced and influenced global intellectual traditions.

This course will provide a thorough understanding of the methods and sources of history as an academic discipline and prepare second year students for advanced seminar courses. With this in mind, we shall examine the various sources for Caribbean history including primary documents, multimedia resources, and digital repositories and engage in discussions on methodology, modes of reading, critical thinking and schools of historiography, and academic writing.

304 FW The Civil War and the Making of America
Instructor:  Dr. Rosanne Currarino

The seminar component of HIST 304 examines causes, events and consequences of the Civil War in the United States.  It focuses on slavery, antebellum social and political divisions, the experiences of soldiers and civilians during the war itself, Reconstruction’s efforts to remake the nation, and the place of the Civil War in American culture since 1877.  It also introduces second-year students to the historian’s craft, with particular emphasis on analyzing primary documents and examining historiographic debates.

306 FW Holocaust: Problems and Interpretations
Instructor: Dr. Gordon Dueck

A fall/winter course taught in conjunction with HIST-295, the first half comprises the lecture component (described above); the second half is a seminar that explores the vast field of Holocaust literature/historiography.

310 FW Introduction to Modern India: Nationalism, Modernity, Postcolonialism
Instructor: Dr. Ishita Pande

This core seminar uses masculinity as the organizing framework to introduce students to the history of the Indian subcontinent with a focus on British colonialism, besides proving a general introduction to – and hand on experience of – the historian’s craft.

Was the British Empire in India driven by raw male energies? How was racial difference enforced through codes of masculinity? Why were Indians depicted as effeminate in colonial writings? How did ideas of masculinity affect the organization of the British Indian army? How did the revolutionary terrorists, and the icon of non-violence, Mahatma Gandhi, challenge the British Raj by positing alternative ideals of masculinity? How did Indian and British masculinities collude to reinforce gender hierarchies during the colonial era? How do ideas about masculinity continue to drive politics, family and culture in modern India? 

Students will read and assess the work of the the most prominent historians of India writing from various perspectives (nationalist, Marxist, postcolonial, feminist)  Through a range of written and visual primary sources - including novels and films - we will look at the political and cultural valences of “being a man” throughout Indian history.

Assessment will be based on short written assignments and in-class quizzes throughout the semester, one research paper and final exams. 

312 FW Canadian Social History
Instructor: Steven Maynard

Toxic masculinity. Fragile masculinity. Female masculinity. Masculindians. Str8-acting/str8-looking gay masculinity. Hypermasculinity. Masculinities in contemporary society continue to proliferate and puzzle. This year’s core seminar in Canadian social history will take masculinity as its central theme and framework. Work done by Canadian historians on the history of masculinity opens up a wide range of topics to consider: colonial masculinity; Indigenous masculinity; working-class masculinity; racialized masculinity; manliness and militarism; relations between masculinity and femininity; and the intimate connections between sexuality and masculinity. In short, masculinity provides a prism through which to explore the customary concerns of social historians – including gender, race, and class – and the operations of power in the Canadian past.
The course will begin with several classes on how to historicize and theorize masculinity. The bulk of the first term and beginning of the second term will be devoted to seminar reading and discussion of the historical literature on masculinities in the Canadian past. In the remainder of the second term, students will embark on a major project of public history related to the theme of masculinity. This being a core seminar, emphasis will be placed on honing your skills in seminar presentation, historiographical critique, and primary historical research.

315 FW Modern Latin American History: Sources and Debates
Instructor:  Dr. David Parker

HIST 315 uses examples from Mexico, Central and South America to introduce new majors to the tools they will need to think like a historian.  Because the course does not expect students to have a prior background in Latin America, in Fall Semester HIST 315 meets together with HIST 286, “Latin America 1850 to Today.”  With that foundation in hand, in Winter term the class meets as a seminar, and goes back to the original sources from which the narrative presented in Fall was constructed.   Students critically pick those sources apart, to gain a better understanding of how history is written and how historians research, analyze, and often disagree.  

The emphasis in Winter term is on the development of the practical skills you will need going forward as history majors:  making sense of period documents, critically evaluating scholarly books and articles, finding (and judging the usefulness of) sources in the library, using software to compile and organise a bibliography, taking sides in a debate, and separating fact from spin, signal from noise, in both print and online sources.  Each skill will be introduced in a relatively uncomplicated weekly assignment (the type, length, and difficulty level will vary by week), and then students will combine those skills together to write a research paper on a topic of their choosing, due in exam period. 

329 FW Modern Britain
Instructor:  Dr. Sandra den Otter

This second-year core seminar offers a fast-paced introduction to the history of modern Britain and its empire in the 19th and 20th centuries. This period encompasses the enormous political, social, and cultural transformations brought about by imperialism and decolonization, the world wars, booms and recessions, the Cold War, and the sexual and cultural revolution of the 1960s.  We will take a deep dive into selected questions as a way of reading and interpreting the broader history of the period.  These questions include refugee crises, soccer (“football”), human rights, sexuality, war and espionage, nationalized health services, race and immigration.  The multiple ways in which the world has shaped the history of Britain in the modern period will be investigated.  In addition to the goal of deepening historical knowledge, the seminar is also designed to introduce students to the tools and methods required for the study of history.  Refining verbal and written communication abilities and critical analytical skills are also key objectives of the course. Many of these tools and methods are transferrable to other courses and to work beyond the university. Assessment will be based on several short assignments and/or quizzes, a research essay, seminar participation and two take-home exams.

Upper Level Seminars for 3rd and 4th Year History Majors and Medials
(Hist 333-499)

338*W Western World Ethnohistory
Instructor:  Caroline-Isabelle Caron

This senior seminar focusses the way European schools of ethnohistory have tackled

First World minority cultures since the 1950s, by zeroing in on the broader intersections of study that include ethnicity, race, nationality, gender, class, sexuality, (dis)ability and imperialism. Ethnohistory methods combine oral history, folklore, anthropology and sociology, to bring light on little known groups, communities, or social classes, as well as so-called cultures “without history”.

European ethnohistory since the 1960s has focussed equally on those living within the Occidental hegemony that surrounds all of us and on non-National cultures in Africa, Asia and South America. Conversely, since the mid-twentieth century, the methods and theories of American ethnohistory have evolved alongside the growing number of Native American land claims cases, and therefore has concentrated primarily on First Nations, after the Second World War. Today, ethnohistory approaches show up in a number of different felds, although the disciplines of history and anthropology contribute the greatest number of interdisciplinary scholars.

339*W Jews without Judaism
Instructor: Dr. Gordon Dueck

Secular Jewish identities are the focus of this course, from the Enlightenment era onwards. Topics include Jewish engagement in the modern projects of liberalism, socialism nationalism, and modern Yiddish literature.

341 FW The Reformation
Instructor: Dr. Richard Bailey

The objective of this seminar is to offer a balanced introduction to the Reformation. The seminar takes a critical approach to a broad range of subjects including late medieval religion, Christian humanism, Luther, Zwingli, Calvin, the Radical Reformation, the Reformation beyond German lands, the social and cultural impact of the Reformation, and the Catholic Reformation. The first term focuses on Reformation thought – scholasticism and humanism, Erasmus and Luther. The second term turns away from Luther and theology to the social history of the Reformation. It is more about theory which is weighing more heavily in historical research today. In addition to weekly readings students will be asked to concentrate their research focus on one project out of which will come two research papers, one seminar presentation, and a final (take-home) exam.

344*F Plural Visions: New World Jews & the Invention of Multiculturalism
Instructor: Dr. Gordon Dueck

This course studies the historical role of Jews as migrants—as strangers in a strange land—and their eventual transformation from "Outsiders" to "Insiders", as a way of understanding their current place in North American society. For the sake of context, readings will include comparisons with the experiences of other minority groups.

353*W Revolutions and Civil Wars in Twentieth-Century Latin America
Instructor: Dr. David Parker

This course is primarily a workshop in historical research, using both secondary and primary document sources.  Thematically the course covers the revolutions, civil wars, and political violence in Twentieth-Century Latin America.  We take case studies of the Mexican and Cuban revolutions, civil wars in Central America, and other Latin American insurgencies, and examine them from various viewpoints while paying close attention to historical methodology.  As a practical, hands-on workshop in research and analysis, students work to understand:

  • theories of revolution and how to move from narrative to analytical history.
  • types of historical sources and the diverse logics of their creation.
  • how to locate, read, critically interrogate, and derive useful conclusions from primary documents, in light of the debates in secondary sources.

In order to achieve these objectives, each week of the course takes a new step toward the conceptualization and writing of a 15-20-page original research paper that:

  • incorporates a period document or set of primary sources that students will locate, research, describe in an oral presentation, and analyze.
  • uses the secondary literature to place the period document(s) into context and to inform historical analysis of the event or events to which the document refers.

365*F History Outside the Book
Instructor:  Dr. Martina Hardwick

The course's emphasis is on teaching students how non-textual sources can be used as a source of historical information. To this end, we examine television, landscapes, architecture, photographs, graffiti, popular culture, advertising, oral history interviews, and household objects, among other things. Students submit a photographic analysis of a landscape or street scene, a museum review, and a final research paper.

This course is designed to introduce upper-year students to the use of historical research materials that go beyond the usual printed sources. Nevertheless, since printed materials remain the historian's primary tool, these unconventional materials should be used to supplement the printed record, not supplant it. This has particular applicability when studying groups for whom textual sources may be scanty, fragmentary, or non-existent, as is often the case in social history. Since one of the aims of social history is to allow the voiceless to have a voice, the use of non-textual sources is invaluable in the field.

During the term, we will be looking at and working with material culture, for the most part, namely the objects and items produced by a society that reflect its development and processes. The objects, in turn, can tell us about the people within a society. We will also be looking at the way in which historians use these sources, as well as the uses and pitfalls of oral history, the way in which the physical environment can act as a historical record, and finally, how printed sources can be re-examined.

367 FW Utopian Visions and Movements for a New Society
Instructor: Dr. Richard Bailey

The purpose of this course is to acquaint students with the recurring dream of a glorious future and of attempts to describe and realize it. In the first term we shall see how the dreams of such a future were a function of society as it was and how in turn they affected the future. The course begins with the problem of definition and the challenge of how to read literary utopias. It then moves on to look at images of the past and future from Antiquity to the present including readings from golden age traditions (western and non-western), Plato, Virgil, Dante, Thomas More, Francis Bacon, Tomasso Campanella, Gerrard Winstanley, Francois Fenelon, Edward Bellamy, and Ursula LeGuin. Other themes explored in student presentations can include utopias in the colonial Americas, ecotopias, feminist and LGBT utopias, and experiments in communal and cooperative living since the 1960s. The second term is devoted to helping students prepare for life in the world beyond the university by exploring (through online resources such as author interviews, TED Talks, author lectures) visions of the future through the eyes futurologists such as Thomas Frey, Ray Kurzweil, and Joel de Rosnay. We look closely at the coming human/machine interface and its implications for our lives including its impact on careers, leisure, society, politics, and education.  We conclude with critical reflections on the status of utopian/futurist thought today. In addition to weekly readings students will be asked to concentrate their research focus on one project out of which will come two research papers, one seminar presentation, and a final (take-home) exam.

390-001 FW Topics in History: Jim Crow and African American Resistance
Instructor: Deirdre McCorkindale

Jim Crow is the name often given to the series of legal and social customs that segregated Blacks and Whites throughout the United States after the Civil War. This seminar will cover the period from roughly 1865 to 1965, and will explore the history of Jim Crow from its early namesake minstrel character to the set of complex social practices and enforced laws that came to be identified with the term. The purpose of this course is to study the development of Jim Crow throughout the United States, not just in the South. Accordingly, this course will study the accompanying development of ideas about race and Blackness over time. The course will also explore the various forms of Black resistance to segregation and other forms of racial oppression. The goal of this seminar is for students to develop an understanding of how race was a dominant force in many aspects of American life in this period. Fundamental to this understanding is how anti-Black racism transcended legal segregation and seeped its way into many aspects of American life, including law, social etiquette, history, advertisements, games, literature, music, film, and television.

390-002 FW  Topics in History: Byzantine Society
Instructor: Kerim Kartal

The Eastern-Roman Empire, a.k.a. the Byzantine Empire, may look temporally and geographically far to some, so your friends/relatives might ask: “Why are you taking this course called Byzantine Society?” Tell them that the Byzantine world stretched through three continents, and survived for eleven centuries during the medieval period. Their legacy is with us in many places including Canada! If you happen to go to an Orthodox Church (Greek, Russian, Ukrainian, etc.), the rites, the art and architecture are all heavily influenced by the Byzantines. If you feel like you do not belong in only one culture or identity, neither did the Byzantines! They were Eastern and Western; Asian, African, and European; Pagan and Christian. A mosaic to explore with a lively society and culture! Their legacy is found today from Turkey to Greece, from Syria to Italy, and from Bulgaria to Russia. (Have you heard of the magnificent Hagia Sophia that the Byzantines built?)

This full-year senior seminar will thus investigate something familiar to you every week. The fall term will cover the period from the fourth to the ninth century, and the winter term from the ninth till the mid-fifteenth. Every week, the first half of each seminar will be a lecture devoted to the political, religious, economic, intellectual, artistic and architectural background of the Byzantines; and the second half a discussion of the primary and secondary sources on Byzantine society. At the end of the year, you will be able to have a good grasp on the accomplishments and failures of the Byzantines, evaluate the Byzantine world and its relations with neighbors such as Italians and Turks, and understand the legacy of the Byzantines in various societies and religions.

391 FW Topics in Canadian History: Made in Canaada: Producing & Consuming Canadian Culture Since 1900
Instructor: Emily Leduc

What is cultural history? What about social history? How are these thematic lenses of inquiry beneficial to the study of the past? What can they tell us about Canadian history? What about Canadian culture makes 'us' unique? In a year celebrating the 150th anniversary of Confederation, what are the most popular tropes of Canadian culture, and what are some stories that are less remembered? How can understanding our cultural past influence the issues of our present? These questions lie at the heart of this ‘Topics in History’ seminar course. At its most basic, the course explores the history of Canadian culture since 1900. Using a multi-thematic approach, students will engage both primary and secondary resources to re-examine a variety of 'touchstone' eras or moments in twentieth century Canada.  The course will begin with an introduction to cultural and social history and move on to explore topics including consumerism, leisure, mass and popular culture, media and broadcasting, cultural diplomacy, immigration, multiculturalism, war, 'Americanization', and more. In doing so, students will be able to develop more nuanced understandings of concepts like nationalism, race, gender, class, and identity. Students will be exposed to a mix of cultural artefacts including print media, oral interviews, radio, television and film, and music.  The readings are intentionally thematic and widely interdisciplinary and course assignments are both conventional and creative, designed to help students expand and develop their skills in historical analysis and critical thought.

400-001*F Topics in History: Gender, Childhood, Family and Community in Jewish History
Instructor: Dr. Howard Adelman

An introduction to the methods and the sources of social history while studying the development of stated and unstated constructions of gender, including women’s history, homosexuality, lesbianism, and transgender, childhood, family, and the role of rabbinic, community, and personal authority in these matters.  Central to the course will be an understanding of the tensions between traditions—sometimes contradictory—and changing circumstances, in particular the external influences on Jewish attitudes and behaviors by ancient nations, Islam, Christianity, and modern movements. 

400-002*F Topics in History: Radicalism, Revolution, and Religion in Russian History and Literature
Instructor: Dr. Ana Siljak

In nineteenth-century Russia, religion, politics, and literature were inextricably intertwined. This course will look at how Turgenev, Dostoyevsky, and other Russian writers grappled with religious questions, revolutionary activism, and the role of the writer in society. In turn, the course will examine how literature influenced wider society, from radical political movements to artistic and poetic cultural organizations.

400-003*F Topics in History: The City in Medieval Europe
Instructor:  Dr. Abigail Agresta

This course explores the medieval city as an environmental, social, and cultural entity in Europe from 1000 to 1500. In medieval thought, cities were understood to work as human societies in miniature, and as a human body writ large. European society in this period was becoming increasingly complex: growing in wealth and inequality, fraught with religious divisions, threatened by environmental crisis. The cities of Europe reflected these tensions, understood simultaneously as rivers of filth and mirrors of heaven.  Just as medieval people themselves did, we will examine medieval society through the microcosm of urban life. Topics will include urban governance, commerce and work, poverty and charity, religious difference, and public health.

400-004*F Topics in History: Historical Imagination
Instructor: Dr. Nancy van Deusen

Like a good chef, a historian requires fresh ingredients to create a palatable narrative. As historians “prep” for writing, they gather together viable sources, choose chronological plotlines, frame episodes and events, distinguish truth from fiction, weigh different perspectives, and select the literary tropes of tragedy, melodrama, etc. to recount and narrate a version of the past – a past that is based on choices and which produces different outcomes. The most important ingredient, some would argue, is the historian’s imagination, which gives form, consistency and purpose to the narrative. In this course, we will focus on the individual “ingredients” that historians use to construct historical narratives and ultimately gain a deeper understanding of what constitutes “History.” Weekly discussions will be based around core readings and seminar members will give two oral presentations based on short research assignments related to the week’s theme. Students will write a “research” paper and create a viable primary document (for instance, a diary, a ledger, a criminal trial, a freedom suit), while also documenting the sources consulted and steps taken to produce the given document. There will also be a take-home final exam.

400-005*F Topics in History: Modern Jewish Nationalism: THe Zionist Movement & the Emergence of the Jewish State
Instructor: Dr. Vassili Schedrin

The goal of this course is to provide students with basic knowledge and understanding of Zionism as a principal form of Jewish nationalism, and of its relationship to modern Jewish and world history. Zionism, in its various forms, set out to transform the Jewish people by creating a territorial homeland for a dispersed minority, by replacing (or supplementing) a religious-ethnic identity with a national one. Beginning with the Zionist "precursors" of the mid-nineteenth century, this course will trace development of Zionist ideas and their translation into politics, social and cultural sphere up until the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948 and beyond. We will explore Zionist theories, politics, and practical activity through a variety of primary historical texts and historical scholarship.

400-006*F Topics in History: Machiavelli's World and the Italian Renaissance
Instructor: Dr. Anthony D'Elia

This course introduces students to the field of Italian Renaissance history through the writings of Niccolò Machiavelli and recent scholarship in social, cultural, intellectual, and political history. Apart from the enormous influence Machiavelli has had on political thought, his writings directly relate to many of the issues and debates that concern modern historians of the Renaissance and our own contemporary world, such as theories and realities of war, religion, and the status of women.

400-001*W Shared History and Competing Memories: Pagans, Jews, Christians, and Muslims
Instructor: Dr. Howard Adelman

Beginning with questions about the relationship between history and memory; fact and imagination; transmission of narratives over time and across cultures, this course will present the theoretical historiographic literature on history, memory, and collective memory. Then, focussing on changing approaches to heroes, martyrs, sacrifice, rituals, trauma, and national liberation, we will read narratives, often connected with holidays, such as Abraham’s sacrifice of Isaac/Ishmael, Moses, Passover/Easter, Hanukah/Christmas, Massada, medieval martyrs, the Holocaust, and Israeli Independence/Nakba.     

400-002*W Topics in History: Hunger in Modern European History
Instructor: Dr. Rebecca Manley

This course probes the nature and meaning of hunger in Modern European History. It seeks to map European hunger (across famine zones, European colonies, and amongst the urban and rural poor), and to critically examine the diverse causes of hunger in the modern era. At the same time, the course aims to explore how Europeans themselves conceived of and sought to manage hunger. To this end, we will investigate how hunger was variously constituted as a problem of political economy, public health, agronomy, and social welfare. Topics to be covered include the Irish Famine, British colonialism, rationing during the Great War, European welfare states, Soviet collectivization, World War II and the Holocaust, international humanitarian and food relief programs, and the Cold War.

401*F Topics in Canadian History: Schooling Canadians
Instructor: Dr. Jeff McNairn

Who goes to school and for what purpose, what they should be taught, who should teach them, and who pays have been contentious questions in every period of Canadian history. The answers have varied considerably. It is not surprising, then, that the history of education is a particularly well-developed subfield. Topics in the field include the role of families, churches, and the state; the feminization and professionalization of teachers; how schools were enlisted to promote particular definitions of social cohesion, economic prosperity, and civic literacy or for social and moral regulation; and how students experienced schooling in general and based on their social class, gender, nationality, ‘race,’ and religion.

This senior seminar seeks to introduce students to selected topics in this field from the eighteenth through the twentieth centuries. Emphasis will be on common seminar readings, including both secondary and primary sources. Considering the recent conclusion of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the compelling scholarship on the topic, a major section of the course will be devoted to investigating the history of Native residential schooling: its impact on students; the aims and methods of various Christian denominations, officials, and teachers; federal policies; and legacies.

401*W Topics in History: The Cultural Decades: Canada after 1945
Instructor:  Dr. Jeff Brison

History 401: The Cultural Decades: Canada after 1945 examines selected themes in post-World War II Canadian social and cultural history. Themes include the intersection of foreign relations and nation-building, the ever-increasing influence of a largely U.S. based mass culture, Canadian elite and popular responses to perceived “Americanization,” baby-boom culture, the development of the “affluent society,” suburbanization, gender constructions in “cold war Canada,” narratives of English-Canadian national identity, and social movements in the “long 1960s.”

405 FW U.S. Public Policy and Society since 1945
Instructor:  Dr. Tim Smith

This course examines some of the key developments in U.S. economic, political and social history since 1945. We will read from the disciplines of history, political science, economics, policy studies, sociology, business history, urban planning and criminology. The focus is on the rise and fall of the ‘New Deal Order,’ changes in the rate of social mobility, changes in family and class structures, the impact of technological change on labor markets, de-industrialization, globalization, racial divisions, gender, education, tax policies, the rise of the New Right, the fall of the Old Left, the decline of labor unions, economic policy, housing, health, Social Security and the welfare state broadly conceived. The key themes or concerns tying all of this together are trends in inequality and opportunity. For whom has the economy worked? How has this changed over time? Who got what from welfare state in 1945? And who gets what in 2016?

430 FW The Crusades and the Latin Kingdoms
Instructors: Dr. Richard Greenfield

The crusades were among the most formative as well as dramatic episodes of the Middle Ages. While their history has been heavily romanticized or vilified over time, depending on the cultural perspective from which they are viewed, there can be no doubt that they brought people from the societies of medieval Western Europe into direct contact, often into violent conflict, but also into situations of significant cultural exchange with those, Muslim and Christian, of the Eastern Mediterranean. In doing so they forged new relationships, developed new attitudes and ideas, created new patterns of behaviour and thought. These would play a vital role in Western Europe and the Middle East during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries but would also continue to be of influence for centuries afterwards, even down to the present day. Study of the crusades has in recent years become one of the most vibrant topics in the discipline of history. This upper year seminar will give students the opportunity to examine key topics in the history and interpretation of the medieval Crusades both in the Middle East and Western Europe from the late eleventh to the late thirteenth centuries. The society established by the crusaders in the Eastern Mediterranean and its interactions both with the different peoples of the region and with those of Western Europe will also be studied in some depth, while students will be encouraged to relate medieval crusading to relevant present day debates and issues. Stress will be placed on the use of original source material (in translation) and the development of research, analytical, writing, and communication skills of students in the upper years of a History concentration. The course will be of particular interest to students of the Middle Ages, the Middle East, Byzantium, the Eastern Mediterranean, and the history of Christianity and Islam.

435*W Global, World, and Transnational History
Instructor: Dr. Amitava Chowdhury

This seminar provides an advanced introduction to the fields of Global, World, and Transnational History. The course will cover the origins, foundational debates, and major contributions of the field. We will examine global history as a methodological and spatial perspective and as a critique of methodological nationalism. Thematically, we will study how commodities, people, intellectual trends, and the environment can serve as methodological avenues in uncovering the global shape of our interconnected past.

436*W Topics in Canadian Legal History
Instructor:  Dr. Jeff McNairn

This senior seminar in Canadian legal history aims to develop critical reading, discussion and writing skills by concentrating on common seminar readings and both primary and secondary sources. It introduces students to the selected topics and approaches in the field, especially related to the histories of crime and punishment. Other topics may include the history of moral regulation through the law (concerning prostitution and drugs, for instance), and the role of the law in the history of colonialism involving Aboriginal peoples. The course seeks to reveal both how history can shape our understanding of the law and how legal history can inform our understanding of the past.

440*W Britain in the Enlightenment Era
Instructor:  Stefan Brown

This course will offer a political, social, and intellectual history of the Enlightenment in Britain. The chronological scope of the course will run from the Restoration to the French Revolution. The purpose of the course will be to set Enlightenment ideas within their political, social, and economic context, and introduce students to the methods of contextualism.

447*F Sex and the History of Medicine (A Global History of Sexology)
Instructor: Dr. Ishita Pande

This iteration of HIST 446 focuses on the history of the scientific and medical study of sex in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries with a focus on interactions between “Europe” and “Asia.” We study how medical experts drew on criminology, ethnography, zoology, botany and psychology to understand human sexuality between 1880-1950, and the political and cultural contexts in which the science of sex became prominent  This course introduces students to key works by science studies scholars, historians of medicine and theorists of sex, gender and race, and emphasizes the role of global interactions, and of cultural translation in the to the rise of sexology. We will debate the social and cultural constitution of scientific knowledge; the impact of scientific understandings of sexuality on social movements and identities; and the making of a “global” science at the turn of the twentieth century. 

Please bear in mind that the class is reading and writing intensive, and you will be expected to engage with dense materials such as Michel Foucault’s History of Sexuality: An Introduction, and to navigate the scientific language used by early twentieth century sexologists. Assigned primary sources range from extracts from the Kamasutra (a work from India dated to 4000 BCE-200 CE that is updated and circulated as a marriage manual even in our times) and the Carnal Prayer Mat (a mid-seventeenth-century Chinese work that continues to be adapted in the form of computer games and films); the British doctor Havelock Ellis, the German sexologist and homosexual rights activist Magnus Hirschfeld; the Austrian father of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud; and the British birth-control activist and eugenicist Marie Stopes.  

Assessment will be based on participation, shorter written assignments and a longer final paper.

449*W Topics in Medieval Mediterranean History
Instructor: Grant Schrama

This senior seminar course will examine the history of intercultural contacts throughout the Mediterranean region from c. 1000-1500AD with a geographic focus on mainland and coastal Italy, Greece, Turkey and Spain, as well as the various Mediterranean islands. It will explore how individuals from different ethnic, religious and cultural backgrounds interacted with each other throughout the Mediterranean lands and how cultural influences shaped the history of the region in the medieval period. Particular consideration will be given to how various groups coexisted, conflicted and influenced each other in terms of trade, religion and architecture. Major acts of conflict, such as warfare, polemics and exiles will be discussed in contrast to more amicable examples of contact, such as diplomacy, bilingualism, shared religious spaces and symbiotic art.  Medieval examples of colonialism, ethnography and diasporas will be examined in conjunction with the interactions of such groups as Muslims, Latin Christians, and Orthodox Byzantines. This course will appeal to students interested in the medieval Mediterranean, the Middle Ages in general, as well as those keen to learn more about colonial and diaspora theory.  

462*F Modernization & Culture Change in Latin America, 19th and 20th Centuries
Instructor:  Dr. David Parker

In 1850 Mexico, Central and South America were still recovering from the instability of the Independence era (1810-1824).  The Latin American republics were predominantly rural and poor, with glaring social divisions and political structures characterized by elitism and corruption.  Foreign visitors often described the continent and its inhabitants as "backward":  most people lived in small towns or the countryside, roads and other infrastructure were scarcely developed, lawlessness was widespread, public health was deficient, and the society appeared mired in colonial tradition.

By 1950, Latin America had undergone a radical transformation:  economic development had brought railroads, roads, ports, and bustling modern cities in which the majority of Latin Americans now lived.  Advances in public health had increased life expectancy considerably, well-equipped police and militaries now preserved order, and social and cultural patterns were increasingly "modern," liberal, and secular, following trends set in Europe and the US.  Yet the region remained poor, with greater social inequalities and more explosive political divisions than ever.  By the 1950s many Latin Americans, particularly the young, were disillusioned with the "progress" that their grandparents and great-grandparents had so fervently desired, and turned instead to ideas of revolution.

Was Latin America's great embrace of "modernity" for the better or for the worse?  How did society, culture, and daily life change for millions of ordinary women and men in the cities and countryside?  Who benefited, who did not?  Could things have happened differently?  This seminar will look at these and similar questions, to understand why Latin Americans made the choices they did, and what, if any, were their alternatives.  Students will come out of the course with a greater historical appreciation of the dilemmas of development, and a greater ability to form reasoned opinions about such contemporary issues as globalization, free trade, and social policy.

484*W Topics in Irish History, 1798 to the Present
Instructor:  Dr. Don Akenson

An exploration of topics in the social, cultural, political and economic history of Ireland from the Rising of 1798 onwards.  

498*F China's Revolutions, 1911 to 1949
Instructor:  Jun Wang

A seminar on China’s nationalist and communist revolutions. Readings will explore the rival revolutionaries’ goals and programs, illuminate the social and cultural changes taking place in early twentieth-century China, and examine the internal and international struggles affecting the outcome of the civil war of 1946-1949. The intellectual origins of these revolutions will also be explored through group discussion and writing assignments.

499*W China Since 1949
Instructor: Dr. Emily Hill

Internships and Independent Study

501 FW History/Queen's Archives Internship
Contact: Undergraduate Chair (

Offers credit for archival work undertaken in conjunction with Queen’s University Archives. One month before the beginning of the term during which the work will be undertaken, students must submit an application to the Chair of Undergraduate Studies requesting credit hours commensurate with the project’s learning hours.

For more information please see Interships

502*F or W History/Queen's Archives Internship
Contact: Undergraduate Chair (

Offers credit for archival work undertaken in conjunction with Queen’s University Archives. One month before the beginning of the term during which the work will be undertaken, students must submit an application to the Chair of Undergraduate Studies requesting credit hours commensurate with the project’s learning hours.

For more information please see Interships

515  Independent Study Project

Please see Hist 515