Sex discrimination is an action leading to a distinction, intentional or not, based on a person’s real or perceived sex/gender that has the effect of imposing burdens, disadvantages, and limiting access to opportunities. Sex discrimination can manifest itself in many ways, including, but not limited to:
Differential treatment because a woman is, was, or may become pregnant. This can extend to negative treatment related to breast feeding, or a medical condition related to pregnancy or childbirth
An employment policy or practice that applies to everyone, regardless of sex, that has a negative impact on the employment of people of a certain sex and is not job-related or necessary to the operation of the business.
Differential treatment regarding any aspect of employment, including hiring, firing, pay, job assignments, promotions, layoff, training, and any other term or condition of employment
Differential treatment based on any aspect of academic life, including course evaluations, classroom interactions, choice of academic scholarship coursework, etc.
Treating someone less favorably because of his or her connection with an organization or group that is generally associated with people of a certain sex
Sex discrimination is also prohibited in the area of living accommodation; however the Ontario Human Rights Commission (O.H.R.C.) makes an exception and allows for gender specific residences.