Motivation is the activation of goal-orientated behavior. Motivation is a fluctuating state not a permanent personality trait; it is fluid and changeable. Across the long time-frame of graduate studies, the level of motivation a person experiences changes in response to the myriad of experiences and changing levels of confidence (Morton and Thornley, 2001). Motivation is viewed as important for surviving the multiple stages within doctoral studies (Geraniou, 2010).
Traditionally motivation has been described as a uni-dimensional concept having two types:
--inner, belonging naturally. The drive to act comes from values based rewards such as personal enjoyment or satisfaction.
--coming or operating from outside. Tangible rewards sustain activity such as grades, pay or recognition from others.
Both forms of motivation are appropriately used in different situations. A number of studies have shown:
For an amusing graduate student blog, read “Looks to be intrinsic”
“On the Surprising Science of Motivation”, Pink presents research done by Ariely, Gneezy, Loewenstein, and Mazar (2005) on the negative impact of higher rewards on performance.
This module contains information, tools and strategies on: