Multiculturalism Policies in Contemporary Democracies

Multiculturalism Policies

in Contemporary Democracies

Multiculturalism Policies

in Contemporary Democracies

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Research Using the MCP Index

 

Research by the Co-Directors of the MCP Index

The MCP Index Project Publications is a partial list of publications using the Index by the co-directors of the MCP Index project, some co-authored with colleagues. 

  1. Stuart Soroka, Richard Johnston, Anthony Kevins, Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka (2015). “Migration and welfare state spending” European Political Science Review, First view, March 2015: 1-22.
     
  2. Keith Banting (2014). “Transatlantic Convergence? The Archaeology of Immigrant Integration in Canada and Europe”, International Journal, vol. 69(1): 66-84.
     
  3. Banting, Keith and Will Kymlicka (2013).  "Is There Really a Retreat From Multiculturalism Policies? New Evidence from the Multiculturalism Policy Index", Comparative European Politics 11(5): 577-598.
    • ​This paper introduces the updated version of our Index, with data up to 2010, and uses it to measure the persistence of multiculturalism policies alongside newer civic integration policies, and to examine how they relate to each other.
       
  4. Will Kymlicka (2013) “Neoliberal Multiculturalism?”, in Social Resilience in the Neoliberal Era, ed. Peter A. Hall and Michèle Lamont (Cambridge University Press), pp. 99-125.
     
  5. Soroka, Stuart, Richard Johnston, Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka (2012). “National Identity and Anti-Immigrant Patterns: The Multiple Patterns in Contemporary Democracies”, under review.
    • on the link between national identity and attitudes towards immigrants, and how multiculturalism policies mediate that link.
       
  6. Kymlicka, Will (2012). “Multiculturalism: Success, Failure and the Future”, in Migration Policy Institute (ed) Rethinking National Identity in the Age of Migration (Verlag Bertelsmann Stiftung, Berlin), 33-78.
    • on the prevalence of multiculturalism policies over time, the trends of convergence/divergence across countries, and the evidence for their effectiveness. This paper draws on two earlier papers: “Testing the Liberal Multiculturalist Hypothesis: Normative Theories and Social Science Evidence”, Canadian Journal of Political Science  Vol. 43/2 (2010) pp. 257-71; and “The Rise and Fall of Multiculturalism? New Debates on Inclusion and Accommodation in Diverse Societies”, International Social Science Journal, Vol. 199 (2010), pp. 97-112.
       
  7. Banting, Keith, Richard Johnston, Will Kymlicka and Stuart Soroka. 2011. “Are Diversity and Solidarity Incompatible?” Inroads, Winter 2011, 28-48.
    • on the relationship between social diversity, multiculturalism and redistribution.
       
  8. Banting, Keith. 2008. “Canada as Counter-Narrative: Multiculturalism, Recognition and Redistribution”. In Richard Simeon et al (eds) The Comparative Turn in Canadian Political Science (UBC Press).
    • on the relationship between diversity and redistribution
       
  9. Banting, Keith and Will Kymlicka. 2006. Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    • This volume introduces the Index, and uses it to test claims about the impact of multiculturalism on the welfare state. For a concise summary of its central arguments, see “Immigration, Multiculturalism and the Welfare State”, Ethics and International Affairs, Vol. 20/3 (Fall 2006), pp. 281-304, and even more concisely “Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: An Emerging Debate”, Canadian Diversity, Vol. 4/1 (2005), pp. 103-6.
       
  10. Banting, Keith, Richard Johnston, Will Kymlicka and Stuart Soroka. 2006. “Do multicultural policies erode the welfare state? An empirical analysis,” in Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka, eds., Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 49-91.
    • An empirical analysis, using regression analysis, of the link between the adoption of multiculturalism policies and various welfare state measures across the OECD.
       
  11. Banting, K. 2006. “Ethnic Diversity and the Welfare State: a North American perspective”, in S. De Lorenzi (ed) Going Places, Neighbourhood, Ethnicity and Social Mobility, Montreal: Institute for Research on Public Policy.
    • on the relationship between social diversity and redistribution.
       
  12. Banting, Keith. 2005. “The Multicultural Welfare State: International Experience and North American Narratives,” Social Policy and Administration, vol. 39 (2): 98-115.
    • An analysis of the impact of immigration and multiculturalism policies on the welfare state.
       
  13. Banting, Keith and Will Kymlicka. 2004. "Do Multiculturalism Policies Erode the Welfare State?", in Philippe Van Parijs (ed) Cultural Diversity Versus Economic Solidarity (Editions De Boeck Université, Brussels), pp. 227-84.
    • This paper presents a preliminary version of the Index, and uses it to test claims about the impact on the welfare state. For a more concise version, see “Multiculturalism and Welfare", Dissent, Vol. 50/4 (Fall 2003), pp. 59-66.

Research by Other Scholars

Below is a partial list of papers by other scholars who have used the MCP Index in their analysis. If you have used the Index in your own work and would like your paper added to this list, please contact us. 

  1. Boris Heizmann. 2016. "Symbolic boundaries, incorporation policies, and anti-immigrant attitudes: what drives exclusionary policy preferences?", Ethnic and Racial Studies.  http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01419870.2015.1124128
     
  2. Ng, Eddy and Isabel Metz. 2015. “Multiculturalism as a Strategy for National Competitiveness: The Case for Canada and Australia”, Journal of Business Ethics 128/2: 253-266.
     
  3. Sara Wallace Goodman. 2015.” Conceptualizing and Measuring Citizenship and Integration Policy:  Past Lessons and New Approaches”,  Comparative Political Studies, 48(14): 1905-1941.
     
  4. Marc Hooghe and Thomas de Vroome. 2015. “How Does the Majority Public React to Multiculturalist Policies? A Comparative Analysis of European Countries”, American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. 59(6) 747–768.
     
  5. Charles Breton (2015). Incorporation Policies, Identity, and Relationships between Host Societies and Immigrants (PhD dissertation, Political Science, University of British Columbia).
  6. Nasar Meer, Per Mouritsen, Daniel Faas, and Nynke de Witte (2015). "Examining ‘Postmulticultural’ and Civic Turns in the Netherlands, Britain, Germany, and Denmark", American Behavioral Scientist Vol. 59 no. 6: 702-726.
     
  7. Irene Bloemraad and Matthew Wright (2014). "'Utter Failure' or Unity out of Diversity? Debating and Evaluating Policies of Multiculturalism." International Migration Review 48(S1): S292-S334.
     
  8. David Brady and Ryan Finnigan (2014). "Does Immigration Undermine Public Support for Social Policy?", American Sociological Review. Vol. 79(1): 17-42.
     
  9. Jack Citrin, Morris Levy and Matthew Wright (2014). "Multicultural Policy and Political Support in European Democracies", Comparative Political Studies, Volume 47(I): 1531-1557.
     
  10. Ian Holliday (2014). "Addressing Myanmar’s Citizenship Crisis", Journal of Contemporary Asia, Vol. 44, No. 3, 404–421.  
     
  11. Pamela Irving Jackson and Peter DOERSCHLER (2014). "Multiculturalism and Minority Well-Being in Fourteen European States" https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268108234_Multiculturalism_and_Minority_Well-Being_in_Fourteen_European_States.
     
  12. Daniel Westlake (2014). "Political Parties and Development of Multiculturalism Policy". ftp://host-209-183-27.static.dsl.primus/cpsa-acsp/2014event/Westllake.pdf.
     
  13. Guimond, S., Crisp, R. J., de Oliveira, P., Kamiejski, R., et al. (2013). Diversity policy, social dominance, and intergroup relations: Predicting prejudice in changing social and political contexts. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(6): 941-958.
     
  14. Marc Helbling (2013). Validating integration and citizenship policy indices, Comparative European Politics 11(5): 555-576.
     
  15. Maarten Peter Vink and Marc Helbling (2013). Guest Editors: Special Issue: The Use and Misuse of Policy Indices in the Domain of Citizenship and Integration, Comparative European Politics,  Volume 11, Issue 5.
     
  16. Nils Holtug (2012). "Danish Multiculturalism, Where Art Thou?", in Ray Taras (ed) Challenging Multiculturalism: European Models of Diversity (Edinburgh University Press).
     
  17. Katie Kleinert (2012). "Terrorism and the Disintegration of Europe: The Effect of Multicultural Government Policy on Domestic Terrorism in Europe", Student Connections: Center for the Study of Europe Special Issue, Brigham Young University.
     
  18. Koopmans, R., Michalowski, I. and Waibel, S. (2012). Citizenship Rights for Immigrants: National Political Processes and Cross-National Convergence in Western Europe 1980-2008. American Journal of Sociology 117(4): 1202-1245.
    • On the attribution of rights to immigrants, including “cultural difference” rights, in European countries and its determinants.
       
  19. Matthew Wright and Irene Bloemraad (2012). Is there a trade-off between Multiculturalism and Socio-Political Integration? Policy Regimes and Immigrant Incorporation in Comparative Perspective. Perspectives on Politics, Volume 10: 77-95.
    • On the relationship between multiculturalism and integration and national attachment.
  20. Fraser, R. (2011). Redistribution and Recognition for Migrants and Refugees in Aotearoa, New Zealand: Neo-liberal and Multicultural Discourses in NGO claims-talk. Master Thesis, University of Waikato.
    • On the incorporation of multiculturalism and neo-liberalism discourses in NGO talk regarding migrants and refugees.
       
  21. Heibling, M. (2011). Validating Citizenship Indicators. Paper for presentation at the 6th ECPR General Conference, Reyjavik, 25-27 August 2011.
    • On the validity of different citizenship indicators.
       
  22. Torpe L. and Lolle H. (2011). Identifying Social Trust in Cross-Country Analysis: Do We Really Measure the Same? Social Indicators Research 103(3): 481-500.
    • On the measurement of social trust in comparative analyses.
       
  23. Matthew Wright (2011). Policy Regimes and Normative Conceptions of Nationalism in Mass Public Opinion. Comparative Political Studies 44 (5): 598-624.
    • On the relationship between multiculturalism, citizenship, welfare redistribution on one hand, and mass-level conceptions of national identity on the other.
       
  24. Duviesart Dery C. (2010). Reification in the Census? Multiculturalism Policies and Identity Markers in 36 Democracies in Wilson, K. ED 2010 Looking at Ourselves. Multiculturalism, Conflict and Belonging, Oxford: Inter-disciplinary Press.
    • On the relationship between the strength of multiculturalism policies and the adoption of ethnocultural markers in national censuses.
       
  25. Humpage L. (2010). Revisioning comparative welfare state studies: an ‘indigenous dimension’. Policy Studies 31(5): 539-557.
    • On the relevance of the categories of race and ethnicity for typologies of the welfare state.
       
  26. Humpage, L. (2010). Institutions, interests and ideas: explaining social policy change in welfare states incorporating an indigenous population. Journal of European Social Policy 2010 20(3): 235-247.
    • On change in social policy regarding indigenous people in advanced welfare states.
  27. Kesler, C. and Bloemraad, I. (2010). Does Immigration Erode Social Capital? The Conditional Effects of Immigration-Generated Diversity on Trust, Membership, and Participation across 19 Countries 1981-2000. Canadian Journal of Political Science 2010 42(2): 319-347.
    • On the mediating effects of multiculturalism policies and economic inequalities on the relationship between social diversity and social trust.
       
  28. Schonwalder, K. (2010). Germany Integration policy and pluralism in a self-conscious country of immigration in Vertovec, S. and Wessendorf, S EDS 2010, The Multiculturalism Backlash, European discourses, policies and practices, Abingdon: Routledge.
    • On whether a multiculturalism backlash can be identified in Germany.
       
  29. Van Geel, M. and P. Vedder (2010). The adaptation of non-western and Muslim immigrant adolescents in the Netherlands: An immigrant paradox? Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 51: 398-402.
    • On the relative school performance of immigrant and national adolescents in the Netherlands.
       
  30. Kim, N.-K. (2009). Multicultural Challenges in Korea: the Current Stage and a Prospect. International Migration 2009: 1-22.
    • On the impact of increasing cultural diversity in the Republic of Korea and its developments.
       
  31. Damron, R.W. (2009). The Welfare State, Multicultural Policies, and Trust: Examining the Determinants of Immigrant Integration, Paper for the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association 2009.
    • On the impact of multiculturalism policies and the welfare state on immigration integration.
  32. Regan Damron (2009), "The Welfare State, Multicultural Policies and Trust: Examining the Determinants of Immigrant Integration" (prepared for 2009 APSA). http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1450325
     
  33. Bloemraad I, Korteweg A and G Yurdakul (2008). Citizenship and Immigration: Multiculturalism, Assimilation and Challenges to the Nation-State. Annual Review of Sociology 34: 153-179.
    • A review of the normative and empirical debates on citizenship.
       
  34. Levey, G. B. (2008). Multiculturalism and Australian National Identity in Levey GB ED 2008 Political Theory and Australian Multiculturalism, Berghahn Books.
    • On the distinctive nature of Australian multiculturalism, and its contribution to theorizing about multiculturalism.
       
  35. Hooghe, M., Reeskens T. and Stolle D. (2007). Diversity, Multiculturalism and Social Cohesion: Trust and Ethnocentrism in European Societies in Banting K., Courchene TJ and Seidle F.L. EDS 2007 Belonging? Diversity, Recognition and Shared Citizenship in Canada. Montreal: Institute for Research on Public Policy.
    • On the relationship between multiculturalism and other immigration policies on social cohesion in the European context.
       
  36. Bloemraad, I. (2007). Unity in Diversity? Bridging Models of Multiculturalism and Immigrant Integration. Du Bois Review 4(2): 317-336.
    • Review article on the empirical robustness of current public fears over multiculturalism.