Please enable javascript to view this page in its intended format.

Queen's University

NSCI 499 Organization of the Manuscript

A PDF version of the following information is also available:
NSCI 499 Manuscript Guidelines (PDF 21.7KB)

Manuscripts must include an abstract (not to exceed 250 words), 6 keywords, an introduction (not to exceed 500 words), a description of the experimental procedures or methods, description of the results, a discussion of the experimental findings (not to exceed 1,500 words), and a list of references, figure legends, and tables. All word limits include citations. Please note that the entire text should be double-spaced. Submitting an incomplete manuscript or a manuscript that does not adhere to these word limits will cause a delay in review and may results in mark penalty.

Title Page

The text of the manuscript should include a title page as the first page with the following:

  • Course number and course coordinator
  • Title
  • Student Name and email address
  • Number of figures and tables
  • Number of pages
  • Number of words for Abstract/Introduction/Discussion
  • Six keywords
  • Acknowledgements


The abstract (not to exceed 250 words) should be clearly written and readily comprehensible to a broad readership. The abstract should provide a concise summary of the objectives, methodology, key results, and major conclusions of the study. It should be written in complete sentences, without explicit subheadings.


The introduction should not to exceed 500 words including citation. It should briefly indicate the objectives of the study and provide enough background information to clarify why the study was undertaken and what hypotheses were tested.

Return to Top

Materials and Methods

The materials and methods section should be brief but adequate to allow a qualified investigator to repeat the research (see also Policy Concerning Availability of Materials). Reference should be made to published procedures wherever possible; this applies to the original description and pertinent published modifications. All companies from which materials were obtained should be listed with their location: city and state or province (if not a well known city) or country (if outside Canada or the United States). If materials were obtained from an individual, an affiliation for that individual should be listed.


This section should present clearly but succinctly the experimental findings of the study. Only results essential to establish the main points of the work should be included.


The discussion section (not to exceed 1,500 words including citations) should be as concise as possible and should include a brief statement of the principal findings, a discussion of the validity of the observations, a discussion of the findings in light of other published work dealing with the same or closely related subjects, and a statement of the possible significance of the work. Extensive discussion of the literature is discouraged.

Return to Top


Only published and "in press" (i.e., accepted for publication in a specific journal or book) references should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper. The latest information on "in press" references should be provided. Any "in press" references that are relevant for reviewers to see in order to make a well-informed evaluation should be included as a separate document text file along with the submitted manuscript. "Submitted" references should be cited only in text and in the following form: (A. B.Smith, C.D. Johnson, and E. Greene, unpublished observations). The form for personal communications is similar: (F.G. Jackson, personal communication).

References should be cited in the text as follows: "The procedure used has been described elsewhere (Green, 1978),"or "Our observations are in agreement with those of Brown and Black (1979) and of White et al. (1980),"or with multiple references, in chronological order: "Earlier reports (Brown and Black, 1979, 1981;White et al., 1980;Smith, 1982,1984)..." In the list of references (to be typed double-spaced), papers should be given in alphabetical order according to the surname of the first author. In twoauthor papers with the same first author, the order is alphabetical by the second author's name. In three-or-more-author papers with the same first author, the order is chronological. The name of the author(s) should be followed by the date in parentheses, the full title of the paper as it appeared in the original together with the source of the reference, the volume number, and the first and last pages. Do not number or bullet the references. If the author list for a paper in the references exceeds 20, the paper should be cited as Author A et al.

The following illustrate the format to be used:

Journal article

  • Hamill OP, Marty A, Neher E, Sakmann B, Sigworth F (1981) Improved patchclamp
    techniques for high-resolution current recordings from cells and cell free
    membrane patches. Pflugers Arch 391:85-100.
  • Hodgkin AL, Huxley AF (1952a) The components of membrane conductance in
    the giant axon of Loligo. J Physiol (Lond) 116:473-496.
  • Hodgkin AL, Huxley AF (1952b) The dual effect of membrane potential on
    sodium conductance in the giant axon of Loligo. J Physiol(Lond)116:497-506.


  • Hille B (1984) Ionic channels of excitable membranes. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer. Chapter in a book
  • Stent GS (1981) Strength and weakness of the genetic approach to the development of the nervous system. In: Studies in developmental neurobiology: essays in honor of Viktor Hamburger (Cowan WM, ed), pp 288-321. New York: Oxford UP.

Abbreviations of journal titles should follow those listed in the Index Medicus. Responsibility for the correctness of the references lies with the student. After manuscript revisions, students should double-check that all in-text citations are in the reference list and that all references on the reference list have at least one corresponding in-text citation. Please make sure that the References

Return to Top

Figure Legend

A figure legend must be included as part of the main manuscript text. Please make sure that every figure corresponds with an entry in the legend. It is helpful to reviewers if figure legends (single-spaced) are also included with each figure.

Kingston, Ontario, Canada. K7L 3N6. 613.533.2000