Step 1: Determine what information you want to emphasize.
Step 2: Decide whether this information is best expressed in text, a table, a figure, graph or illustration.
Informative Presentation of Tables, Graphs and Statistics
- Gelman, A., Pasarica, C., & Dodhia, R. 2002 Let's practice what we preach: turning tables into graphs. The American Statistician, 56, 121(10).
- Tufte, E. R. (2001). The visual display of quantitative information (2nd ed.). Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press.
Step 3: Select a visual format that best conveys the information.
- Schriger, D. L., & Cooper, R. J. (2001). Achieving graphical excellence: Suggestions and methods for creating high-quality visual displays for experimental data. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 37, 75-87.