SOUTHERN AFRICAN MIGRATION PROJECT

Migration News - September 2000

 

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SEPTEMBER

Angola:
Instability along Angola-Zambia border
7,000 Angolans flee to northwestern Zambia
UNHCR requests $8.4 million for emergency assistance
UNHCR says 200,000 Angolan refugees in Zambia
Angola has 2.5 million internally displaced
600 more Angola refugees enter Zambia
Fighting in Angola forces 30,000 to flee to Zambia this year
Heavy fighting displaces 4,000 farmers
Attacks on Zambia border villages
Civil war displaces 136,000 to Kuito
Angola refugees in Zambia

Botswana:
Meeting of joint Botswana/Zambia commission on security
Home Affairs Minister calls for cooperation with Zambia
Trial date set for Namibian 13
Botswana human rights centre defends Namibian 13 againstdeportation
13 Namibians accused of high treason
Magistrate blames immigrants for high crime rate
Batswana unable to compete with foreign businesses

Lesotho:
Police investigate illegal goods in Maseru shops

Mozambique:
Rail link between Mozambique and Malawi reopened
Cross-border traders ill-treated
Mozambique and Swaziland to rehabilitate joint border posts

Namibia:
Namibian troops cross into Angola
Namibians citizens wrongly detained in refugee camps
Home Affairs Minister apologizes to judges
Namibia to deport 82 Angolans
Angolans detained by police at notorious detention centre
Cross-border bandits attackvillage in eastern Kavanga
13,000 Angolan refugees to ask to go home
Undocumented migrants deported to otherAfrican countries
2,000 Kavango shops closed bycross-border banditry
Angolans flee fighting to Kavango
Okavango region hard hit by guerilla attacks from Angola

SouthAfrica:
Migrants and children held in "horrendous" Piet Retiefjail
Western Cape premier launches attack on migrants
Refugees denied access to healthcare
Minister calls oncitizens to report undocumented migrants
New ID smart card for citizens due in September 2001
SADC officials experience difficultyobtaining work permits
New health database launched for ex-miners
Report on Mozambican illegal weapons in South Africa
Mining still vital to economy, says Chamber of Mines
Report calls for greater freedom of movement in SADC
172 medical professionals leave in last two years
Home Affairs investigatescitizenship of 400 high-profile professionals
Police acquitted of charge of aidingdeportees to escape
Children from neighbouring countries sold to South Africanbrothels
Charges against Malawians withdrawn
Democratic Alliance criticizes skilled migration policy
Lucrative market for child prostitution in South Africa
Child labour on farms
Technology firms report reverse of brain drain
International fugitive deported to Kenya in error
Border conflictbetween KwaZulu-Natal and Lesotho
Police blame immigrants for crime

Tanzania:
Abuse of Burundi women refugees in refugee camps
Traders urged to go international

Zambia:
Refugees blamed for rise in crime
Chastised doctors leave the country
Ghanaian teacher evicted
UNHCR rates Zambian refugee policy most liberal in region
Controversey over citizenship of Vice President
Undocumented migrants releasedfrom detention and deported
Zambian companies warned about employingnon-Zambians

Angola

Instability along Angola-Zambiaborder
ANGOP (Luanda 09/29): Tuesday, Zambia's visitingarmy commander, Lt.-Gen-Musengule said that the militarysituation at the common border with Angola is unstable.Addressing the press upon arrival at the Luanda internationalairport, the Zambian general explained that the prevailingsituation of instability stems from the war in Angola sinceZambia's border is "very well" guarded. When asked ifhis country would allow the Angolan government to restoreauthority at bordering areas, General Musengule said there is noagreement on this matter. He said that all Angolan governmenteffort to handle its administration along the border will findfull support from Zambian authorities but, he added, theintegrity of their country is firmly defended. As soon as thestate administration reaches the towns along the common border,Zambia will give all the necessary support, and the cooperationwill increase between the both countries' armies. With relationto those who enter Zambia after escaping from rebel held areas inAngola, the visiting General noted that it is difficult toidentify which individuals flee from rebel or governmentcontrolled areas. According to the General, they just come asrefugees and are sent to refugees camps where they receive allsupplies with the assistance of Non Governmental Organizations.All those who come without guns are given as much protection aspossible, and are identified as being war victims and areadministered according to the human rights principles. TheZambian commander arrived in Angola today at the invitation ofthe Angolan Armed Forces Chief of Staff, General Joćo de Matos,for a three-day official visit. He is expected to tour theAngolan Central Provinces of Bié and Benguela.

7,000 Angolans flee tonorthwestern Zambia
IRIN (Johannesburg 09/26): Thousands ofAngolans fleeing fighting in the east of the country have enterednorthwestern Zambia over the past three days, UNHCR said in astatement on Tuesday. The refugee agency said that by Monday,some 7,445 Angolans had crossed the border in the Mwinilungaregion of Zambia's Northwest Province following the capture bythe Angolan government of the UNITA rebel-held town of Cazombolast week. "Preliminary information indicates that therefugees are fleeing their villages before the advancinggovernment soldiers who have intensified bombing raids," theUNHCR statement said. "If the current influx continues thenumber of refugees expected by Saturday ... may top 10,000,"the agency warned. An "emergency response mechanism"has been activated in response to the inflow, UNHCR said.Although "some of the new arrivals are in fairlysatisfactory physical condition", a health screeningexercise is being undertaken by MSF-France, and food andmedicines have been sent to strengthen the local hospital andclinics in Mwinilunga. "Our concern is to ensure theexpeditious supply of food and other relief items to the affectedrefugee population," UNHCR Representative in Zambia OluseyiBajulaiye commented. World Food Programme Zambia DirectorTecheste Zergaber told IRIN that the food supply situation was"tight" and an additional 10,000 refugees "isgoing to put our pipeline under pressure". Before the latestinflux, 150 Angolans were crossing into Zambia daily. Includingthe latest arrivals, a total of 19,370 Angolan refugees haveentered Zambia since October 1999.

UNHCR requests $8.4 million foremergency assistance
Angolan Mission Observer (United Nations 09/20): The UN HighCommissioner for Refugees issued a new appeal for assistance toAngola on July 20. UNHCR is requesting $8.4 million for itsemergency assistance program for 300,000 Angolans displaced bythe war. The appeal is in response to a UNHCR assessment missionto Uige, Zaire and Luanda provinces in March. The UNHCR has alsodispatched a 12-member emergency team to begin a full-scalerelief program for the displaced. The $8.4 million appeal wouldcover life-saving activities for the first six months ofoperations. Priority is being giving to providing for the basichealth and nutrition of the displaced. Water and sanitationservices, shelter and essential household materials will also beprovided under the emergency program. Once immediate needs aremet, UNHCR intends to shift to more long-term activities, such asstrengthening local capacity-building, education, training andsome income- generating projects. According to the UN Office forthe Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), some 2.5 millionAngolans are believed to have been dislocated as a result of thewar. Less than half of these have been officially registered by aUN agency or non-governmental organization.

UNHCR says 200,000 Angolanrefugees in Zambia
IRIN (Johannesburg 09/19): Hundreds of Angolan refugeeshave crossed into neighbouring Zambia in recent days, UNHCR toldIrin on Tuesday. "Since last week Wednesday we have seen 321Angolan refugees enter Zambia," Kelvin Shimo UNHCR'sspokesman in Lusaka said. Shimo added that most of the refugeeshad arrived in Zambezi, in Zambia's Northwestern province,fleeing fighting in eastern Angola. "We have also heardreports that some of the refugees had come from as far afield asBailundo (in Angola's central highlands)," Shimo said."Because the refugees have had to walk such large distances,they are understandably very weak. But we have put in placeenough foodstocks and medicines to take care of them." Headded that once the refugees have been screened, they would bemoved to the Maheba refugee camp, which now has a population of40,000. According to UNHCR there are more than 200,000 Angolanrefugees in Zambia.

Angola has 2.5 millioninternally displaced
Sapa-DPA (Luanda 09/19): One in five Angolans has beendisplaced by the brutal civil war ravaging the country, sayofficials and aid workers, who warn of a humanitariancatastrophe. Recent fighting between the army and rebels in theeastern provinces near the border with Zambia has driven morepeople from their homes and into cities. At the end of June,Angola had some 2.5 million internally displaced persons, 20 percent of the population. This year more than 217,500 people havebeen displaced in 14 provinces. Government and United Nationsofficials as well as humanitarian organizations contacted inLuanda called the situation critical. The largest recentmovements of people occurred in the central provinces of Bie andKwanza Norte, Luanda Sul and Moxico in the east, and Huila in thesouth.

600 more Angola refugees enterZambia
Sapa-AFP (Lusaka 09/13): Some 600 Angolan refugeesfleeing fighting in their country have entered Zambia in the pastweek, a government official said Wednesday. The refugees enteredZambia through the northwestern border town of Zambezi and arecurrently housed in a transit camp, waiting to be transferred tothe main refugee settlement, district administrator WillieManjomba said. “We have more Angolans who have just enteredthe country to seek asylum in the past one week. More areexpected to arrive in the coming days,” Manjomba told AFP ina telephone interview from Zambezi. Zambian police are screeningthe refugees before the government grants them refugee status.United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) spokesmanKelvin Shimo said more than 300 more Angolans were expected toarrive here in the next few days due to continued fighting inAngola. Violence in the Angolan province of Moxico just acrossthe border from Zambia’s North-Western Province, hasescalated during the last month after Angolan government forcesstepped up their campaign against rebels from the National Unionfor the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). Shimo said that theUNHCR, in partnership with other aid organisations, was doingeverything possible to provide food and other necessities to therefugees. Zambia currently shelters about 220,000 refugees,mostly from the war-ravaged Angola and the Democratic Republic ofCongo.

Fighting in Angola forces30,000 to flee to Zambia this year
Sapa-DPA (Lusaka 09/13): Close to 1,000 Angolan refugeeshave crossed into western Zambia through Zambezi province overthe past week and government and U.N. officials Wednesday saidmore refugees were expected in the next few days. Fightingbetween Angolan government forces and UNITA rebels in easternAngola has sent an estimated 30,000 civilians fleeing into Zambiasince the beginning of the year. “We have a real problemhere,” Zambezi district administrator Manjoba told DeutschePresse-Agentur dpa. “More Angolans are expected over thenext few days. Manjoba appealed to local and internationalhumanitarian organisations to assist the government and UNHCRwith logistical support in the area. “We urgently needsupplies to cater for those refugees already in Zambezi provinceand those expected to arrive in the next few days,” he said.Towards the end of last month, the office of the U.N. HighCommissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that more than 1,000people, mostly women and children, entered Zambia in one weekalone. UNHCR spokesman Kelvin Shimo said more than 300 refugeeswould enter Zambia in the next two days.

Heavy fighting displaces 4,000farmers
IRIN (Johannesburg 09/07): Attacks by UNITA rebelshave driven more than 4,000 peasant farmers from Nhareya districtin central Angola to a displaced people's camp further north, AFPreported on Wednesday. Hundreds of people were arriving daily atKunje, north of Bie province's capital Kuito the agency said.Some of the arrivals said that UNITA rebels were kidnapping girlsand young boys in the villages. But many who set out for Kunjenever make it. Some are killed by landmines and dozens have beendying of wounds sustained in the fighting or during theirjourney. People in Kunje live in shacks built on a hillside,their camp run by European non-governmental organisations with UNsupplies. Witnesses and sources in Kuito reported heavy fightingbetween Savimbi's rebels and government troops in the north ofBie province. Battles intensified after a rebel attack on Sundayat Calucinga, 60 km north of the former UNITA stronghold ofAndulo, now in government hands.

Attacks onZambia border villages
IRIN (Johannesburg 09/07):
Zambian troops are holdingthree suspected Angolan rebels in connection with recent raids onvillages in Chavuma, in Zambia’s North Western province. Thethree men are Zambians accused of working with UNITA and helpingthe rebels conduct raids on the province, the state-run‘Zambia Daily Mail’ quoted police spokesman LemmyKajoba as saying. Villagers identified the three as being amongthe aggressors in raids on the region. On Tuesday, heavily armedmen in military uniforms crossed from Angola and attacked severalvillages close to Zambia’s border town of Chavuma. ‘ThePost’ newspaper reported that Chavuma district administratorMoses Konde confirmed the attack and said seven head of cattlewere stolen by the armed men. This latest attack comes despitethe Zambian government’s deployment of security forces inthe area. Konde has appealed to government to send more militarypersonnel to the area to prevent further attacks.

Civil war displaces 136,000 toKuito
Sapa-AP (Geneva 09/06): Aid agencies in the central Angolanprovince of Bie have been forced to limit their operations to thetown of Kuito due to growing insecurity, aid sources saidWednesday. Bie province has seen some of the worst fighting in acivil war between National Union for the Total Independence ofAngola (UNITA) rebels and the ruling People’s Movement forthe Liberation of Angola (MPLA) which has devastated the countrysince independence in 1975. More than 136,000 villagers who havefled to Kuito since 1998 depend on aid agencies for theirsurvival, but 700,000 others are in isolated regions that theagencies cannot get to because of security problems, the agenciessaid. Rebels have recently stepped up their attacks on villagesand army positions in the province and the authorities say theycannot guarantee the safety of aid workers leaving Kuito todeliver aid. The Angolan army controls the province’s ninemain towns, but the roads between them are dangerous and therebels control 15 of the provinces’ 30 communes. “UNITAhas now chosen guerrilla tactics. It has turned its conventionalmilitary wing into a guerrilla force,” the governor of theprovince, Luis Paulino dos Santos said. The authorities in Biehave drawn up a programme to provide for those in isolated areasbut, the governor said, “everyone cannot benefit from thisaid as the resources are too limited.” The local RomanCatholic church is trying to provide food and medical assistancebut lacks the necessary means. “Our brothers are ready tohelp the farmers. We always have done so. The problem is the lackof transport to move food and medicines. We have an old truck butit is not sufficient to meet all our needs,” said the bishopof Bie, Jose Nambi. With the landing strip on the local airportbadly damaged, aid agencies are finding their work even morecomplicated. The government in Luanda has promised some twomillion dollars to repair the strip but the money has still notcome. “At the moment planes from the UN’s World FoodProgramme are taking risks in transporting food on the airportstrip at Bie,” one local worker said. Meanwhile reportsWednesday said that rebel attacks and daily clashes had drivenmore than 4,000 farmers to flee from Nhareya district in Bieprovince to a displaced people’s camp further north.

Angola refugees in Zambia
Sapa-AP (Geneva 09/05): A new outbreak of fighting in easternAngola is pushing sharply increased numbers of refugees intoneighboring Zambia, the United Nations refugee agency saidTuesday. Last week, more than 1,000 people arrived in Zambia fromMoxico province - roughly the number that crossed every monthbefore then, said Kris Janowski, spokesman for the U.N. HighCommissioner for Refugees. The new influx, mostly of women andchildren who arrive in a poor condition, “makes an alreadydifficult refugee situation in Zambia even worse,” he said.A refugee settlement at Meheba, Zambia, which already hostsnearly 40,000 people, recently has been extended by 100 squarekilometers (39 square miles) to cope with the new arrivals.Zambia hosts more than 220,000 refugees, most of them fromAngola. Some 30,000 new Angolan refugees have arrived in the pastnine months. The Angolan government and UNITA, a Portugueseacronym for the National Union for the Total Independence ofAngola, began fighting after the southwest African country gainedindependence from Portugal in 1975. The civil war restarted inDecember 1998 following four years of uneasy peace. UNHCRestimates that some 2.6 million people are currently displacedinside Angola. Many are living in makeshift camps and almost allrely on aid to survive.

Angola refugees refuse toreturn home
The Namibian (Rundu 09/05): A total of 122 Angolans whofled an attack on Port Quangar, opposite Nkurenkuru in Namibia,have been taken to Osire refugee camp near Otjiwarongo,immigration officials say. Principal immigration officer forKavango, Mascar Kashembe, said the Angolans were transported fromKahenge police station in western Kavango to Casava transitcentre, about 70 kilometres south of Rundu on the Grootfonteinmain road, before they proceeded to Osire on Friday morning.According Kashembe, over 300 AngolansK fleeing from Unita attackson Port Quangar came to Nkurenkuru but others returned to Angolalater. Those taken to Osire refused to go back to Angola. UnitedNations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) officials at Runduhired five minibuses to transport those who decided to remain inNamibia to Osire. During the early hours of Thursday morning agroup of Unita bandits attacked Angolan Armed Forces (FAA) andpolice at Quangar and looted homes at that town. So far nocasualties from Unita side have been reported. One civilian and apolice officer died during the attack.

Botswana

Batswana unable to compete withforeign businesses
Daily News Online (09/27): Batswana are unable to compete withforeign owned businesses due to lack of managerial skills, saysBOCCIM Vice-President, Iqbal Ebrahim. Speaking at the launchingof Badiredi Motor Spares and Workshop recently, Mr Ebrahim calledon government to provide training to Small Micro and MediumEnterprises (SMME) beneficiaries to ensure fair competition andtransfer of skills. He said although the scheme assists thecitizen owned companies financially, competition from theexpatriate businesses leads to the small villages being dominatedby the expatriate owned businesses. Mr Ebrahim called on thegovernment to review the trade act and to consider giving speciallicences to non-citizens. Mr Phillip Makgalemele, the executivechairperson of Badiredi Motor Spares and Workshop, said followingthe liquidation of Hyundai Motor Distributors, former employeesdecided to service the Hyundai cars in northern Botswana. MrMakgalemele said the former employees prioritised diversificationand building of alliances with the businesspeople and thecommunity. The former employees have plans to start what hecalled a unique used-car sales operation where they would operateas sales agents for individuals and companies such as Avis Rent aCar. Badiredi Motor Spares and Workshop, owned by four Batswana,employs four other locals.

Meeting of jointBotswana/Zambia commission on security
Daily News Online (09/26): Botswana and Zambian governmentsshould continue to encourage citizens of both countries to play agreater role in the maintenance and promotion of security.Presidential affairs and public administration minister ThebeMogami said in Kasane that the willingness of Batswana andZambians to maintain and promote security will come from a senseof ownership of the future of their countries. Opening the fifthsession of the Botswana/Zambia Joint Permanent Commission onDefence and Security, Mr Mogami said citizens had a vital role toplay because even with the best will in the world, the armies andthe police services alone could not guarantee total security. Hesaid the political and economic participation of Batswana andZambians at national and regional levels would assist in themaintenance and promotion of security. He added that asdemocratic states, Botswana and Zambia could enhance the capacityand effectiveness of the work of the commission through greateropenness and information haping. "The security and peace ofour two nations is intricately linked to that of the region andshared vision in conflict resolution in Lesotho, Angola and theDemocratic Republic of Congo further enhances our endeavours toentrench peace and security in the region," Mr Mogami said.The minister said he was satisfied with the co-operation betweenthe two countries in the field of defence and security. Botswanaand Zambia have reason to be proud of the work of their securityinstitutions. Mr Mogami said the two governments carried theresponsibility of providing and promoting security and peace fortheir peoples although this is a permanent undertaking. They knowthat their individual efforts can amount to naught in the face offierce competition from criminal elements which have no respectfor political boundaries. Long before the world woke up to theidea of globalisation, criminals had already discovered thebenefits of large markets, through operations based on a worldwithout frontiers.

Home Affairs Minister calls forcooperation with Zambia
Daily News Online (09/26): Labour andhome affairs minister Daniel Kwelagobe has said Botswana andZambia must continue to work together on the basis of trust,mutual respect and friendship which spans decades. He said thepeople of the two countries needed no introduction to each otheras they had deep-rooted historical, linguistic and family ties,which augured well for mutually beneficial co-operation. MrKwelagobe was speaking at a reception hosted in honour of theBotswana/Zambia Joint Permanent Commission on Defence andSecurity delegates at the Mowana Safari Lodge in Kasane lastweek. The minister said the two-day session was meant to reviewthe defence and security situation and to enable them to shareuseful information, identify areas requiring furthercollaborative effort and to strengthen relationship between thetwo countries through open dialogue. "We have commoninterest in the area of tourism, but the tourism industry and thelarger economy could be imperilled by the absence ofsecurity," Mr Kwelagobe said. He said defence and securitywere not the preserve of governments alone but citizens played amajor role in either promoting or undermining security throughtheir activities. Mr Kwelagobe urged citizens of both countriesto refrain from activities that could undermine defence andsecurity and report suspicious characters to relevantauthorities.  

Trial date set for Namibian 13
Mmegi Online (09/22): After futile attempts by the defence toonce more delay the case, the Village Magistrate’s Courtmanaged to set November 7 and 8 as trial dates for 13 Namibiansfaced with extradition. Defence attorney Tengo Rubadiri had, asin the first proceedings, argued that the extradition papers werenot in order. A requisition document should have been filed witha letter from the Namibian High Commission requesting that the 13men accused of secessionist violence be sent back to Namibia,said Rubadiri. He told the court that the requirement was inpursuance of section 10(1) of the Extradition Act. He said a copyof the said document was only given to him at the doorsteps ofthe court. The argument prompted the presiding magistrate AnnahMathiba, who was apparently annoyed at the disposition of thedefence, to ask the attorney if he was inviting her to review herown decision of endorsing the extradition counsel wishes tochallenge the decision of this court, then this is not theappropriate forum.” Stat attorney Ranier Busang was notimpressed either. “With due respect, Your Worship, I hopethat these tactics will be stopped I cannot afford to be taken bysurprise. I do not have a copy of the preliminary objectionsraise by my learned friend. I don’t appreciate the remedybeing sought or relief being sought from this court today.”He argued that the paper that was disputed was among the firstpapers that he filed and this was confirmed by the courtinterpreter. Like the magistrate he argued that the court hadsatisfied itself that the papers before it were in order andthere was no turning back. He said the defence could seek reliefat the High Court. Rubadiri subsequently gave in and proposedthat the matter proceed to merits. He requested 10 to 14 days toprepare and file affidavits for his men. All the same he did notrule out taking up the matter with the High Court. Meanwhile, theaccused persons have been remanded in custody. “Let me drawyour attention to your points in limine. What basically it meansis that the court did not have the relevant documents beforeissuing the warrants (of arrest),” said the magistrate.Rubadiri however said he was not challenging the court but wantedto ensure that “we are proceeding in the rightdirection.” He emphasised that the Extradition Act envisagedthat a formal request for extradition would come from theNamibian High Commission. Nonetheless, Mathiba was not convincedand said, “I can’t sit and review my own decision. Ifthe learned Ditswanelo, Botswana Centre for Human Rights ishelping then with legal fees. Its Director, Alice Mogwe last weektold Mmegi that they were not necessarily opposed to theextradition bu were concerned about reports of torture andintimidation in Namibia. She said they wanted to ensure that themen get a fair trial.

Botswana human rights centredefends Namibian 13 against deportation
IRIN (09/20): A group of 13 suspected secessionists fromnortheast Namibia's Caprivi Strip which borders Botswana wereremanded in custody on Wednesday to appear in court on 7 Novemberwhen a Botswana magistrate will weigh a Namibian request fortheir extradition. Legal sources close to the case told IRIN the13, who fled across the border following a secessionist attack inthe Caprivi capital, Katima Mulilo, in August last year, werewanted in Namibia to face charges of high treason, possession ofarms and ammunition, and murder. The 13 who fled among asylumseekers, were not granted refugee status by the Botswanagovernment following independent vetting by UNHCR. In what wasdescribed as a lengthy and complex case which threatened to sourrelations between the two neighbouring countries, Village CourtPrincipal Magistrate Annah Mathiba granted them a temporaryrespite when she suspended the proceedings against them becausethe extradition documents were found not to be in order. MaureenAkena, a spokesman for the Botswana Human Rights Centre,Ditswhanelo, told IRIN the centre had decided to take on thedefence of the 13 because it feared they would not be granted afree trial in Namibia: "We fear frankly that they face beingtortured and we are therefore hoping that if this extraditionrequest is eventually turned down by the court that UNHCR willassist them to find a third country to grant them asylum."

13 Namibians accused of hightreason
The Namibian (09/14): The extradition hearing of 13Caprivi high treason suspects refused refugee status in Botswanastumbled out of the starting blocks in Gaborone yesterday.Alawyer acting for the 13 Namibians who are accused of hightreason and other offences connected to the alleged conspiracy tosecede the Caprivi from Namibia, Tengo Rubadiri, scored on apreliminary point when the extradition hearing was set to startbefore Magistrate Anna Mathiba in the Gaborone Magistrate’sCourt yesterday. Rubadiri told the court that the warrants ofarrest for the 13 had not been properly endorsed by theMagistrate as required by Botswana’s extradition law. Underthat law the warrants, which were issued in Namibiaand thenforwarded to the Botswana authorities, had to be endorsed inBotswana by being signed and stamped by a Magistrate beforeextradition hearings could start. However, in the case of theNamibians whose extradition had been asked for, MagistrateMathiba had endorsed the warrants, but not signed them. Shereadily conceded the point after it was raised. After she hadordered that the 13 be returned to detention, Ranier Busang, thePrincipal State in the Office of the Botswana Attorney Generalwho is to present Namibias extradition requests to the court,promptly had the mistake rectified. The extradition hearings arenow set to proceed today. One of the Deputies in the Office ofthe Prosecutor General in Windhoek, Danie Small, is attending thehearing in Gaborone. Some 14 Namibians in Botswana, who have beenrefused refugee status because of their alleged involvement incrimes in their home country, are wanted in Narnibiato standtrial on charges including high treason, murder, armed robberyand the illegal possession of fire arms and ammunition. One ofthe suspects is not before court in Gaborone, though, as he isbeing treated in hospital for an undisclosed illness.

Magistrate blames immigrants for high crime rate
Daily News Online (09/07): Francistown Senior Magistrate KeneilweLekoba has raised concern about the escalating number of rapecases in the city. She was speaking at a crime prevention seminarheld under the theme, "Civil society commitment ­ key to acrime free Botswana" at Montsamaisa Community JuniorSecondary School in Francistown on Saturday. Ms Lekoba said rapemostly occurred during weekends with her office registering atleast five reports every Monday. Rape, Ms Lekoba said, was nolonger just an offence against morality but also contributed tothe spread of the deadly HIV/AIDS. She said it was not true thatwomen invited rape by the way they dressed saying old women andchildren would not be raped if that was the case. The NorthernDivisional Commander of Police, Seboifeng Matsietsa said thenorthern region topped the rest of the country in terms of crime.Mr Matsietsa said studies had indicated that illegal immigrantscontributed to the high crime rate in that part of the country.He recommended the formation of neighbourhood watch committees inaddition to putting up security walls and installing alarmsystems.

Lesotho

Police investigate illegal goods in Maseru shops
Mopheme/The Survivor (Maseru 09/12): Fake goods illegally bearingsome internationally acclaimed trademarks still lie on shelves inMaseru shops owned by Asian origins despite legislation banningtrading in unauthorised trademarks, the newspaper has discovered.In its investigation Mopheme-The Survivor discovered that theAsians are illegally using world renown trademarks such as Nike,Adidas, Reebok, Fila and other brands on goods which areimitations of the real products. Such goods sold in some shopsrun by the Asian origins such as Chinese and Indians, are taggedwith such labels illegally as the traders are not authorised tosell such names. Most of these goods illegally blended withtrademarks from countries like United States, United Kingdom,France and Italy, are sportswear. They include leatherettetraining shoes, tracksuits and faked sporting jerseys bearinglogos of some of the neighbouring South Africa's top soccer clubssuch as Orlando Pirates, Kaizer Chiefs and Sundowns. But thepolice are numb and the illegal practice is continuing unabatedas a number of shops engaged in this illegal trade grow. Theproducts are sold at cheaper prices. In some shops lining theKingsway streets, the tracksuits - including their tops- sell aslow as M90 while some training or joking boots marked Adidas,trade as little as M70. All of these pirated products sell nohigher than M150 and the practice has spilled over to other townsin the country. According to Moeketsi Palime, PrincipalIndustrial Property Counsel of Law Ministry, it is aninfringement for those traders to label their goods as Nike,Adidas or Reebok because they are not authorised to do so. Hesaid traders could only use their own invented registeredtrademarks and not other people's creativity. He explained thatshop owners should only sell such products bearing acclaimedlabels only under the permission of the trademark owners, addingthat in order to do so, they should be in possession of licensesauthorising them. Such licenses contain certain standards thatinclude specifications of the product and its quality, Palimenoted, adding that traders are no allowed to use such marks ongoods manufactured without permission from trademark owners.Palime thinks that: "Perhaps out law enforcement agency isweak." A committee comprising of the Customs office, police,Trade and Industry, Law Office and the Registrar General'soffice, has been set up to anchor possible prosecution. The itemsare manufactured outside Lesotho and are later illegally importedinto the country through porous borderpots for sale in cityshops. The office of Ministry of Trade and Industry, which awardstrading licenses to the illegal dealers, had promised to phoneback the newspaper when an inquiry was being made for comment asto why the licenses are being issued to trade in fake productsdespite the barring legislation in place. Montho Matlosa,Principal Customs Officer, said the forged trademarks might beplaced on goods send to Lesotho in illegal cross borderactivities and not through proper customs control. He said itmight be that real goods are placed on top of fake ones beforeimportation. "We are trying to search thoroughly, but somepoints of entry are porous. But it is also difficult to knowexactly which goods bear fake marks as we lack proper technologyto inspect. Some (goods) are not genuine," remarked LebitsaNtlai, Customs Officer at the investigation office. Although inreluctance, the two officers could not rule out the possibilityof corruption by some customs officials or bribery acceptance.They admitted that other goods such as car parts, medical pillsand fake clothing are leaked into the country, but promised totake stern action to prosecute. In order to register thetrademark, the seller applies through industrial property agentsby filling the forms at a fee of M120 and another fee of M5 forForm 7. The forms contain the name of the proprietor, address,the trade mark and the classification of the enterprise. Thetrademark should not be a duplication of another. Afterwards theapplication, is published in the industrial property journal fora three-month period to allow for any possible queries. Theapplication is then either approved or rejected. In recentmonths, fake goods bearing the illegal trademarks were destroyedby that country's counterfeit goods unit as a measure to clampdown on the piracy of trademarks.

Mozambique

Rail link between Mozambique and Malawi reopened
Sapa-AFP (Maputo 09/28): Malawi and Mozambique formallyreopened a railway Thursday that reconnects landlocked Malawi toan Indian Ocean port with a short and cheap route that civil waronce made impassable. Presidents Joaquim Chissano of Mozambiqueand Bakili Muluzi of Malawi signed an agreement launching theNacala Develepoment Corridor, as they have dubbed the road andrailway linking Malawi to Mozambique’s northern port ofNacala. The two leaders signed the accord at a ceremony inMozambique’s northern province of Nampula, state radioreported. Several government ministers and more than 100 businessleaders from the two neighboring southern African nations andfrom abroad also attended the ceremony, Radio Mozambique said.Malawi and Mozambique expect investments in the Nacala corridorto total about 900 million dollars, the report said. Apart fromrebuilding the road and railway, the two nations also plan topromote the development of a wide range of businesses along theroute, including mining, agriculture and tourism.Mozambique’s 16-year civil war brought traffic along the800-kilometer (500-mile) route to a near halt. Before the war,about one-third of Malawi’s trade traveled along the route.Since 1984, movement along the corridor had slowed to a trickleand forced Malawi to use South African ports for 80 percent ofits traffic. The nearest South African port, Durban, is some2,300 kilometers (1,400 miles) away. But the end ofMozambique’s civil war in 1992 has allowed the corridor toreopen. Traffic is already up with 76,000 tonnes shipped on theroute between January and June this year. In addition, traveltime is now down from seven hours to four. The two neighboringcountries agreed to redevelop the corridor in 1998 because of itsvast economic potential for the region. Authorities hope the easyaccess to a port will boost mining, agriculture and tourism innorthern Mozambique and southern Malawi. Mozambique has alreadylaunched a similar project with South Africa, connecting Maputothe South African city of Witbank.

Cross-border traders ill-treated
Pana (Blantyre 09/18): Small-scale businessentrepreneurs in Malawi have complained to visiting Mozambicantransport and communications minister that they are ill-treatedby Mozambican police officers when doing cross-border trade. TheMalawian traders told Tomaz Salamao that most of the time theirvehicles are detained for days and forced to pay heavy fines.“Sometimes they don’t even issue receipts and theyinsist we pay in US dollars,” Derick Mbela, one of thetraders, complained. He said they are harshly treated even uponproduction of all the necessary travel and business documents. Hesaid those who cannot pay have their goods confiscated withoutreceipts making it impossible for them to reclaim them. Thetraders told the minister, who was accompanied by Malawi’sminister of transports and public works, Brown Mpinganjira, thatthe cruel behaviour of the Mozambican police was an obstacle tobusiness and economic development which governments of the twocountries plan to achieve. Salamao is in Malawi for discussionswith the business community. The small-scale Malawian businessmenmet him at Muloza Border Post, which lies between the twocountries. Salamao said the Mozambican government would soon setup proper mechanisms to ensure that smart partnership between thetwo neighbouring countries grows. He advised the businesscommunity in Malawi not to panic because peace and stability inMozambique have taken roots.

Mozambique and Swaziland to rehabilitate joint borderposts
Pana (Maputo, 09/15): Swaziland has expressed concernsover delays by Mozambique in rehabilitating its border and roadinfrastructure in line with the tripartite Libombo SpatialDevelopment Initiative agreed among both countries and SouthAfrica. Swaziland gave the concerns Thursday in Maputo during ameeting of a Mozambican-Swazi sub-committee of experts onimmigration and tourism, ahead of a meeting between Mozambicaninterior Minister Almerino Manhenje and his Swazi counterpart,Prince Sobandla Dhlamini. In a bid to attract tourists,Mozambique and Swaziland agreed that each country wouldrehabilitate its infrastructures at the two main border posts -Goba- Hlumeni and Namaacha-Lomahasha. The Swazi authorities claimthey have rehabilitated both their border posts, and work on theroad leading to Hlumeni is nearly complete, but no work isvisible on the Mozambican side. "We've completedconstruction at the Hlumeni and Lomahasha border posts, and we'rehere to report to our colleagues on our progress," S.P.Hlope, Swazi chief immigration officer, told reporters."What we want is a feedback of what the Mozambicans havedone so far, because we'd like to move forward," he added.Mozambique's national director of immigration, PanachandeIdrisse, admitted that the Swazi had taken significant stepstoward the initiative becoming a reality, and that they wereright to be concerned over the delays. But the reasons behind thedelays were that Mozambique had shifted its priorities owing tothe February and March floods that devastated much of thesouthern and central regions of the country. "We've otherpriorities, namely post-flood reconstruction," Idrisse said,adding that Mozambique remains committed to the tourism project.

Namibia

Namibian troops cross into Angola
Sapa (Windhoek, 09/27): Over 3000 Namibian troops havecrossed the border into Angola in support of an Angolan armyoffensive against rebels, a human rights organisation said onWednesday. The National Society for Human Rights (NSHR) based inWindhoek said sources informed it that the soldiers enteredAngola on September 20 from Musese, 140km west of Rundu, withorders to support the Angolan government against Unita rebelforces. According to the NSHR, two Namibian soldiers - PrivateWilliams Esau and Private GP Africa - believed to be from CharlieCompany of the Namibian army’s First Battalion, went missingsoon after the troops entered the country. Three soldiers havebeen given instructions to search for the missing men.“Apparently orders given to Namibian Defence Force troopswere to ‘shoot to kill’,” the NSHR said in astatement. “On September 22 and 23 they allegedly attackedKafuma, shooting and burning huts and barns. Their missioncontinues as they are said to be poised to attack another Unitastronghold at Kakene.” Kakene and Kafuma are in the CuandoCubango province of Angola. According to the NSHR the Namibiandefence ministry have continually denied reports that Namibiansoldiers are actively fighting with the Angolan army. Theorganisation condemned the action, saying: “We wish toremind President Sam Nujoma that as the current chairman of theSouthern African Development Community, he should strive forregional peace rather than inflaming regional conflict.” TheNSHR urged the United Nations to investigate whether crimesagainst humanity or war crimes had occurred in Angola. Accordingto the AFP news agency, more than 70 Namibians have been killedin attacks by suspected Unita rebels since Namibia agreed to givelogistical support to the Angolan army last December. Inaddition, more than 130 people have been maimed by Iandmineexplosions in the Kavango region this year.

Namibians citizens wrongly detained in refugee camps
The Namibian (09/19): The Ministry of Home Affairshas admitted that immigration officials have detained Namibiancitizens and booked them into the Osire refugee camp as asylumseekers. Speaking at a press conference last week to confirm thedetention of 82 alleged Unita soldier and collaborators atDordabis, 100km south east of Windhoek, Ministry of Home AffairsPermanent Secretary, Niilo Taapopi, said if people knew ofNamibians at the refugee centres they should come forward."We too were approached by the refugee administrator fromOsire with people who found themselves at Osire and proved theyare Namibians," said Taapopi. "Those cases are takingplace under [certain] circumstances. Some people are afraid justto say 'I'm a Namibian' because they don't have IDs[identification documents]." "We are not denying thatsuch things [arrest of Namibians] take place. They take place butnot deliberately," said Taapopi. However, he said, peoplewho until last Thursday were detained under mysteriouscircumstances at Dordabis were identified "beyonddoubt" as Unita soldiers and collaborators.

Home Affairs Minister apologizes to judges
Pana (Windhoek, 09/17): Scores of supporters of Namibia's rulingSwapo Party Sunday marched from the party headquarters inKatutura to the Women's Centre in Windhoek to show solidaritywith embattled home affairs minister, Jerry Ekandjo. Last week,Ekandjo was obliged to apologise to the country's judiciary forthreatening to revoke the work permits of foreign judges based inNamibia two months ago. The minister made the threat after formerZambian Chief Justice, Annel Silungwe, had issued a temporaryinterdict prohibiting the arrest members of a band from Osirerefugee camp. Silungwe, who is currently a High Court Judge onthe Namibian Bench, made the order after Ekandjo had vowed toarrest the band, which had performed at a campaign rally of theopposition Congress of Democrats in Gobabis. On Sunday, thepartisan crowd cheered with slogans of 'Viva Swapo,' and 'VivaPresident Sam Nujoma.' The slogans were interspersed with Swaporevolutionary songs, including a new one tailored for theoccasion: 'what has he done to apologise'. The mainly youngsupporters carried placards, some of which read: 'An injury toone is an injury to us, Swapo'; 'You touch Jerry, you touch loyalSwapo cadres'; 'Independence of the judiciary should also beindependent from foreigners.' It was, however, established thatthe President, on recommendation from the Judicial ServiceCommission appoints foreign or local judges. As such, theminister ignored the fact that such judges would not need anywork permit. Addressing the crowd, Secretary of the Swapo PartyYouth League, Paulus Kapia said that the SPYL is in fullsolidarity with one of their founding leaders, Minister JerryEkandjo. The youth leader claimed that Kapia was beingwitch-hunted by Euro-centric media, anti-Swapo Party elements andremnants of the apartheid colonial legal system. "We in SPYLare forced to believe that remnants of the colonial racistapartheid justice dispensation, which banished Ekandjo to RobbenIsland (in South Africa), still have unfinished business tosettle with him by using the Swapo Party governmentmachinery," he alleged. Speaking during the same rally, arenowned Pan Africanist, Uazuva Kaumbi, said that Ekandjo doesnot need to apologise to anyone. "If he were to apologisetoday, tomorrow they will ask Sam Nujoma to apologise and even toall Swapo supporters for just being Swapo members. We are notgoing to allow our comrades to be humiliated by our colonisers,we will fight against unfairness and injustice," hestressed. Several Swapo Party Members of Parliament and otherleaders attended the solidarity rally.

Namibia to deport 82 Angolans
Sapa-AFP (Windhoek, 09/15): Namibia is to deport, withoutcharging them, 82 people it says are members and collaborators ofthe Angolan rebel group UNITA, the Namibian newspaper reportedFriday. Government officials said the suspects had confessed tomurder, robbery and plunder in the northeast of the country closeto the border with Angola, it reported. The 82 were detained injoint operations between the army, immigration and police in thenortheastern Kavango in July. The suspected members of theNational Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) andtheir collaborators were held in secrecy for a month at Dordabis,100 kilometres (60 miles) southeast of Windhoek, the newspapersaid. The permanent secretary in the ministry of home affairs,Nub Taapopi, confirmed the detentions at a press conference onThursday, saying the detainees were arrested as illegalimmigrants. “I can confidently confirm that these are UN1TAbandits who have confessed that they have perpetrated terroristactivities against our people in the Kavango region,” hesaid. “As a result of the investigation it came to lightthat this group poses a security threat to the Republic ofNamibia. More than 60 people have been killed, at least 70 havelost their limbs and up to 1,000 people have been treated inNamibian hospitals for injuries sustained in attacks linked tothe civil war between the Angolan armed forces and UNITA Attackson Namibian villagers and motorists rose sharply at the end oflast year when the Angolan army began launching attacks on UNITApositions in southern Angola just across the border from Namibia.Taapopi said the government would invite the InternationalCommittee of the Red Cross and UN agencies to help with thedeportation of the suspects.

Angolans detained by police at notorious detentioncentre
The Namibian (09/14): The Ministry ofHome Affairs is today expected to lift the blanket of secrecyover the detention of suspects at Dordabis, 100 kilometressouth-east of Windhoek. Mikka Asino, the Ministry's spokesman,confirmed yesterday that Government will disclose information onthe detention of what sources say are at least 82 suspectedrebels and Unita collaborators. Police sources have indicated toThe Namibian that the suspects, who have been held at Dordabisfor the past month, are guarded by more than 40 Police officers.The detention has been shrouded in secrecy with the guards sayingthey have been given instructions not to allow anyone near thesuspects or the taking of pictures of the Police station'ssurroundings. Police authorities and the army have since lastweek said they were not aware of the detentions at Dordabis. TheDordabis Police station was one of the most notorious detentioncentres used by the South African security forces during theimposition of Apartheid before Namibian Independence. It isbelieved some of its previous victims were current top Governmentofficials, who were detained for long periods without trial. Itcould not be established whether those detained at Dordabis havebeen charged and appeared in court or whether they were indeedrounded up in the north-east because of their alleged links toUnita. Namibia's Constitution states that suspects cannot bedetained for more than 48 hours without the consent of amagistrate. The identities of the Dordabis detainees could not beascertained. The National Society for Human Rights (NSHR) haslabelled the detention "suspicious" and warned that"these people should not be subjected to enforceddisappearance as was the case with the alleged Unita fighterscaptured in 1999 in the aftermath of the secessionist attack onKatima Mulilo, as well as the 83 alleged Unita rebels who wereparaded in January 2000 at Rundu". The NSHR said "thesecrecy surrounding their detention and identities suggests thatthese people have not committed any criminal offence".""We are therefore calling upon the Government to reveal thecircumstances under which these people are held," said NSHRexecutive director Phil ya Nangoloh.

Cross-border bandits attack village ineastern Kavanga
The Namibian (09/14): Bandits yesterday attacked three homesteadsin eastern Kavango and got away with virtually all thebelongings. No casualties were reported in the attack that tookplace before dawn. Villagers told The Namibian by telephone thatthe incident took place at Shankara, about 90 kilometres east ofRundu." "There were around 10 bandits and three were inFAA uniforms," said one of the villagers." "Theycleaned out the houses by taking food, clothing andbedding." "The occupants said they heard the armedbandits approaching and took cover in nearby bushes. The case wasreported to the nearest base of the security forces but by thetime they arrived the bandits had crossed the Kavango river intoAngola. People further east have reported heavy shelling inAngola over the past week. The Namibian army is known to havebases in the area where the shooting was reported. The Kavangoregion has become extremely volatile since December when theAngolan armed forces arrived in Namibiaat the invitation of theauthorities in order to wage an armed offensive against theirarch-rival Unita rebels. More than 60 people have been killed inbanditry attacks on villagers and motorists. Dozens more havebeen maimed in landmine explosions planted in Namibia as part ofthe relentless Angolan civil war.

13,000 Angolan refugees to ask to gohome
Pana (Luanda, 09/12):
Some 13,000 Angolan refugees inNamibia's Cavango region have formally asked the Angolanconsulate at Rundu to take them home. The Angolan Consul inCavango region, Joao Pempela, was quoted by the national newsagency as saying that some 15,000 Angolans in the region were allwilling to go home. He said 13,000 have formally written apetition to this effect. But Angolan social welfare MinisterAlbino Malungo said that there were no adequate conditions athome for the return of refugees at the moment. He added that thesituation would be discussed at next week's meeting with hiscolleagues of defence, Kundi Payhama, and interior, Fernando daPiedade.

Undocumented migrants deported to other Africancountries
The Namibian (Oskakati, 09/05): The ImmigrationTribunal on Friday ordered the deportation of 205 illegalimmigrants to their countries. Chief Immigration OfficerHiyavelwa Nambinga said that most of the immigrants were fromAngola with a few from Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Tanzaniaand Sierra Leone. Nambinga said the 'aliens' had been rounded upsince the beginning of last month in the Otjozondjupa, Kavango,Oshikoto, Ohangwena, Oshana and Omusati regions. According toNambinga, the immigrants were arrested for allegedly staying inNamibia illegally. He said they would be transported fordeportation to their countries of origin through the Oshikango,Mahenene, Ruacana, Wenela and Ariamsvlei border posts.

2,000 Kavango shops closed bycross-border banditry
The Namibian (09/05): More than 2 000 shops belonging toindigenous business people plying their trade in the Kavangoregion have closed over the past few months after being looted bybandits. Hundreds of small-scale business people are nowstruggling to pay their debts at a Rundu bank and a localsupermarket where they bought supplies on credit. The attackshave mainly been blamed on Unita. Speaking to The Namibianyesterday, Rundu businessman Roger Mangonga said the number ofshops that have been forced to close their doors as a result ofnightly banditry activities has reached 2 267. In addition, tensof hundreds of people have lost their jobs, said Mangonga, who isalso Chairperson of the Kavango Business Association.""All of those shops are closed. They are not functioning...because of the war," said Mangonga. Mangonga said goodsworth in excess of N$1,5 million had been plundered from theshops whose owners were now bankrupt and unable to replace thelooted goods. With 828 closures, the Kapoko area has had thelargest number of shops forced out of business. A total of 539shops had to shut down in areas such as Kwangali, Kahenge andMpungu. At Mashare 464 closures took place, while 262 shops haveclosed in Mukwe. At Ndiyona 174 shops were looted intobankruptcy. The affected businessmen owe hundreds of thousands ofdollars to Kavango Supermarket, which operates under the flagshipSentra Namibia, and are also indebted to Bank Windhoek at Rundu,said Mangonga. The Manager at Kavango Supermarket, Jose Machado,yesterday said: "They owe me around N$260 000. I expect the[Kavango Business] Association to assist in taking propermeasures as they are the ones who asked for credit.""He said the businessmen started defaulting on their loansfrom last November. Machado added that some of the shops he hadvisited were completely emptied during the lootings. BankWindhoek was not immediately available for comment on the moneyit is owed. Since the closure of the shops inhabitants in theaffected settlements have been compelled to travel long distancesto buy basic commodities such as bread and sugar. Apart from thelooting of shops, bandits have in the past months laid landminesthat have so far maimed at least 130 people. Many others havebeen hacked or shot to death.

Angolans flee fighting to Kavango
The Namibian (09/05): Calm is slowly returning to Nkurenkuru inKavango where a large number of Angolans converged en-masse afterUnita rebels launched a lightning attack close to the town lastThursday morning. According to military and other sources in thearea, the attack lasted for about two hours. Although theattackers were repulsed, the Angolan Armed Forces are reported tohave suffered an unspecified number of casualties. Apart from thesoldiers, some Angolan civilians count among the injured. Thelatest target of Unita, Port Quangar, is located across theKavango river from Nkurenkuru, 140 kilometres west of Rundu. Thenewly-appointed civilian Administrator at Port Quangar and asuckling baby count among those who could not swim and drowned.According to a source at Rundu, the Administrator's body wasfished out of the Kavango river. Villagers are still looking forthe infant's body. The unnamed official's body is being kept atthe morgue at Nankudu Hospital near Nkurenkuru while funeralarrangements are finalised. The Angolan official might be buriedin Namibia as he reportedly has relatives here. Scores of FAAsoldiers and civilians injured during last Thursday's battle havebeen transported to Rundu where they are receiving treatment. Asource at Rundu, who was at Nkurenkuru late on Sunday afternoon,said no further incidents have been reported in the area and thatthe situation appeared to be normalising.

Okavango region hard hit by guerillaattacks from Angola
Sapa-AP (Windhoek, 09/01):
Angolan rebels attacked a smallbut strategic town on the Kavango River that forms thenortheastern border between Namibia and Angola, sending hundredsof civilians fleeing into Namibia, police and army officials saidFriday. The officials said one government soldier was killed andfive wounded in Thursday’s attack on Port Cuangar, theborder town that UNITA rebels abandoned late last year during acombined Angolan-Namibian security sweep along the Kavango river.“Reports are slow in coming in, but unconfirmed reports saythat the Angolan army is still in control of the town,” saidChief Inspector Hofni Hamufungu, a police spokesman in Windhoek.The Namibian government denied reports that Namibian soldiers hadhelped repel the attack by directing mortar fire at the Angolanrebels. The Okavango region along the border has been hard hit bysporadic guerilla attacks since the Namibian government last yearallowed Luanda to use Namibian soil to launch attacks on therebels’ positions in Angola’s southeastern CuandoCubango Province. More than 60 people have died and more than 100have been injured in land mine blasts and ambushes since then,including three French children in early January. UNITA, aPortuguese-language acronym for the National Union for the TotalIndependence of Angola, has engaged in low-level fighting withgovernment troops since the army ousted the rebels from theircentral highland strongholds after months of conventional warfarearound major provincial cities. Angola’s civil war beganafter independence from Portugal in 1975. A 4-year-old peace pactunraveled and fighting restarted in December 1998.

South Africa

Migrants and children held in "horrendous"Piet Retief jail
(African Eye News Service, 09/28): The South AfricanHuman Rights Commission (SAHRC) has described conditions at theholding cells at the Piet Retief Magistrate's Court as"absolutely horrendous". SAHRC commissioner CharlotteMcClain inspected the court cells on Thursday and said they weremade of corrugated iron and accommodated about 36 suspects a day,including juveniles. "We were told that the temperaturescould be between 36 to 40 degrees Celsius, and you can imaginethe conditions in there with 36 people in a 3x4- metreroom," McClain said. She said that up to 60 people werecrammed into the cells twice a week, when regional court hearingswere held. "Juveniles get to mix with the most dangerouscriminals, and that's not a workable situation," saidMcClain. McClain also inspected the Piet Retief police cells andfound that there were children who had awaited trial for up tofive months. A centre for awaiting-trial juveniles is being builtin Hendrina but McClain said that it would be impossible forpolice to transport the juveniles because of vehicle shortages.McClain said women who were awaiting trial and illegal immigrantswho had problems with their documents were also kept in thepolice cells. "The police said some of the women stayedthere with their babies," she said. McClain said thecommission would submit a report to the relevant departments toimprove the conditions of Piet Retief holding cells.

Western Cape premier launches attack on migrants
Cape Town (Dispatch Online, 09/26): Illegalimmigrants from neighbouring states and central and east Africawere weakening South Africa's economy, Western Cape PremierGerald Morkel said in a speech prepared for delivery at theInternational Urban Environment Forum Conference in Somerset Westtoday. He said illegal immigrants were undermining the fabric ofthe country's socio-economic structure. Surveys had revealed thatmore than three million illegal immigrants, predominantly males,could have entered South Africa in search of work. "Sadly,while this country remains rich and moves towards First Worldstatus, South Africa and the Western Cape will always be a magnetfor this form of human tide south," he said. The WesternCape was severely taxed by the influx, with about 30000 peoplefrom other provinces and countries settling here each year insearch of employment and housing. "This is a major burden onour health and education services, not to mention all the othersocio-economic implications," Morkel said. Africa outsideSouth Africa's borders should take steps towards better sustaineddevelopment practice, he said. He questioned, however, whetherthere was the collective political will at national level tospeed up the urban development that was needed. Morkel said SouthAfrica and the Western Cape province faced a period of dramaticurban and environmental change, and the province's ability tocope with that change would determine its rewards. South Africawas experiencing its most fundamental change of the past 400years.

Refugees denied access to health care
(Mail & Guardian, 09/25): When Maria dos Santos* (35) gavebirth to her daughter at Marble Hall clinic in Mpumalanga thisyear, she was told to return three months later for follow-upinoculations for the infant. But when Dos Santos, an Angolanrefugee living in South Africa, returned to the clinic, a nurseat the primary health- care centre chased her away, saying thatshe, a foreigner, was "eating South African medicines".At a hospital in Springbok, near Upington, in June this yearDemocratic Republic of Congo refugee Claude Nziratimana wasturned away from the outpatients department by medical personnelwho told him they did not treat foreigners. In some hospitals,particularly those not in the urban centres of the country,refugees are treated as so-called private patients and forced topay exorbitant fees for medical treatment.

Recently, a group of Somali refugee womencomplained to a refugee rights organisation that they had beengiven the hormonal contraceptive Depo-Provera without theirknowledge at a local hospital during their post-natal check- ups.According to some of the women, the nursing staff at the hospitalarrogantly assumed that they needed birth control. With fewexceptions, there is also little availability of psychologicalhealth services for refugees who, because most have fled fromsubstantial personal trauma, are in desperate need of mentalhealth services. Manyrefugees have also complained of ill-treatment and insensitivityat the hands of medical personnel. "They tell us we are adrain on the system, and we must go back to our country,"said one refugee, who did not wish to be named. The apparentlyxenophobic attitude of officials towards immigrants, particularlyfrom the rest of Africa, highlights the problem of providingalready severely stretched health care and other social servicesto refugees and asylum seekers.

An increasing number ofrefugees are being denied their basic right of access to healthcare by officials who, out of prejudice, and even ignorance, areturning them away. In countries like South Africa, the rights ofrefugees are protected by the United Nations High Commission forRefugees (UNHCR) - who see to it that the host countries abide bythe international conventions and laws that they are signatoryto. In terms of established protocol, all asylum seekers andrefugees should have the same socio-economic rights as thecitizens of the host country. This would mean that they have theright to be treated according to the highest standards availablein that country, including the right to, among other things,primary and emergency health care, as well as referral forfurther medical treatment. But many refugees are finding a vastchasm between theory and practice, with medical personnel at manyfacilities acting as self-appointed "gatekeepers" whorestrict and even deny their access to health care. According tothe Johannesburg-based Coordinating Body on Refugee Affairs'sAbbas Yusuf, the dispute centres on whether refugee access tohealth care and other social services may be considered a rightor a privilege. "We cannot deny that some refugees takeadvantage of the system, but there still needs to be sensitivityfrom both sides when dealing with foreign patients, especiallyrefugees," said Yusuf. Most refugee advocacy bodies concurthat it is a right, but given existing limitations on health-careprovision for the local population, many question whether thealready overburdened system can afford the "extras".

"This is automatically atricky question, because to date no empirical research has beendone to show to what extent refugees are a perceived 'addedweight' on the system," says a legal counsellor at theDurban Refugee Forum. He said that there was no law restrictingthe right of refugees to social services, and that the problemrested with the relative ignorance of some medical personnel."There is a pressing need to educate and create awarenessamong medical personnel about the differences between, forexample, undocumented migrants and refugees." The need toeducate personnel about the rights of refugees to medicaltreatment was one of the issues raised at a recent seminar on thesubject, hosted by the Braamfontein-based Centre for the Study ofViolence and Reconciliation. There have also been suggestionsthat a greater emphasis be placed on inter-ministerialcooperation to oversee the rights of refugees, wherein variousgovernment departments, such as welfare, justice and health,could liaise with the Department of Home Affairs to ensure thatrefugee rights are protected and enforced not only at alegislative level, but in hospital and clinic admissionfacilities as well. * Not her real name

Minister calls oncitizens to report undocumented migrants
Cape Town (Dispatch Online, 09/22):
HomeAffairs Minister Mangosuthu Buthelezi yesterday called on peopleto report illegal immigrants. Buthelezi said: ''If they are goodpatriots, I would hope that they would know that it is in theirinterests to report (illegal immigrants).'' The minister saidillegal immigrants could access all the services that wereavailable to South African citizens and ''bearing in mind thelimited resources it is obviously in the interests of SouthAfricans to report illegal immigrants''. He was unable to statejust how many illegal immigrants there were in the country, butsaid that the majority were from Mozambique, Lesotho andZimbabwe. Because of lack of funds, it was very difficult to keeptrack of the numbers. Buthelezi said the current ''unprecedentedflow'' of foreigners into South Africa required suitablestrategies and systems to manage the situation. It was clear thepresent system of migration control could not meet the currentpressures and future challenges and needed to be ''fundamentallyreformed''. ''This reform must shape a new legislative system ofadmission criteria as well as a new structure capable ofenforcing the law and developing detailed policies that over timemeet the ever-changing needs of our society.'' In the meantime,he said, the department would consider interim measures toaddress pressing problems such as international trafficking inwomen and children and the smuggling of migrants.

New ID smart card forcitizens due in September 2001
Parliament (Sapa, 09/21):
A new identification card systemwill come into effect, as planned, in September next year, HomeAffairs Minister Mangosuthu Buthelezi said on Thursday.Addressing a media briefing at Parliament, he said his departmentwas investigating whether to opt for a “smart card” orconventional ID card system. Over the next few months thedepartment’s technical team would look at “smartcard” technology to see if it was able to meet stnngentsecurity and durability criteria. Buthelezi said the team wasalso checking how the new card could be used to assist andimprove the services and systems of other departments. “Itis envisaged that the card will eventually be used by a number ofprivate organisations such as banks, insurance companies, medicalaid schemes and many more, to combat fraud.” The ultimatedecision on which card to use would be taken by Cabinet, he said.

SADC officials experience difficulty obtaining workpermits
Parliament (Sapa, 09/19): Foreign staff recruited for theSouthern African Development Comunity health sector office inPretoria are having problems securing work permits,Parliament’s health portfolio committee heard on Tuesday.Co-ordinator Dr Thuthula Balfour told the committee that theoffice, set up to deal with health issues affecting the SADC, hada fairly large mandate and that its staff composition wasinadequate. However it was experiencing a “uniquely SouthAfrican problem” in trying to recruit people from elsewherein the region to fill posts. “We hope this is a hurdle thatwill be overcome,” she said.

New health database launched for ex-miners
Pretoria (Sapa, 09/19): A new database to keep track ofthe thousands of mineworkers affected by work-related diseaseswas launched in Pretoria on Tuesday. The centralised SA MinesOccupational Diseases Database (SAMODD) would record occupationalmorbidity and mortality, and pinpoint problems in the managementof such diseases. Chief Inspector of Mines Mavis Hermanus saidrecent studies indicated that about occupation-related diseasesin 196000 former mineworkers might be suffering from SouthAfrica. “But we don’t have precise figures on theextent of the problem. That is exactly why we need acomprehensive database. It would also be used to initiatepreventative measures and remedial action, she said. Currentreporting systems were inadequate. Minerals and Energydirector-general Sandile Nogxina said at the launch that manymineworkers with undiagosed occupational diseases received nocompensation and were living in poverty. “We have thetechnology, the manpower as well as the training capacity toensure that the occurrence of occupational diseases and illnessis radically reduced, if not totally eradicated,” he said.

Report on Mozambican illegal weapons in South Africa
Durban (Sapa, 09/18): Sipho, a KwaZulu-Natal taxidriver, conducts his business with an AK47 assault riflehalf-hidden among litter under the seat of his car. The weapon,he says, was payment for services rendered. “This guy, Idon’t know his name, he wanted a lift from Jozini toJohannesburg,” says Sipho, 23. “He didn’t have themoney, so he offered me this," he says, gesturing under theseat. Does Sipho know that possession of an AK47 is illegal? Heshrugs. “I’m not going to keep it, I’ll sell it. Idon’t want an AK47, it won’t keep me safe in ataxi.” Sipho’s means of self-defence is an oldrevolver, tucked in his waistband. He is nonchalant when asked ifit is licensed. Mandla, 34, makes firearms in his garage in atownship just outside Richard’s Bay, a port city on SouthAfrica’s eastern seaboard. “There is good moneyhere,” he says, showing off his range of jerry-builtweaponry. Most of the weapons are awkward amalgams of other guns,roughly soldered together. There are no guarantees that they willshoot straight, that they will shoot at all, or that they willnot blow up in the user’s face. But Mandla’s no-namebrands are cheap. An illegal gun can sell for as little as R50,depending on the source. No questions are asked, no licencedemanded.

The trade in illegal weaponry in South Africa is brisk andpervasive.Where all the armaments come from is difficult toestablish. Some enter the country through the Maputuland region -a vast wilderness on the north-eastern coast of South Africa,bordered by Mozambique and Swaziland. The border betweenMozambique and South Africa is 78km long and has 67 illegalcrossing points. Once a route has been established, anything goesacross it: weapons, drugs, animal products, car parts, wholevehicles, immigrants, stolen goods and indentured labour. Ifauthorities swoop on any known smuggling route, it disappears,only to re-open a kilometre or so away. The road from Jozini tothe interior passes over the spectacular Lebombo mountain range,a spine of peaks that forms a barrier to the hinterland. At thetop of this road is an almost permanent roadblock, manned bysoldiers from the nearby Jozini military base. The soldiers arein a good mood and willing to chat. “Every day we find guns,dagga, Mandrax,” says one, swinging his rifle idly.“And Mozambicans. Lots of Mozambicans.” And usually theMozambicans are armed. They carry guns either as a form ofcurrency or for their security. Many of the illegal Mozambicanimmigrants are trained soldiers, used to weapons and killing.They come to South Africa to escape poverty in their own country,but some end up using their military training for criminalactivity.

Weapons smuggling is hard to pin down. A 1996 United Nationsreport says that one million AK47 rifles are unaccounted forworldwide. South African police confiscate about 1000 AK47 riflesevery year, and it is estimated there are between 1000 and 3000of the rifles in circulation at any given time. A single weaponsells for anything between R50 and R900, depending on the urgencyof the sale and the number of middle-men. AK47 rifles are usedmainly in organised crime, like cash-in-transit robberies andheists. However, there is a move away from Eastern-bloc weaponrybecause of increasing difficulty in obtaining ammunition. Thetrend for criminals is to source military rifles like R4 and R5rifles, which are bought from corrupt army officials or stolenfrom state armouries. Handguns are even more plentiful, sellingfor between R50 and R150, and are used in farm attacks, armedrobberies, hold-ups and car hijackings. Often crimes arecommitted for the sole purpose of obtaining moreweapons.According to statistics released by Gun Free SouthAfrica, 1000 guns are stolen from their legitimate owners everymonth. This figure does not include organised raids on armouries.

The proliferation of firearms has led to certain crimes beingunique to South Africa.“It is very difficult to hijack a carwithout a gun,” says violence monitor and University ofNatal academic Mary de Haas. “Cash-in-transit robberieswould never be successful unless they were carried out withsophisticated weaponry.” Police statistics have shown anincrease in the number of unlicensed firearms in circulation -but this could also be attributed to better policing. “Whenthe wars in Africa, and especially Mozambique and Angola, came toan end, the subcontinent was awash with illegal militaryweapons,” says De Haas. “Most of these were brought toSouth Africa, where there was a market. A large number of weaponsare still coming in, perhaps not in large consignments, butcertainly a steady flow.” Stricter gun laws are soon to beenacted by the South African Parliament. These have beencriticised by the legitimate gun-owning population as being tooharsh. No comment, however, has been forthcoming from thecriminals and illegal gun-owners. Perhaps they are not tooworried. Or perhaps their attitude is accurately summed up by theDemocratic Party’s spokesman on security, Douglas Gibson:“The law-enforcers can’t even enforce the existing gunlaws. It’s going to be impossible for them to enforce thenew ones.

Mining still vital to economy, says Chamber of Mines
Pretoria (Sapa, 09/18): An independent study, thefindings of which contradict the notion that mining is a sunsetindustry, was presented to the government in Pretoria on Monday.Commissioned by the Chamber of Mines of SA, the 113-page reportconcludes that mining remains vital to the national economy, andis growing in importance. It says the industry continues to bethe single most important earner of foreign exchange, andprovides more than a quarter of all income earned by blackworkers. Mining could also play a critical role in ruralupliftment, regional development, and the renewal of the Africancontinent, the report says. Handing the study to Minerals andEnergy Minister Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, chamber president RickMenell said the document demonstrated that the mining sector wasin fact thriving. Ngcuka welcomed the report, saying it was anobjective reflection of the importance of the industry.

The study was conducted under the auspices of the Cape TownUniversity graduate school of business. It found that the declinein gold production had masked significant growth in other miningsectors. Coal, platinum group metals, chrome and iron oreindustries had doubled in size since 1980. “During thisperiod, mining other than gold grew faster than the rest of theeconomy,” the report says. Between 1990 and 1996, employmentin the non-gold mining sector increased by ten percent, providing217000 people with jobs by 1996. According to the last census,one in every seven black men with a job in the formal sector wasworking in the mining industry and during the 1990s, miningdirectly generated 41 percent of all South African exports. In1997, mineral exports totalled R51 billion, and with theexception of gold and manganese, all of South Africa’s majorminerals have experienced long term growth. “Large-scaleprojects are at varying stages of design and implementationacross all commodities,” the report says.

It singled out mining as the key to Africa’s economicrevival, saying the industry was already transforming theeconomies of some countries on the continent. Botswana’soutstanding economic performance was built on diamond mining,while foreign direct investment (FDI) of about US800 million inZambia’s copper mines seemed set to revive thatcountry’s economy. “By far the largest contributor toFDI in an otherwise struggling Zimbabwe in 1998 was mininginvestment totalling US544 million,” the report said.“Mining offers the continent’s best opportunity... allthe more so because of the rich but still relatively unexploredmineral endowment.” The study said South African miningcompanies were leading the resurgence of mining activities in theregion. Anglo American, Randgold, Gencor and JCI had, forexample, each invested more than U512 million in Africanexploration. The study said job losses on gold mines, and thebuzz associated with the rise of sectors such as financial andinformation services, had created the impression that mining wasa sunset industry. “But this perception is simply wrong.Indeed, mining constitutes what is surely the most successfulcluster in the country’s economy,” the report said.

Report calls for greater freedom of movement in SADC
(Sunday Times, 09/17): Cross-border movementwithin the Southern African Development Community should betreated as "internal migration" in line with theregion's free-trade protocol, a report released by the SouthAfrican government suggests. The report, Population, Poverty andVulnerability: The State of South Africa's Population 2000 , wasreleased by Dr Zola Skweyiya, Minister of Welfare and PopulationDevelopment, on Friday. It says the region should be treated as asingle entity for migration policy . The report, compiled by theNational Population Unit with researchers and academics, saysthis approach would bring migration policy in line with the freetrade zone proposed within the region. It raises issuesconcerning declining fertility levels among South African women,the prevalence of violence against women and the explosive ratesof HIV infection . On the subject of migration it says thatinstead of creating more barriers, the only logical approach tocontrolling the movement of people across South Africa's bordersin search of work would be to improve the economic circumstancesin their countries. The report says estimates of so-called"undocumented immigrants" range from about two millionto eight million people. It says demographers, planners andpolicymakers agree that immigration policy cannot be based on theidea that South Africa can function in isolation. While it warnsthat it is risky for one country to open its borders when othersdo not, it goes on to add that South Africans have fairly freeaccess to most other regional countries.

172 medical professionals leave in last two years
(Independent Online, 09/16): The government has estimated that inthe past two years it has lost about R80-million on training keymedical personnel such as doctors and dentists who emigratedafter qualifying. Replying to a question in parliament this weekfrom Dr GW Koornhof, the United Democratic Movement MP, MantoTshabalala-Msimang, the minister of health, said more than 172members of the medical profession had left in two years. Ofthose, 129 were medical doctors, 16 were dentists and 27 wereregistrars. Tshabalala-Msimang said the direct cost to the stateamounted to approximately R518 556, R475 343 and R345 704 perstudent respectively in the three categories, calculated overtheir training periods. Based on those figures, the training ofthe 172 professionals had cost the government R83 833 220. Shesaid the figures excluded other costs that were incurredby the academic institutions during the years oftraining. “The additional cost implications for academicinstitutions cannot be reported on.” Tshabalala-Msimang saidthe state contributed “approximately R86 426 permedical/dental student per academic year towards the trainingcosts. This amount excludes support systems for education andtraining, mentorship, preceptorship, placement for correlation ofpractice and transport,” she said. The government’ssolutions for stemming the flow of professionals, such asintroducing compulsory service in the health sector, have metwith fierce opposition. Responding to a question from Marthinusvan Schalkwyk, the New National Party leader, she alsoacknowledged that South Africa had been informed by the WorldHealth Organisation (WHO) that it was “at the centre of aninternational blood trafficking racket” worth overR70-million. She said that between June 1994 and March 1997copies of permits issued by her department for the import andexport of blood products had gone “missing”, givingweight to claims that syndicates were selling blood on the blackmarket. ‘Yes, copies of the permits for the mentioned periodcould not be found during the investigation into the allegedillegal trade in blood and blood products. However copies of theexport permits have since then been recovered,” saidTshabalala­Msimang. The world health body has launched aninvestigation into the blood trafficking. “As far astrafficking in blood is concerned, a full investigation has beenlaunched with the assistance of a WHO expert. As measures for thecontrol and safeguarding of documents have been tightened, it isbelieved that a recurrence of such an incident will not takeplace,” she said.

Home Affairs investigates citizenshipof 400 high-profile professionals
(Zimbabwe Independent, 09/15):
The South African HomeAffairs department has instituted investigations into more than400 high-profile professionals working in that country withillegally-acquired identity documents, a move that is likely toweed out Zimbabweans, the Zimbabwe Independent has learnt. Themove, believed to be the first of many such investigations, comesshortly after the department ordered the repatriation of hundredsof persons from European countries who were staying in thecountry illegally. A South African daily, the Sowetan, reportedlast week that those ordered out of the country included 36Bulgarians, 33 British citizens, nine Albanians, 70 Chinese, 13French citizens, 12 Germans, 98 Indians, 12 Israelis, 11 UScitizens and 12 Hong Kong citizens. Another South Africannewspaper quoted Home Affairs spokesman Manase Makwela as sayinginvestigations of targeted individuals were at an advanced stage.He refused to divulge the names of those being investigated.“Their names cannot be divulged as most cases are sub-judiceand might jeopardise the department’s investigations,”Makwela said. A source working within the department of HomeAffairs said a lot of Zimbabweans, especially medical personnel,were part of those under investigation. The country’s HomeAffairs department has shifted attention from unskilled illegalimmigrants to professionals who hold influential positions in theeconomic sector. The source said targeted professionals includedlecturers, medical practi- tioners, television presenters,teachers and professional soccer players from the PSL, thecountry’s elite professional soccer league. The source saidthe move to target professionals is viewed by most South Africansas a deviation from targeting illegals from Zimbabwe andMozambique, who are said to constitute the bulk of illegalimmigrants. “In actual fact this will come out hard onZimbabweans who constitute a majority of foreign professionals inany of the 10 provinces in South Africa,” said the source.

It is believed the heavy clampdown on foreigners is adesperate move by the government to create vacancies forpositions held by aliens. South Africa’s unemployment ratehas been rising drastically since democratic elections in 1994.Disgruntled educated Zimbabweans fleeing from their tatteredeconomy have sought solace from South Africa’s industrieswhere, because of their education and ready skills they areeasily absorbed into mainstream employment. Zimbabwe is currentlyfacing an exodus in the health sector where there are criticalshortages of health personnel especially nursing staff due to amassive brain drain into neighbouring countries. Hundreds ofZimbabwean trained doctors are in the diaspora in Botswana, SouthAfrica and in the United Kingdom where they are offered betterincentives. Television presenter and Woza Weekend star TichaonaMatambanadzo was thrown out of South Africa over identitydocuments when the country commenced a clamp-down on foreignersholding fake identity documents last year. Recently formerdirector-general of Mpumalanga province, Shadreck Coleman Nyathi,believed to a Zimbabwean, was ordered out of the country andforced to resign his post after he allegedly forged hiscitizenship papers and falsified his CV that landed him thesenior position, which commanded a monthly salary of R30 000($210 000). The source said the new Home AffairsDirector-General, Billy Masetla, was instrumental in theimplementation of the new policy whose aim is to rid the countryof foreigners occupying “sensitive positions” in theeconomy and professional bodies. Since South Africa gained itsfreedom in 1994 xenophobia has reached alarming levels with a lotof murders being attributed to hatred of foreigners.

Police acquitted of charge of aiding deportees toescape
Witbank (News 24, 09/13): A Johannesburg policeman has beenacquitted on charges of helping four illegal Mozambicanimmigrants escape from a moving train. Sergeant Vusimuzi JosephMaseko was acquitted of corruption charges in the WitbankMagistrates’ Court on Tuesday because the Mozambicans, whoturned State’s witness, gave conflicting testimonies,Superintendent Johan Boning, head of the provincialanti-corruption unit, said on Wednesday. Maseko and a colleague,Sergeant Solomon Setsena, crime prevention unit members atJohannesburg Central Police Station, were arrested on 23 Junelast year outside Witbank while allegedly trying to help theillegal Mozambicans escape from a moving train. Members of theinternal tracing unit carried out the arrest after receivinginformation that policemen on the train took bribes to freeillegal immigrants. The two men were suspended from duty on 22September last year. Setsena is out on Ri 000 bail and willappear in court on 30 September. Boning said police hoped for aconviction because they lined up several witnesses againstSetsena.

Children from neighbouring countries sold to SouthAfrican brothels
(Sunday Times, 09/10): Children from the rest of Africa are beingsmuggled into South Africa as sex slaves amid growing indicationsthat the country is becoming a prime destination for sextourists. Children from Mozambique, Angola, Lesotho, Zimbabwe,Swaziland, Nigeria and Cameroon, most of them between the ages of10 and 17, are being sold to South African agents and resold tobrothels, clubs or individuals, according to the shockingpreliminary findings of a report on cross-border childtrafficking for sexual exploitation. Smaller numbers of Thai andeastern European children are also involved. The children arepredominantly girls, but increasing numbers of boys are beingtargeted. "Catalogues with their pictures are circulatedamong paedophile groups and agents. The kids are then bought bythe highest bidder," said Bernadette van Vuuren, aresearcher at Molo Songololo, a non-governmental organisationthat presented the report at a child-abuse conference in Durbanthis week. The children are held captive until their "debtbondage" - the costs of transport, documents and sale - arepaid off or until they are sold to other agents. Children aresmuggled into South Africa, hidden in trucks or walking on foot,through the Kruger National Park, over the Swaziland border andacross the Orange River. But police say they are usually unableto act because South Africa has no anti-trafficking laws."That is where the problem starts," said SeniorSuperintendent Anneke Pienaar, the commander of the police'sfamily violence, child protection and sexual offences unit."We are just there to enforce the law as it stands, and thatis causing difficulties for us." Pienaar said it wasimpossible to estimate how many children were involved in thetrafficking. "It would be the same as trying to speculatehow many bags are snatched in the country on a daily basis."According to the report, children from Mozambique appear to beparticularly vulnerable. "Several reports have been receivedon the trafficking of children and women from Mozambiquespecifically for sexual exploitation in South Africa," itsaid. At the same time, Namibia and Zimbabwe have emerged as"key transit points" in the racket. The children aretricked, blackmailed or coerced into travelling to South Africa.But even refugee children who make their way to SA because ofpoverty or war are being targeted once they have arrived. Thereport alleges that the children are treated as illegal aliensand, in the case of Mozambicans, escorted to the Mozambicanborder by police, where they are left to find their own way. The13th international congress of the International Society for thePrevention of Child Abuse is being attended by representativesfrom 61 countries. Delegates also heard that at least 200 000children, some as young as five, are being forced into labour inSouth Africa.

Charges against Malawians withdrawn
(The Natal Witness, 09/07): Charges against nine of the 13illegal aliens arrested last month at a local business werewithdrawn on Thursday in the Pietermaritzburg District Court,while the four remaining accused pleaded guilty to being in thecountry illegally. Senior public prosecutor Johan Venter said thecharges against the nine Malawians were withdrawn because theymay have not known that the documents found in their possessionwere false. Venter cited a case from last year in whichDepartment of Home Affairs officials were charged with forgery ofdocuments. He said the documents found in the possession of theaccused are similar to those issued in the alleged scam. Theother four accused chose to conduct their own defence and pleadedguilty to the charges against them. The four, also Malawiancitizens, told the court that once their temporary residencepermits expired they did not have the money to return to Malawi.Venter said that the onus to deport the group lies with officialsfrom the Department of Home Affairs. The nine men against whomcharges have been withdrawn are expected to be deported shortlywhile the remaining four will be returned to Malawi once theyhave served out their sentences, should they be jailed.

Democratic Alliance criticizes skilled migrationpolicy
(Woza, 09/06): South Africa needs skilledprofessionals, and we cannot afford to scare off anyone with theskills this country so desperately needs.The decision by HomeAffairs to target high-profile illegal aliens in South Africamust be commended, but at the same time it must be cautionedagainst. The DA wishes to point out to the department of homeaffairs that while they might be doing a sterling job of removingillegal aliens from this country, the department might also bechasing people away who have the skills and talents to developthe South African society. It is worrying to see that skilledindividuals would rather take the illegal (and sometimes simpler)route of gaining entry into this country, instead of the morecomplex, legal and costly route. The department of home affairsmust make it easier for anyone in possession of skills needed inthis country, to be allowed to work here and utilise theirtalents. South Africa needs to attract skilled workers and notscare them off - take the example of our current shortage of 10000 maths and science teachers. Doing this will prove to be avaluable investment in the future of South Africa.

Lucrative market for child prostitution in SouthAfrica
Durban (Sapa, 09/05): A lack of proper legislation was creating alucrative sex market in South Africa in which children as youngas four-years-old were becoming sex slaves, according to a reportby a Cape Town children’s organisation. Bernadette vanVuuren of Mob Songobobo presented the organisation’s reportto the 13th International Conference on Child Abuse and Neglectin Durban on Tuesday. The preliminary report contains shockingstatistics about children who are sold, abducted and even coercedinto the child sex market in the country. A large number ofchildren are smuggled in from outside the country’s borders,from destinations such as Mozambique, Angola, Lesotho, Zimbabwe,Nigeria, Thailand and Eastern Europe. Children as young as eightare smuggled in from Mozambique. They are trucked in through theKruger National Park or the Swaziland border and some have beensold to individual South Africans for between R300 and R500 perchild. Among those in trafficking in children were brothelowners, government officials crime syndicates, former militaryand police personnel and border officials. Sometimes familymembers and even parents were involved. Farmers, businessmen,doctors, high ranking government officials, police officers andcriminal gangs, foreign tourists and even other children paid tohave sex with children. Van Vuuren said trafficking in childrenhad become one of the most lucrative businesses for transnationalcrime syndicates including Nigerian drug lords, the ChineseTriads and the Israeli and Russian mafias as well as the EasternEuropean crime syndicates. Organised crime groups have managed togain a foothold in the country since it opened up to theinternational community after 1994. According to Van Vuuren,South Africa was emerging as a key player in the trafficking ofchildren for sexual exploitation, both from inside the countryand from across its borders. Adults scared of contracting theHIV/Aids virus viewed children as safe sex options. Those who hadAids believe sex with children could cure them.

The United Nations has estimated that between two and fourmillion people a year were traded into some kind of slavery, beit domestic labour, begging or prostitution. Many of these werechildren. “Gaps and lack of extraterritorial legislation inSouth Africa fuelled the growth of the trafficking trade in thecountry,” Van Vuuren said. According to the report theJohannesburg, Cape Town and Durban were the main centres forchild trafficking, but the phenomenon was occurring on acountrywide scale. Childline representative Lyndy Mansfieldearlier in the day told delegates how children as young as eightyears old were being abducted from rural areas in KwaZulu-Nataland sold onto the slave market in Durban. The children were keptprisoner in shacks from where they were sold to adults who wantedsex. The trend came to the attention of Childline about fourmonths ago, she said. The Mob Songobolo report said that many ofthe victims were between four and 17 years. They includedchildren who struggled to survive, children who run away fromplaces of safety or those orphaned by HIV/Aids. Van Vuuren saidthere had been a 400 percent increase in Aids orphans in SouthAfrica and by 2010 there would be nearly five million childrenwould be orphaned by the disease. These children were the mostvulnerable to trafficking and the sexual exploitation trade. Shesaid government had to develop anti-trafficking legislation aswell as an extraterritorial policy to intervene and rescuevictims from other countries.

Child labour on farms
(Business Day, 09/05): There were more than 200 000 childlabourers in SA, most of them young Mozambican refugees workingon commercial farms in Mpumalanga and Northern Province, for foodand lodging. Witwatersrand University researcher Dudu Dlaminitold the 13th International Conference on Child Abuse and Neglectin Durban on Tuesday that children as young as eight were forcedto work on farms. Many were HIV/AIDS orphans and working as farmlabourers offered their only hope for survival. Those who earnedmoney were sometimes paid only R12 a day for a 10-hour shift, inwhich they basically did the work of adults. Information aboutthe children’s plight emerged from the Wits Refugee ResearchProgramme, which focused on child labourers from Mozambique.Dlamini said there was a constant flow of children seeking workon farms at Komatipoort, on the border between SA and Mozambique.In many instances children who grew up on farms were forced towork to earn their keep. "Farmers do not want the childrenon the farms if they are not working, even though their parentslive on the farms," Dlamini said. The researcher said thesechildren were not provided with education or health facilitiesand sometimes lived under appalling conditions, especially incases where they arrived on the farms without adults. Childworkers were not provided with homes, and had to live inself-built shacks which did not protect them from the elements.In many cases no blankets or mattresses were provided and thechildren slept on cardboard boxes. According to Dlamini, theminimum wage for children was about R80 a month, while themaximum was about R200. The system was also open to exploitationbecause many girls had to marry men much older than themselves tosecure a place to live. Dlamini said a 12-year-old pregnant girlhad told her she had to work 10 hours a day and care for herhusband. In cases where dormitories were provided, 10 childrenwere crammed into a room. Dlamini said the main concern of theresearch was that child labour was a violation of children’srights and deprived them of their right to education and goodhealth. "We are also concerned about the failure bygovernment to protect and promote the rights of childlabourers," Dlamini said.

Technology firms report reverse of brain drain
(Business Day, 09/05): There islight at the end of the brain drain tunnel. Local companies cannow benefit by getting information technology skills back intothe country as South Africans begin to trickle back home. Manypeople abroad have family and friends in SA; they miss thesunshine and hot weather; they have reached the end of theirtwoyear work permits; and as the Y2K threat is over, the numberof staff required has shrunk. The advantage for local companiesis that those returning are not money-motivated, and so do notrequire exorbitant salaries. Companies can also take other stepsto add to a local brain gain: Take advantage of the contractworkforce. Let it train your permanent staff, or use contractorsas a stopgap while your permanent workforce focuses on newdevelopments and projects. Tap into foreign skills via the globalvillage: outsource activities such as coding to other companiesanywhere in the world. Secure foreign contractors as part of amentoring programme for staff. Many companies bring contractorsto SA to work purely on one project, without any transfer ofskills taking place. The result is that many South Africans leavethe country due to lack of training and a stagnant workingenvironment, not purely because of the money. Training programmesare also needed to keep graduates. Fforde is country manager ofComputer People SA.

International fugitive deported to Kenya in error
Pretoria (News 24, 09/05): Thefact that an international fugitive, who is on the run foralleged mass murder and human rights violations is at large, isthe result of "human error" on the part of theScorpions and no action will be taken against the elite policeunit. The United Nations has been on the trail of former AnglicanBishop Samuel Musibyamana for a long time, and if were not forthe Scorpion's alleged negligence, this suspected mass murdererwould be behind bars. Sipho Ngwema, spokesperson for theScorpions, said on Tuesday that he didn't know the reason theunit neglected to convey this vitally important information tothe Department of Home Affairs. Police arrested Musibyamana, aRwandan citizen, on 11 August at a hotel in Hillbrow inJohannesburg. He was in possession of a Kenyan passport. Avisitor's visa which was issued in this country, had expired andhe was arrested because he was in South Africa illegally.Musibyamana was then detained for a week in Silverton inPretoria, while the Scorpions negotiated with the UN. Accordingto Ngwema the Scorpions had planned to hand him over to the UN.However, he was deported to Kenya on 18 August while UN officialswere en route to South Africa to take him into custody. Accordingto Ngwema, Musibyamana was mistakenly deported because theScorpions did not convey the "relevant information" tothe Department of Home Affairs." He said that the Scorpionstried to delay Musibyamana's deportation as long as possible,while it was usual practice to deport illegal immigrants asquickly as possible. The UN apparently could not confirm the datethat it would take Musibyamana into custody. "We could nothold him here indefinitely. A person can only be detained inSouth Africa for crimes that were committed here," Ngwemasaid. The UN will have to negotiate with Kenya to takeMusibyamana into custody there. "It doesn't look promising,however, that Kenya will co-operate with the UN," Ngwemasaid. He says a number of mass murderers and human rightsviolators seek refuge in that country. "The Scorpions takefull responsibility for the misunderstanding. But why punishsomeone for something that they did not do deliberately?" heasked.

Border conflict betweenKwaZulu-Natal and Lesotho
(Independent Online, 09/05):
Many farms in the southernDrakensberg of KwaZulu-Natal have been sold to timber companies,abandoned or put up for sale because of raids by stock thievesfrom across the border in Lesotho, a cross-border stock theftindaba heard on Monday. Black communities were being increasinglytargeted, possibly because they often had no communication,lacked transport and lived some distance from police stations,said Underberg farmers’ representative John Pearce.‘This may mean that the theft is reported four or five dayslater,” he told the meeting, attended by KwaZulu-Natalsafety and security MEG Nyanga Ngubane and agriculture MEG NarendSingh. The two ministers vowed after the meeting to bring therelevant national ministers to the province by the end of themonth to deal with the stock theft problem. Several speakers saiddagga smugglers coming into South Africa from Lesotho often tookcattle when they returned. Underberg vet Todd Collins said thefthad seriously  impacted on both farmers and on serviceindustries that existed to supply services and goods to farmers.“Those who have benefited are the Basotho stock thieves, thetimber industries and security companies we’ve had toemploy,” said Collins. He added that the profits made by thetimber companies were spent outside of the Underberg area.Several black farmers described how they were unable to go ontofarms belonging to white to look for their cattle. TolbertManingi said some farmers faced a double harassment if theirlivestock was stolen and then left on another farm. He said theanimals were impounded and the owner had to pay for their return.Maningi commended white farmers on their endeavours to preventstock theft. He also encouraged the MECs to meet with theirEastern Cape counterparts to learn from the way stock theft wasbeing handled in that province. A representative from anorganisation known as Mbutu, which operates in the Eastern Cape,described how local communities had rallied together to deal withstock theft. Ngubane said he and Singh sent a memorandum oncross-border stock theft to the KwaZulu-Natal executive counciland several national ministers last month. He said the provincecould not easily deal with the issue because it concerned “amatter between two countries” and the money to deal withsuch problems was only available at a national level. Singh toldthe farmers they should attempt to beef up security systems thatwere already in place. “The biggest advantage thatwe’ve got is the human resources to weed out this handful ofcriminals,” he said. KwaZulu-Natal Agricultural Unionrepresentative Edsel Hohls said if the government did not doanything, there would be farmers who attended the meeting whowould not be there next year. “Banks are very nervous togive loans to stock farmers because of the extent of theproblem,” he said.

Police blame immigrantsfor crime
(Business Day, 09/01):
The influx of illegal immigrantsand internal urbanisation were some of the factors which affectedthe crime rate in the country, an SA Police Service official saidyesterday. "SA is going through a major and rapidurbanisation because the previous government had influx controlsuntil 1986," SAPS crime information analysis centre officialChris de Kock said at a conference on crime and policing inJohannesburg yesterday. De Kock said the country hadexceptionally high levels of crime, compared with other Interpolmember countries. However he said that crime in some categorieshad decreased this year because of "OperationCrackdown". "Murder, attempted murder and arson havestabilised quite a lot. Operation Crackdown has workedwonders," De Kock said. He said drugs also contributed tothe high level of violent crime. De Kock said up to 60% of peoplewho committed violent crime in Johannesburg, Cape Town and Durbanhad used drugs before the crimes. Mozambican high court judgeLuis Mondlane told the conference that the causes of crime in hiscountry were related to a society moving from a planned to a freemarket economy. "From the situation where the state wasproviding basic services, we move to a situation where the stateholds a symbolic role of guaranteeing law and order,"Mondlane said. He said the slender presence of the state providedexcellent conditions for continuous growth of crime.

Tanzania

Abuse of Burundi women refugees in refugee camps
Dar Es Salaam (Sapa-AP, 09/26): Widespread sexual and domesticviolence against Burundi women refugees in Tanzania has left manyof the women battered, traumatized and fearful for their livesbecause the U.N. refugee agency is not doing enough to protectthem, a human rights group said Tuesday. In a report based onresearch conducted in Tanzania in May-June 1998 andOctober-November 1999, New York-based Human Rights Watch said itdocumented the failure of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugeesand the Tanzanian government to address effectively the violenceagainst women refugees. The rights group said the lives ofBurundi women refugees were in danger in their homes as well asin the camps in general, which were set up six years ago whenBurundians fled violence in their own country. “When Burundiwomen fled the internal conflict there, they expected to findsafety and protection in the refugee camps,” saidChirumbidzo Mabuwa, author of the 60-page report. “Instead,they simply escaped one type of violence in Burundi to face otherforms of abuse in the refugee camps in Tanzania.” At itsheadquarters in Geneva, UNHCR acknowledged the problem. “Weknow there is a problem, and there is a substantialproblem,” spokesman Kris Janowski said. “We are workingthe the Tanzanian authorities, especially the judicial system, tosensitize them to cases of rape and to increase the number ofpeople who are prosecuted and punished.” But he said theprimary reponsibility lay with the Tanzanian government and localauthorities, and UNHCR can only offer training and counseling. Itwas not immediately possibile to obtain comment from Tanzanianofficials. The seven-year civil war in Burundi has driven anestimated 1 million people into internal displacement or acrossthe border into Tanzania. More than 200,000 people, mostlycivilians, have been killed since 1993 in attacks byBurundi’s Tutsi-dominated army and Hutu rebels. The warbegan when Tutsi paratroopers assassinated the country’sfirst democratically elected president, a Hutu. A peace accordwas signed Aug. 28, but the government and rebels have still notagreed on a cease-fire. The report said the U.N. agency onlybegan addressing the problem of violence against women refugeeslast year under pressure from the refugees themselves and afterthe intervention of human rights groups. “Important lessonsmust be learned from the mistakes in Tanzania,” Mabuwa said.“UNHCR and the host country must be proactive in assessingthe protection needs of the refugee women from the very start ofthe refugee emergencies.” The rights group cites a May 1999report by U.S-based Refugees International that says one in everyfour Burundi women refugees in Tanzania had been the victim ofrape or serious sexual harassment. The Human Rights Watch reportalso criticized the Tanzania government for its failure toenforce its laws punishing rape and assault cases.“Tanzanian’s poor record on ensuring the justice systemprotects women victims of violence is not exclusively a matter ofresources, but also a question of will power,” Mabuwa said.“Tanzanian police officers interviewed by Human Rights Watchdid not regard domestic violence as a crime. Rather thaninvestigate reports of domestic violence, typically police simplyreferred the victims to UNHCR and other organizations forconselling.” The report said UNHCR has now initiatedprograms to protect women in the refugee camps. “While wecommend the steps that UNHCR is now taking to protect women inthe refugees camps, there are still critical gaps in its program.There is a dearth of consistent monitoring, the follow-up tocases is ad-hoc, and UNHCR staff roles are stillill-defined.”

Traders urged to go international
(The Express, 09/11): Cross-border trade has beensingled out as a rich source of trading experience needed byTanzania's business community for the improvement of thestandards of goods and services in the country. Trading ininternational markets, according to Stanbic Bank Manager forInternational Trade Colin Grenfell, bring traders into grips withemerging global commercial challenges in course of theirbusiness, which in turn compel them to strive for quality goodsand services needed to survive in the market. Grenfell made theremarks this week in Dar es Salaam when addressing local tradersat a one-day Tanzania Chamber of Commerce Industries andAgriculture (TCCIA) seminar on international trade. The Stanbicmanager said it was time the Tanzanian business community tooknote of the increasingly contracting world as a result of globalintegration and forged their ways into the international marketsas well. He listed among the challenges likely to be met withsuch initiatives as language barriers, transport andcommunication hitches, especially for traders in rural Tanzania,and incompatible legal and commercial requirement frameworks fromone country to the other. Stanbic, according to the manager, hasestablished a special programme tailored to help local smallscale traders entering into international trade by assisting themwith export financing, document sourcing and facilitation. Thebank is also cooperating with local stakeholders and facilitatorsof international trade to train small scale traders on a widerange of issues involved in the crossborder trade. Issues tobe dealt during the straining, he said, include bankingregulations, risk analysis, market research, transactional riskpayment mechanisms, and letters of credit establishing. Remarkingin his opening speech, Stanbic Managing Director Ian Mitchell hadearly told the seminar that the training is part of a series ofevents expected to be organised jointly by Stanbic, TCCIA andother stakeholders in the country to sensitize traders on theavailable international trade opportunities.

Zambia

Refugees blamed for rise in crime
Lusaka (Sapa-AP, 09/27): A crime wave in Lusaka, blamed mainly onforeigners, has Zambian officials worried that some of the220,000 refugees living in the country are turning to crime forsurvival, Home Affairs Minister Peter Machungwa said Wednesday.“It is with regret that one learns of the involvement ofsome sectors of the refugee community in serious crimes andoffences as reported in the Zambian media,” Machungwa saidin a statement. “This is a grave source of concern to theZambian government,” he added. Zambian media have focused ona wave of robberies and car thefts blamed on foreigners, noteablyon the case of two Burundians shot dead by police while theyattempted to steal a car last week. Officials at the UN HighCommission for Refugees are worried about a possible shift inpublic perception of refugees, who have arrived here fleeing warsin Angola, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Rwanda.Some foreigners charged with crimes were illegal immigrants andnot refugees, the UNHCR has said. But Machungwa said the refugeesliving in urban areas were a security concern to the Zambiangovernment and the public because they include “dangerouselements.” “May I remind the refugee community thatthey have an obligation to adhere to the laws of the land,failure to which they will be subjected to the penaltiesprescribed therein,” Machungwa said. Machungwa’sstatement was read on his behalf by his permanent secretaryKafula Ngandu at the official opening of a regional mediaworkshop organised by UNHCR. The more than 220,000 refugeesliving here represent 2.5 percent of the world’s refugeepopulation, UNHCR regional representative Oluseyi Bajulaiye said.But Zambia receives only receive one percent of UNHCR’sbudget. “The amount is minimal looking at the refugeecaseload in Zambia,” Bajulaiye said.

Chastised doctors leave the country
Lusaka (News 24, 09/22): About 100 of the 300 Zambian juniordoctors sacked in January for striking over poor conditions andlack of drugs in hospitals have gone back to work, a doctors'association official said on Friday. "Our friends have goneback to work out of desperation. They have not been receivingincome for eight months now," said Canisius Banda, secretarygeneral of the junior doctors' association. The Zambiangovernment issued a general amnesty two months ago, urging allthe expelled junior doctors to go back for work and promisingthem improved working conditions. About 100 of the doctors havereturned to work, Banda said, but more than 50 have left thecountry to seek work and the others have refused to return totheir jobs. "Things in the hospitals have actually got worsesince we went on strike. So there is no justification for some ofus to resume work," Banda said. Negotiations with governmentwere still going on, he added. A few senior Zambian doctors arestaffing major government hospitals, but the government has hadto ask foreign doctors, mostly from Cuba, to fill their staffingshortages.

Ghanaian teacher evicted
(Zambia Daily Mail, 09/19): A Ghanaian teacher at David KaundaTechnical School in Lusaka yesterday spent a night outside hishouse after court sheriffs evicted the family. The house onKapumpe Road in Woodlands is said to have been bought by a senioreducation official. A check by a Daily Mail team at the residencefound household goods thrown all over the yard. Theteacher’s wife Annie Appiah and her six month-old daughterAssie were found braving the sweltering heat. Mrs Appiah said herhusband, Joe, who has been in the house from 1995 up to Octoberlast year when his contract expired, could not leave because theministry has not yet paid him his dues. Mr Appiah has taught forabout 10 years in Zambia at Kasama Boys and Lwitikila Secondaryschools in Northern Province before moving to Lusaka in 1995. MrsAppiah said the matter started early last year when the familywas served with a notice to vacate the house. However, theyignored the notice and took the matter to court. Mrs Appiah saidthe court allegedly entered judgment in default. She claimed thatthis was in spite of her husband attending hearings. Furthermore,she claimed that it was the other party which never used toappear in court. Mrs Appiah said officials at the Ministry ofEducation had assured them that they would remain in the housesince their money was not yet ready. But yesterday, a team ofsheriffs officials stormed the residence demanding keys to thehouse. Mrs Appiah said since she did not have the keys as she hadjust returned from town, the sheriffs forced open the doorsbefore throwing household goods outside the gate.

UNHCR rates Zambian refugee policy most liberal inregion
(Zambia Daily Mail, 09/19): The United Nations High Commissionerfor Refugees (UN HCR) ranks Zambia’s humanitarian policy asone of the most liberal in the southern African sub region. Thisrecord has this year earned the country international recognitionby being elected to host a millennium workshop for mediaexecutives and senior journalists from Angola, Mozambique,Namibia, Swaziland, South Africa, Malawi, and Zimbabwe to discussrefugee-related issues, problems and challenges.

Controversey over citizenship of Vice President
(The Monitor, 09/15): Tumbuka prince, Bryce Mfune,has applied to the Lusaka High Court to set aside the judgementobtained in default of defence by Vice President LieutenantGeneral Christon Tembo a fortnight ago so that he can provideproof that Tembo is a Malawian. According to an affidavit insupport of summons to set aside judgement filed in the LusakaHigh Court on September 8, 2000, when Mfune received summons todefend himself in court for alleging that Tembo was a Malawian,he was advised to make a reply to the plaintiff's advocates,Messrs Chifumu Banda and Advocates, by way of a letter showinghis intentions to defend his claims."It has come to myknowledge that the advice I received was wrong," theaffidavit reads in part. "I have a defence to theplaintiff's claim and the defence is here.. in the interest ofjustice, I pray that the judgement obtained in default be setaside and I be given liberty to defend. " In the affidavit,Mfune admits alleging that Tembo hails from Songeya Village,Chief Muzukuzuku, Embagweni formerly Louden in Malawi. He alsoadmits originating the story, which was published in The Monitorbut denies that the story was defamatory "as stated or atall". He denies that Gen. Tembo is entitled to damages"as claimed or at all" and pleads justification in theclaim that Tembo and his parents are of Malawian origin. Tembosued Mfune, Afronet (on behalf of The Monitor) and the ZambiaEducational Publishing House (ZEPH) for the stories and wasawarded damages in default after Mfune failed to show up incourt. The Monitor has, however, filed a defence and the matterwill be heard at a date to be announced.

Undocumented migrants released fromdetention and deported
(Times of Zambia, 09/15):
A Tanzanian pastor, WatsonKabonga Mwanijembe, has been fined K100,000 for illegally stayingin Zambia or in default face a three-month imprisonment by aKabwe magistrate court. Immigration department spokesman DennyLungu said the judgement was passed by a Kabwe magistrate court.Pastor Mwanijembe was recently apprehended at a road block inKapiri Mposhi. The pastor did not have travel documents.Meanwhile, 31 illegal immigrants have been deported to theircountry of origin after being released from detention in Lusakaand Kabwe. Mr Lungu said the immigration department would ensurethat all illegal immigrants were prosecuted and sent back totheir countries. And a Senegalese prohibited immigrant yesterdaytold a Kitwe magistrate that he had been living in Zambia for ayear after his permit expired. Bocara Dia, 39, a businessman of33 Congo way, Riverside appeared before principal residentmagistrate Stephen Nyundo charged with illegal stay in Zambia.Dia was arrested on September 8 this year by immigrationofficers. When asked by the court why he did not renew his permitafter it expired, Dia said he had no money to do so. He willappear today for facts and sentence. In the same court aCongolese said he entered and stayed in Zambia without a permit.Serge Issa, 29, told the court that he entered Zambia a month agousing a truck on which he had got a lift. Issa said he came toZambia to do business and had been living at Chisokone market. Hewill appear for facts and sentence today.

Zambian companies warned about employing non-Zambians
(Times of Zambia, 09/11): Zambian companies employing expatriatehuman resources practitioners have been warned against the trendas it violates the laws of the country. In a resolution passed by14 human resources officers at Tunya Hotel in Livingstone duringthe week, companies were warned against employing foreigners as aviolation of the laws of the country according to the ZambiaInstitute of Human Resource Management Act. The workshop calledon the Zambia Institute of Human Resource Management to identifycompanies employing non-members to deal with them. They notedthat industrial unrest in foreign-managed companies because ofthe high employment of foreign human rights practitioners whofailed to interpret Zambian labour laws. And A/B consultant AgreyBauleni who conducted the workshop noted that the lack ofunderstanding by employers and their lack of understanding ofworkers roles in industry had also led to unnecessary labourunrests at places of work. Meanwhile, Livingstone districtadministrator, David Siasundi, has blamed human resourcesmanagers for the current industrial unrest at places of work.Speaking when he closed the workshop, Mr Siasundi said thatunless managers realised their roles in the development ofindustry, there would be no harmony at work places resulting inlow productivity.

Updated 28 March 2005