Reports Responses Research Articles & Press Reports Media
SAMP Resources: Xenophobia in Southern Africa

Reports on Migrants and Human Rights:

Human Rights Watch, Prohibited Persons: Abuse of Undocumented Migrants, Asylum-Seekers and Refugees in South Africa, Human Rights Watch, March 1998.

South African Human Rights Commission, Report into the Apprehension and Detention of Suspected Undocumented Migrants, Johannesburg, 19 March 1999.

South African Human Rights Commission, Lindela at the Crossroads for Detention and Deportation: An Assessment of the Conditions of Detention, December 2000.

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Responses to Xenophobia in Southern Africa:

Declaration Of The Social Dialogue On The Promotion Of Tolerance Through Diversity In South Africa Adopted In Tshwane, South Africa , 19 August 2008.

Statement Of The Gauteng Provincial Government On The Reintegration Of Displaced Foreign Nationals, 31 July 2008.

Address Of The President Of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki, At The National Tribute In Remembrance Of The Victims Of Attacks On Foreign Nationals, Tshwane, 3 July 2008.

Speech By Charles Nqakula Minister For Safety And Security At The National Tribute In Remembrance Of The Victims Of Attacks On Foreign Nationals And South Africans, 3 July 2008.

SADC/APC Statement On Xenophobia , 11 June 2008.

Youth Sector Response To Xenophobia , 3 June 2008.

Debate On Xenophobia By The Mpumalanga Mec For Finance, Honourable Jabu Mahlangu, MP, 2 June 2008.

Special Rapporteur On Racism Dismayed At Xenophobic Violence In South Africa, 30 May 2008.

Statement On Attacks On Foreign Nationals And Related Matters, 30 May 2008.

Radio And Television Address To The Nation By The President Of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki, On The Occasion Of Africa Day, 25 May 2008.

Deputy President Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka Speaks Out Against The Violent Attacks On Foreigners And Calls For Calm, 23 May 2008.

Africa Day – Have We Done Enough To Give Reality To The Vision Of African Unity, 23 May 2008.

COSATU Says No To Xenophobia, 22 May 2008.

ANCYL Statement On Xenophobic Attacks, 21 May 2008.

Press Statement: Outbreak Of Xenophobic Violence In South Africa, 20 May 2008.

Don’t Touch My Sister, Don’t Touch My Brother!, 20 May 2008.

Statement By President Thabo Mbeki Regarding Attacks On Foreign Nationals , 19 May 2008.

Press Statement On Xenophobia-Related Attacks In Alexandra, 15 May 2008.

ANC Youth League Statement On The Recent Xenophobic Attacks, 14 May 2008.

COSATU Gauteng Condemns Xenophobia, 13 May 2008.

ANC Statement On Attacks On Foreign Nationals, 12 May 2008.

Statement by ANC on Xenophobic Attacks on Zimbabweans, October 2001.

ANC Policy on Xenophobia, August 2001.

Statement by President Thabo Mbeki, May 2001.

Cosatu Statement on Xenophobia, 8 February 2001.

Statement by Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, South Africa Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1 May 2000.

South African Human Rights Commission, Braamfontein Statement on Xenophobia, 15 October 1998.


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Research on Xenophobia in Southern Africa:

HSRC Review 6 (3) (September 2008)

Oberoi, Sumit S. and Vivian Lin, "Brain Drain of Doctors from Southern Africa: Brain Gain for Australia" Australian Health Review 30 (1) (February 2006): 25-33.

McKnight, Janet, "Through the Fear: A Study of Xenophobia in South Africa's Refugee System" Journal of Identity and Migration Studies 2 (2) (2008): 18-42.

Migration and Social Cohesion 1 (1) (August 2008).

Steinberg, Jonny, "South Africa's Xenophobic Eruption" ISS Paper 169, Institute for Security Studies, November 2008.

Igglesden, Vivki. Tamlyn Monson and Tara Polzer, "Humanitarian Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons in South Africa: Lessons Learned Following Attacks on Foreign Nationals in May 2008" Forced Migration Studies Programme, University if the Witwatersrand Oxfam, January 2009.

International Federation for Human Rights, "Surplus People? Undocumented and Other Vulnerable Migrants in South Africa" International Federation for Human Rights, January 2008.

Parsley, Jennifer, "Displaced and Discarded: The Role of Civil Society Organisations in Promoting Socio-Economic Rights for Refugees and Asylum Seekers in South Africa" Centre for Civil Society Refugee Paper, University of KwaZulu Natal, 2005.

Vigneswaran, Darshan, "Free Movement and the Movement's Forgotten Freedoms: South African Representation of Undocumented Migrants" Refugee Studies Centre Working Paper No. 41, Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford, July 2007.

Hadland, Adrian, Ed, "Violence and Xenophobia in South Africa: Development Consensus, Moving to Action" Human Sciences Research Council, 2008.

Southern African Migration Project, Regionalizing Xenophobia? Citizen Attitudes to Immigration and Refugee Policy in Southern Africa, Migration Policy Series No. 30, 2004. (Summary)

Nahla Valji, Creating the Nation: The Rise of Violent Xenophobia in the New South Africa. Research report written for the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, July 2003.

Cindy Warner and Gillian Finchilescu, Living with Prejudice: Xenophobia and Race, Agenda 55, 2003.

Bronwen Harris, Xenophobia: A New Pathology for a New South Africa? in D Hook and G Eagle (eds) Psychopathology and Social Prejudice. Cape Town: University of Cape Town Press, 2002.

Ingrid Palmary, Refugees, Safety and Xenophobia in South African Cities: The Role of Local Government. Research report written for the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, 2002.

Southern African Migration Project, Immigration, Xenophobia and Human Rights in South Africa, Migration Policy Series No. 22, 2001. (Summary)

Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, A Foreign Experience: Violence, Crime and Xenophobia during South Africa's Transition, Violence and Transition Series, Vol. 5, August 2001.

Southern African Migration Project, Writing Xenophobia: Immigration and the Press in Post-Apartheid South Africa, Migration Policy Series No. 17, March 2000.(Summary)

Southern African Migration Project,Still Waiting for the Barbarians: SA Attitudes to Immigrants & Immigration, Migration Policy Series No. 14, April 1999. (Summary)

Community Agency for Social Enquiry, Assessing Knowledge of Human Rights Among the General Population and Selected Target Groups, Johannesburg, August 1998.

Southern African Migration Project, Challenging Xenophobia: Myths and Realities of Cross-Border Migration in Southern Africa, Migration Policy Series No. 7, April 1998. (Summary)

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Articles and Press Reports on Xenophobia:

'From bad to worse, as always', Cape Argus, 30 August 2008.

A new front opens in the war on hate, Cape Argus, 29 August 2008.

Experts slam lack of migration policy, Daily News/Sapa/AFP, 28 August 2008.

UN Helps Foreigners Uprooted By Xenophobic Violence Return Home, UN News Service, 28 August 2008.

'Ignorance, State Failure' at Root of Attacks, Business Day, 28 August 2008.

Most South Africans are hostile to foreigners, study shows, Cape Times, 25 August 2008.

More than 420 xenophobia cases laid, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 25 August 2008.

Renewed Fears After Somali's Murder, Cape Argus, 22 August 2008.

Gov't, civil society sign Declaration to fight attacks on foreigners, BuaNews, 21 August 2008.

Statement on the Outcomes of the Social Dialogue on Promoting Tolerance through Diversity in South Africa, South African Department of Home Affairs, 20 August 2008.

Tighter borders not the answer, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 19 August 2008.

Foreigners come under gunfire, Cape Argus, 16 August 2008.

Rethinking Asylum, IRIN News Service, 15 August 2008.

TAC claims victory in refugee court challenge, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 15 August 2008.

Xenophobia shelters to be dismantled Friday, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 12 August 2008.

Beaten up for coming back, Daily News , 12 August 2008.

Refugees make mistake of knowing their rights , Business Day, 11 August 2008.

Migrants mull return to South African townships as D-Day looms, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 8 August 2008.

Xenophobia victims needs options, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 8 August 2008.

Xenophobia rife in gov't, says rights body, The Mercury, 1 August 2008.

Zuma apologises to Mozambicans, Daily News Foreign Service, 31 July 2008.

Government denies neglecting refugees, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 31 July 2008.

Shelters for foreigners to be closed, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 31 July 2008.

TAC takes court action on refugees, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 30 July 2008.

Refugees protest against reintegration plan after Somali is killed in Grabouw, Cape Times, 29 July 2008.

Police trucks arrive for refugees, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 28 July 2008.

SA has done its best to protect xenophobia victims', The Star, 25 July 2008.

Foreigners stranded near Lindela, The Star, 24 July 2008.

'We have been treated very badly here', The Star, 23 July 2008.

'Why we can't go back to homes', Cape Argus, 22 July 2008.

Emotional scenes as refugees leave Johannesburg camp, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 22 July 2008.

Horror returns as Mozambican is hacked to death, Pretoria News, 21 July 2008.

Refugees 'sent to deaths', Cape Argus, 21 July 2008.

Trouble-making aliens will be deported - minister, The Star, 21 July 2008.

Tutu holds mass sermon on South Africa anti-immigrant violence, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa/AFP, 20 July 2008.

Zambia urges victims of xenophobic attacks to return home, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 20 July 2008.

Tension high after cops, refugees clash, Pretoria News, 17 July 2008.

CDE calls for xenophobia inquiry, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 17 July 2008.

'South Africans have always been xenophobic', Pretoria News, 16 July 2008.

Tutu to address xenophobia service, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 15 July 2008.

Foreigners dumped, Sunday Tribune, 13 July 2008.

Guard assaults pregnant woman: report, The Citizen/Sapa, 11 July 2008.

Warning on xenophobia ignored, Business Day, 11 July 2008.

Passop branch leader assaulted in 'xenophobic attack', Cape Times, 10 July 2008.

More than 1,500 Malawians evacuated since South Africa violence, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa/AFP, 10 July 2008.

Solidarity to go to international union on xenophobia, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 9 July 2008.

Solidarity on attacks, Pretoria News, 8 July 2008.

Solidarity wants ILO convention ratified to curb xenophobia, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 8 July 2008.

Mbeki apologies for attacks on foreign nationals, BuaNews, 4 July 2008.

Mbeki ‘sorry’ to foreign victims, Business Day, 4 July 2008.

Xenophobic attacks 'not predicted', Daily News, 3 July 2008.

Attacks on foreigners not xenophobia: Mbeki, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 3 July 2008.

Anger among South Africa’s poor blocks immigrants’ return home, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa/AFP, 3 July 2008.

Displaced to get temporary ID books, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 2 July 2008.

Foreigners reintegrated by end August, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 1 July 2008.

Dugmore gives schools xenophobia resource packs, Cape Times, 30 June 2008.

'Quick response' to xenophobic attacks, The Pretoria News, 27 June 2008.

Alexandra Police Learn the Lessons of Xenophobic Attacks, Business Day, 27 June 2008.

Locals Not Keen to Welcome Back Foreigners, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 27 June 2008.

CASA must distance itself from workplace rights violations: Minister, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 27 June 2008.

Xenophobic attacks remembrance on July 3, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 26 June 2008.

Migrants creating jobs: Mdladlana, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 26 June 2008.

Xenophobia: Conditions appalling, says SACC, IOL/Sapa, 24 June 2008.

217 xenophobia cases before courts, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 23 June 2008.

'Refugees must pay for protection', Cape Argus, 23 June 2008.

'Poverty behind xenophobic attacks', Sapa, 22 June 2008.

UNHCR slated for xenophobic stance, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 20 June 2008.

Beware holocaust mentality: Tutu, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 20 June 2008.

Congolese refugees agree to move, Cape Argus, 20 June 2008.

Activists to take Zille to court, Cape Argus, 20 June 2008.

'Name attacks for what they are', Cape Argus, 19 June 2008.

'Expert' commentary on xenophobia has missed the point, Cape Times, 19 June 2008.

Homeless again after violence mars his return, Cape Argus, 19 June 2008.

Soetwater asks City of Cape Town for help, Cape Argus, 19 June 2008.

No 'third force' behind attacks, News 24/Sapa, 19 June 2008.

Cape Town moves displaced people to safer shelters, BuaNews, 19 June 2008.

Four up for Mozambican's death, Pretoria News, 18 June 2008.

Soetwater refugee camp to be closed, The Times, 18 June 2008.

South Africans are still in deep denial over long record of xenophobia, Cape Times, 18 June 2008.

SA ashamed by attacks on foreigners, says Mbeki, Cape Times, 17 June 2008.

Going back home ‘will not be easy’, Business Day, 17 June 2008.

Mandela calls for ‘social cohesion’, The Times/Sapa, 17 June 2008.

Locals ‘angry’ with migrants, The Times, 17 June 2008.

SA kids raised on a diet of hate, intolerance, Pretoria News, 16 June 2008.

Youth urged denounce xenophobic attacks, fight HIV and AIDS, BuaNews, 16 June 2008.

Mbeki: Youth must stand against xenophobia, Mail & Guardian/Sapa, 16 June 2008.

Refugees welcomed home - by some, Cape Argus, 15 June 2008.

'Vicious attacks are still happening', Cape Argus, 13 June 2008.

Xenophobia deaths: One-third was South African, Mail & Guardian/Sapa, 12 June 2008.

Xenophobia victims off to Zim, News 24, 12 June 2008.

North West to host lekgotla to tackle xenophobia, BuaNews, 12 June 2008.

Mbeki laments xenophobia toll on SA’s image, Business Day, 12 June 2008.

Cape officials to meet on refugee crisis, Mail & Guardian/Sapa, 12 June 2008.

UN: 'Foreigners and South Africans can live together', Mail & Guardian, 11 June 2008.

SA can help victims of attacks by sending an SMS, BuaNews, 11 June 2008.

Moment of silence for those killed in violence, BuaNews, 10 June 2008.

Three to appear for Mozambican murder, The Times, 10 June 2008.

Cape Town to oppose refugee interdict, Mail & Guardian/Sapa, 10 June 2008.

No evidence that camp residents killed themselves, say sea rescuers, The Times, 9 June 2008.

They beat me with a metal pipe - Kenyan, Cape Argus, 7 June 2008.

Foreign pupils stay away, The Times, 6 June 2008.

Assumani Bora: "These people here don't like foreigners", IRIN News, 6 June 2008.

Refugee Update, The Times, 6 June 2008.

'Come back, we're sorry', Daily News, 5 June 2008.

'Foreigners get it all for free', News 24, 5 June 2008.

Where did the chaos start?, Cape Argus, 4 June 2008.

Children on trial for xenophobic attacks, Cape Argus, 4 June 2008.

Explain housing policy — DA, The Times, 4 June 2008.

Xenophobia: Government focus on reintegration, Mail & Guardian/Sapa, 4 June 2008.

Refugees ban black cops, Cape Argus, 3 June 2008.

Du Noon 'on healing path', Cape Argus, 3 June 2008.

Displaced families smile at new home, The Sowetan, 3 June 2008.

Xenophobia: DA urges UNHCR to be involved, IOL/Sapa, 3 June 2008.

The displaced call for the UN’s help, The Times, 3 June 2008.

Mbeki denies xenophobia warning, The Times/Sapa, 3 June 2008.

‘They are terrorised, they are traumatised’, Mail & Guardian/Reuters/Sapa, 3 June 2008.

Victims of attacks ‘deserve more than an apology for lack of moral leadership’, Business Day/Sapa, 3 June 2008.

Refugee case back in court on Friday, Mail & Guardian/Sapa, 3 June 2008.

About 142 xenophobic cases before SA courts, Mail & Guardian/Sapa, 3 June 2008.

Camps ‘unprepared and insecure’, The Times/Sapa, 2 June 2008.

Tense moments as refugees march on Parliament, Mail & Guardian/Sapa, 2 June 2008.

Govt: Relocation of displaced foreigners to continue, Mail & Guardian/Sapa, 2 June 2008.

Mbeki to discuss attacks with Nigerian counterpart, Mail & Guardian/Sapa, 2 June 2008.

Uprooted society rages at spectre of injustice in the new SA, Business Day, 2 June 2008.

Authorities move to shelter displaced foreigners, Mail & Guardian/Sapa/AP, 1 June 2008.

Escaping foreigners send wrong message to locals, Mail & Guardian, 1 June 2008.

Is a 'third force' involved?, Mail & Guardian, 1 June 2008.

MMP slams tabloid's xenophobia coverage, Sunday Independent, 1 June 2008.

The old story in SA: blame the victim, Business Day, 31 May 2008.

Feature: Unity the only solution to curb attacks on foreign nationals, BuaNews, 31 May 2008.

Buthelezi scores brownie points, Mail & Guardian, 31 May 2008.

African fears about SA are being confirmed, Mail & Guardian, 31 May 2008.

An overwhelming sense of betrayal, Mail & Guardian, 31 May 2008.

Toll from xenophobic attacks rises, Mail & Guardian/AFP, 31 May 2008.

Foreign medical staff consider leaving SA, SABC News, 30 May 2008.

Government rejects calls for UN help, Cape Times, 30 May 2008.

UN's World Cup warning, Cape Argus/Reuters, 30 May 2008.

Xenophobia has no place in South Africa, BuaNews, 29 May 2008.

Illegal immigrants may get documented, Sowetan/Sapa, 29 May 2008.

Johannesburg police discriminate against foreigners — study, Business Day, 29 May 2008.

Cosatu shifts the blame to business, Business Day, 29 May 2008.

When the state flouts its own immigration law, Business Day, 29 May 2008.

Two million rand donation for xenophobia victims, Sowetan, 29 May 2008.

One million rand to be donated to victims of xenophobic attacks, Sowetan/Sapa, 29 May 2008.

Residents ambivalent about refugees, Cape Argus, 29 May 2008.

Appalling xenophobia riles man who spent years in exile fighting hand in hand with foreigners, Sowetan, 29 May 2008.

Winnie adopts refugee family, Sapa, 28 May 2008.

Blaming foreigners only exposes our society's deficiencies, Cape Times, 28 May 2008.

Scaremongers circulate attack rumours to play on people’s fears, Business Day, 28 May 2008.

Inner cities a ‘powder keg’, Business Day, 28 May 2008.

Finding ourselves by staring at the Sun, Business Day, 28 May 2008.

Immigrant says camp is a ‘pigsty’, Business Day/Sapa, 28 May 2008.

Minister says it's not her job to house foreigners, SABC News, 27 May 2008.

Shameful actions blemish South Africa, BuaNews, 27 May 2008.

Union official killed in xenophobic attack, Sapa, 26 May 2008.

20 000 city foreigners displaced by violence, Cape Times, 26 May 2008.

Ray of hope amid the grim tales of hatred, The Mercury, 26 May 2008.

ANC calls for peace, tolerance in townships, Business Day, 26 May 2008.

Immigrants greet Johannesburg marchers, Business Day, 26 May 2008.

'Xenophobia hurts like apartheid', IOL/Reuters, 24 May 2008.

Who will be next on the hate list?, Business Day, 24 May 2008.

Foreigners assaulted in Durban's Quarry, Sapa, 23 May 2008.

Terrified foreigners flee from attacks, Cape Times, 23 May 2008.

Analysis: Xenophobia undermining SA economy, Business Report/AFP, 23 May 2008.

Ministers confess to failure on violence, Business Day, 23 May 2008.

Busa hears Alexandra leaders, Business Day/Sapa, 23 May 2008.

Proactive steps needed to quell xenophobia: Zille, Sowetan, 23 May 2008.

NUM to fight SA xenophobia, Mineweb/Reuters, 23 May 2008.

Xenophobic violence reaches Cape Town, Sowetan, 23 May 2008.

DRDGOLD reports impact of East Rand violence on ERPM, Mineweb, 22 May 2008.

Violence spreads, Cape Argus, 22 May 2008.

Youths damage Pakistani shop, Sapa, 22 May 2008.

Searching for reasons behind the mayhem, Business Day, 22 May 2008.

Manuel begs for leaders to address chaos, Business Day, 22 May 2008.

Scarcity sets fire to SA’s xenophobic tinderbox, Business Day, 22 May 2008.

Youth league warns members, Business Day, 22 May 2008.

Foreigners no longer the only targets — bishop, Business Day, 22 May 2008.

No deportation for attack victims, Business Day, 21 May 2008.

Third force 'highly unlikely', Sapa, 21 May 2008.

Criminals add to mayhem, Business Day, 21 May 2008.

MKMVA: xenophobia is politically motivated, Sapa, 21 May 2008.

It won't happen here, say Cape foreigners, Cape Argus, 20 May 2008.

Foreign nationals urged to close shop amid attacks, SABC News, 20 May 2008.

Xenophobic terror leaves trail of misery, Business Day/Sapa, 20 May 2008.

Government to deploy specialised units to address violence, BuaNews, 20 May 2008.

Police call on elite unit, The Star, 20 May 2008.

Ministers discuss using army to quell violence, Business Day, 20 May 2008.

Moz man found dead, Sapa, 19 May 2008.

‘We will burn them all …’, The Witness/Sapa, 19 May 2008.

Umshini isn't a song to kill, says Zuma, Pretoria News, 19 May 2008.

Mbeki acts on killing frenzy, The Witness/Sapa, 18 May 2008.

Frustration boils over into violence, Business Day, 17 May 2008.

Leaders deny attacks were xenophobic, Business Day, 17 May 2008.

Outrage grows over foreigner attacks, The Witness/Sapa, 16 May 2008.

‘Xenophobia’ added to Cosatu grievance list, Business Day, 16 May 2008.

Task team to probe causes of attacks on foreign nationals, BuaNews, 16 May 2008.

Government ‘has plan to end Alex violence’, Business Day, 16 May 2008.

Alex braces for more xenophobic violence, Cape Times, 15 May 2008.

Johannesburg condemns Alexandra violence, BuaNews, 15 May 2008.

ANC: Diepsloot violence due to hooligans, Sapa, 15 May 2008.

Alexandra victims fear winter cold, Business Day, 15 May 2008.

Violence in Alex ‘could spread’, Business Day, 15 May 2008.

Scapegoats, Business Day, 15 May 2008.

Victimised foreigners want to go home, BuaNews, 15 May 2008.

State policy blamed for Alex mayhem, Business Day/Sapa, 14 May 2008.

A great divide, Cape Times, 14 May 2008.

Attacks on foreigners too localised to be called a crisis, says Nqakula, Cape Times, 14 May 2008.

Xenophobia violence flares in Alexandra, Mail & Guardian/Sapa, 13 May 2008.

South African mob kills migrants, BBC News, 12 May 2008.

Rampaging mob attacks foreigners, Cape Argus/Sapa, 12 May 2008.

Zuma attacks 'old ANC ally', The Star, 2 May 2008.

Foreign barbers given the boot, The Witness, 29 April 2008.

'African tourists avoid racist Cape', Cape Argus, 29 April 2008.

We need a new South African: Mbeki, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 27 April 2008.

Woman told: You're too ugly for an ID, The Witness, 25 April 2008.

Nigerian senate up in arms over South Africa crime , ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 24 April 2008.

In SA, xenophobia and racism run riot, Post, 23 April 2008.

Treatment of Zimbabweans in SA is also a crisis, Business Day, 23 April 2008.

Immigrant workers need to be protected, Cape Times, 22 April 2008.

The night mob violence tore lives apart, The Mercury, 22 April 2008.

Uneasy truce follows attacks on foreigners, Pretoria News, 20 April 2008.

Concern at violent xenophobia, Daily News, 20 April 2008.

Thugs wage war of terror on immigrants, Pretoria News, 18 April 2008.

Two more arrested for attacks on foreigners, The Citizen/Sapa, 17 April 2008.

Meeting on xenophobic attacks, The Star/Sapa, 17 April 2008.

Send in the army, foreigners plead, The Star, 17 April 2008.

Crime and poverty blamed for attacks on foreigners, City Press, 17 April 2008.

Police pester us, complain street traders, Business Report, 17 April 2008.

Girl (9) burns to death in xenophobic rampage, Pretoria News, 16 April 2008.

Treat the causes, not symptoms, of xenophobia, Cape Times, 16 April 2008.

Hout Bay township time bomb ticking ..., Cape Times, 15 April 2008.

Immigrants screened amid xenophobic attacks, SABC News, 14 April 2008.

Deputy minister to hold a discussion with youth immigrants/Refugees and stakeholders in Petoria, South African Department of Home Affairs, 11 April 2008.

ANC blasts xenophobia and racism in the Western Cape, Cape Times/Sapa, 9 April 2008.

Vengeance is theirs, City Press, 5 April 2008.

Xenophobia needs tackling — Mbeki, Business Day/Sapa, 3 April 2008.

Table View officer preys on us, refugees charge, Cape Argus, 2 April 2008.

Address xenophobia: Mbeki, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 2 April 2008.

Xenophobia emerges as a ‘new apartheid’, Business Day, 1 April 2008.

Call for tolerance towards foreigners, Business Day, 1 April 2008.

Shelter shock for foreigners, Pretoria News, 1 April 2008.

Xenophobic mob not picky with victims, Pretoria News, 29 March 2008.

Xenophobic horror revisited, The Star, 28 March 2008.

Government’s reaction to xenophobia ‘anaemic’: SAIRR, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 28 March 2008.

ANC calls on nation to fight xenophobia, IOL/Sapa, 27 March 2008.

Cosatu welcomes Atteridgeville arrests, IOL/Sapa, 27 March 2008.

SA ‘failing rising flood of migrants’, Business Day, 27 March 2008.

Locals also among the victims of mob justice, Pretoria News, 26 March 2008.

Residents want Somali shop owners back, Cape Argus, 26 March 2008.

Rights NGOs condemn xenophobic attacks, IRIN News, 26 March 2008.

Grass not always greener on other side of Zimbabwe, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa/AFP, 26 March 2008.

HRC to investigate 'xenophobic' attack, SABC News, 25 March 2008.

Two foreigners burnt to death, IOL/Sapa, 25 March 2008.

Suffering Somalis want to go home, City Press, 23 March 2008.

Brother survives massacre, City Press, 22 March 2008.

Home Affairs to deal with attacks on foreigners, BuaNews, 20 March 2008.

Attacks of foreigners intolerable, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 20 March 2008.

Man shot as attacks rage on, Pretoria News, 20 March 2008.

Somali shot, robbed at shop, IOL/Sapa, 19 March 2008.

Atteridgeville youth dead after clash, The Citizen/Sapa, 19 March 2008.

'We'll kill the Somalians if they come back', Cape Argus, 19 March 2008.

Home Affairs condemns continued attacks on foreigners, South African Department of Home Affairs, 19 March 2008.

'Crime reason for vigilante attacks', Pretoria News, 14 March 2008.

Home Affairs condemns attacks on foreigners, South African Department of Home Affairs, 21 February 2008.

Xenophobia has no place in a democracy, Pretoria News, 21 February 2008.

'I thought they were going to kill us', Pretoria News, 21 February 2008.

Zimbabweans protest police brutality and xenophobia, SW Radio Africa, 11 February 2008.

Citizens face xenophobia as they flee their country, The Nation, 29 January 2008.

Foreigners flee from Soshanguve Report, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 22 January 2008.

Somali man shot dead in Sir Lowry's Pass shop, Cape Argus, 22 January 2008.

Locals turn on Somalis after boy shot for 'theft' , Shabelle Media Network, 16 January 2008.

Mob kills 2 aliens, The Citizen, 15 January 2008.

17 released from jail after foreigner's shop torched, Cape Argus, 7 January 2008.

Xenophobia stokes shack fires, Pretoria News, 11 December 2007.

Print media racist, xenophobic? , Biz-Community, 10 December 2007.

Solidarity With Zimbabwe - Another Side to the Xenophobia Story, Fahamu, 30 August 2007.

'We don't know if they are reaching for a gun or a wallet', Cape Argus, 26 August 2007.

Refugees find no mercy over the border, Pretoria News, 24 August 2007.

100 Somalis slain in SA, The Citizen, 6 August 2007.

South Africa takes practical steps to combat xenophobia, UNHCR News, 2 August 2007.

Ten arrested for xenophobic murders, The Citizen/Sapa, 1 August 2007.

NW public violence “out of control”, The Citizen/Sapa, 30 May 2007.

Foreigners move out of Schweizer-Reneke, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 30 May 2007.

SA urged to tackle xenophobia 'shame', Cape Argus, 23 May 2007.

Ottosdal residents loot foreigners’ shops, SABC News, 19 May 2007.

South Africa: Media 'Simplistic' When Writing On Race, Xenophobia, Day, 19 April 2007.

Principal says refugee children not victims of xenophobia, Cape Times, 17 April 2007.

South Africa: HIV-Positive Foreigners Getting a Rough Deal in Country, Day, 3 April 2007.

Community Praised for Embracing Refugees on Human Rights Day,, 22 March 2007.

Human Rights Day gathering highlights xenophobia, SABC News, 21 March 2007.

Somalis Burned in South Africa's Cape, Media Network, 19 March 2007.

UNHCR joins task force aimed at easing tension between Somalis and locals in South African township, UNHCR News, 15 March 2007.

UN Agency Voices Concern Over 'Xenophobic Attacks' On Somalis in South Africa, News Service, 14 March 2007.

Somali refugee traders and their South African hosts struggle to get along, UNHCR News, 13 March 2007.

More foreign babies born in SA, ANC Daily News Briefing/Sapa, 8 March 2007.

Xenophobia probe as pub owner bars Nigerians, Cape Times, 5 March 2007.

Mozambican immigrant claims police assaulted him again, Sapa, 31 October 2001.

Mozambican alleges assault by South African police, Reuters, 31 October 2001.

Zimbabweans fear for their lives after attacks, IRIN, 26 October 2001.

Tensions running high in Zandspruit, Business Day, 25 October 2001.

A case of misdirected frustration, Business Day, 25 October 2001.

More to violence than meets the eye, Mail & Guardian, 25 October 2001.

No African complaints about xenophobia: Pityana, Sapa, 24 October 2001.

Honeydew residents walk out of a meeting, Sapa, 24 October 2001.

Patrolling South African squatter camp no easy task, Reuters, 24 October 2001.

ANC statement on xenophobic attacks on Zimbabweans, African National Congress, 23 October 2001.

Shelter found for victims of arson, Business Day, 23 October 2001.

1,000 Zimbabweans out in the cold after attacks, Mail & Guardian, 23 October 2001.

Zimbabweans target of xenophobic attacks in South Africa,, 23 October 2001.

Calm returns to Zandspruit, Sapa, 22 October 2001.

Xenophobic thugs roam Zandspruit, Mail & Guardian, 4 October 2001.

Legal or not: People must be protected, Mail & Guardian, 29 October 2001.

Vincent Williams, Draft migration law promotes xenophobia, Business Day, 29 October 2001.

Jonathan Crush, South Africa dogged by racism and xenophobia, July 2001.

Durban dog squad slams torturer colleagues, Daily Mail & Guardian, 17 November 2000.

Racist, barbaric incident leaves SA shellshocked, The Zimbabwe Mirror, 17 November 2000.

An Ugly Reflection, Sunday Times, 12 November 2000.

Brutal images that tear at the soul of the nation, Sunday Times, 12 November 2000.

In the jaws of racism, City Press, 11 November 2000.

Dogged by the police, Business Day, 9 November 2000.

Exposing Brutality, Dispatch Online, 9 November 2000.

The dog-squad brutes must pay - newspaper, The Star, 8 November 2000.

Press Reports on Court Case Involving Dog Attack on Immigrants, 2000

Clarence Tshitereke, Xenophobia and Relative Deprivation, Crossings, June 1999.

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Media on Xenophobia:

Xenophobia in South Africa - Mail and Guardian, May 2008

The Times Special Report on Xenophobia, May 2008

Al Jazeera Inside Story (Violence in South Africa Part 1) and (Violence in South Africa Part 2), Al Jazeera, 21 May 2008

ITN/CNN report on xenophobic violence in South Africa, YouTube, May 2008

Photographs of the anti-immigrant violence in Johannesburg., ITN/CNN, May 2008

Refugees in Cape Town Respond to the ANC suggestion that the are to return to their communities from where they were ejected., YouTube, 2008

A documentary about xenophobia as told through the eyes of a Congolese foreigner, YouTube, 2008

Race and Reconciliation (Part 1), BBC World Service Radio, 2008

Race and Reconciliation (Part 2) , BBC World Service Radio, 2008

Race and Reconciliation (Part 3) , BBC World Service Radio, 2008

Trouble in the Townships, BBC World Service Radio, 2008

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