Department of Sociology



site header

Krystle Maki

B.A. (Trent), M.A. (Queen's) 
Ph.D. Candidate

Office: C503 Mackintosh-Corry
Tel:  (613) 533-6000 x75744

Supervisor:  Dr Catherine Krull and Dr Margaret Little

For more information please see Detailed Curriculum Vitae (PDF, 275KB)


Research Interests

My primary research interests involve understanding the connections between neoliberal welfare state restructuring and the increased surveillance of those living on social assistance. Specifically, I am interested in investigating the class, gender and racialized consequences of welfare surveillance administered by social assistance in Ontario (Ontario Works). More broadly, the research draws from a number of theoretical and methodological frameworks informed by: Feminist Political Economy, Antiracist Feminism, Welfare Surveillance, Social Movements, Anti Oppression, Reflexive Ethnography, and Participant Action Based Research.

Doctoral Research

For my dissertation I will explore the uncharted relationship between Ontario Works (OW) and surveillance and its effects on recipients, service providers and community advocacy groups. I recently completed 35 qualitative in-depth, open ended interviews in three different locations in Ontario. I interviewed single mothers on OW, anti-poverty activists, advocates and front line workers, as well as OW caseworkers. This project builds upon my Master’s thesis, ‘Guilty Until Proven Eligible: Welfare Surveillance of Single Mothers in Ontario’ (2009), which analysed and documented OW policy, legislation and regulations uncovering eight surveillance practices administered by OW.


  • PhD Sociology (In progress, expected completion: Fall 2014). 
    Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada. 
    Title: ‘Welfare Surveillance and the Never Deserving Poor: An exploration of gendered surveillance, activist resistance and caseworkers perspectives’. 
    Supervisor: Professor Catherine Krull and Professor Margaret Little
  • MA Sociology (2007-2009). 
    Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada. 
    Title: ‘Guilty Until Proven Eligible: Welfare Surveillance of Single Mothers in Ontario’. 
    Supervisor: Professor. Laureen Snider
  • BA Honour Double Major Sociology and Women’s Studies (2002-2006). 
    Trent University, Peterborough, ON, Canada.

Awards and Scholarships

  • Vanier Canadian Graduate Award, Queen’s University (2011, 2012, 2013)
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (2011- 2012-declined)
  • Ontario Graduate Award, Queen’s University (2010-2011),(2011-2012-declined)
  • New Transparency Graduate Travel Grant, Queen’s University (March 2010)
  • Queen’s Graduate Entrance Tuition Award (PhD), Queen’s University (Sept 2009)
  • Queen’s General Award, Queen’s University (2007/2008/2009/2010)
  • President and Dean’s Honours (BA), Trent University (2006)


Peer Reviewed Journals:

Maki, Krystle. (2011). “Neoliberal Deviants and Surveillance:  Welfare Recipients under the watchful eye of Ontario Works".  Journal of Surveillance and Society 9(1): 47-63.

Peer Reviewed Book Chapter:

Maki, Krystle. (forthcoming, Summer 2014). "Welfare Surveillance, Neoliberal Policy and the Never-Deserving Single Mother". In J. Minaker and B. Hogeveen (eds)Criminalized Mothers, Criminalizing Motherhood. Toronto: Demeter Press.

Book Reviews:

Maki, Krystle. (2009). “Out There In Here: Masculinity, Violence and Prisoning”. Journal Prisoners on Prisons 18 (1/2): 190-191.

Non-Peer Reviewed Articles:

Stevens, Andrew and Krystle Maki (2009) “Lessons Learned: Union Organizing at Queen's University”, Our Times 28:4, 35-41.