A case study is an active learning activity in which students read a pre-defined data set, scenario or application.
The case study is accompanied by a list of questions that asks students to reflect on the information and formulate a response to it. This is an extremely flexible active learning approach because of the range of possibilities that a case study can take. Cases are frequently used in Business, Health Sciences, Education or Sociology. Good case studies do not have an obvious answer, require students to gather additional information or ask critical questions in order to understand the needs and perspectives of the participants involved in the case.