Academic Integrity

Academic Integrity

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Forms of Academic Integrity Violations

According to the Senate Policy on Academic Integrity Procedures - Requirements of Faculties & Schools, forms of violations of academic integrity include (but are not limited to):

  • Plagiarism: Presenting another's ideas or phrasings as one's own without proper acknowledgement.
    - copying and pasting from the internet, a printed source, or other resource without proper acknowledgement;
    - copying from another student;
    - using direct quotations or large sections of paraphrased material in an assignment without appropriate acknowledgement;
    - submitting the same piece of work in more than one course without the permission of the instructor(s).
  • Use of unauthorized materials:
    - possessing or using unauthorized study materials or aids during a test;
    - copying from another's test paper;
    - using an unauthorized calculator or other aids during a test;
    - unauthorized removal of materials from the library, or deliberate concealment of library materials.
  • Facilitation: Deliberately enabling another's breach of academic integrity.
    - knowingly allowing one's essay or assignment to be copied by someone else for the purpose of plagiarism;
    - buying or selling of term papers or assignments and submitting them as one's own for the purpose of plagiarism.
  • Forgery: Submitting counterfeit documents or statements.
    - creating a transcript or other official document;
    - creating a medical note.
  • Falsification: Misrepresentation of one's self, one's work or one's relation to the University.
    - altering transcripts or other official documents relating to student records;
    - impersonating someone in an examination or test;
    - submitting a take-home examination written, in whole or in part, by someone else;
    - fabricating or falsifying laboratory or research data.

Note that this is not an exhaustive list of possible offences as other applicable offences can be found on your respective Faculty and Department website.

Here are some other common ones:

  • Inappropriate Collaboration (i.e. Collusion): Working with others on work that is supposed to be done independently without permission, or when the type of collaboration taking place exceeds what is authorized by the instructor
    - working on take-home exams with classmates
    - splitting up parts of an assignment and putting it together to submit individually
  • Fabrication: Creating, altering, or reporting information without authorization in an attempt to gain an academic advantage
    - changing or making up lab data to fit hypothesis
    - inventing quotes or statements to support your argument
  • Sabotage: Disrupting or destroying another's work, so that the person cannot complete an academic activity successfully
    - destroying another person's work (e.g. tearing apart a person's notes, deleting another's computer files or research data, purposefully misplacing another's artwork, etc.)
    - revealing confidential data about another person's project or assignment to others