Human Embryology | Arts and Science ONLINE

Human Embryology

ANAT 471/3.0

ANAT 471 is a course on human embryology that uses a series of carefully curated online modules, group learning activities, assignments, and inquiry-based learning, to enable students to explore the stages of normal human embryonic and fetal development, as well as some of the underlying mechanisms involved in common congenital or developmental abnormalities. Through active and collaborative learning, students will need to apply knowledge gained from the course material to investigate and critically assess key concepts in embryology research. In addition, students will need to apply course content and think critically in completing a problem-based learning (PBL) assignment. The course has various types of assessments including low stakes online quizzes, a journal club, a PBL developmental abnormality investigation, and a midterm and final exam.

Note: ANAT 471 will only run during the Summer 2022 term if there is a minimum enrollment of 25 students.

Learning Outcomes

With successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Identify and describe the embryological development of tissues, organs and systems as well as how changes in the process can be linked to abnormal physiological development.
  2. Critically develop and appraise questions and concepts related to gaps in contemporary embryological knowledge to create a cogent research proposal
  3. Apply knowledge from course content and external peer-reviewed literature to predict the functional sequelae of abnormal physiological development as well as linking the condition to medical interventions. 


Summer 22: May-July
Course Dates: 
May 9 - July 29, 2022
Exam Dates: 
August 2-10, 2022


Assessment 1 - Journal Club 15%

Students will participate in three discussion boards, in pre-assigned groups of six, to answer questions regarding assigned readings from peer-reviewed literature. The students will discuss the study rationale, methodologies, results, conclusions, as well as modern ethical and research issues. Students will post responses to the questions and will be responsible for critiquing the responses of their peers to foster academic discussion.

Assessment 2 - Online Quizzes 10%

Students will be offered up to twelve low stakes quizzes, involving multiple-choice as well as identification and structure-function relationship short answer questions, designed to facilitate formative learning as well as to confirm the knowledge and integration of the module content.

For example, only 10 quizzes will contribute towards the final grade calculation as the two lowest grades may be dropped. The 10 quizzes will each be worth 1% and will align with the weekly module material.

Assessment 3 – Developmental Abnormality Investigation 30%

This is a written, problem-based learning (PBL) assignment in which students will be presented with a developmental abnormality that relates to the module content. Students will submit written answers to various questions about the underlying alteration in embryological development that led to this specific abnormality. Students will need to read and cite appropriate peer-reviewed literature, while developing their responses to the knowledge, application, and extension questions. Note: students will be assigned a stakeholder position (e.g. genetics counselor, research scientist, family member, fetal surgeon), and will be required to answer the extension questions from this specific point of view, as supported by relevant academic sources. Students will be required to provide peer feedback on the responses to extension questions of two of their peers, who will hold a different stakeholder position. The students will advocate for the interests of their stakeholder and respectfully compare the similarities and differences between stakeholder views. The instructor will provide prompts to guide these peer feedback responses. The graded submission of the PBL is worth 20%, and the peer feedback is worth 10%, which will be graded based on the quality of the feedback given. 

Assessment 4 - Midterm Exam 15%

Students will complete an online proctored midterm exam to assess their ability to apply knowledge and demonstrate an understanding of the course material. This evaluation will consist of multiple-choice questions related to module content.

Assessment 5 - Final Exam 30%

Students will complete an online proctored final exam to assess their ability to apply knowledge and demonstrate an understanding of the course material. This evaluation will consist of multiple-choice and short answer questions related to course content.


Dr. Leslie MacKenzie

Time Commitment

Students can expect to spend 9-10 hours a week in study/practice and online activity for ANAT 471 (total time commitment 120 hours to complete the course).

Course Resources


SOLUS is Queen’s Student On-Line University System. You’ll have access to a SOLUS account once you become a Queen’s student. You’ll use SOLUS to register for courses, add and drop courses, update your contact information, view financial and academic information, and pay your tuition.

About OnQ

onQ is Queen's online learning platform. You'll log into onQ to access your course. All materials related to your course—notes, readings, videos, recordings, discussion forums, assignments, quizzes, groupwork, tutorials, and help—will be on the onQ site.

About Credit Units

Queen’s courses are weighted in credit units. A typical one-term course is worth 3.0 units, and a typical two-term course is worth 6.0 units. You combine these units to create your degree. A general (three-year) BA or BSc requires a total of 90 credit units.

Computer Requirements

To take an online course, you’ll need a high speed internet connection as well as a microphone and speakers to be able to watch videos, hear sounds, and participate in interactive online activities. A webcam is recommended but not necessary.

System Requirements:

Computer Specifications

  • Windows 8.1 or newer
  • OSX 10.13 (High Sierra) or newer
  • Dual Core 2 GHz processor
  • 4 GB RAM
  • Soundcard
  • USB Headset
  • Webcam

Supported Browsers

  • Chrome (preferred - latest version)
  • Firefox (latest version)
  • Safari is not recommended as it causes several known issues in onQ
  • Edge is not recommended as it causes several known issues in onQ

Internet Connection

  • Wired high speed access: Cable or better
  • Wifi is not recommended


  • Latest version

Media Player

  • Flash (latest version)

Adobe Reader

  • Latest Version


The deadlines for new applications to Queen’s Arts and Science Online courses are in our Upcoming Application Dates section.

Grading Scheme

The information below is intended for undergraduate students in the Faculty of Arts and Science. Academic Regulations in other Faculties may differ.

Letter Grade Grade Point

GPA Calculators
Have your SOLUS grade report handy and then follow the link to the Arts and Science GPA calculators.

How does this affect my academics?
See the GPA and Academic Standing page.

Follow the link above for an explanation of how the GPA system affects such things as the Dean’s Honour List, requirements to graduate, and academic progression.

Frequently Asked Questions on the Grading Scheme
Please follow this link to the FAQ's

Tuition Fees

Tuition fees vary depending when you start, your year, faculty, and program. Fees for Summer Term 2018 first-year Distance Career Arts & Science Domestic students are as follows: for a 3.0-unit course, $685.90; for a 6.0-unit course, $1371.80 See also Tuition and Fees.

Campus Bookstore

All textbooks can be purchased at Queen’s Campus Bookstore.

Non-Queen’s Students

All Queen’s Arts and Science Online courses are open to students at other universities. Before applying as a visiting student, request a Letter of Permission from your home university that states that you have permission to take the course and apply it to your degree. See also Apply.

Academic Integrity

Please see Queen’s policy statement on academic integrity for information on how to complete an online course honestly.