PHIL 151/3.0 Great Works of Philosophy
An examination of some major milestones in the development of philosophical thought. The course will involve both the exposition of texts and discussion of the philosophical issues which they raise.
This course will provide an introduction to important topics within philosophy through some of philosophy’s “Great Works”, including Kant’s Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Descartes’s Meditations, and Hume’s An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.Considering the work of thinkers such as Aristotle, Aquinas, Mill, Nietzsche and Popper we will look at questions such as: Is knowledge possible? Should we use happiness as the criterion for our moral decisions? How persuasive are the famous proofs for God’s existence? How does the scientific community evaluate theories? Throughout the course we will attempt to gain a comprehensive and critical appreciation of the texts and the questions they raise. We will be interested in understanding the positions provided and evaluating the arguments given in support of them.
By the end of this course learners will be able to:
- Examine arguments for and against consequentialist and deontological theories of morality.
- Detail Descartes’s sceptical arguments in the Meditations.
- Evaluate Aquinas’s five arguments for the existence of God.
- Explain Popper’s theory of falsificationism.
- Discuss Nietzsche’s criticisms of philosophy in Twilight of the Idols.
Experiential Learning Opportunities
Previous examples of Experiential Learning Opportunities for this course include a visit to a governmental committee where students learned about the importance of dialectic in society, and whether the dialectical method is alive and well in our democratic seats of power. This trip provided us with an opportunity to discuss the importance of argumentation and how we might go about evaluating the success of political discussions.