Centre for International and Defence Policy

Centre for International and Defence Policy
Centre for International and Defence Policy

Summer Institute on Border Integrity

6-7 June 2016​

View the course agendaÉcole Nationale d’Administration Publique, 
Université du Québec en Outaouais
283 Boulevard Alexandre-Taché, Gatineau


This Summer Institute brings together scholars, policy- and decision-makers, practitioners and the private sector from Canada, the United States, and Europe for a comparative conversation about the past, present and future of cooperation across the Canada-US border. It also aims to begin collecting a body of knowledge on border integrity that can subsequently be shared and disseminated in other contexts. The terminology of border integrity is a deliberate choice: to widen the discussion beyond narrow aspects of security and encourage a broader discussion about how cooperation can foster integrity and resilience. To this end, the institute is not just aimed at security policy and practices per se, but envisages a broader conversation about building institutional regimes across borders that facilitate such integrity, the effectiveness of different border management regimes under different conditions and to different ends, policy levers that can be pulled to incentivize certain outcomes while discouraging others, as well as a conversation about the ideal and eventual “endgame” different stakeholders envisage.


Unlike conventional “summer schools”, the format is meant to stimulate conversation.  These are complex to which no one has a definitive answer.  Instead of long presentations, panelists will offer initial remarks to open the discussion with the aim of facilitating an informed conversation.  Each panel aims to have representation from the aforementioned stakeholders groups: scholars, policy- and decision-makers, practitioners, and the private sector.

For more information and to register please contact: christian.leuprecht@rmc.ca


Monday 6 June

9-10 AM
10 AM
Introduction and Objectives: Governance Challenges of Border Integrity in the 21st century

Opening Remarks: Dr. Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly (University of Victoria), Christian Leuprecht (Royal Military College of Canada)

10:30 AM
Current Border Integrity Threat Vectors in North America in comparative perspective

This panel offers insights from practitioners, policy makes, and academia into the threat vectors that are affecting border integrity in North America and among allies

Panelists include: CSIS, CBSA, Public Safety Canada, DHS

1 PM
Canada-US cooperation on border integrity: An environmental scan of the past two decades

This panel surveys how far Canada and the United States have come in coordinating issues of border security and integrity since the mid-1990s and what we can learn from this experience. It will survey successes and failures, and seeks to identify and assess conditions for success. In particular, we will explore the lead-up to the Beyond the Border Agreement as well as challenges with respect to implementation.

Panelists include: Kevin O’Shea, Kathryn Bryk Friedman (SUNY Buffalo), US Embassy

2:30 PM
3 PM
Regional Experiences with Border Integrity across the Canada-US border

Canada and the United States are quite heterogeneous countries, and so is the experience along the border: the flow of trade and people differs, as do border cultures and approaches. That necessitates different paradigms for border management. The panel will especially draw on experiences by Quebec and Vermont, from Ontario, the Prairies, and across Western North America’s Cascadia region.

Panelists include: Stéphane Roussel (ÉNAP), Laurie Trautman (Western Washington University), Nicole Bates-Eamer (University of Victoria), Hayley Mcnorton (Queen’s University), Alexandra Green (Queen’s University), Surêté du Québec, Ontario Provincial Police

No-host Dinner

Tuesday 7 June

8:30 AM
Future trajectory of Canada-US border integrity: A horizon scan

This panel will gauge areas and prospects for closer integration and cooperation with respect to border security and integrity on both territorial and non-territorial dimensions: goods, people, money, intellectual property, cyber. In particular, the panel will discuss prospects for greater institutional depth to cooperate issues of border integrity. To this end, it will draw on analogous experiences of institutional depth in cross-border cooperation, such as NORAD and the Great Lakes Commission.

10 AM
10:30 AM
The Canada-US experience in comparative European perspective

Until recently, Canada and Europe had taken quite different approaches to border security: “Fortress North America” versus the European Neighbourhood Policy to seeks to elicit cooperation of the European periphery. As of late, however, we appear to be seeing a bit of a convergence: pushing out borders while reinforcing physical borders to create “trusted zones”, be that in the form of Schengen or the Anglosphere’s emerging electronic Travel Authority community. What can Europe and North America learn from one another, and what sort of experiences and body of knowledge might follow from those experiences for both North America and Europe, and the world more broadly.

Panelists include: German ambassador (TBC), French ambassador (TBC), Prof. Anne-Laure Amilhat Szary (Université Grenobles-Alpes)

12:30 PM
1:30 PM
Follow-on research, partnerships, and grants

The purpose of this session is to chart what we know, what we don’t know, and what we don’t know but would like to know about border integrity and security more generally, and about the Canada-US partnership more specifically.

Wednesday 8 June

Optional bus tour to the Canada-US border (Valleyfield to Akwesasne)

This summer institute is supported by:

The Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Borders in Globalization Partnership Grant,
The Embassy of the United States in Canada
in cooperation with The Queen’s University Centre for International and Defence Policy