Centre for the Study of Democracy and Diversity

Centre for the Study of Democracy and Diversity
Centre for the Study of Democracy and Diversity

Centre Projects

Current Projects
Indigenous Land Rights and Reconciliation?

Principal Investigator: Margaret Moore
Start Date: March 2019
Funding Source: Social Science and Humanities Research Council Connections Grant (1 year)

This research project will fund a two-day workshop titled “Indigenous Land Rights and Reconciliation,” organized by the CSDD on Queen’s campus, September 5-6, 2019. The goal of the workshop is to contribute to a better understanding of the normative and ontological considerations that underlie indigenous land claims and the strategies that indigenous people and the state use to pursue these claims. Although Canada was the first country to establish a Truth and Reconciliation Commission for indigenous people, the commission’s mandate has never been extended to land rights. This workshop will address that aspect of Indigenous-Canadian state relations.

 

Explaining Consociational Success and Failure: A Comparative Analysis of Power-sharing in Bosnia, Cyprus and Northern Ireland

Principal Investigator: John McGarry
Start Date: March 2018
Funding Source: Social Science and Humanities Research Council Insight Grant (5 years)

his research project involves a comparative analysis of Bosnia, Cyprus and Northern Ireland with the goal of explaining consociational success and failure. In addition to filling a gap in the literature pertaining to consociational power-sharing, the generalizable nature of this research project means that it will be relevant for other cases, including those where consociational power-sharing may lie in their future, such as Syria, Ukraine, and Yemen.

The Politics of Complex Diversity in Contested Cities

Principal Investigator: Zsuzsa Csergő
Co-Applicants: Keith Banting and John McGarry
Start Date: April 2015
Funding Source: Social Science and Humanities Research Council Insight Grant (5 years)

Funded by a five year SSHRC Insight grant awarded in March 2015, this project examines change in ethnic rivalries in historically contested cities, where established status hierarchies are challenged by “political newcomers” such as immigrants and other newly mobilized ethno-cultural communities. In such cities, long-standing rivalries have emerged in multiple fields, manifesting themselves in conflicts over language use, state-church relations, cultural symbols and narratives, schools, neighborhoods, access to local institutions and resources.  This project focuses on four historically contested major cities: Montreal (Canada); Brussels (Belgium); Belfast (UK); and Vilnius (Lithuania). 

Corrective Justice and Land

Principal Investigator: Margaret Moore
Start Date: March 2015
Funding Source: Social Science and Humanities Research Council Insight Grant (5 years)

This research project involves examines claims for corrective justice in cases where individuals and groups have been expelled from land that they previously occupied.

The first part of the project involves conceptual and normative analysis of the rights violated in cases of expulsion from land: individual (and/or group) rights to property; individual rights of residency; and group rights to collective self-determination within a territory. The normative dimension of the project aims to explicate the justificatory argument behind different kinds of rights.  This is essential for understanding what should be done to remedy rights-violations; which rights might be weakened over time; or the conditions under which new occupants can acquire rights.  The second part of the project applies this normative and conceptual analysis of different place-related rights to three cases where expulsions and expropriations have taken place. 

The Multiculturalism Policy (MCP) Index

Co-directors: Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka

The Multiculturalism Policy Index is a scholarly research project that monitors the evolution of multiculturalism policies across Western democracies. The project is designed to provide information about multiculturalism policies in a standardized format that aids comparative research and contributes to the understanding of state-minority relations. There are three separate indices covering three types of minorities: immigrant groups; historic national minorities; and indigenous peoples. Documentation on the adoption (or repeal) of multiculturalism policies relating to these three types of groups across 21 Western countries is freely available through this site for researchers, public officials, journalists, students, activists, and others interested in the topic.  Visit the MCP website to see the full research.

Shared Membership Beyond National Identity: Deservingness and Solidarity in Diverse Societies

Principal Investigators: Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka
Co-Investigators: Allison Harell (UQAM), and Rebecca Wallace (Queen's)

This project analyzes public attitudes towards the deservingness minority groups for welfare support, based on a specially designed survey conducted in Canada in August-September 2017. Papers based on the data were presented at a conference in Copenhagen in the fall of 2017, at the CPSA in May 2018, and at the APSA in September 2018. One paper is under review, and a chapter based on the findings is forthcoming in: Liberal Nationalism and Its Critics: Normative and Empirical Questions, edited by Gina Gustavsson and David Miller (Oxford: Oxford University Press).  

Intergroup Relations and the Foundations of Solidarity in Diverse Societies

Principal Investigator: Allison Harell (UQAM)
Co-Investigators: Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka

The guiding research goal of this project is to understand how attitudes toward others shape the social fabric in diverse societies and the obligations that we extend across lines of difference. The research is funded by a five-year Insight Grant from the SSHRC (2019-2014). 

Past Projects
Mapping the Terrain

Principal Investigator: Keith Banting
Collaborator: Beesan Sarrouh

Funded for one year from the Syrian Refugee Program SSHRC research grant, this project explores the strength and depth of civil society organizations in Toronto, Ontario that have been working to assist the Syrian refugee sponsorship and integration process.

Building Democracy in Ukraine

Supported by grants from the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) the BDU project worked to help Ukraine develop the capacity to deliver a self-sustaining program of education that would foster and strengthen commitment to liberal-democratic values and the processes of liberal-democratic governance among its citizens and elites. Visit the BDU website

Ethnicity and Democratic Governance

The Ethnicity and Democratic Governance Project was an international Canadian-based five year SSHRC major collaborative research initiative studying one of the most complex and challenging issues of the world today: governing ethnic diversity. Led by Bruce Berman of Queen's University, the team of thirty-nine international researchers and additional associated organizations examined how can societies respond to the opportunities and challenges raised by ethnic, linguistic, religious, and cultural differences, and do so in ways that promote democracy, social justice, peace and stability?

Democracy Assistance Assessment Project

Receiving support from the Global Peace and Security Fund of the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT) this project focused on the development of assessment protocols to evaluate the effectiveness of democracy assistance. Of growing concern to donors is their inability to determine whether assistance programs achieve their goals. The Centre designed a project to attempt to address this problem.

Assessing the performance of Canadian democracy

In its research on Canada the Centre has focused on assessing the performance of Canadian democracy. It commissions and conducts empirical inquiries aimed at identifying issues for public discussion. The Canadian research, therefore, has an important function in supporting the Centre’s public education activities. Recent projects on Canadian democracy have been funded by the Aurea Foundation.