Ethnicity and Democratic Governance

Ethnicity and Democratic Governance

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Power-Sharing: Empirical and Normative Critiques

November 18 - 19, 2011
Munk School for Global Affairs, University of Toronto

  • Co-organizers: John McGarry (Queen's University) and Richard Simeon (University of Toronto)
  • Please contact Jennifer Clark for more information.

In a previous workshop, the EDG project focused on territorial autonomy, which can be seen as involving the division of powers among central/federal and regional governments. We would now like to examine the sharing of power within central (or federal), regional, and local government institutions. The core power-sharing institution is the political executive, but power-sharing arrangements extend also to the legislature, judiciary, and bureaucracy (including the wider public sector, and particularly the security sector). Power-sharing norms and practices may also operate within political parties. All forms of democratic politics involve some form of power-sharing, but we are interested in arrangements which move beyond simple majority rule towards a more inclusive form of decisionmaking. Such arrangements may be the result of formal rules, which may be temporary or permanent, or they may be a matter of political conventions. Power-sharing arrangements may also be based on corporate principles, where the communities that benefit from power-sharing are explicitly named (e.g. Bosnia's collective presidency must include a Serb, Bosniak and Croat) or on liberal principles, where ministerial portfolios are distributed according to each party's share of seats in the legislature. The goal of our workshop is to enhance our understanding of the utility of power-sharing by subjecting power-sharing theory and practice to empirical and normative analysis and criticism.

Bieber, Florian Bosnia and Hercegovina: Consociation without Compromise
Bogaards, Matthijs "Consociationalism in post-conflict societies: A recipe for peace and democracy?"
Bratton, Michael "Remaining Authoritarian: A Flawed Power-Sharing Settlement in Zimbabwe"
Byrne, Siobhan and Allison McCulloch "Has Resolution 1325 Made A Difference? A Gendered Examination of Power-Sharing Practices"
Haklai, Oded

"The Path to Power-Sharing in New States: Macedonia as a Critical Case"

King, Elisabeth and Cyrus Samii "On the Adoption of Preferential Policies for Addressing Violent Ethnic Conflict"
Laliberté, André "Power-sharing in China: the alternatives to territorial pluralism"
Leuprecht, Christian "Overcoming electoral hurdles: Ethnic minority political parties? contribution to power-sharing"
Loizides, Neophytos "Federalism and Consociationalism in the Post-Ottoman Societies"
McGarry, John "Centripetal Theory and the Cyprus Conflict"
Mitchell, Matthew

"Power-Sharing in Côte d?Ivoire: Past Examples and Future Prospects"

Morden, Michael and Alexandre Pelletier

"Civil Society & Consociationalism: Charting the Links between Political and Social Unity in Divided Societies"

Murray, Christina From Power-Sharing to Resource Sharing in Kenya
Rainford, Charan

"'Can't Get There From Here': Dilemmas of Power-Sharing in a Control Regime - The Case of Sri Lanka"

Schwartz, Alex "Consociational Constitutionalism: How can Northern Ireland get from a mere modus vivendi to a community of principle?"
Simeon, Richard "Consociationalism in the two Canadas"
Zahar, Marie-Joëlle

"Bringing the State Back Into the Power Sharing Debate"