Department of English


English Language and Literature

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Armand Ruffo

Armand Garnet Ruffo


MA Windsor

  • Indigenous cultures and literatures, including Indigenous literary nationalism, transnationalism, and carceral writing
  • Indigenous histories
  • Representation
  • Genre studies
  • Creative writing

 “My research and writing intersect creatively with my Ojibwe culture.  I recently completed co-editing a new edition of The Oxford Anthology of Indigenous Literature, and a few years ago co-edited An Anthology of Indigenous Literary Criticism in Canada.  This spring I published a wide-ranging book of poetry called Treaty #.  Because I work in both scholarly and creative fields I strive to bring both of these elements into the classroom, particularly as it relates to teaching creative writing.  I believe that students who combine critical thinking with creative writing are much more likely to write meaningfully.  The emphasis on research is therefore central to my work as both a writer and teacher.  Last year, for example, I wrote a libretto for a musical called Sounding Thunder: the Song of Francis Pegahmagabow, which is based on the real life experiences of an acclaimed Ojibwe WW I sniper.  Previously, I published Grey Owl: the Mystery of Archie Belaney and Norval Morrisseau: Man Changing Into Thunderbird (shortlisted for a GG), both creative, non-fiction biographies. Distinct genres are being challenged these days, and this allows for exploration, experimentation and even an element of play.  Whatever the genre, it seems to me that the one criterion that still holds true is to tell your story well, whatever that may entail, and to this end writers have to be fully committed to their work. This is the kind of inquiry that I enjoy bringing into the classroom.”


  • 613-533-6000, ext. 74425
  • office: Watson Hall, Room 535
  • office hours: Mon. 10 - 12 pm or by appointment

2020-21 Courses

  • CWRI 394 001/3.0 Intermediate Writing in Poetry
  • ENGL 481 001-6/3.0 TransIndigenous Perspectives – Topics in Indigenous Literatures I 
  • ENGL 866 Topics in Contemporary Literature II: Incarcerating Indigenous People


  • Finalist, The Governor General’s Literary Awards, for Treaty #, poetry (2019).
  • Insight Grant, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (2018)
  • Creator Award, Inaugural Mayor's Arts Awards, City of Kingston (2017)
  • REVEAL Indigenous Art Award, The Hnatyshyn Foundation, (2017)
  • Honourary Life Member Award, The National Council of the League of Canadian  Poets (2016)
  • Finalist, The Governor General’s Literary Awards, for Norval Morrisseau Man Changing Into Thunderbird (2015)
  • Best Film Award. The American Indian Film Festival, San Francisco, USA (2010)

Recent Publications

“Making A Movie: How to Carry An Elephant Up A Mountain.”  Performing Turtle Island: Indigenous Theatre On The World Stage. University of Regina Press, 2019.

An Anthology of Indigenous Literature in Canada, Co-Editor, Oxford University Press, 5th Edition, (forthcoming) 2020.

Treaty#, (poetry) Wolsak & Wynn, 2019.

On The Day the World Begins Again, (short film, writer) 2019.

Sounding Thunder: The Song of Francis Pegahmagabow, (libretto for musical) 2018.

ARC Poetry Magazine, Guest Editor, Arc Poetry Society, Fall 2017.

“Wallace Steven’s Memory,” (poem) Granta: Canada Issue, 2017.

“The Tap Is Dripping Memory,” (poem) The Best of the Best Canadian Poetry in English, 10th Anniversary Issue, 2017.

“The Awakening,” (short story) Moonshot: The Indigenous Comics Collection Volume 2, AHC, 2017.

Introduction to Indigenous Literary Criticism in Canada, Co-editor, Broadview, 2016.

The Thunderbird Poems, Harbour Publishing, 2015.

Norval Morrisseau: Man Changing Into Thunderbird, Douglas & McIntyre, 2014.