Multiculturalism Policies in Contemporary Democracies

Multiculturalism Policies

in Contemporary Democracies

Multiculturalism Policies

in Contemporary Democracies

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Results for Immigrant Minority Policies

View / download the Immigrant Minority Policies Index, Third Edition, 2020.

Results by Country

Select a county to read the evidence supporting the index

Tabulated Data Scores

Table 1: Summary Scores

This section displays the tabulated summary scores from 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010, and 2020.  Links in this table will take you to the supporting evidence for the country's scores.

This table is available for download iin  PDF (48 KB) or  Excel (11 KB) format.

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Total Scores by Country

Country 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020
Australia 5.5 8 8 8 8
Austria 0 0 1 1.5 1.5
Belgium 1 1.5 3.5 5.5 5.5
Canada 5 6.5 7.5 7.5 7
Denmark 0 0 0 0 1
Finland 0 0 1.5 6 7
France 1 2 2 2 1.5
Germany 0 0.5 2 2.5 3
Greece 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.5 2.5
Ireland 1 1 1.5 4 4.5
Italy 0 0 1.5 1.5 1.5
Japan 0 0 0 0 0
Netherlands 2.5 3 4 2 1
New Zealand 2.5 5 5 6 6.5
Norway 0 0 0 3.5 4.5
Portugal 0 1 3 3.5 3.5
Spain 0 1 1 3.5 3
Sweden 3 3.5 5 7 7
Switzerland 0 0 1 1 1
United Kingdom 2.5 5 5 5.5 6
United States 3.5 3 3 3 3.5

Table 2: Indicator Scores

This section displays the tabulated scores for each indicator from 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010, and 2020.  Links in this table will take you to the supporting evidence for the country's scores.

This table is available for download in PDF (73 KB) or Excel (17 KB) format.

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Country Scores by Indicator

Part 1:  Affirmation School Curriculum Media
Country 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020
Australia 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.5 1 1 1 1
Austria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0 0 0 0 0
Belgium 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0 0 0.5 0.5 0.5
Canada 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1
Denmark 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finland 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0.5 1 1
France 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greece 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0 0 0 0.5 0.5
Ireland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0.5 0.5
Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0 0 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Netherlands 1 1 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 1 0.5 0.5
New Zealand 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1
Norway 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 1 0 0 0 0 0
Portugal 0 0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0 0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0 0 0 0.5 0.5
Spain 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0 0 0 0.5 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.5
Sweden 1 1 1 1 1 0 0.5 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1
Switzerland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
United Kingdom 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0 1 1 1 1
United States 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

 

Part 2:  Exemptions Dual Citizenship Funding Ethnic Groups
Country 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020
Australia 0.5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Austria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Belgium 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0.5 1 1
Canada 0.5 1 1 1 0.5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Denmark 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Finland 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
France 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0.5
Germany 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0 0 0.5 0 0.5 0 0 1 1 1
Greece 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Ireland 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0.5 0.5 1
Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Netherlands 0 0 0.5 0.5 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0
New Zealand 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1
Norway 0 0 0 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1
Portugal 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1
Spain 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.5
Sweden 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Switzerland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
United Kingdom 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1
United States 0.5 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0 0 0 0 0

 

Part 3:  Bilingual Education Affirmative Action TOTAL SCORE
Country 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020
Australia 0.5 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 5.5 8 8 8 8
Austria 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1.5 1.5
Belgium 0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0 0 0 1 1 1 1.5 3.5 5.5 5.5
Canada 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0 1 1 1 1 5 6.5 7.5 7.5 7
Denmark 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Finland 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.5 6 7
France 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 2 2 1.5
Germany 0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 2 2.5 3
Greece 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.5 2.5
Ireland 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1.5 4 4.5
Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.5 1.5 1.5
Japan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Netherlands 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2.5 3 4 2 1
New Zealand 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 2.5 5 5 6 6.5
Norway 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0 0 0 3.5 4.5
Portugal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 3.5 3.5
Spain 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0 1 1 3.5 3
Sweden 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 3.5 5 7 7
Switzerland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
United Kingdom 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 1 2.5 5 5 5.5 6
United States 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 1 1 1 1 3.5 3 3 3 3.5