Department of Psychology

Department of


Department of


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Wendy Craig

Photo of Wendy Craig

Department Head,

B.A., University of British Columbia, 1985
M.A., York University, 1989
Ph.D., York University, 1993

T: 613.533.6014

221 Craine
Psychology Department
Queen's University
Kingston, ON K7L 3N6

Research Interests

Over the past 25 years, I have examined bullying from a developmental psychopathology perspective. I argue that this type of aggressive behaviour merits attention because it underlies many problems related to interpersonal violence in Canada. Bullying is a relationship problem. It is the assertion of power through aggression. With repeated bullying, the power relations between the child who bullies and the child who is victimized consolidates; children who bully increase in power and children who are victimized lose power. In such a relationship, children who are being bullied become increasingly powerless to defend themselves. From a developmental perspective, the lessons learned in bullying within peer relationships generalize to other developmentally significant relationships, such as romantic and familial relationships. I have conducted a 7 year longitudinal study aimed at understanding the biological, psychological, and social factors related to bullying problems. In addition, I have conducted several intervention studies evaluating the effectiveness of programs to address bullying. My current research projects include: understanding the biological, psychological, and social correlates of cyberbullying, peer victimization and peer defending; investigating the role of shame in bullying and the associated mental health consequences; and evaluating knowledge mobilization of bullying research and its impact.

More recently, I am a co-leader of a national strategy addressing bullying that moves our scientific understanding of bullying into practice and evaluation. The goal of PREVNet (Promoting Relationships and Eliminating Violence) is to generate social-cultural change in Canada regarding power and aggression in relationships by collaborating with national organizations with the research knowledge and capacity to adapt and disseminate scientific knowledge and technology. Our aim is to build awareness, change attitudes, assess the extent of bullying and victimization problems, implement evidenced-based strategies, and develop policies that support these activities. Through these partnerships between researchers, NGOs, and governments, the outcomes of improved understanding and practice will enhance social capital, promote mental and physical health, promote healthy relationships and school engagement, prevent crime, and decrease bullying in Canada.


Selected Publications

Walsh, Sophie, Craig, Wendy, Molcho, Michael, Harel- Fisch, Y, Aasvee, Katrin, Varnai, Dora, Ottova Ravens-Sieberer, Ulrike, & Pickett, William, (2013). Physical and emotional health problems experienced by youth engaged in physical fighting and weapon carrying. PLOS ONE.

Connolly, Jennifer, Nguyen, Hien N.T., Pepler, Debra, & Craig, Wendy, M., & Jiang, Depeng. (2013). Developmental trajectories of romantic stages and associations with problem behaviours during adolescence.Journal of Adolescence, 36, 1013-1024.

Cappadocia, Catherine, Pepler, Debra, J., & Craig, Wendy, M. (2013). Cyberbullying:Prevalence, stability and risk factors during adolescence.Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 28(2), 171-192.

Schumann, Lyndall, Craig, Wendy, M., & Rosu, Andrei (2013). Minority in the majority: Community ethnicity as a context for racial bullying and victimization. Journal of Community Psychology. 41, pp. 959 – 972.

Huynh, Quynh, Craig, Wendy, Janssen, Ian, Pickett, William (2013). Exposure to public natural space as a protective factor for emotional well-being among young people in Canada. BMC Public Health, 13, 407-421.

Friedlander, L., Connolly, J., Pepler, D., & Craig, W. (2013) Extensiveness and Persistence of Aggressive Media Exposure as Longitudinal Risk Factors for Teen Dating Violence. Psychology of Violence, 3, 310–322.

Schumann, Lyndall, Craig, Wendy, & Rosu, Andrei (2013).Power differentials in bullying: Individuals in a community context. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 0886260513505708.

Kloosterman, Patricia, Kelley, Elizabeth, Craig, Wendy, Parker, James, & Javier, Christine. (2013). Types and Experiences of Bullying in Adolescents with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 7(7), 824-832.

Kukaswadia, A., Craig, W., Janssen, I. and Pickett, W. (2012) Bullying as a mediator of relationships between adiposity status and weapon carrying in Ontario youth. International Journal of Public Health 57(3): 505-512.

Pickett, William, Molcho, Michela, Elgar, Frank, Brooks, Fiona, de Looze, M. Rathmann, K., gt, Tom, Gabhainn, Sigmundová, D., Gaspar de Matos, M., Craig, W., Walsh, S, Harel- Fisch, Y., & Currie, C. (2012).Trends and Socioeconomic Correlates of Adolescent Physical Fighting in 30 Countries. Pediatrics. doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-1614

Elgar, Frank, Craig, Wendy, and Trites, Stephen (2012). Family Dinners, Communication, and Mental Health in Canadian Adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2, 1-6.

Elgar, Frank, Pickett, Kate, Pickett, Craig, Wendy,Molcho, Michael, Hurrelmann, Klaus, & Lenzi, Michela (2012). School bullying, homicide and income inequality: a cross-national pooled time series analysis. International Journal of Public Health, 58, 237-245. DOI 10.1007/s00038-012-0380-y

Cappadocia, M. C., Pepler, D., Cummings, J. G., & Craig, W. (2012). Individual motivations and characteristics associated with bystander intervention during bullying episodes among children and youth. Journal of School Psychology, 27(3), 201-216.

Craig, W. M., Schumann, L., Petrunka, K., Khan, S., & Peters, Ray. (2011). Economic costs associated with trajectories of delinquency.International Journal of Child, Family, and Youth Studies, 2, 25- 41.

Pepler, Debra J., & Craig Wendy, M. (2011). Promoting Relationship and Eliminating Violence in Canada. International Journal of Behavioural Development, 35, 389-397.

Kukaswadia, A., Craig, W.M., Janssen, I., Pickett, W. (2011).Obesity as a Determinant of Two Forms of Bullying in Ontario Youth: A Short Report Obesity Facts.DOI: 10.1159/000335215.

Rubin-Vaughan, A., Pepler, D., Brown, S., & Craig, W. (2011). Quest for the golden rule: An effective social skills promotion and bullying prevention program. Computers & Education, 56, 166-175.

Harel-Fisch, Y., Walsh, S., Fogel-Grinvald, H., Amitai, G., Pickett, W., Molcho, M., Due, P., Gaspar de Matos, M., Craig, W. M. and Members of the HBSC Violence and Injury Prevention Focus Group (2011). Negative school perceptions and involvement in school bullying: A universal relationship across 40 countries. Journal of Adolescence, 639-652.

Heifetz, M., Connolly, J., Pepler, D. & Craig, W. (2010) Family divorce and romantic relationships in early adolescence.Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 51, 366-378. DOI: 10.1080/10502551003652157

Larochette, A., Craig, W.M., & Murphy, A.N. (2010).Racial bullying and victimization in Canadian school-aged children: Individual and school level effects. School Psychology International Journal, 31 (4).

Peters, R., Bradshaw, A., Petrunka, K., Nelson, G., Herry, Y., Craig, W. M.,Arnold, R., Parker, K., Khan, S.,Hoch, J., Pancer, M., Loomis, C., Bélanger, JM., Evers, S., Maltais, C., Thompson, K.andRossiter, M. (2010). The Better Beginnings, Better Futures Project: An Ecological, Community–Based Prevention Approach: Findings From Grade 3 To Grade 9. Monograph for the Society for Research in Child Development, Volume 375 (3). Wiley-Blackwell:New York.

Li, Z. H., Connolly, J., Jiang, D., Pepler, D. & Craig, W. (2010). Adolescent Dating Aggression in Canada and China:A Cross-National Comparison, International Journal of Behavioral Development, 34, 112-120.

Connolly, Jennifer, Friedlander, Laura, Pepler, Debra J., Craig, Wendy M., & Laporte, Lise (2010).The ecology of adolescent dating aggression: Attitudes, relationships, media use, and socio-demographic risk factors.Child Maltreatment. 

Craig, Wendy M., Sue, Joanna, Murphy, Ashley, & Bauer, Jennifer (2010). Understanding and Addressing Obesity and Victimization in Youth, Obesity Management, 6, 12-16.

Pepler, D., Jiang, D., Craig, W., & Connolly, J. (2010). Developmental Trajectories of Girls and Boys Delinquency and Associated Problems. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. / DOI 10.1007/s10802-010-9389-y.

Connolly, Jennifer, Nocentini, A., Williams, Trish, Menesini. Ersilia, Pepler,Debra J., & Craig, Wendy M. (2010).Adolescent Dating Aggression in Canada and Italy:A Cross-National Comparison, International Journal of Behavioral Development, 34, 98-105.

Shelley, D. & Craig, W. M. (2010).Attributions and Coping Styles in Reducing Victimization. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 25: 84-100

Mishna, F., Pepler, D., Cook, C., Craig, W., & Wiener, J. (2010). The ongoing problem of bullying in Canada: A ten-year perspective. Canadian Social Work, 12, 22-33.

Elgar, F., Craig, Wendy, Boyce, William, Morgan, Anthony, Vella-Zarb, Rachel (2009), Income Inequality and School Bullying: Multilevel Study of Adolescents in 37 Countries.Journal of Adolescent Health, 45, 341-345.