Tom Hollenstein

Professor, Chair of Developmental Psychology Program


B.A., University of Massachusetts at Amherst, 1989
M.S., University of Oregon, 2001
Ph.D., University of Toronto, 2005

Lab Site

Curriculum Vitae [PDF]

Research Interests

My broad research agenda is to examine socioemotional development - particularly in adolescence - from dynamic systems (DS) and developmental psychopathology perspectives. Specifically, my research focuses on the regulation of emotion, particularly shame and anxiety, as evidenced by changes in self-reported feelings, autonomic psychophysiology, and behavioural expressions. To pursue this agenda, I am interested in developing and applying methods that are best suited for the analysis of processes of change. I also develop and distribute software for state space grids, a technique used often in my research ( See the Adolescent Dynamics Lab page for details of current projects and this video about our work on emotion regulation.

Selected Publications

Google Citations page


Cole, P. M. C. & Hollenstein, T. (Eds.). (2018). The Development of Emotion Regulation: A Matter of Time. New York: Routledge.

Hollenstein, T. (2013). State Space Grids. New York: Springer.

Journal Articles:

Lougheed, J. P., Brinberg, M., Ram, N. & Hollenstein, T. (in press). Emotion Socialization as a Dynamic Process across Emotion Contexts, Developmental Psychology.

Yang, X., Ram, N., Lougheed, J. P., Molenaar, P., & Hollenstein, T. (in press). Adolescents’ Emotion System Dynamics: Network-based Analysis of Physiological and Emotional Experience. Developmental Psychology.

De France, K. & Hollenstein, T. (2019). Emotion Regulation and Relations to Well-being across the Lifespan. Developmental Psychology, 58, 1768 – 1774.  doi: 10.1037/dev0000744

De France, K., Kindt, K., Lennarz, H. K., & Hollenstein, T. (2019) Emotion regulation during adolescence: Antecedent or outcome of depressive symptomology? International Journal of Behavioral Development, 43, 107 - 117. doi: 10.1177/0165025418806584

Irwin, A., Li, J., Craig, W. M., & Hollenstein, T. (2019a). The role of shame in chronic peer victimization. School Psychology Quarterly, 34, 178-186. doi: 10.1037/spq0000280

Irwin, A., Li, J., Craig, W. M., & Hollenstein, T. (2019b). The role of shame in the relation between peer victimization and mental health outcomes. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 34,  156 - 181. doi: 10.1177/0886260516672937

Lambe, L., Craig, W., & Hollenstein, T. (2019). Blunted physiological stress reactivity among youth with a history of bullying and victimization: Links to depressive symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

Lougheed, J. P., Hollenstein, T. (2018). Arousal transmission and attenuation in mother-daughter dyads in adolescence. Social Development, 27, 19 - 33. doi: 10.1111/sode.12250

DeFrance, K. & Hollenstein, T. (2017). Assessing emotion regulation repertoires: The Regulation of Emotion Systems Survey. Personality and Individual Differences, 119, 204 - 215.

De France, K., Lanteigne, D., Glozman, J., & Hollenstein, T. (2017). A new measure of the expression of shame: The shame code. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 26, 769-780. doi: 10.1007/s10826-016-0589-0

Hollenstein, T., Tighe, A., & Lougheed, J. P. (2017). Emotional development in the context of mother-child relationships. Current Opinion in Psychology, 17, 140-144. doi: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2017.07.010

Haines, S., Gleeson, J., Kuppens, P., Hollenstein, T., Ciarrochi, J., Labuschagne, I., Grace, C., & Koval, P. (2016). The wisdom to know the difference: Emotion regulation strategy-situation fit in daily life is associated with well-being. Psychological Science, 27, 1651–1659. doi: 10.1177/0956797616669086

Hollenstein, T., Allen, N. B., & Sheeber, L. (2016). Affective patterns in triadic family interactions: Associations with adolescent depression.  Development and Psychopathology, 28, 85 - 96

Lougheed, J. P., Craig, W. M., Pepler, D., Connolly, J., O’Hara, A., Granic, I., & Hollenstein, T. (2016). Maternal and peer regulation of adolescent emotion: Associations with depression symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 44, 963-974.

Lougheed, J. P., & Hollenstein, T. (2016). Socioemotional flexibility in mother-daughter dyads: Riding the emotional rollercoaster across positive and negative contexts. Emotion, 16, 620 - 633.

Lougheed, J., Hollenstein, T., & Lewis, M. D. (2016). Maternal Regulation of Daughters’ Emotion during Conflicts from Early to Mid-Adolescence. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 26, 610 - 616

Lougheed, J., Koval, P., & Hollenstein, T. (2016). Sharing the burden: The interpersonal regulation of emotional arousal in mother-daughter dyads. Emotion, 16, 83-93. 

Lunkenheimer, E., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., Hollenstein, T.Granic, I., & Kemp, C. J.  (in press). Breaking down the coercive cycle:  How parent and child risk factors influence real-time variability in parental responses to child misbehavior. Parenting: Science and Practice, 16, 237 - 256.

Hollenstein, T. (2015). This time, it’s real: Affective flexibility, time scales, feedback loops, and the regulation of emotion. Emotion Review, 7, 308 – 315. 

Koval, P., Butler, E., Hollenstein, T. Lanteigne, D., & Kuppens, P. (2015). Emotion regulation and the temporal dynamics of emotions: Effects of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression on emotional inertia. Cognition and Emotion, 29, 831-851. 

 Lougheed, J., Hollenstein, T., Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., & Granic, I. (2015). Maternal Regulation of Child Affect in Externalizing and Typically-Developing Children. Journal of Family Psychology, 29, 10 - 19.

 Ramezani, M., Abolmaesumi, P., Tahmasebi, A., Bosma, R., Tong, R., Hollenstein, T., Harkness, K., & Johnsrude, I.  (2015). Fusion Analysis of First Episode Depression: Where Brain Shape Deformations Meet Local Composition of Tissue. Neuroimage: Clinical, 7, 114 - 121. 

Tomicic, A., Martinez, C., Perez, J. C., Hollenstein, T., Angulo, S., Gertsmann, A., Barroux, I. & Krause, M. (2015). Discourse-voice regulatory strategies in the psychotherapeutic interaction: A state-space dynamics analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 6:378,  1 - 17. 

 van der Giessen, D., Hollenstein, T., Hale, W. W., Koot, H. M., Meeus, W., & Branje, S. (2015). Emotional Variability in Mother-Adolescent Conflict Interactions and Internalizing Problems of Mothers and Adolescents: Dyadic and Individual Processes. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 43, 339 - 353. 

 Butler, E. A., Hollenstein, T., Shoham, V., & Rohrbaugh, N. (2014). A dynamic state-space analysis of interpersonal emotion regulation in couples who smoke. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 31, 907 – 927. 

 Eastabrook, J., Flynn, J. J., & Hollenstein, T. (2014). Internalizing symptoms in female adolescents: Associations with emotional awareness and emotion regulation. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 23, 487 - 496. 

 Hollenstein, T. & Lanteigne, D. (2014). Models and methods of emotional concordance. Biological ​Psychology, 98, 1 - 5.

 Lanteigne, D., Flynn, J. J., Eastabrook, J., & Hollenstein, T. (2014). Discordant patterns among emotional experience, arousal, and expression in adolescence: Relations with emotion regulation and internalizing problems. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 46, 29 - 39.

 Ramezani, M., Johnsrude, I., Rasoulian, A., Bosma, R., Tong, R., Hollenstein, T., Harkness, K., & Abolmaesumi, P. (2014), Temporal-lobe morphology differs between healthy adolescents and those with early-onset of depression. Neuroimage: Clinical, 6, 145 - 155.

Turnnidge, J., Cote, J., Hollenstein, T., & Deakin, J. (2014). A direct observation of the dynamic content and structure of coach-athlete interactions in a model sport program, Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 26, 225 – 240.  

Eastabrook, J., Lanteigne, D., & Hollenstein, T. (2013). Decoupling between physiological, self-reported, and expressed emotional responses in alexithymia. Personality and Individual Differences, 55, 978 – 982.

Hollenstein, T. & Lougheed, J. P. (2013). Beyond Storm and Stress: Typicality, Transactions, Timing,and Temperament to Account for Adolescent Change. American Psychologist, 68,444-454.

Hollenstein, T.,Lichtwarck-Aschoff, A., & Potworowski, G. (2013). A model of socioemotional flexibility at three time scales.Emotion Review, 5,397 - 405.

Hollenstein, T. (2013).State Space Grids: Depicting Dynamics Across Development.New York: Springer.

Sravish, A. V., Tronick, E., Hollenstein, T. , & Beeghly, M. (2013). Dyadic flexibility during the face-to- face still-face paradigm: A dynamic systems analysis of its temporal organization. Infant Behavior and Development, 36, 432 - 437 .

Hollenstein, T.,McNeely, A., Eastabrook, J., Mackey, A., & Flynn, J.J. (2012). Sympathetic andparasympathetic responses to social stress across adolescence. Developmental Psychobiology, 54,207-214.

Lavictoire, L., Snyder, J. J., Stoolmiller, M., &Hollenstein, T.(2012). Affective dynamics in triadicpeer interactions in early childhood.Nonlinear Dynamics in Psychology and the Life Sciences, 16,293 – 312.

Lougheed, J. P. &Hollenstein, T.(2012). A limited repertoire of emotion regulation strategies isassociated with internalizing problems in adolescence. Social Development, 21, 704 - 721.

Lunkenheimer, E. S.,Hollenstein, T., Wang, J., & Shields, A. M. (2012). Flexibility and attractors incontext: family emotion socialization patterns and children’s emotion regulation in late childhood. Nonlinear Dynamics in Psychology and the Life Sciences, 16, 269 – 291.

Hollenstein, T.(2011). Twenty years of dynamic systems approaches to development: Significant contributions, challenges, and future directions.Child Development Perspectives, 5,256 - 259.

Lunkenheimer, E.S., Olson, S. L.,Hollenstein, T., Sameroff, A., & Winter, C. (2011). Dyadic flexibility and positive affect in parent-child coregulation and the development of children's behavior problems. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 577 - 591.

Erickson, K., Cote, J.,Hollenstein, T., & Deakin, J. (2011). Examining coach-athlete interactions using state space grids: An observational analysis in competitive youth sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise.

Flynn, J.J.,Hollenstein, T., & Mackey, A.M. (2010). The Effect of Suppressing and Not Accepting Emotions on Depressive Symptoms: Is Suppression Different for Men and Women? Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 582 - 586.

van Straaten, I., Holland, R. W., Finkenhauer, C.,Hollenstein, T., & Engels, R. C. M. E. (2009). Gazing behavior during mixed-sex interactions: Sex and attractiveness effects. [Electronic version].Archives of Sexual Behavior.

Engels, R. C. M. E., Hermans, R., van Baaren, R.,Hollenstein, T., & Bot, S. M. (2009). Alcohol Portrayal on Television Affects Actual Drinking Behaviour,Alcohol and Alcoholism, 44, 244-249.

DeRubeis, S. & Hollenstein, T.(2009). Individual Differences in Shame and Depressive Symptoms during Early Adolescence.Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 477-482.

Hollenstein, T.(2007). State space grids: Analyzing dynamics across development.International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31, 384-396.

Hollenstein, T., & Lewis, M. D. (2006). A state space analysis of emotion and flexibility in parent-child interactions.Emotion, 6, 663-669.

Granic, I., &Hollenstein, T.(2006). A survey of dynamic systems methods for developmental psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti (Ed.)Handbook of Development and Psychopathology.New York: Wiley.

Martin, C. L., Fabes, R. A., Hanish, L. D., &Hollenstein, T.(2005). Social dynamics in the preschool.Developmental Review, 25, 299-327.

Hollenstein, T., Granic, I., Stoolmiller, M., & Snyder, J. (2004). Rigidity in parent-child interactions and the development of externalizing and internalizing behavior in early childhood.Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32, 595-607.

Lewis, M.D., Zimmerman, S.,Hollenstein, T., & Lamey, A.V. (2004). Reorganization in coping behavior at 1 1/2 Years: Dynamic systems and normative change.Developmental Science, 7, 56-73.

Lamey, A.,Hollenstein, T., Lewis, M. D., & Granic, I. (2004).GridWare(Version 1.1). [Computer software].

Granic, I., &Hollenstein, T.(2003). Dynamic systems methods for models of developmental psychopathology.Development and Psychopathology, 15, 641-669.

Granic, I.,Hollenstein, T., Dishion, T. J., & Patterson, G. R. (2003). Longitudinal analysis of flexibility and reorganization in early adolescence: A dynamic systems study of family interactions.Developmental Psychology, 39, 606-617.