Queen's Quarterly

Queen's Quarterly
Queen's Quarterly

Johannes Bruder

Intelligence Has Always Been Artificial

Spring 2020 - Johannes Bruder




It’s time to stop celebrating experiments, tests, and demos designed to show that there is one “real” form of intelligence. These have primarily been used to devalue “unskilled” human labour and to dehumanize those who are supposedly not intelligent. Maybe it’s time to stop defending human intelligence altogether. Maybe it’s time to queer the concept of intelligence until it stops defining so much of what seems to matter.


Johannes Bruder is a researcher at the Institute of Experimental Design and Media Cultures (IXDM) and the Critical Media Lab in Basel, Switzerland. This article is adapted from his book Cognitive Code: Post-Anthropocentric Intelligence and the Infrastructural Brain (McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2019).


[IMAGE: Hyphen-Labs, NeuroSpeculative AfroFeminism.Used with permission of Hyphen-Labs.]