Teaching for Effective Learning

Metacognitive Approach

Metacognitive approach to supporting student learning involves promoting student metacognition – teaching students how to think about how they think and how they approach learning. Why is this important? It makes thinking and learning visible to students. The figure below provides examples of metacognitive activities that can be adapted to any discipline. Examples include activities that can be used at the start, during, and the end of the course.

Syllabus Quiz


The Muddiest Point

Metacognitive Strategies

The "Why" and "How" Questions

Analysis of Performance on First Exam

Learning Journals

Retrospective Post-Assessments

Figure 10. Examples of metacognitive strategies that help students to reflect on their learning. (Adapted from Tanner, 2012).