LIMB

Laboratory of Integrative Motor Behaviour (LIMB)

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Publications

2017

Kenzie JM, Semrau JA, Hill MD, Scott SH, Dukelow SP.  (2017) A composite robotic-based measure of upper limb proprioception.  J Neuroeng Rehabil.  14(10):114.  (PMID: 29132388)  (DOI:  10.1186/s12984-017-0329-8)

Logan LM, Semrau JA, Debert CT, Kenzie JM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2017) Using robotics to quantify impairments in sensorimotor ability, visuospatial attention, working memory, and executive function after traumatic brain injury.  J Head Trauma Rehabil. epub ahead of print (PMID: 29084099) (DOI:10.109/HTR.0000000000000349)

Silasi G, Boyd J, Bolanos F, LeDue J, Scott SH, Murphy TH. (2017) Individualized tracking of self-directed motor learning in group-housed mice performing a skilled lever positioning task in the home cage.  J Neurophysiol. epub ahead of print (PMID: 29070625) (DOI:10.1152n/jn.00115.2017)

Scott SH. (2017) Stalling for time:  It's not the magnitude, but the way neurons fire that matters.  Neuron. 95(1):6-8.  (PMID:28683269) (DOI:10.1016/j.neuron.2017.06.033)

Centen A, Lowrey CR, Scott SH, Yeh T-T, Mochizuki G. (2017) KAPS (kinematic assessment of passive stretch): a tool to assess elbow flexor and extensor spasticity after stroke using a robotic exoskeleton. J Neuroeng Rehabil.14:59. (PMID:28629415) (DOI: 10.1186/s12984-017-0272-8)

Semrau JA, Herter TM, Kenzie JM, Findlater SE, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2017)  Robotic characterization of ipsilesional motor function in subacute stroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 31(6):571-582. (PMID: 28443784) (DOI: 10.1177/1545968317704903)

Semrau JA, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2017)  Inter-rater reliability of kinesthetic measurements with the KINARM robotic exoskeleton. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 14(1):42.  (PMID: 28532512) (DOI: 10.1186/s12984-017-0260-z)

Lowrey CR, Nashed JY, Scott SH. (2017) Rapid and flexible whole body postural responses are evoked from perturbations to the upper limb during goal-directed reaching. Journal of Neurophysiology. 117(3):1070-1083. (PMID: 28003415) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.01004.2015)

Mostafavi SM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP, Mousavi P. (2017) Reduction of Assessment Time for Stroke-Related Impairments Using Robotic Evaluation. IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering. Advance online publication. (DOI: 10.1109/TNSRE.2017.2669986)

2016

Little CE, Emery C, Scott SH, Meeuwisse W, Palacios-Derflingher L, Dukelow SP. (2016) Do children and adolescent ice hockey players with and without a history of concussion differ in robotic testing of sensory, motor and cognitive function? Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 13(1):89. (PMID: 27729040) (DOI: 10.1186/s12984-016-0195-9)

Bourke TC, Lowrey CR, Dukelow SP, Bagg SD, Norman KE, Scott SH. (2016) A robot-based behavioural task to quantify impairments in rapid motor decisions and actions after stroke. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 13(1):91. (PMID: 27724945) (DOI: 10.1186/s12984-016-0201-2)

Wood MD, Maslove D, Muscedere J, Scott SH, Day A, Boyd JG. (2016) Assessing the relationship between brain tissue oxygenation and neurological dysfunction in critically ill patients: study protocol. International Journal of Clinical Trials. 3(3):98-105. (DOI: 10.18203/2349-3259.ijct20162792)

Kenzie JM, Semrau JA, Findlater SE, Yu AY, Desai JA, Herter TM, Hill MD, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2016) Localization of impaired kinesthetic processing post-stroke. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 10:505. (PMID: 27799902) (DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2016.00505)

Scott SH. (2016) Putting Sensory Back into Voluntary Motor Control. In R Wang and X Pan (Eds.), Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics (V) (pp. 3-7). Singapore: Springer. (DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-0207-6_1)

Crevecoeur F, Munoz DP, Scott SH. (2016) Dynamic Multisensory Integration: Somatosensory Speed Trumps Visual Accuracy during Feedback Control. Journal of Neuroscience. 36(33):8598-8611. (PDF, 705 KB) (PMID: 27535908) (DOI: 10.1523/jneurosci.0184-16.2016)

Scott SH. (2016) A Functional Taxonomy of Bottom-Up Sensory Feedback Processing for Motor Actions. Trends in Neurosciences. 39(8):512-526. (PDF, 2.73 MB) (PMID: 27378546) (DOI: 10.1016/j.tins.2016.06.001)

Crevecoeur F, Thonnard JL, Lefèvre P, Scott SH. (2016) Long-Latency Feedback Coordinates Upper-Limb and Hand Muscles during Object Manipulation Tasks. eNeuro. 3(1):eneuro.0129-15.2016. (PDF, 585 KB) (PMID: 27022624) (DOI: 10.1523/eneuro.0129-15.2016)

Findlater SE, Desai JA, Semrau JA, Kenzie JM, Rorden C, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2016) Central perception of position sense involves a distributed neural network - Evidence from lesion-behavior analyses. Cortex. 79:42-56. (PDF, 1.74 MB) (PMID: 27085894) (DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2016.03.008)

Heming EA, Lillicrap TP, Omrani M, Herter TM, Pruszynski JA, Scott SH. (2016) Primary motor cortex neurons classified in a postural task predict muscle activation patterns in a reaching task. Journal of Neurophysiology. 115(4):2021-2032. (PDF, 1.45 MB) (PMID: 26843605) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00971.2015)

Omrani M, Murnaghan CD, Pruszynski JA, Scott SH. (2016) Distributed task-specific processing of somatosensory feedback for voluntary motor control. eLife. 5:e13141. (PDF, 2.23 MB) (PMID: 27077949) (DOI: 10.7554/elife.13141)

Cluff T, Scott SH. (2016) Online Corrections are Faster Because Movement Initiation Must Disengage Postural Control. Motor Control. 20(2):162-170. (PMID: 25920075) (DOI: 10.1123/mc.2015-0027)

2015

Mostafavi SM, Mousavi P, Dukelow SP, Scott SH. (2015) Robot-based assessment of motor and proprioceptive function identifies biomarkers for prediction of functional independence measures. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 12(1):105. (PDF, 544 KB) (PMID: 26611144) (DOI: 10.1186/s12984-015-0104-7)

Cluff T, Crevecoeur F, Scott SH. (2015) A perspective on multisensory integration and rapid perturbation responses. Vision Research. 110:215-222. (PDF, 750 KB) (PMID: 26354914) (DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0902-15.2015)

Semrau JA, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2015) Examining Differences in Patterns of Sensory and Motor Recovery After Stroke With Robotics. Stroke. 46(12):3459-3469. (PDF, 2.01 MB) (PMID: 26542695) (DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.010750)

Wood M, Maslove D, Muscedere J, Scott SH, Boyd JG. (2015) Using robotic technology to quantify neurological deficits among survivors of critical illness: do they relate to brain tissue oxygen levels? A pilot study. Intensive Care Medicine Experimental. 3(Suppl 1):A730. doi: 10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A730. (PDF, 203 KB) (PMCID: PMC4796229) (DOI: 10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A730)

Cluff T, Scott SH. (2015) Apparent and actual trajectory control depend on the behavioral context in upper limb motor tasks. Journal of Neuroscience. 35(36):12465-12476. (PDF, 3.65 MB) (PMID: 26354914) (DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0902-15.2015)

Little CE, Emery C, Black A, Scott SH, Meeuwisse W, Nettel-Aguirre A, Benson B, Dukelow S. (2015) Test-retest reliability of KINARM robot sensorimotor and cognitive assessment: in pediatric ice hockey players. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 12:78. (PDF, 1.03 MB) (PMID: 26341424) (DOI: 10.1186/s12984-015-0070-0)

Herter TM, Takei T, Munoz DP, Scott SH. (2015) Neurons in red nucleus and primary motor cortex exhibit similar responses to mechanical perturbations applied to the upper-limb during posture. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience. 9:29. (PDF, 1.84 MB) (PMID: 25964747) (DOI: 10.3389/fnint.2015.00029)

Scott SH, Cluff T, Lowrey CR, Takei T. (2015) Feedback control during voluntary motor actions. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 33:85-94. (PDF, 1.69 MB) (PMID: 25827274) (DOI: 10.1016/j.conb.2015.03.006)

Bourke TC, Coderre AM, Bagg SD, Dukelow SP, Norman KE, Scott SH. (2015) Impaired corrective responses to postural perturbations of the arm in individuals with subacute stroke. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 12(1):7. (PDF, 917 KB) (PMID: 25605126) (DOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-12-7)

Nashed JY, Kurtzer IL, Scott SH. (2015) Context-dependent inhibition of unloaded muscles during the long-latency epoch. Journal of Neurophysiology. 113(1):192-202. (PDF, 755 KB) (PMID: 25274342) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00339.2014)

2010-2014

2014

Crevecoeur F*, Cluff T*, Scott SH. (2014) Computational Approaches for Goal-Directed Movement Planning and Execution. In The Cognitive Neurosciences Fifth Edition. (pp 461-476) Gazzaniga MS and Mangun GR (Eds.) Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. *Both authors contributed equally (PDF, 9.75 MB)

Crevecoeur F, Scott SH. (2014) Beyond muscle stiffness: importance of state-estimation to account for very fast motor corrections. PLOS Computational Biology. 10(10):e1003869. (PDF, 4.63 MB) (PMID: 25299461) (DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003869)

Omrani M, Pruszynski JA, Murnaghan CD, Scott SH. (2014) Perturbation-evoked responses in primary motor cortex are modulated by behavioural context. Journal of Neurophysiology. 112(11):2985-3000. (PDF, 1 MB) (PMID: 25210158) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00270.2014)

Semrau JA, Wang JC, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2014) Relationship Between Visuospatial Neglect and Kinesthetic Deficits After Stroke. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 29(4):318-328. (PDF, 958 KB) (PMID: 25118184) (DOI: 10.1177/1545968314545173)

Findlater SE, Kenzie JM, Semrau JA, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2014) Voxel Lesion Symptom Mapping of Proprioception Following Stroke. 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Chicago, Illinois, USA during August 26-30, 2014.

Semrau JA, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2014) Quantitative Assessment of Post-Stroke Proprioception Using Robotics. 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Chicago, Illinois, USA during August 26-30, 2014.

Mostafavi SM, Dukelow SP, Glasgow JI, Scott SH, Mousavi P. (2014) Reduction of Stroke Assessment Time for Visually Guided Reaching Task on KINARM Exoskeleton Robot. 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Chicago, Illinois, USA during August 26-30, 2014. (PDF, 662 KB) (PMID: 25571189) (DOI: 10.1109/EMBC.2014.6944821)

Mostafavi SM, Dukelow SP, Glasgow JI, Scott SH, Mousavi P. (2014) Hierarchical Task Ordering for Time Reduction on KINARM Assessment Protocol. 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Chicago, Illinois, USA during August 26-30, 2014. (PDF, 729 KB) (PMID: 25570502) (DOI: 10.1109/EMBC.2014.6944134)

Cluff T*, Crevecoeur F*, Scott SH. (2014) A perspective on multisensory integration and rapid perturbation responses. Vision Research. 110(b):215-222. *Both authors contributed equally. (PDF, 750 KB) (PMID: 25014401) (DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2014.06.011)

Kenzie JM, Semrau JA, Findlater SE, Herter TM, Hill MD, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2014) Anatomical correlates of proprioceptive impairments following acute stroke: A case series. Journal of the Neurological Sciences. 342(1-2):52-61. (PDF, 3.15 MB) (PMID: 24819922) (DOI: 10.1016/j.jns.2014.04.025)

Crevecoeur F, Scott SH. (2014) Neuroscience: Feedback throttled down for smooth moves. Nature. 509(7498):38-39. (PDF, 932 KB) (PMID: 24784211) (DOI: 10.1038/509038a)

Tyryshkin K, Coderre AM, Glasgow JI, Herter TM, Bagg SD, Dukelow SP, Scott SH. (2014) A robotic object hitting task to quantify sensorimotor impairments in participants with stroke. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 11(1):47. (PDF, 1.21 MB) (PMID: 24693877) (DOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-11-47)

Pruszynski JA, Omrani M, Scott SH. (2014) Goal-Dependent Modulation of Fast Feedback Responses in Primary Motor Cortex. Journal of Neuroscience. 34(13):4608-4617. (PDF, 1.07 MB) (PMID: 24672006) (DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4520-13.2014)

Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2014) Systematic changes in position sense accompany normal aging across adulthood. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 11(1):43. (PDF, 1.35 MB) (PMID: 24666888) (DOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-11-43)

Lowrey CR, Jackson CP, Bagg SD, Dukelow SP, Scott SH. (2014) A novel robotic task for assessing impairments in bimanual coordination post-stroke. International Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. S3:002. (PDF, 2.16 MB) (DOI: 10.4172/2329-9096.S3-002)

Fung D, Herter TM, Hill MD, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2014) Stroke recovery after unilateral posterior spinal artery stroke: A case report. International Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. S3:004. (PDF, 413 KB) (DOI: 10.4172/2329-9096.S3-004)

Williams L, Jackson CP, Choe N, Pelland L, Scott SH, Reynolds JN. (2014) Sensory-Motor Deficits in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Assessed Using a Robotic Virtual Reality Platform. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 38(1):116-25. (PDF, 799 KB) (PMID: 23915298) (DOI: 10.1111/acer.12225)

Nashed JY, Crevecoeur F, Scott SH. (2014) Rapid Online Selection between Multiple Motor Plans. Journal of Neuroscience. 34(5):1769-1780. (PDF, 4.4 MB) (PMID: 24478359) (DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3063-13.2014)

Kurtzer IL, Crevecoeur F, Scott SH. (2014) Fast feedback control involves two independent processes utilizing knowledge of limb dynamics. Journal of Neurophysiology. 111(8):1631-45. (PDF, 985 KB) (PMID: 24478157) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00514.2013)

2013

Semrau JA, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2013) Robotic Identification of Kinesthetic Deficits After Stroke. Stroke. 44(12):3414-3421. (PDF, 3.87 MB) (PMID: 24193800) (DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.002058)

Cluff T, Scott SH. (2013) Rapid feedback responses correlate with reach adaptation and properties of novel upper limb loads. Journal of Neuroscience. 33(40):15903-15914. (PDF, 2.41 MB) (PMID: 24089496) (DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0263-13.2013)

Mostafavi SM, Glasgow JI, Dukelow SP, Scott SH, Mousavi P. (2013) Prediction of stroke-related diagnostic and prognostic measures using robot-based evaluation. IEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics. 2013:1-6. (PDF, 712 KB) (PMID: 24187274) (DOI: 10.1109/ICORR.2013.6650457)

Crevecoeur F, Kurtzer IL, Bourke TC, Scott SH. (2013) Feedback responses rapidly scale with the urgency to correct for external perturbations. Journal of Neurophysiology. 110(6):1323-32. (PDF, 1.02 MB) (PMID: 23825396) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00216.2013)

Crevecoeur F, Scott SH. (2013) Priors Engaged in Long-Latency Responses to Mechanical Perturbations Suggest a Rapid Update in State Estimation. PLOS Computational Biology. 9(8):e1003177. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003177 (PDF, 1.01 MB) (PMID: 23966846) (DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003177)

Kurtzer IL, Trautman P, Rasquinha RJ, Bhanpuri NH, Scott SH, Bastian AJ. (2013) Cerebellar damage diminishes long-latency responses to multijoint perturbations. Journal of Neurophysiology. 109(8):2228-2241. (PDF, 770 KB) (PMID: 23390311) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00145.2012)

Lillicrap TP, Scott SH. (2013) Preference distributions of primary motor neurons reflect control solutions optimized for limb biomechanics. Neuron. 77(1):168-179. (PDF, 797 KB) (PMID: 23312524) (DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2012.10.041)

Omrani M, Diedrichsen J, Scott SH. (2013) Rapid feedback corrections during a bimanual postural task. Journal of Neurophysiology. 109(1):147-161. (PDF, 6.08 MB) (PMID: 23054604) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00669.2011)

2012

Scott SH. (2012) The computational and neural basis of voluntary motor control and planning. Trends in Cognitive Science. 16(11):541-549. (PDF, 1.04 MB) (PMID: 23031541) (DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2012.09.008)

Dukelow S, Herter TM, Bagg SD, Scott SH. (2012) The independence of deficits in position sense and visually guided reaching following stroke. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 9:72. (PDF, 2.19 MB) (PMID: 23035968) (DOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-9-72)

Debert CT, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow S. (2012) Robotic assessment of sensorimotor deficits after traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy. 36(2):58-67. (PDF, 674 KB) (PMID: 22592061) (DOI: 10.1097/NPT.0b013e318254bd4f)

Nashed JY, Crevecoeur F, Scott SH. (2012) Influence of the behavioural goal and environmental obstacles on rapid feedback responses. Journal of Neurophysiology. 108(4):999-1009. (PDF, 3.08 MB) (PMID: 22623483) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.01089.2011)

Crevecoeur F, Kurtzer IL, Scott SH. (2012) Fast corrective responses are evoked by perturbations approaching the natural variability of posture and movement tasks. Journal of Neurophysiology. 107(10):2821-2832. (PDF, 1.36 MB) (PMID: 22357792) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00849.2011)

Pruszynski JA, Scott SH. (2012) Optimal feedback control and the long-latency stretch response. Experimental Brain Research. 218(3):341-359. (PDF, 613 KB) (PMID: 22370742) (DOI: 10.1007/s00221-012-3041-8)

2011

Pruszynski JA, Kurtzer IL, Nashed JY, Omrani M, Brouwer B, Scott SH. (2011) Primary motor cortex underlies multi-joint integration for fast feedback control. Nature. 478(7369):387-390. (PDF, 351 KB) (PMID: 21964335) (DOI: 10.1038/nature10436)

Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2011) Potential of robots as next-generation technology for clinical assessment of neurological disorders and upper-limb therapy. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. 48(4):335-54. (PDF, 529 KB) (PMID: 21674387) (DOI: 10.1682/JRRD.2010.04.0057)

Pruszynski JA, Kurtzer IL, Scott SH. (2011) The long-latency reflex is composed of at least two functionally independent processes. Journal of Neurophysiology. 106(1):449-459. (PDF, 801 KB) (PMID: 21543751) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.01052.2010)

Yang L, Michaels JA, Pruszynski JA, Scott SH. (2011) Rapid motor responses quickly integrate visuospatial task constraints. Experimental Brain Research. 211(2):231-242. (PDF, 568 KB) (PMID: 21503648) (DOI: 10.1007/s00221-011-2674-3)

Chalmers N, Glasgow JI, Scott SH. (2011) Dynamic time warping as a spatial assessment of sensorimotor impairment resulting from stroke. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Boston, USA, August 30-September 3, 2011, pp 8235-8238. (PDF, 606 KB) (PMID: 22256254) (DOI: 10.1109/IEMBS.2011.6092030)

2010

Pruszynski JA, King GL, Boisse L, Scott SH, Flanagan JR, Munoz DP. (2010) Stimulus-locked responses on human arm muscles reveal a rapid neural pathway linking visual input to arm motor output. European Journal of Neuroscience. 32(6):1049-1057. (PDF, 449 KB) (PMID: 20726884) (DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2010.07380.x)

Kurtzer IL, Pruszynski JA, Scott SH. (2010) Long-Latency and Voluntary Responses to an Arm Displacement Can Be Rapidly Attenuated By Perturbation Offset. Journal of Neurophysiology. 103(6):3195-3204. (PDF, 435 KB) (PMID: 20457850) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.01139.2009)

Coderre AM, et al. (2010) Assessment of Upper-Limb Sensorimotor Function of Subacute Stroke Patients Using Visually Guided Reaching. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 24(6):528-541. (PDF, 541 KB) (PMID: 20233965) (DOI: 10.1177/1545968309356091)

Dukelow SP, Herter TM, Moore KD, Demers MJ, Glasgow JI, Bagg SD, Norman KE, Scott SH. (2010) Quantitative assessment of limb position sense following stroke. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 24(2):178-187. (PDF, 458 KB) (PMID: 19794134) (DOI: 10.1177/1545968309345267)

Pruszynski JA, Lillicrap TP, Scott SH. (2010) Complex spatiotemporal tuning in human upper-limb muscles. Journal of Neurophysiology. 103(1):564-572. (PDF, 798 KB) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00791.2009)

2005-2009

2009

Kurtzer IL, Pruszynski JA, Scott SH. (2009) Long-latency responses during reaching account for the mechanical interaction between the shoulder and elbow joints. Journal of Neurophysiology. 102(5):3004-3015. (PDF, 446 KB) (PMID: 19710379) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00453.2009)

Ball SJ, Brown IE, Scott SH. (2009) Performance Evaluation of a Planar 3DOF Robotic Exoskeleton for Motor Assessment. Journal of Medical Devices. 3(2):021002. (PDF, 1.04 MB) (DOI: 10.1115/1.3131727)

Pruszynski JA, Kurtzer IL, Lillicrap TP, Scott SH. (2009) Temporal Evolution of "Automatic Gain-Scaling". Journal of Neurophysiology. 102(2):992-1003. (PDF, 418 KB) (supplemental information, PDF, 81.9 KB) (PMID: 19439680) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00085.2009)

Nozaki D, Scott SH. (2009) Multi-compartment model can explain partial transfer of learning within the same limb between unimanual and bimanual reaching. Experimental Brain Research. 194(3):451-463. (PDF, 816 KB) (supplemental information, PDF, 258 KB) (PMID: 19205679) (DOI: 10.1007/s00221-009-1720-x)

Herter TM, Korbel T, Scott SH. (2009) Comparison of Neural Response in Primary Motor Cortex to Transient and Continuous Loads During Posture. Journal of Neurophysiology. 101(1):150-163. (PDF, 1.24 MB) (PMID: 19005005) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.90230.2008)

Chalmers N, Seaborn G, Jung J, Glasgow JI, Scott SH. (2009) Recombination of common sensory-motor impairment evaluation techniques using a committee of classifiers. Proceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. (pp 857-860). (PDF, 306 KB) (PMID: 19963477) (DOI: 10.1109/IEMBS.2009.5332555)

2008

Scott SH. (2008) Cortical-based neuroprosthetics: when less may be more. Nature Neuroscience. 11(11):1245-1246. (PDF, 260 KB) (PMID: 18956010) (DOI: 10.1038/nn1108-1245)

Pruszynski JA, Kurtzer IL, Scott SH. (2008) Rapid motor responses are appropriately tuned to the metrics of a visuo-spatial task. Journal of Neurophysiology. 100(1):224-238. (PDF, 1.08 MB) (PMID: 18463184) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.90262.2008)

Kurtzer IL, Pruszynski JA, Scott SH. (2008) Long-Latency Reflexes of the Human Arm Reflect an Internal Model of Limb Dynamics. Current Biology. 18(6):449-453. (PDF, 386 KB) (supplemental information, PDF, 910 KB) (PMID: 18356051) (DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2008.02.053)

Scott SH. (2008) Inconvenient Truths about neural processing in primary motor cortex. The Journal of Physiology. 586(5):1217-1224. (PDF, 357 KB) (PMID: 18187462) (DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2007.146068)

Jung J, Glasgow JI, Scott SH. (2008) Feature selection and classification for assessment of chronic stroke impairment. Proceedings of the 8th Annual IEEE International Conference on BioInformatics and BioEngineering. (PDF, 3.31 MB) (DOI: 10.1109/BIBE.2008.4696781)

Jung J, Glasgow JI, Scott SH. (2008) A hierarchical ensemble model for automated assessment of stroke impairment. Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE International Joint Conference on Neural Networks. (pp 3187-3191). (PDF, 811 KB) (DOI: 10.1109/IJCNN.2008.4634249)

Jung J, Glasgow JI, Scott SH. (2008) Trial map: A visualization approach for verification of stroke impairment assessment database. Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE International Joint Conference on Neural Networks. (pp 4114-4117). (PDF, 401 KB) (DOI: 10.1109/IJCNN.2008.4634390)

2007

Ball SJ, Brown IE, Scott SH. (2007) MEDARM: A rehabilitation robot with 5DOF at the shoulder complex. Proceedings of the 2007 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics. Zurich, Switzerland, during September 4-7, 2007. (PDF, 3.36 MB) (DOI: 10.1109/AIM.2007.4412446)

Ball SJ, Brown IE, Scott SH. (2007) A planar 3DOF robotic exoskeleton for rehabilitation and assessment. Proceedings of the 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. (pp 4024-4027). (PDF, 595 KB) (PMID: 18002882) (DOI: 10.1109/IEMBS.2007.4353216)

Ball SJ, Brown IE, Scott SH. (2007) Designing a robotic exoskeleton for shoulder complex rehabilitation. 30th Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Conference. Toronto, Canada, during June 16-19, 2007. (PDF, 61.5 KB)

Kurtzer IL, Scott SH. (2007) A multi-level approach to understanding upper limb function. Progress in Brain Research. 165:347-362. (PDF, 490 KB) (PMID: 17925256) (DOI: 10.1016/S0079-6123(06)65021-8)

Herter TM, Kurtzer IL, Cabel DW, Haunts KA, Scott SH. (2007) Characterization of torque-related activity in primary motor cortex during a multijoint postural task. Journal of Neurophysiology. 97(4):2887-2899. (PDF, 1.21 MB) (PMID: 17267758) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00757.2006)

2006

Kurtzer IL, Herter TM, Scott SH. (2006) Nonuniform distribution of reach-related and torque-related activity in upper arm muscles and neurons of primary motor cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 96(6):3220-3230. (PDF, 540 KB) (PMID: 17005623) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00110.2006)

Scott SH. (2006) Converting thoughts into action. Nature. 442(7099):141-142. (PDF, 353 KB) (PMID: 16838004) (DOI: 10.1038/442141a)

Nozaki D, Kurtzer IL, Scott SH. (2006) Limited transfer of learning between unimanual and bimanual skills within the same limb. Nature Neuroscience. 9(11):1364-1366. (PDF, 205 KB) (supplemental information, PDF, 680 KB) (PMID: 17028583) (DOI: 10.1038/nn1785)

Rodgers KC, Munoz DP, Scott SH, Pare M. (2006) Discharge properties of monkey tectoreticular neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology. 95(6):3502-3511. (PDF, 449 KB) (PMID: 16641382) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00908.2005)

Kurtzer IL, Pruszynski JA, Herter TM, Scott SH. (2006) Primate upper limb muscles exhibit activity patterns that differ from their anatomical action during a postural task. Journal of Neurophysiology. 95(1):493-504. (PDF, 967 KB) (PMID: 16251262) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00706.2005)

2005

Davidson PR, Wolpert DM, Scott SH, Flanagan JR. (2005) Common encoding of novel dynamic loads applied to the hand and arm. Journal of Neuroscience. 25(22):5425-5429. (PDF, 245 KB) (PMID: 15930392) (DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0429-05.2005)

Scott SH. (2005) Conceptual frameworks for interpreting motor cortical function: New insights from a planar multiple-joint paradigm. Motor Cortex In Voluntary Movements. (pp 157-180) Riehle A and Vaadia E (Eds.) London: CRC Press. (PDF, 1.84 MB) (DOI: 10.1201/9780203503584.ch6)

Kurtzer IL, Herter TM, Scott SH. (2005) Random change in cortical load representation suggests distinct control of posture and movement. Nature Neuroscience. 8(4):498-504. (PDF, 579 KB) (PMID: 15768037) (DOI: 10.1038/nn1420)

2000-2004

2004

Scott SH. (2004) Optimal feedback control and the neural basis of volitional motor control. Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 5:532-546. (PDF, 1.75 MB) (PMID: 15208695) (DOI: 10.1038/nrn1427)

2003

Rose PK, Scott SH. (2003) Sensory-motor control: a long-awaited behavioural correlate of presynaptic inhibition. Nature Neuroscience. 6:1243-1245. (PDF, 141 KB) (PMID: 14634653) (DOI: 10.1038/nn1203-1243)

Scott SH. (2003) The role of primary motor cortex in goal-directed movements: insights from neurophysioloical studies on non-human primates. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 13:671-677. (PDF, 179 KB) (PMID: 14662367) (DOI: 10.1016/j.conb.2003.10.012)

Scott SH, Norman KE. (2003) Computational approaches to motor control and their potential role for interpreting motor dysfunction. Current Opinion in Neurology. 16:693-698. (PDF, 590 KB) (PMID: 14624078)

Graham KM, Moore KD, Cabel DW, Gribble PL, Cisek P, Scott SH. (2003) Kinematics and kinetics of multi-joint reaching in non-human primates. Journal of Neurophysiology. 89(5):2667-2677. (PDF, 756 KB) (PMID: 12612006) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00742.2002)

Singh K, Scott SH. (2003) A motor learning strategy reflecting neural circuitry for limb control. Nature Neuroscience. 6(4):399-403. (PDF, 1.24 MB) (PMID: 12627165) (DOI: 10.1038/nn1026)

Graham K, Scott SH. (2003) Morphometry of Macaca mulatta forelimb III. Moment arm of shoulder and elbow muscles. Journal of Morphology. 255(3):301-314. (PDF, 1.59 MB) (PMID: 12520548) (DOI: 10.1002/jmor.10064)

2002

Scott SH. (2002) Optimal strategies for movement: success with variability. Nature Neuroscience. 5(11):1110-1111. (PDF, 86.6 KB) (PMID: 12404002) (DOI: 10.1038/nn1102-1110)

Gribble PL, Scott SH. (2002) Overlap of internal models in motor cortex for mechanical loads during reaching. Nature. 417:938-941. (PDF, 294 KB) (PMID: 12087402) (DOI: 10.1038/nature00834)

Singh K, Melis EH, Richmond FJR, Scott SH. (2002) Morphometry of Macaca mulatta forelimb. II. Fiber-type composition in shoulder and elbow muscles. Journal of Morphology. 251(3):323-332. (PDF, 1.35 MB) (PMID: 11835368) (DOI: 10.1002/jmor.1092)

Gribble PL, Scott SH. (2002) Method for assessing directional characteristics of non-uniformly sampled neural activity. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 113(2):185-195. (PDF, 245 KB) (PMID: 11772440) (DOI: 10.1016/S0165-0270(01)00492-7)

2001

Cabel DW, Cisek P, Scott SH. (2001) Neural activity in primary motor cortex related to mechanical loads applied to the shoulder and elbow during a postural task. Journal of Neurophysiology. 86(4):2101-2108. (PDF, 252 KB) (PMID: 11600665)

Scott SH, Gribble PL, Graham KM, Cabel DW. (2001) Dissociation between hand motion and population vectors from neural activity in motor cortex. Nature. 413:161-165. (PDF, 248 KB) (supplemental information, PDF, 89.7 KB) (PMID: 11557980) (DOI: 10.1038/35093102)

Scott SH. (2001) Vision to action: new insights from the flip of wrist. Nature Neuroscience. 4:969-970. (PDF, 804 KB) (PMID: 11574828) (DOI: 10.1038/nn1001-969)

2000

Scott SH. (2000) REPLY TO: 'One motor cortex, two different views'. Nature Neuroscience. 3:964-965. (PDF, 73.4 KB) (PMID: 11017159) (DOI: 10.1038/79888)

Scott SH. (2000) Role of motor cortex in coordinating multi-joint movements: Is it time for a new paradigm? Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. 78:923-933. (PDF, 334 KB) (PMID: 11100941)

Cheng EJ, Scott SH. (2000) Morphometry of Macaca mulatta forelimb. I. Shoulder and elbow muscles and segment inertial parameters. Journal of Morphology. 245:206-224. (PDF, 435 KB) (PMID: 10972970) (DOI: 10.1002/1097-4687(200009)245:3<206::AID-JMOR3>3.0.CO;2-U)

Scott SH. (2000) Population vectors and motor cortex: neural coding or epiphenomenon? Nature Neuroscience. 3:307-308. (PDF, 198 KB) (PMID: 10725914) (DOI: 10.1038/73859)

1995-1999

1999

Cisek P, Scott SH. (1999) An alternative interpretation of population vector rotation in macaque motor cortex. Neuroscience Letters. 272:1-4. (PDF, 385 KB) (PMID: 10507528) (DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3940(99)00338-9)

Scott SH. (1999) Apparatus for measuring and perturbing shoulder and elbow joint positions and torques during reaching. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 89:119-127. (PDF, 739 KB) (PMID: 10491942) (DOI: 10.1016/S0165-0270(99)00053-9)

1998

Sergio LH, Scott SH. (1998) Hand and joint paths during reaching movements with and without vision. Experimental Brain Research. 122:157-164. (PDF, 120 KB) (PMID: 9776514)

1997

Kalaska JF, Scott SH, Cisek P, Sergio LH. (1997) Cortical control of reaching. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 7:849-859. (PDF, 1.51 MB) (PMID: 9464979) (DOI: 10.1016/S0959-4388(97)80146-8)

Scott SH, Sergio LH, Kalaska JF. (1997) Reaching movements with similar hand paths but different arm orientations. II. Activity of individual cells in dorsal premotor and parietal area 5 cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 78:2413-2426. (PDF, 270 KB) (PMID: 9356393)

Scott SH. (1997) Comparison of onset time and magnitude of activity for proximal arm muscles and motor cortical cells prior to reaching movements. Journal of Neurophysiology. 77:1016-1022. (PDF, 126 KB) (PMID: 9065865)

Scott SH, Kalaska JF. (1997) Reaching movements with similar hand paths but different arm orientations. I. Activity of individual cells in motor cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 77:826-853. (PDF, 496 KB) (PMID: 9065853)

1996

Smith AM, Scott SH. (1996) The subjective scaling of smooth-surface friction. Journal of Neurophysiology. 75(5):1957-1962. (PDF, 1.41 MB) (PMID: 8734594)

Loeb GE, Brown IE, Scott SH. (1996) Current issues in directional motor control. Trends in Neuroscience. 18(11):506-510. (PDF, 302 KB) (PMID: 8592761) (DOI: 10.1016/0166-2236(95)92775-L)

Brown IE, Scott SH, Loeb GE. (1996) Mechanics of feline soleus: II. Design and validation of a mathematical model. Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility. 17:219-232. (PDF, 663 KB) (PMID: 8793724) (DOI: 10.1007/BF00124244)

Scott SH, Brown IE, Loeb GE. (1996) Mechanics of feline soleus: I. Effect of fascicle length and velocity on force output. Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility. 17:207-219. (PDF, 958 KB) (PMID: 8793723) (DOI: 10.1007/BF00124243)

1995

Scott SH. (1995) Commentary: Can the λ model be used to interpret the activity of single neurons? Brain and Behavioural Sciences. 18(4):778-779. (DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X00041005)

Scott SH, Kalaska JF. (1995) Changes in motor cortex activity during reaching movements with similar hand paths but different arm postures. Journal of Neurophysiology. 73:2563-2567. (PDF, 1.11 MB) (PMID: 7666162)

Scott SH, Loeb GE. (1995) The mechanical properties of the aponeurosis and tendon of the cat soleus muscle during whole-muscle isometric contractions. Journal of Morphology. 224:73-86. (PDF, 1.13 MB) (PMID: 7723049) (DOI: 10.1002/jmor.1052240109)

1990-1994

1994

Scott SH, Loeb GE. (1994) The computation of position-sense from spindles in mono- and multi-articular muscles. Journal of Neuroscience. 14:7529-7540. (PDF, 3.89 MB) (PMID: 7996193)

1993

Young RP, Scott SH, Loeb GE. (1993) The distal hindlimb musculature of the cat. I. Multiaxis moment arms at the ankle joint. Experimental Brain Research. 96:141-151. (PDF, 1.28 MB) (PMID: 8243576) (DOI: 10.1007/BF00230447)

Scott SH, Engstrom CM, Loeb GE. (1993) Morphometry of human thigh muscles. Determination of fascicle architecture from magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of Anatomy. 182:249-258. (PDF, 821 KB) (PMID: 8376199)

Scott SH, Winter DA. (1993) Biomechanical model of the human foot: kinematics and kinetics during the stance phase of walking. Journal of Biomechanics. 26(9):1091-1104. (PDF, 2.96 MB) (PMID: 8408091) (DOI: 10.1016/S0021-9290(05)80008-9)

1992

Young RP, Scott SH, Loeb GE. (1992) An intrinsic mechanism to stabilize posture - joint-angle-dependent moment arms of the feline ankle muscles? Neuroscience Letters. 145:137-140. (PDF, 400 KB) (PMID: 1465209) (DOI: 10.1016/0304-3940(92)90005-R)

Scott SH, Thomson DB, Richmond FJR, Loeb GE. (1992) Neuromuscular organization of feline anterior sartorius: II. Mechanics during stimulation of nerve branches containing asymmetrically distributed motor units. Journal of Morphology. 213:171-183. (PDF, 1.1 MB) (PMID: 1518070) (DOI: 10.1002/jmor.1052130204)

1991

Thomson DB, Scott SH, Richmond FJR. (1991) Neuromuscular organization of feline anterior sartorius: I. Asymmetric distribution of motor units. Journal of Morphology. 210:147-162. (PDF, 1.3 MB) (PMID: 1836236) (DOI: 10.1002/jmor.1052100205)

Winter DA, Scott SH. (1991) Technique for interpretation of EMG for concentric and eccentric contractions of gait. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 1(4):263-269. (PDF, 343 KB) (PMID: 20870517) (DOI: 10.1016/1050-6411(91)90013-U)

Scott SH, Winter DA. (1991) Talocrural and talocalcaneal joint kinematics and kinetics during the stance phase of walking. Journal of Biomechanics. 24(8):743-752. (PMID: 1918097) (DOI: 10.1016/0021-9290(91)90338-N)

Scott SH, Winter DA. (1991) A comparison of three muscle pennation assumptions and their effect on isometric and isotonic force. Journal of Biomechanics. 24(2):163-167. (PMID: 2037616) (DOI: 10.1016/0021-9290(91)90361-P)

1990

Scott SH, Winter DA. (1990) Internal forces at chronic running injury sites. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 22(3):357-369. (PMID: 2381304) (DOI: 10.1249/00005768-199006000-00013)


Technical Reports

Gregor S, Scott SH. (2014) Learning Effects Study: Report. (PDF, 615 KB)

Peterson J, Scott SH. (2015) Perturbation Task Technical Report. (PDF, 807 KB)


News Articles

Since its inception, KINARM has been featured in quite a few newspaper and Internet articles. Below is a listing of some of those articles, and any others involving Dr. Scott and his work.

  • Robotic invention used to assess stroke patients. Science Daily. 23 April, 2007.

    Researchers at Queen’s and Providence Continuing Care Centre (PCCC) are testing a robotic tool – designed and invented by Anatomy and Cell Biology professor Stephen Scott – to determine if it can assess neurological and motor functioning of stroke patients more accurately than traditional methods...

  • Robotic invention used to assess stroke patients. Queen's News Centre. 17 April, 2007.

    Researchers at Queen’s and Providence Continuing Care Centre (PCCC) are testing a robotic tool – designed and invented by Anatomy and Cell Biology professor Stephen Scott – to determine if it can assess neurological and motor functioning of stroke patients more accurately than traditional methods...

  • Kudos for KINARM Invention. Queen's Gazette. December 6, 2004. Vol. XXXV, No. 20, p. 8.

    A new robotic invention for assessing the motor skills of people with stroke and spinal cord injuries is getting international attention...

  • Invention connects brain functioning to limb control. Queen's Gazette. September 9, 2002. Vol. XXXIII, No. 14, p. 8.

    A Queen’s neuroscientist’s invention to help understand the role of the brain in arm and leg movement will dramatically improve the assessment and rehabilitation of stroke and spinal cord victims. It will also help lay the groundwork for development of neural prostheses that can re-activate paralyzed limbs...

  • Queen's researchers win 12 new PREAs. Queen's Gazette. May 5, 2003. Vol. XXXIV, No. 9, p.9.

    Twelve Queen’s researchers – in areas ranging from drug discovery, safety in gas pipelines, and cartilage implants to next-generation wireless mobile networks, and new ways of predicting drought conditions – are recipients of prestigious 2003 Premier’s Research Excellence Awards (PREAs)...

  • Limb movement expert Stephen Scott wins Basmajian Award. Queen's Gazette. June 17, 2002. Vol. XXXIII, No. 11, p. 1.

    Stephen Scott (Anatomy & Cell Biology) is this year’s winner of the Mihran and Mary Basmajian Award for Excellence in Research. Dr. Scott was recognized for his research into the coordination and adaptive learning of limb movements and how regions of the brain are involved in these tasks.

  • Five faculty win Chancellor’s Awards. Queen's Gazette. January 15, 2001. Vol XXXII, No. 1, p. 1.

    Novel research projects ranging from reading to robotic arms has earned five Queen’s faculty members the 2001 Chancellor’s Research Awards.

  • KINARM gathers data on arm's motor function deficits. The Medical Post. September 24, 2002. Vol. 38, Issue 34.

    Researchers here have developed a unique robotic device to gather quantitative data on deficits in motor function in people with movement deficits due to stroke or other diseases.

  • Invention connects brain functioning to limb control. R&D Digest. October, 2002.

    A neuroscientist at Queen's University (Kingston, ON, Canada) has created a mathematical model and a new device that could eventually increase understanding of the role the brain plays in arm and leg movement. His invention may ultimately improve methods for assessing and rehabilitating stroke and spinal cord victims. It could also help provide the basis for developing neural prostheses capable of restoring function to paralyzed limbs.