Indigenous Studies (INDG)
A minor Plan in Indigenous Studies is an interdisciplinary degree, designed to draw together a range of course offerings on Indigenous history, culture, experience, language and ways of knowing from 14 departments within Arts and Science.
This Plan will give both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal students the opportunity to immerse themselves in Indigenous history and culture, to ensure that future leaders and policymakers have a solid foundation in the histories of First Nations, Métis and Inuit Peoples. Students expand their knowledge and understanding of Indigenous cultures, while developing professional skills such as innovative Indigenous approaches to learning and research to work with Aboriginal communities.
Students develop a broad interdisciplinary knowledge base on Indigenous cultures, spirituality, social systems, history, language, and contemporary issues, which is a sought-after quality in careers in Education, Law, Business, Policy and Governance or Advocacy and Social Services.
Minor in Indigenous Studies
Plan consists of 30.0 units as described below. The Plan, in combination with a Major Plan in another subject and with sufficient electives, will lead to an Honours Bachelors Degree.
The core courses of the Plan in Indigenous Studies are to provide students with core knowledge of the histories and cultures of Indigenous peoples in Canada and globally. The core courses will introduce students to Indigenous worldviews, histories, geographies, politics, education, spirituality and art, as well concepts of colonization, decolonization and Indigenous-settler relations.Option courses deepen and broaden students' understanding of Indigenous Knowledge system through a wide variety of courses from various disciplines
CORE COURSES (6.0 units):
A. 6.0 units from DEVS 220/ 3.0 (Introduction to Aboriginal Studies) and DEVS 221/ 3.0 (Topics in Aboriginal Studies)
OPTION COURSES (24.0 units)
A. 24.0 units from INDG_Options
Please note: The following list contains courses offered through several Departments. Students are encouraged to consult course outlines and course descriptions for more information. In accordance with Academic Regulation 2.5 (Access to Classes), students do not have enrolment priority in all of these courses. Access to courses at the 300 and 400 level may only be available to students who are completing a Major Plan in the corresponding discipline.
INDG option courses:
ARTH 231/3.0; ARTH 232/3.0;ARTH 248/3.0; ARTH 272/3.0; ARTH 348/3.0; ARTH 372/3.0
BIOL 319/3.0; BIOL 421/3.0; BIOL 422/3.0;
DEVS 100/6.0; DEVS 320/3.0;
DRAM 303/3.0; DRAM 319/3.0
ENGL 480/6.0; ENGL 481/3.0; ENGL 482/3.0
GNDS 212/3.0; GNDS 340/3.0; GNDS 375/3.0; GNDS 432/6.0
GPHY 351/3.0; GPHY 368/3.0
HIST 124/6.0; HIST 207/3.0; HIST 208/3.0; HIST 256/3.0; HIST 262/3.0; HIST 313/6.0; HIST 324/6.0; HIST 335/9.0; HIST 436/4.5; HIST 442/4.5; HIST 455/9.0; HIST 461/4.5; HIST 467/9.0
LLCU 322/3.0; LLCU 301/3.0; LLCU 302/3.0; LLCU 101/3.0:Mohawk I; LLCU 102/3.0: Mohawk II; LLCU 101/3.0:Inuktitut I
MUSC 289/3.0; MUSC 488/3.0
POLS 320/3.0; POLS 347/3.0
Students can take a variety of pathways through the Plan, depending on what else they are studying, where their interest lie and where they already have the prerequisites for higher level study. For example, a student who has already been introduced to major concepts in Indigenous Studies and has already taken courses in art and literature in other departments, would have the skills necessary to take a fourth- year English course in Indigenous Literatures.
Please note: You may not double-count courses; i.e. if you are DEVS major, you cannot count DEVS 100 towards DEVS and INDG
Here are several examples of Plan pathways:
Pathway A: Social Sciences focused:
Year 1: DEVS 100/6.0
Year 2: DEVS 220/3.0 and DEVS 221/3.0
Year 3: RELS 227/3.0, HIST 256/3.0. POLS 320/3.0
Year 4: INTS 307/3.0, GPHY 351/3.0, DEVS 394/3.0
This pathway works well for a student doing a Major Plan in any of the social sciences, such as Political Studies, Geography, Sociology, Economics.
Pathway B: Language and Culture focused:
Year 1: LLCU 101 (Mohawk I)/3.0 and LLCU 102 (Mohawk II)/3.0
Year 2: DEVS 220/3.0 and DEVS 221/3.0, ARTH 231/3.0, ARTH 232/3.0
Year 3: DRAM 303/3.0, LLCU 101 (Inuktitut I)/3.0
Year 4: ENGL 480/3.0, ENGL 481/3.0
This pathway works well for a student doing a Major Plan in English.
Pathway C: Science and Social Science focused:
Year 1:HLTH 101/3.0, HIST 124/3.0
Year 2: DEVS 220/3.0, DEVS 221/3.0, DEVS 320/3.0
Year 3: GPHY 368/3.0, GPHY 351/3.0, BIOL 319/3.0
Year 4: BIOL 421/3.0, BIOL 422/3.0
This pathway works well for a student doing a Major Plan in Life Sciences or Biology or a Specialization in Environmental Biology.
Pathway D: Indigenous Studies focused:
Year 1: HLTH 101/3.0, LLCU 101/3.0 ( Mohawk I or Inuktitut I)
Year 2: DEVS 220/3.0, DEVS 221/3.0, GNDS: 212/3.0, HIST 208/3.0
Year 3: GNDS 340/3.0, HIST 262/3.0, MUSC 289/3.0, RELS 227/3.0
This pathway shows a selection of courses with minimal prerequisites that can be taken with electives of the student's choosing to complete a 3-year General Plan in Indigenous Studies.
DEVS 220/3.0: Introduction to Aboriginal Studies
An introduction to Aboriginal world view and culture organized on an historical basis, from Creation to 1969, emphasizing Aboriginal culture and experience in Canada. Aboriginal perspectives will be introduced through traditional teaching methods and contributions from elders and other community members.
DEVS 221/ 3.0: Topics in Aboriginal Studies
Re-evaluation of conventional knowledge based on aboriginal world view and culture and the introduction of a decolonized perspective on contemporary issues. Guest speakers will provide detailed examinations of specific topics such as current issues in Aboriginal spirituality, art, education and politics.
ARTH 231/3.0: Canadian Art I
A study of Canadian art from its beginnings through the nineteenth century. The nature and development of Canadian art within the context of the social, political and economic history of the country will be examined.
ARTH 232/3.0:Canadian Art II
A study of Canadian art from the end of the nineteenth century. The nature and development of Canadian art within the context of the social, political and economic history of the country will be examined.
ARTH 248/3.0 Introduction to the Indigenous Arts of North America
An introduction to the arts and visual culture of the indigenous peoples of North America from north of the Rio Grande to the Arctic, encompassing pre-history, colonialism, and the modern period. Key works from six regional zones are studied in their historical and cultural contexts.
ARTH 272/3.0: Latin American Art
Surveys the art and architecture of Latin America from the pre-Hispanic period to the present, from Patagonia to California. Particular attention is paid to the contribution of aboriginal artists and traditions to colonial visual culture and the built environment. Considers the rise of the academies, Nationalism, Indigenism, Romanticism, Modernism (Kahlo, Rivera, Tarsila), Madí and Chicano muralism
ARTH 348/3.0 Arts of the Arctic
A study of the arts and visual culture of the Indigenous peoples of the northern circumpolar region encompassing Alaska, Canada, and Greenland, with a main focus on Dorset, Thule, and post-1950 Inuit arts. Students will examine the development of modern Inuit art markets, including reception, promotion, and circulation in the south.
ARTH 372/3.0: Art of Colonial Latin America
Considers art, architecture, and ephemera in Colonial Latin America (1492-1820) with particular attention to the aboriginal contribution to visual culture and built environment and the impact of multiculturalism (Africans, Asians, mestizos, Europeans of various nationalities)
BIOL 319/3.0: Introduction to Ethnobothany
Ethnobotany is the study of culture arising from the relationship between indigenous peoples and local flora. The discipline of ethnobotany will be introduced and case studies used to examine the ways in which challenges such as climate change, deforestation, cultural assimilation and pressure to discover new medicines are changing global communities.
BIOL 421/3.0: Conservation Genetics
This course will explore genetic aspects of conservation, addressing questions such as: How is genetic variation lost? Can loss of genetic variation result in extinction? How much genetic variation is 'enough' for population viability? Can loss of genetic variation be prevented? How do we define management units for conservation? And is hybridization a problem or a benefit for conservation?
BIOL 422/3.0: Conservation Biology
The application of biological research to the conservation of biodiversity and natural resources, as well as the interaction of biology with philosophy, politics and economics in influencing conservation policy
DEVS 100/6.0: Canada and the 'Third World'
Introduces basic theoretical concepts of development studies, the history of global inequality, and short histories of alternative development strategies. Case studies of Canada’s ties to the so-called third world will include missionaries, military, business, and aid. Canadian colonialism over First Nations peoples will introduce basic issues in Aboriginal Studies.
DEVS 320/3.0: AIDS, Power and Poverty
HIV/AIDS is one of the most pressing development issues in the world today. This course examines the cultural, political, economic, and other social factors that contribute to its transmission and intractability, and which help to explain the differential impact of the disease upon societies worldwide. Particular attention is paid to the ways that specific social/sexual identities and practices arising from inequitable class, gender, race, and ethnic relations, affect the prevalence of HIV, the ability to contain its spread, and the human costs that it entails
DRAM 303/3.0: First Nations Playwrights
A survey of the work of First Nations playwrights, exploring the stories, concerns and aesthetics of these contemporary, mostly Canadian, theatrical practitioners. Course work involves reading, discussion, and writing descriptively, critically or creatively about selected pieces in artistic, social and/or political contexts
DRAM 319/3.0: Special Studies II
A seminar or workshop in selected areas of the curriculum. Not offered every year. See Department for details.
ENGL 480/6.0: Studies in Indigenous Literature
For detailed information, consult the Department
ENGL 481/3.0: Topics in Indigenous Literature I
For detailed information, consult the Department
ENGL 482/3.0: Topics in Indigenous Literature II
For detailed information, consult the Department
GNDS 212/3.0: Racism, Colonialism and Resistance
Decades after the formal decolonization of former colonies, the power relations of the colonial world - and the racism it engendered - remain deeply embedded in the West, and are intrinsic to contemporary relations of globalization. This course explores European colonialism; historical and social constructions of ‘race’; the ongoing occupation of Indigenous peoples’ territories; and contemporary racism
GNDS 340/3.0: Indigenous Women, Feminism and Resistance
Examines scholarship, creative works, and activism by Indigenous women as a basis for introducing Indigenous feminist thought. Cases examine the many ways that Indigenous women and LGBTQ/Two-Spirit people participate in Indigenous nations, experience and resist settler colonialism, and work for Indigenous decolonization.
GNDS 375/3.0: Queer/Race Studies
This course explores current theory in queer studies by centrally examining the interdependence of race, sexuality, and gender. The course foregrounds the critical insights that follow sustained study of race in queer studies, and of queer matters in critical race, Indigenous, global, and diaspora studies
GNDS 432/6.0: Settler Colonialism: Indigenous Politics
Examines critical theories and case studies of politics and governance in Indigenous and settler societies, based in Indigenous feminist thought. Cases examine the relation between nationality, gender, and sexuality within colonial relations of rule, methods of Indigenous governance, Indigenous sovereignty struggles, and theories and practices of decolonization. This course contains an intensive and independent study component.
GPHY 351/3.0: Aboriginal Geographies of Canada
An overview of selected elements of the geographies of Aboriginal peoples in Canada with a focus on the relationship between Aboriginal peoples and their environments, urbanization and culture change, and colonialism.
GPHY 368/3.0: Environments and Society
A critical evaluation of the changing relationships between nature and society.
HIST 124/6.0: Canada in the World
An introduction to major themes and events in the history of Canada placed in a North American and world context. Topics include relations between natives and newcomers, comparative colonialism, the emergence of nation-states and new social and cultural identities. Assignments emphasize analysis of historical texts and development of research and writing skills.
HIST 207/3.0 Global Indigenous Histories
A survey of various historical case studies that will explore the causes, conflicts, and consequences that have occurred wherever indigenous peoples have encountered colonizing invaders. Significant questions will include who is indigenous?, who is not?, and can one speak of a global indigenous history?
NOTE Only offered online. Consult Continuing and Distance Studies.
HIST 208/3.0: Introduction to Themes in Canadian History I
An interdisciplinary course in which the Canadian nation state will be examined from a geographic, historical, political, cultural and economic perspective, with particular attention being paid to the First Nations and linguistic minorities.
HIST 256/3.0: The Making of the North American Environment
A history of North American environmental issues, politics, and movements. The course explores the historical relationship between nature and culture, from the natural world of pre-contact native societies to the contemporary environmental crisis. Topics include the fur trade, 19th-century pollution, national parks, nuclear power, and deep ecology.
HIST 313/6.0: British North America, 1759-1867
This course will survey the political, social, economic, and cultural development of the British colonies that became Canada from the conquest of Quebec to Confederation. Native-newcomer relations, the maturation of settler societies, and new institutional structures will receive special attention. Different historical approaches and the use of primary sources will be emphasized.
HIST 324/6.0: Race and Immigration in North America
Race relations and immigration in North American history, with emphasis on Canada from the 1840s to the 1980s. Covers native-non-native contact, European immigrants, migration of blacks from the U.S. south, ethnic radicalism, Asian immigration, Japanese internment, immigration policy, ‘multiculturalism,’ and changing definitions of ‘race’.
HIST 335/9.0: The age of Jackson
An examination of Americans’ struggles with the conflicting ideals of republicanism and liberalism in the first half of the 19th century. Topics include the presidency of Andrew Jackson, political party formation, Native Americans, African-Americans, women, labour, the expansion of slavery, and the rise of sectional conflict.
HIST 436/4.5: Topics in Canadian Legal History
This seminar explores central issues in and approaches to legal history based on Canadian examples. Topics may include the history of crime and punishment; the legal regulation of gender, sexuality, ‘race’, and Native-newcomer relations; the law and the evolution of modern capitalism; and the history of the legal profession, and civil rights.
HIST 442/4.5: New World Societies
An exploration of how New World societies were born out of the contact between Europe, Africa, and the Americas that followed Columbus’ landing in 1492. Topics will include contact, colonisation, slavery, trade, race, culture and creolization.
HIST 455/9.0: Heresy, Holiness and Idolatry in the Iberian Atlantic
An exploration of the Spanish and Latin American Inquisitions and the Extirpation of Idolatries campaigns against indigenous peoples between 1492 and 1700. Themes include understanding Catholic orthodoxy, and how the practices of healing, prayer, witchcraft, and mysticism served as cultural unifiers and as markers of gender and ethnic differences.
HIST 461/4.5: Race and Ethnicity in Latin America 1492 to the Present
Examines the history of race relations in Latin America from European contact to the present. Topics include indigenous resistance and adaptation to conquest, African slavery and emancipation, debates about assimilation versus cultural survival, and whether Latin America provides a unique model of race relations.
HIST 467/9.0: First Nations of North America
An examination of First Nations history from ancient times to the present in North America with a particular focus on the Canadian experience. Topics include culture theory, disease, trade, missionaries, the writing of native history, and contemporary events
HLTH 101/3.0: Social Determinants of Health
This course provides an introduction to the study of health and illness, and explores the social determinants of health, which are the factors that affect the chances people have to lead healthy lives. Topics to be discussed include: what is health?; population and public health; specific social determinants such as income and housing; health among Aboriginal people; globalization; and HIV/AIDS in Africa.
INTS 307/3.0: Intercultural Relations
An examination of individual and group relations within and between culturally diverse societies. Topics include: relations among indigenous, immigrant and ethnocultural communities; acculturation and identity strategies; the role of prejudice, discrimination, dominance, emotions and values; intercultural communications and training; and modes of mutual accommodation (pluralism, internationalism and globalism).
LLCU 322/3.0: Conflict and Culture: Literature, Law, and Human Rights (formerly INTS 322)
An examination of international discourses on conflict and resolution, including theories of reconciliation, human rights, and international law, as portrayed in various media (fiction, theatre and film) and diverse cultural contexts (e.g. ancient Greece, Germany, South Africa and Canada [indigenous settler relations]).
LLCU 101/3.0: Beginning Language and Culture I
Offers a basic level of understanding, speaking, reading and writing for students with no knowledge of the language. The specific language will be announced on the Department of Languages, Literatures and Cultures web page.
LLCU 102/3.0: Beginning Language and Culture II
Continuation of LLCU 101/3.0: offering a basic level of understanding, speaking, reading and writing in the language. The specific language will be announced on the Department of Languages, Literatures and Cultures web page.
LLCU 301/3.0 Oral Tradition and Innovation in Cultural Transmission
An examination of traditional and innovative forms of oral cultural transmission in a selection of American, African and European contexts with particular focus on the interaction of narrative and technology.
LLCU 302/3.0 Unsettling: Indigenous Peoples & Canadian Settler Colonialism
An intersectional/interdisciplinary approach to the analysis of, and possible alternatives to, Canadian settler colonialism. Primacy given to indigenous voices/theories/ methods related to the history of indigenous lands and associated traditions/identities, the course focuses on the theory/practice of 'unsettling' the settler colonial societies.
PREREQUISITES: DEVS 220/3.0 or DEVS 221/3.0
MUSC 289/3.0: World Musics
An introduction to the study of music in culture, based on world music traditions. The course focuses on a selection of Native North American, African, European, Eastern and Middle Eastern, as well as other musical contexts.
MUSC 488/3.0: North American Native Music
An intensive study of the music cultures of First Peoples in North America. Both traditional and non-traditional musics will be examined
POLS 320/3.0: First Nations Politics
An examination of First Nations politics in a Canadian context, including aboriginal self-government.
POLS 347/3.0: The Politics of Africa
Major issues in the contemporary politics and political economy of sub-Saharan Africa. The development of the colonial and post-colonial state, capitalist development and the role of indigenous and international capital, and political and socio-economic aspects of class, ethnicity and gender
RELS 227/3.0: Religions of Native Peoples
Features of and theories about religious life in small-scale traditional societies. Includes Canadian Indians and Inuit.
2016-2017 Course Offerings
|Course Code||Course Name||Term||Times||Room||Instructor|
|ARTH 248||Introduction to the Indigenous Arts of North America||F||Wed. 10:00-11:30
|BIOL 422||Conservation Biology||W||Mon. 10:30-11:30
|ELLIS 324||V. Friesen|
|DEVS 100 001||Canada and the "Third World"||FW||Mon. 16:30-17:30
|BIOSCI AUD A||D. McDonald|
|DEVS 220||Introduction to Aboriginal Studies||F||Tue. 14:30-17:30||MCLAUG 315||R. Lovelace|
|DEVS 221||Topics in Aboriginal Studies||W||Thu. 14:30-17:30||DUNNIN12||R. Lovelace|
|DEVS 320||AIDS, Power, and Poverty||F||Mon. 11:30-1:30||MACCOR B201||M. Epprecht|
|ENGL 482||Topics in Indigenous Literatures II||F||Tue. 11:30-13:00
|MACCOR D326||P. Fachinger|
|ENGL 482||Topics in Indigenous Literatures II||W||Tue. 13:00-14:30
|GNDS 212||Racism, Colonialism and Resistance||F||Wed.15:30-17:30||WALGHT AUD||T. Salah|
|GPHY 368||Environments and Society||F||Mon. 14:30-16:00
|BIOSCI 1103||L. Cameron|
|HIST 124 001 AB||Canada in the World||FW||Wed. 4:00-5:30||KINGST 101||S. Maynard|
|HIST 313 AB||British North America, 1759-1867||FW||Thu. 14:30-17:30||ONTARO 207||J. McNairn|
|HIST 335AB||The Age of Jackson||FW||Wed. 14:30-17:30||WATSON122||S. Smith|
|HIST 436||Topics in Canadian Legal History||W||Wed. 11:30-14:30||MACCOR D405||J. McNairn|
|HIST 442||New World Societies||F||Tue. 18:30-21:30||MACCOR C508||N.van Deusen|
|HIST 461||Race and Ethnicity in Latin America 1492 to the Present||W||Wed. 14:30-17:30||HUMPHY 223||D. Parker|
|HLTH 101 001||Social Determinants of Health||F||Tue. 14:30-15:30||BIOSCI AUD||E. Power|
|HLTH 101 002||Mon. 13:30-14:30||BIOSCI AUD|
|LLCU 101 001||Beginning Language and Culture I: Mohawk I||F||Tue. 11:30-13:30
|ELLIS 319||N. Brinklow|
|LLCU 101 002||Beginning Language and Culture I: Inuktitut I||F||Tue. 1:00-2:30
|KINGST 104||N. McDermott|
|LLCU 102 001||Beginning Language and Culture II: Mohawk II||W||Tue. 11:30-13:00
|MACCORR E202||N. Brinklow|
|LLCU 295||Special Topics: Indigenous Digital Media||W||Mon. 13:00-14:30
|KINGST 204||J. Hardwick|
|LLCU 301||Oral Tradition and Innovation in Cultural Transmission||F||Tue. 13:00-14:30
|KINGST 304||D. Chamberlain|
|LLCU 302||Unsettling: Indigenous Peoples & Canadian Settler Colonialism||F||Tue. 13:00-14:30
|ELLIS 333||R. Day|
|LLCU 322||Conflict and Culture: Literature, Law, and Human Rights||F||Tue. 6:30-9:30 p.m.||ELLIS 321||J. Scott|
|MUSC 289||World Musics||W||Thu. 18:30-21:30||WALGHT AUD||M.Walker|
|POLS 320||First Nations Politics||W||Mon. 11:30-13:00
|POLS 347||The Politics of Africa||F||Mon. 11:30-13:00