Sex discrimination is an action leading to a distinction, intentional or not, based on a person’s real or perceived sex/gender that has the effect of imposing burdens, disadvantages, and limiting access to opportunities. Sex discrimination can manifest itself in many ways, including, but not limited to:

  • Differential treatment because a woman is, was, or may become pregnant. This can extend to negative treatment related to breast feeding, or a medical condition related to pregnancy or childbirth

  • An employment policy or practice that applies to everyone, regardless of sex, that has a negative impact on the employment of people of a certain sex and is not job-related or necessary to the operation of the business.

  • Differential treatment regarding any aspect of employment, including hiring, firing, pay, job assignments, promotions, layoff, training, and any other term or condition of employment

  • Differential treatment based on any aspect of academic life, including course evaluations, classroom interactions, choice of academic scholarship coursework, etc.

  • Treating someone less favorably because of his or her connection with an organization or group that is generally associated with people of a certain sex

  • Sex discrimination is also prohibited in the area of living accommodation; however the Ontario Human Rights Commission (O.H.R.C.) makes an exception and allows for gender specific residences.