References [Peltier blog]

Ball, J., & Bernhardt, B.M. (2008). First Nations English dialects in Canada: Implications for speech-language pathology. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, August 2008, 22 (8), 570-588.

Ball, J., Bernhardt, B., Deby, J., & Bernhardt, B. (2006). Project Proceedings from University of British Columbia: School of Audiology and Speech Sciences/ University of Victoria: School of Child and Youth Care: Exploring First Nations English dialects and implications for policy and practice.

Bernhardt, B.M.H., Ball, J., & Deby, J. (2007) Cross-Cultural interaction and children’s speech acquisition. In S. McLeod (Ed.), The International Guide to Speech Acquisition, (pp. 101-113). New York: Thomson Delmar Learning.

Cummins, J., Bismilla, V., Chow, P., Cohen, S., Giampapa, F., Leoni, L., Sandhu, P., & Sastri, P. (2006). ELL students speak for themselves: Identity texts and literacy engagement in Multilingual classrooms. Retrieved on November 19, 2008 from

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Mulder, J. (1982). The Tsimshian English Dialect: The result of language interference. In Essays in Native American English – Papers in Southwest English, 9 (pp. 95-112) San Antonio, Texas: Trinity University.

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Ontario Ministry of Education (2007). English Language Learners – ESL and ELD Programs and Services:  Policies and Procedures for Ontario Elementary and Secondary Schools, Kindergarten to Grade 12, 2007.  Available at:

Peltier, S. (2009).  First Nations English dialect in young children:  Assessment issues and supportive interventions, CLLRNet Literacy Encyclopedia. Retrieved April 16, 2009 from

Peltier, S. (2010). Facilitating Language and Literacy Learning For Students With Aboriginal English Dialects.  Canadian Journal of Native Education, Aboriginal Englishes and Education Supplement (32, 114-142).

Peltier, S. (2011). Providing Culturally Sensitive and Linguistically Appropriate Services: An Insider Construct. Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology (35, 2, Summer 2011, 126-134) Available at:

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Spielmann, R. (1998). “You’re so fat!”: Exploring Ojibwe discourse. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

Sterzuk, A. (2010). Indigenous English and Standard Language Ideology: Toward a Postcolonial View of English in Teacher Education.  Canadian Journal of Native Education, Aboriginal Englishes and Education Supplement (32, 100-113).

Valentine, L.P. (1995). Making It Their Own: Severn Ojibwe Communicative Practices. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.