Cross KP, Cook DJ, Scott SH. Rapid online corrections for proprioceptive and visual perturbations recruit similar circuits in primary motor cortex. eNeuro. 2024 Jan 18:ENEURO.0083-23.2024. doi: 10.1523/ENEURO.0083-23.2024. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 38238081.

Finn S,  Aliyianis T, Beattie B, Boissé Lomax L, Shukla G, Scott SH, Winston GP.  (2024) Robotic assessment of sensorimotor and cognitive deficits in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 151, 109613, ISSN 1525-5050, DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2023.109613.

Park K, Ritsma BR, Dukelow SP, Scott SH. A robot-based interception task to quantify upper limb impairments in proprioceptive and visual feedback after stroke. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2023 Oct 11;20(1):137. doi: 10.1186/s12984-023-01262-0. PMID: 37821970; PMCID: PMC10568927.

Jawa NA, Silver SA, Holden RM, Scott, SH, et al. Neurological Impairment in Critically Ill Patients on Dialysis: Research Letter for the INCOGNITO-AKI Feasibility Study. Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease. 2023;10. doi:10.1177/20543581231192743

Scott, S. H., Lowrey, C. R., Brown, I. E., & Dukelow, S. P. (2023). Assessment of Neurological Impairment and Recovery Using Statistical Models of Neurologically Healthy Behavior. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 37(6), 394–408.

Dobri, S. C. D., Scott, S. H., & Davies, T. C. (2023). Quantifying Effects of Dataset Size, Data Variability, and Data Curvature on Modelling of Simulated Age-Related Motor Development Data. bioRxiv.

Smith, D. B., Scott, S. H., Semrau, J. A., & Dukelow, S. P. (2023). Impairments of the ipsilesional upper-extremity in the first 6-months post-stroke. Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation, 20(1), 106.

Chilvers, M.J., Rajashekar, D., Low, T.A., Scott, S.H., Dukelow, S.P.. (2023). Clinical, Neuroimaging and Robotic Measures Predict Long-Term Proprioceptive Impairments following Stroke. Brain Sci. 2023, 13(6), 953;

de Lima-Pardini, A. C. de, Mikhail, Y., Dominguez-Vargas, A.-U., Dancause, N., & Scott, S. H. (2023). Transcranial magnetic stimulation in Non-Human Primates: A systematic review. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 105273.

Jawa, N. A., Boyd, J. G., Maslove, D. M., Scott, S. H., & Silver, S. A. (2023). Informed consent practices in clinical research: present and future. Postgraduate Medical Journal, qgad039.

Reid, L. N., Dukelow, S. P., & Scott, S. H. (2023). Impairments of the arm and hand are highly correlated during subacute stroke. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 55, jrm2174.

Park K, Chilvers MJ, Low TA, Dukelow SP, Scott SH. Directional and general impairments in initiating motor responses after stroke. Brain Commun. 2023 Mar 20;5(2):fcad066. DOI: 10.1093/braincomms/fcad066. PMID: 37056474; PMCID: PMC10087022.

Eveleigh, K. J., Deluzio, K. J., Scott, S. H., & Laende, E. K. (2023). Principal component analysis of whole-body kinematics using markerless motion capture during static balance tasks. Journal of Biomechanics, 152, 111556. DOI:

Moulton, R. H., Rudie, K., Dukelow, S. P., Benson, B. W., & Scott, S. H. (2023). Capacity Limits Lead to Information Bottlenecks in Ongoing Rapid Motor Behaviors. ENeuro, 10(3).PMID: 36858823 PMCID: PMC1001232 DOI: 10.1523/ENEURO.0289-22.2023

Hossain D, Scott SH, Cluff T, Dukelow SP. The use of machine learning and deep learning techniques to assess proprioceptive impairments of the upper limb after stroke. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2023 Jan 27;20(1):15. DOI: 10.1186/s12984-023-01140-9. PMID: 36707846; PMCID: PMC9881388.

Cross, K. P., Guang, H., & Scott, S. H. (2023). Proprioceptive and visual feedback responses in macaques exploit goal redundancy. The Journal of Neuroscience: The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 43 (5) 787-802.

Eveleigh KJ, Deluzio KJ, Scott SH, Laende EK (2023) Principal component analysis of whole-body kinematics using markerless motion capture during static balance tasks. Journal of Biomechanics 152:111556. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.4246368

Kasuga, S., Heming, E., Lowrey, C., & Scott, S. H. (2022). High intra-task and low inter-task correlations of motor skills in humans creates an individualized behavioural pattern. Scientific Reports, 12(1), 20156.

Kasuga, S., Crevecoeur, F., Cross, K. P., Balalaie, P., & Scott, S. H. (2022). Integration of proprioceptive and visual feedback during online control of reaching. Journal of Neurophysiology, 127(2), 354–372. DOI: 10.1152/jn.00639.2020

Moulton RH, Rudie K, Dukelow SP, Scott SH. Quantitatively assessing aging effects in rapid motor behaviours: a cross-sectional study. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2022 Jul 26;19(1):82. DOI: 10.1186/s12984-022-01035-1. PMID: 35883179.

Akbarifar F, Dukelow SP, Mousavi P, & Stephen H. Scott (2022). Computer-aided identification of stroke-associated motor impairments using a virtual reality augmented robotic system, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering: Imaging & Visualization, 10:3, 252-259, DOI: 10.1080/21681163.2021.2009377

Jawa NA, Vanderlinden JA, Scott SH, Jacobson JA, Silver SA, Holden R, Boyd JG. (2022). Visuospatial and Executive Dysfunction in Patients With Acute Kidney Injury, Chronic Kidney Disease, and Kidney Failure: A Multilevel Modeling Analysis. Can J Kidney Health Dis. 2022 Jun 14;9:20543581221103100. DOI: 10.1177/20543581221103100. PMCID: 35721396

Christiansen A, Scythes M, Ritsma BR, Scott SH & DePaul V. (2022). Art skill-based rehabilitation training for upper limb sensorimotor recovery post-stroke: A feasibility study. Clinical Rehabilitation, 02692155221105586. DOI:10.1177/02692155221105586

Lowrey CR, Dukelow SP, Bagg SD, Ritsma B, & Scott SH. (2022). Impairments in Cognitive Control Using a Reverse Visually Guided Reaching Task Following Stroke. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 36(7), 449–460. DOI:10.1177/15459683221100510

Gaprielian P, Scott SH, & Levy R. (2022). Reverse Visually Guided Reaching in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease. Parkinson's Disease, 2022, e8132923. DOI:10.1155/2022/8132923

Semrau JS, Scott SH, Hamilton AG, Petsikas D, Payne DM, Bisleri G, Saha T, & Boyd JG. (2022). Quantifying neurological function in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Cerebral Circulation - Cognition and Behavior, 3, 100137. DOI:10.1016/j.cccb.2022.100137

Vanderlinden JA, Semrau JS, Silver SA, Holden RM, Scott SH, & Boyd JG (2022). Acute kidney injury is associated with subtle but quantifiable neurocognitive impairments. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 37(2), 285–297. DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfab161





Scott, S.H. and Kalaska, J.F. (2021) Chapter 34 Voluntary Movement: Motor cortices. In Principles of Neural Sciences, 6th ed. Kandel, E.R., Koester, J., Mack, S.H., Siegelbaum, S.A., McGraw Hill, New York. 815-859.

Dobri SCD, Samdup D, Scott SH, Davies TC. Differentiating Motor Coordination in Children with Cerebral Palsy and Typically Developing Populations Through Exploratory Factor Analysis of Robotic Assessments. Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2021 Nov;2021:5936-5939. DOI: 10.1109/EMBC46164.2021.9630740. PMID: 34892470.

Kalidindi HT, Cross KP, Lillicrap TP, Omrani M, Falotico E, Sabes PN, Scott SH. Rotational dynamics in motor cortex are consistent with a feedback controller. Elife. 2021 Nov 3;10:e67256. DOI: 10.7554/eLife.67256. PMID: 34730516; PMCID: PMC8691841.

Chilvers MJ, Hawe RL, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2021) Investigating the neuroanatomy underlying proprioception using a stroke model. J Neurol Sci. 430:120029. DOI: 10.1016/j.jns.2021.120029. PMID: 34695704

Jawa NA, Holden RM, Silver SA, Scott SH, Day AG, Norman PA, Kwan BYM, Maslove DM, Muscedere J, Boyd JG., 2021. Identifying neurocognitive outcomes and cerebral oxygenation in critically ill adults on acute kidney replacement therapy in the intensive care unit: the INCOGNITO-AKI study protocol. BMJ Open. 2021 Aug 17;11(8):e049250. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-049250-049250.

Simmatis LER, Scott SH, Jin AY., 2021. Quantifying changes over 1 year in motor and cognitive skill after transient ischemic attack (TIA) using robotics. Sci Rep. 2021 Aug 23;11(1):17011. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-96177-y. (Correction published in 2023 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-30417-1)

Wood MD, Simmatis LER, Jacobson JA, Dukelow SP, Boyd JG, Scott SH., 2021. Principal Components Analysis Using Data Collected From Healthy Individuals on Two Robotic Assessment Platforms Yields Similar Behavioral Patterns. Front Hum Neurosci. 2021 May 6;15:652201. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2021.652201.

Vanderlinden JA, Holden RM, Scott SH, Boyd JG., 2021. Cerebral Perfusion in Hemodialysis Patients: A Feasibility Study. Can J Kidney Health Dis. 2021 May 6;8:20543581211010654. DOI: 10.1177/20543581211010654.

Kanko RM, Laende EK, Strutzenberger G, Brown M, Selbie WS, DePaul V, Scott SH, Deluzio KJ., 2021. Assessment of spatiotemporal gait parameters using a deep learning algorithm-based markerless motion capture system. 
J Biomech. 2021 Jun 9;122:110414. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2021.110414.

Keeling, A.B., Piitz, M., Semrau, J.A., Hill, M.D., Scott, S.H., Dukelow, S.P., 2021. Robot enhanced stroke therapy optimizes rehabilitation (RESTORE): a pilot study. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 18, 10. DOI: 10.1186/s12984-021-00804-8

Takei, T., Lomber, S.G., Cook, D.J., Scott, S.H., 2021. Transient deactivation of dorsal premotor cortex or parietal area 5 impairs feedback control of the limb in macaques. Current Biology. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2021.01.049

Herter, T.M., Kurtzer, I.L., Granat, L.M., Crevecoeur, F., Dukelow, S.P., Scott, S.H., 2021. Inter-joint coupling of position sense reflects sensory contributions of biarticular muscles. Journal of Neurophysiology. DOI: 10.1152/jn.00317.2019

Vanderlinden, J.A., Holden, R.M., Scott, S.H., Boyd, J.G., 2021. Robotic technology quantifies novel perceptual-motor impairments in patients with chronic kidney disease. J Nephrol. DOI: 10.1007/s40620-020-00912-z

Chen, Y., Poole, M.C., Olesovsky, S.V., Champagne, A.A., Harrison, K.A., Nashed, J.Y., Coverdale, N.S., Scott, S.H., Cook, D.J., 2021. Robotic Assessment of Upper Limb Function in a Nonhuman Primate Model of Chronic Stroke. Transl. Stroke Res. DOI: 10.1007/s12975-020-00859-0

Lohse, K.R., Hawe, R.L., Dukelow, S.P., Scott, S.H., 2021. Statistical Considerations for Drawing Conclusions About Recovery. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 35, 10–22. DOI: 10.1177/1545968320975437


Lowrey, C.R., Blazevski, B., Marnet, J. et al. Robotic tests for position sense and movement discrimination in the upper limb reveal that they each are highly reproducible but not correlated in healthy individuals. J NeuroEngineering Rehabil 17, 103 (2020). DOI: 10.1186/s12984-020-00721-2

Simmatis, L.E.R., Early, S., Moore, K.D. et al. Statistical measures of motor, sensory and cognitive performance across repeated robot-based testing. J NeuroEngineering Rehabil 17, 86 (2020). DOI: 10.1186/s12984-020-00713-2 Erratum: DOI: 10.1186/s12984-022-01120-5.

S. C. D. Dobri, D. Samdup, S. H. Scott and T. C. Davies, "Differentiating Motor Coordination and Position Sense in Children with Cerebral Palsy and Typically Developing Populations Through Robotic Assessments*," 2020 42nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC), Montreal, QC, Canada, 2020, pp. 3654-3657,  DOI:10.1109/EMBC44109.2020.9175878.

LER Simmatis, AY Jin, M Keiski, LB Lomax, SH Scott, GP Winston (2020) Assessing various sensorimotor and cognitive functions in people with epilepsy is feasible with robotics (vol 103 (A), 106859, 2020). Epilepsy & Behavior 106 PMID: 31918991 DIO: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2019.106859 with Corrigendum

Semrau, J.S., Scott, S.H., Hamilton, A.G. et al. Quantified pre-operative neurological dysfunction predicts outcome after coronary artery bypass surgery. Aging Clin Exp Res 32, 289–297 (2020). DOI: 10.1007/s40520-019-01184-9

KR Lohse, RL Hawe, SP Dukelow, SH Scott, K Lohse (2020) Statistical considerations for drawing conclusions about recovery. medRxiv 19013060

T Takei, SG Lomber, DJ Cook, SH Scott (2020) Causal roles of frontoparietal cortical areas in feedback control of the limb. bioRxiv 2020.05.02.072538;  DOI: 10.1101/2020.05.02.072538

KP Cross, EA Heming, DJ Cook, SH Scott (2020) Maintained representations of the ipsilateral and contralateral limbs during bimanual control in primary motor cortex. Journal of Neuroscience 26 August 2020, 40 (35) 6732-6747; DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0730-20.2020

CM Saliba, MJ Rainbow, WS Selbie, KJ Deluzio, SH Scott (2020) Co-contraction uses dual control of agonist-antagonist muscles to improve motor performance. bioRxiv 2020.03.16.993527; DOI: 10.1101/2020.03.16.993527


Semrau JS, Scott SH, Hamilton AG, Petsikas D, Payne DM, Bisleri G, Saha T, Boyd JG. (2019) Road to recovery: a study protocol quantifying neurological outcome in cardiac surgery patients and the role of cerebral oximetry. BMJ Open. 9(12):e032935 PMID: 31796491 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032935.

Mochizuki G, Centen A, Resnick M, Lowrey C, Dukelow SP, Scott SH. (2019) Movement kinematics and proprioception in post-stroke spasticity: assessment using the Kinarm robotic exoskeleton. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 16(1):146 PMID: 31753011 DOI:10.1186/s12984-019-0618-5

Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2019) Vision does not always help stroke survivors compensate for impaired limb position sense. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 16(1):129 PMID: 31666135 DOI: 10.1186/s12984-019-0596-7 

Semrau JA, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2019) Differential loss of position sense and kinesthesia in sub-acute stroke. Cortex. 121:414-426. PMID: 31710936 DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2019.09.013

Gaprielian, P., Scott, S.H., Lowrey, C., Reid, S., Pari, G., Levy, R. (2019) Integrated robotics platform with haptic control differentiates subjects with Parkinson’s disease from controls and quantifies the motor effects of levodopa.  J Neuroeng Rehabil. 16, 124 (2019)  PMID:31655612  DOI:10.1186/s12984-019-0598-5

Heming, E.A., Cross, K.P., Takei, T., Cook, D.J., Scott, S.H. (2019) Independent representations of ipsilateral and contralateral limbs in primary motor cortex. ElifePMID: 31625506 DOI:10.7554/eLife.48190

Crevecoeur, F., Scott, S.H., Cluff, T., (2019) Robust control in human reaching movements: a model-free strategy to compensate for unpredictable disturbances. J. Neurosci. PMID: 31488611 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0770-19.2019

Findlater, S.E., Hawe, R.L., Mazerolle, E.L., Al Sultan, A.S., Cassidy, J.M., Scott, S.H., Pike, G.B., Dukelow, S.P., (2019) Comparing CST Lesion Metrics as Biomarkers for Recovery of Motor and Proprioceptive Impairments After Stroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 1545968319868714. PMID: 31434533 DOI: 10.1177/1545968319868714

Cross K.P., Cluff T., Takei T., Scott S.H. (2019) Visual feedback processing of the limb involves two distinct phases. J Neurosci. Jul 15. 3112-18 PMID: 31308095 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3112-18.2019

Wood, M.D. et al. (2019) Assessing the relationship between near-infrared spectroscopy derived regional cerebral oxygenation and neurological dysfunction in critically ill adults:  a prospective observational multicentre protocol, on behalf of the Canadian Critical Care Trials Group.  BMJ 9:(6) e029189, (PMID:31243036) (doi:  10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029189)

Semrau, J.S, Scott, S.H., Hamilton, A.G., Petsikas, D., Payne, D.M, Bisleri, G., Saha, T. and Boyd, J.G. (2019) Quantified pre-operative neurological dysfunciton predicts outcome after coronary artery bypass surgery.  Aging Clin Exp Res(PMID:  30963519) (DOI:  10.1007/s40520-019-01184-9)

Skarsgard, M., Dobri, S.C.D., Samdup, D., Scott, S.H. and Davies, C.T. (2019)  Toward Robot-Assisted Diagnosis of Developmental Coordination Disorder.   IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters. 4(2) 346-350 (DOI: 10.1109/LRA.2018.2885197)

Simmatis, L.E.R., Scott, S.H. and Jin, A.Y.  (2019)  The impact of transient ischemic attack (TIA) on brain and behaviour.  Front Behav Neurosci. Mar 11; 13:44 (PMID:  30914931) (DOI:  10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00044) eCollection 2019.

Lowrey, C.R., Bourke, T.C., Bagg, S.D., Dukelow, S.P. and Scott, S.H. (2019)  A postural unloading task to assess fast corrective responses in the upper limb following stroke.  J Neuroeng Rehabil. 16(1): 16 (PMID: 30691482) (DOI: 10.1186/s12984-019-0483-2)

Simmatis, L., Atallah, G., Scott, S.H. and Taylor, S. (2019)  The feasibility of using robotic technology to quantify sensory, motor, and cognitive impairments associated with ALS. Amyotroph Lateral Scler Frontotemporal Degener. Feb;20(1-2) 43-52 (PMID: 30688092) (DOI: 10.1080/21678421.2018.1550515)

Hawe, R.L., Scott, S.H. and Dukelow, S.D. (2019)  Taking proportional out of stroke recovery.  Stroke. 50:204-211. (PMID: 30580742)  (DOI:  10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.023006)

Logan, L.M., Semrau, J.A., Cluff, T., Scott, S.H. and Dukelow, S.D. (2019)  Effort matching between arms depends on relative limb geometry and personal control.  J Neurophysiol. 121(2):459-470 (PMID: 30540499) (DOI:  10.1152/jn.00346.2018)


Semrau, J.A., Herter, T.M., Scott, S.H. and Dukelow, S.D. (2018)  Vision of the upper limb fails to compensate for kinesthetic impairments in subacute stroke.  Cortex. 109:245-259.  (PMID: 30391879) (DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2018.09.022)

Hawe, R.L., Findlater, S.E., Kenzie, J.M., Hill, M.D., Scott, S.H. and Dukelow, S.D. (2018)  Differential impact of acute lesions versus white matter hyperintensities on stroke recovery.  J Am Heart Assoc.  7(18):e009360.  (PMID: 30371192) (DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.118.009360)

Findlater, S.E., Hawe, R.L., Semrau, J.A., Kenzie, J.M, Yu, A.Y., Scott, S.H. and Dukelow, S.D. (2018)  Lesion locations associated with persistent proprioceptive impairment in the upper limbs after stroke.  Neuroimage Clin.   20:955-971 PMID: 30312939, DOI: 10.1016/j.nicl.2018.10.003

Wood, M.D., Maslove, D.M., Muscedere, J., Scott, S.H. and Boyd, J.G., On behalf of the Canadian Critical Care Trials Group (2018)  Robotic technology provides objective and quantifiable metrics of neurocognitive functioning in survivors of critical illness;  A feasibility study.  Journal of Critical Care 48:228-236. (PMID:30243203) (doi:10.1016/j.jcrc.2018.09.011

Wood, M.D., Simmatis, L.E.R., Boyd, J.G., Scott, S.H. and Jacobson, J.A.  (2018)  Using principal component analysis to reduce complex datasets produced by robotic technology in healthy participants.  J Neuroeng Rehabil  15:71.  (PMID: 30064448) (DOI: 10.1186/s12984-018-0416-5)

Takei, T., Crevecoeur, F., Herter, T.M., Cross, K.P. and Scott, S.H. (2018)  Correlations between primary motor cortex activity with recent past and future limb motion during unperturbed reaching.  J Neurosci 38:7787-7799. (PMID:30037832) (doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2667-17.2018). 

Mang, C.S., Whitten, T.A., Cosh, M.S., Scott, S.H., Wiley, J.P., Debert, C.T., Dukelow, S.P. and Benson, B.W.  (2018)  Test-retest reliability of the KINARM end-point robot for assessment of sensory, motor and neurocognitive function in young adult athletes.  PLoS One 13(4):e0196205.  (PMID: 29689075) (DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.016205)

Semrau, J.S., Scott, S.H., Hamilton, A.G., Petsikas, D., Payne, D.M., Visleri, G., Saha, T. and Boyd, J.G. (2018)  The relationship between cerebral oxygen saturation and quantitative metrics of neurological function after coronary bypass surgery; a feasibiltiy study.  The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery  59(5) 716-728 (PMID:  29616521) (DOI:  10.2376/S0021-9509.18.10280-1)
Kurtzer I, Bouyer LJ, Bouffard J, Jin A, Christiansen L, Neilsen JB, Scott SH. (2018)  Variable impact of tizanidine on the medium latency reflex of upper and lower limbs.  Exp Brain Res 236(3):665-677.  (PMID: 29299640) (DOI: 10.1007/s00221-017-5126-6)

Logan LM, Semrau JA, Debert CT, Kenzie JM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2018) Using robotics to quantify impairments in sensorimotor ability, visuospatial attention, working memory, and executive function after traumatic brain injury.  J Head Trauma Rehabil. 33(4):E61-E71.  (PMID: 29084099)


Simmatis L, Krett J, Scott SH, Jin AY.  (2017)  Robotic exoskeleton assessment of transient ischemic attack.  PLoS One 12(12):e0188786.  (PMID: 29272289) (DOI:  10.1371/journal.pone.0188786)

Kenzie JM, Semrau JA, Hill MD, Scott SH, Dukelow SP.  (2017) A composite robotic-based measure of upper limb proprioception.  J Neuroeng Rehabil.  14(10):114.  (PMID: 29132388)  (DOI:  10.1186/s12984-017-0329-8)

Silasi G, Boyd J, Bolanos F, LeDue J, Scott SH, Murphy TH. (2017) Individualized tracking of self-directed motor learning in group-housed mice performing a skilled lever positioning task in the home cage.  J Neurophysiol. 119(1):337-346. (PMID: 29070625) (DOI:10.1152n/jn.00115.2017)

Scott SH. (2017) Stalling for time:  It's not the magnitude, but the way neurons fire that matters.  Neuron. 95(1):6-8.  (PMID:28683269) (DOI:10.1016/j.neuron.2017.06.033)

Centen A, Lowrey CR, Scott SH, Yeh T-T, Mochizuki G. (2017) KAPS (kinematic assessment of passive stretch): a tool to assess elbow flexor and extensor spasticity after stroke using a robotic exoskeleton. J Neuroeng Rehabil.14:59. (PMID:28629415) (DOI: 10.1186/s12984-017-0272-8)

Semrau JA, Herter TM, Kenzie JM, Findlater SE, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2017)  Robotic characterization of ipsilesional motor function in subacute stroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 31(6):571-582. (PMID: 28443784) (DOI: 10.1177/1545968317704903)

Semrau JA, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2017)  Inter-rater reliability of kinesthetic measurements with the KINARM robotic exoskeleton. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 14(1):42.  (PMID: 28532512) (DOI: 10.1186/s12984-017-0260-z)

Lowrey CR, Nashed JY, Scott SH. (2017) Rapid and flexible whole body postural responses are evoked from perturbations to the upper limb during goal-directed reaching. Journal of Neurophysiology. 117(3):1070-1083. (PMID: 28003415) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.01004.2015)

Mostafavi SM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP, Mousavi P. (2017) Reduction of Assessment Time for Stroke-Related Impairments Using Robotic Evaluation. IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering. 25(7):945-955(DOI: 10.1109/TNSRE.2017.2669986)


Little CE, Emery C, Scott SH, Meeuwisse W, Palacios-Derflingher L, Dukelow SP. (2016) Do children and adolescent ice hockey players with and without a history of concussion differ in robotic testing of sensory, motor and cognitive function? Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 13(1):89. (PMID: 27729040) (DOI: 10.1186/s12984-016-0195-9)

Bourke TC, Lowrey CR, Dukelow SP, Bagg SD, Norman KE, Scott SH. (2016) A robot-based behavioural task to quantify impairments in rapid motor decisions and actions after stroke. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 13(1):91. (PMID: 27724945) (DOI: 10.1186/s12984-016-0201-2)

Wood MD, Maslove D, Muscedere J, Scott SH, Day A, Boyd JG. (2016) Assessing the relationship between brain tissue oxygenation and neurological dysfunction in critically ill patients: study protocol. International Journal of Clinical Trials. 3(3):98-105. (DOI: 10.18203/2349-3259.ijct20162792)

Kenzie JM, Semrau JA, Findlater SE, Yu AY, Desai JA, Herter TM, Hill MD, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2016) Localization of impaired kinesthetic processing post-stroke. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 10:505. (PMID: 27799902) (DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2016.00505)

Scott SH. (2016) Putting Sensory Back into Voluntary Motor Control. In R Wang and X Pan (Eds.), Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics (V) (pp. 3-7). Singapore: Springer. (DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-0207-6_1)

Crevecoeur F, Munoz DP, Scott SH. (2016) Dynamic Multisensory Integration: Somatosensory Speed Trumps Visual Accuracy during Feedback Control. Journal of Neuroscience. 36(33):8598-8611. (PMID: 27535908) (DOI: 10.1523/jneurosci.0184-16.2016)

Scott SH. (2016) A Functional Taxonomy of Bottom-Up Sensory Feedback Processing for Motor Actions. Trends in Neurosciences. 39(8):512-526. (PMID: 27378546) (DOI: 10.1016/j.tins.2016.06.001)

Crevecoeur F, Thonnard JL, Lefèvre P, Scott SH. (2016) Long-Latency Feedback Coordinates Upper-Limb and Hand Muscles during Object Manipulation Tasks. eNeuro. 3(1):eneuro.0129-15.2016. (PMID: 27022624) (DOI: 10.1523/eneuro.0129-15.2016)

Findlater SE, Desai JA, Semrau JA, Kenzie JM, Rorden C, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2016) Central perception of position sense involves a distributed neural network - Evidence from lesion-behavior analyses. Cortex. 79:42-56. (PMID: 27085894) (DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2016.03.008)

Heming EA, Lillicrap TP, Omrani M, Herter TM, Pruszynski JA, Scott SH. (2016) Primary motor cortex neurons classified in a postural task predict muscle activation patterns in a reaching task. Journal of Neurophysiology. 115(4):2021-2032. (PMID: 26843605) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00971.2015)

Omrani M, Murnaghan CD, Pruszynski JA, Scott SH. (2016) Distributed task-specific processing of somatosensory feedback for voluntary motor control. eLife. 5:e13141. (PMID: 27077949) (DOI: 10.7554/elife.13141)

Cluff T, Scott SH. (2016) Online Corrections are Faster Because Movement Initiation Must Disengage Postural Control. Motor Control. 20(2):162-170. (PMID: 25920075) (DOI: 10.1123/mc.2015-0027)


Mostafavi SM, Mousavi P, Dukelow SP, Scott SH. (2015) Robot-based assessment of motor and proprioceptive function identifies biomarkers for prediction of functional independence measures. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 12(1):105. (PMID: 26611144) (DOI: 10.1186/s12984-015-0104-7)

Cluff T, Crevecoeur F, Scott SH. (2015) A perspective on multisensory integration and rapid perturbation responses. Vision Research. 110:215-222. (PMID: 26354914) (DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0902-15.2015)

Semrau JA, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2015) Examining Differences in Patterns of Sensory and Motor Recovery After Stroke With Robotics. Stroke. 46(12):3459-3469. (PMID: 26542695) (DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.010750)

Wood M, Maslove D, Muscedere J, Scott SH, Boyd JG. (2015) Using robotic technology to quantify neurological deficits among survivors of critical illness: do they relate to brain tissue oxygen levels? A pilot study. Intensive Care Medicine Experimental. 3(Suppl 1):A730. doi: 10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A730. (PMCID: PMC4796229) (DOI: 10.1186/2197-425X-3-S1-A730)

Cluff T, Scott SH. (2015) Apparent and actual trajectory control depend on the behavioral context in upper limb motor tasks. Journal of Neuroscience. 35(36):12465-12476. (PMID: 26354914) (DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0902-15.2015)

Little CE, Emery C, Black A, Scott SH, Meeuwisse W, Nettel-Aguirre A, Benson B, Dukelow S. (2015) Test-retest reliability of KINARM robot sensorimotor and cognitive assessment: in pediatric ice hockey players. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 12:78. (PMID: 26341424) (DOI: 10.1186/s12984-015-0070-0)

Herter TM, Takei T, Munoz DP, Scott SH. (2015) Neurons in red nucleus and primary motor cortex exhibit similar responses to mechanical perturbations applied to the upper-limb during posture. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience. 9:29. (PMID: 25964747) (DOI: 10.3389/fnint.2015.00029)

Scott SH, Cluff T, Lowrey CR, Takei T. (2015) Feedback control during voluntary motor actions. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 33:85-94. (PMID: 25827274) (DOI: 10.1016/j.conb.2015.03.006)

Bourke TC, Coderre AM, Bagg SD, Dukelow SP, Norman KE, Scott SH. (2015) Impaired corrective responses to postural perturbations of the arm in individuals with subacute stroke. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 12(1):7. (PMID: 25605126) (DOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-12-7)

Nashed JY, Kurtzer IL, Scott SH. (2015) Context-dependent inhibition of unloaded muscles during the long-latency epoch. Journal of Neurophysiology. 113(1):192-202. (PMID: 25274342) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00339.2014)


Crevecoeur F*, Cluff T*, Scott SH. (2014) Computational Approaches for Goal-Directed Movement Planning and Execution. In The Cognitive Neurosciences Fifth Edition. (pp 461-476) Gazzaniga MS and Mangun GR (Eds.) Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. *Both authors contributed equally

Crevecoeur F, Scott SH. (2014) Beyond muscle stiffness: importance of state-estimation to account for very fast motor corrections. PLOS Computational Biology. 10(10):e1003869. (DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003869)

Omrani M, Pruszynski JA, Murnaghan CD, Scott SH. (2014) Perturbation-evoked responses in primary motor cortex are modulated by behavioural context. Journal of Neurophysiology. 112(11):2985-3000. (PMID: 25210158) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00270.2014)

Semrau JA, Wang JC, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2014) Relationship Between Visuospatial Neglect and Kinesthetic Deficits After Stroke. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 29(4):318-328. (PMID: 25118184) (DOI: 10.1177/1545968314545173)

Findlater SE, Kenzie JM, Semrau JA, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2014) Voxel Lesion Symptom Mapping of Proprioception Following Stroke. 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Chicago, Illinois, USA during August 26-30, 2014.

Semrau JA, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2014) Quantitative Assessment of Post-Stroke Proprioception Using Robotics. 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Chicago, Illinois, USA during August 26-30, 2014.

Mostafavi SM, Dukelow SP, Glasgow JI, Scott SH, Mousavi P. (2014) Reduction of Stroke Assessment Time for Visually Guided Reaching Task on KINARM Exoskeleton Robot. 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Chicago, Illinois, USA during August 26-30, 2014. (PMID: 25571189) (DOI: 10.1109/EMBC.2014.6944821)

Mostafavi SM, Dukelow SP, Glasgow JI, Scott SH, Mousavi P. (2014) Hierarchical Task Ordering for Time Reduction on KINARM Assessment Protocol. 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Chicago, Illinois, USA during August 26-30, 2014. (PMID: 25570502) (DOI: 10.1109/EMBC.2014.6944134)

Cluff T*, Crevecoeur F*, Scott SH. (2014) A perspective on multisensory integration and rapid perturbation responses. Vision Research. 110(b):215-222. *Both authors contributed equally. (PMID: 25014401) (DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2014.06.011)

Kenzie JM, Semrau JA, Findlater SE, Herter TM, Hill MD, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2014) Anatomical correlates of proprioceptive impairments following acute stroke: A case series. Journal of the Neurological Sciences. 342(1-2):52-61. (PMID: 24819922) (DOI: 10.1016/j.jns.2014.04.025)

Crevecoeur F, Scott SH. (2014) Neuroscience: Feedback throttled down for smooth moves. Nature. 509(7498):38-39. (PMID: 24784211) (DOI: 10.1038/509038a)

Tyryshkin K, Coderre AM, Glasgow JI, Herter TM, Bagg SD, Dukelow SP, Scott SH. (2014) A robotic object hitting task to quantify sensorimotor impairments in participants with stroke. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 11(1):47. (PMID: 24693877) (DOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-11-47)

Pruszynski JA, Omrani M, Scott SH. (2014) Goal-Dependent Modulation of Fast Feedback Responses in Primary Motor Cortex. Journal of Neuroscience. 34(13):4608-4617. (PMID: 24672006) (DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4520-13.2014)

Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2014) Systematic changes in position sense accompany normal aging across adulthood. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 11(1):43. (PMID: 24666888) (DOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-11-43)

Lowrey CR, Jackson CP, Bagg SD, Dukelow SP, Scott SH. (2014) A novel robotic task for assessing impairments in bimanual coordination post-stroke. International Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. S3:002. (DOI: 10.4172/2329-9096.S3-002)

Fung D, Herter TM, Hill MD, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2014) Stroke recovery after unilateral posterior spinal artery stroke: A case report. International Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. S3:004. (DOI: 10.4172/2329-9096.S3-004)

Williams L, Jackson CP, Choe N, Pelland L, Scott SH, Reynolds JN. (2014) Sensory-Motor Deficits in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Assessed Using a Robotic Virtual Reality Platform. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 38(1):116-25. (PMID: 23915298) (DOI: 10.1111/acer.12225)

Nashed JY, Crevecoeur F, Scott SH. (2014) Rapid Online Selection between Multiple Motor Plans. Journal of Neuroscience. 34(5):1769-1780. (PMID: 24478359) (DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3063-13.2014)

Kurtzer IL, Crevecoeur F, Scott SH. (2014) Fast feedback control involves two independent processes utilizing knowledge of limb dynamics. Journal of Neurophysiology. 111(8):1631-45. (PMID: 24478157) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00514.2013)


Semrau JA, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2013) Robotic Identification of Kinesthetic Deficits After Stroke. Stroke. 44(12):3414-3421. (PMID: 24193800) (DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.113.002058)

Cluff T, Scott SH. (2013) Rapid feedback responses correlate with reach adaptation and properties of novel upper limb loads. Journal of Neuroscience. 33(40):15903-15914. (PMID: 24089496) (DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0263-13.2013)

Mostafavi SM, Glasgow JI, Dukelow SP, Scott SH, Mousavi P. (2013) Prediction of stroke-related diagnostic and prognostic measures using robot-based evaluation. IEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics. 2013:1-6. (PMID: 24187274) (DOI: 10.1109/ICORR.2013.6650457)

Crevecoeur F, Kurtzer IL, Bourke TC, Scott SH. (2013) Feedback responses rapidly scale with the urgency to correct for external perturbations. Journal of Neurophysiology. 110(6):1323-32. (PMID: 23825396) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00216.2013)

Crevecoeur F, Scott SH. (2013) Priors Engaged in Long-Latency Responses to Mechanical Perturbations Suggest a Rapid Update in State Estimation. PLOS Computational Biology. 9(8):e1003177. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003177 (PMID: 23966846) (DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003177)

Kurtzer IL, Trautman P, Rasquinha RJ, Bhanpuri NH, Scott SH, Bastian AJ. (2013) Cerebellar damage diminishes long-latency responses to multijoint perturbations. Journal of Neurophysiology. 109(8):2228-2241. (PMID: 23390311) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00145.2012)

Lillicrap TP, Scott SH. (2013) Preference distributions of primary motor neurons reflect control solutions optimized for limb biomechanics. Neuron. 77(1):168-179. (PMID: 23312524) (DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2012.10.041)

Omrani M, Diedrichsen J, Scott SH. (2013) Rapid feedback corrections during a bimanual postural task. Journal of Neurophysiology. 109(1):147-161. (PMID: 23054604) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00669.2011)


Scott SH. (2012) The computational and neural basis of voluntary motor control and planning. Trends in Cognitive Science. 16(11):541-549. (PMID: 23031541) (DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2012.09.008)

Dukelow S, Herter TM, Bagg SD, Scott SH. (2012) The independence of deficits in position sense and visually guided reaching following stroke. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 9:72. (PMID: 23035968) (DOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-9-72)

Debert CT, Herter TM, Scott SH, Dukelow S. (2012) Robotic assessment of sensorimotor deficits after traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy. 36(2):58-67. (PMID: 22592061) (DOI: 10.1097/NPT.0b013e318254bd4f)

Nashed JY, Crevecoeur F, Scott SH. (2012) Influence of the behavioural goal and environmental obstacles on rapid feedback responses. Journal of Neurophysiology. 108(4):999-1009. (PMID: 22623483) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.01089.2011)

Crevecoeur F, Kurtzer IL, Scott SH. (2012) Fast corrective responses are evoked by perturbations approaching the natural variability of posture and movement tasks. Journal of Neurophysiology. 107(10):2821-2832. (PMID: 22357792) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00849.2011)

Pruszynski JA, Scott SH. (2012) Optimal feedback control and the long-latency stretch response. Experimental Brain Research. 218(3):341-359. (PMID: 22370742) (DOI: 10.1007/s00221-012-3041-8)


Pruszynski JA, Kurtzer IL, Nashed JY, Omrani M, Brouwer B, Scott SH. (2011) Primary motor cortex underlies multi-joint integration for fast feedback control. Nature. 478(7369):387-390. (PMID: 21964335) (DOI: 10.1038/nature10436)

Scott SH, Dukelow SP. (2011) Potential of robots as next-generation technology for clinical assessment of neurological disorders and upper-limb therapy. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. 48(4):335-54. (PMID: 21674387) (DOI: 10.1682/JRRD.2010.04.0057)

Pruszynski JA, Kurtzer IL, Scott SH. (2011) The long-latency reflex is composed of at least two functionally independent processes. Journal of Neurophysiology. 106(1):449-459. (PMID: 21543751) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.01052.2010)

Yang L, Michaels JA, Pruszynski JA, Scott SH. (2011) Rapid motor responses quickly integrate visuospatial task constraints. Experimental Brain Research. 211(2):231-242. (PMID: 21503648) (DOI: 10.1007/s00221-011-2674-3)

Chalmers N, Glasgow JI, Scott SH. (2011) Dynamic time warping as a spatial assessment of sensorimotor impairment resulting from stroke. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Boston, USA, August 30-September 3, 2011, pp 8235-8238. (PMID: 22256254) (DOI: 10.1109/IEMBS.2011.6092030)


Pruszynski JA, King GL, Boisse L, Scott SH, Flanagan JR, Munoz DP. (2010) Stimulus-locked responses on human arm muscles reveal a rapid neural pathway linking visual input to arm motor output. European Journal of Neuroscience. 32(6):1049-1057. (PMID: 20726884) (DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2010.07380.x)

Kurtzer IL, Pruszynski JA, Scott SH. (2010) Long-Latency and Voluntary Responses to an Arm Displacement Can Be Rapidly Attenuated By Perturbation Offset. Journal of Neurophysiology. 103(6):3195-3204. (PMID: 20457850) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.01139.2009)

Coderre AM, et al. (2010) Assessment of Upper-Limb Sensorimotor Function of Subacute Stroke Patients Using Visually Guided Reaching. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 24(6):528-541. (PMID: 20233965) (DOI: 10.1177/1545968309356091)

Dukelow SP, Herter TM, Moore KD, Demers MJ, Glasgow JI, Bagg SD, Norman KE, Scott SH. (2010) Quantitative assessment of limb position sense following stroke. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 24(2):178-187. (PMID: 19794134) (DOI: 10.1177/1545968309345267)

Pruszynski JA, Lillicrap TP, Scott SH. (2010) Complex spatiotemporal tuning in human upper-limb muscles. Journal of Neurophysiology. 103(1):564-572. (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00791.2009)


Kurtzer IL, Pruszynski JA, Scott SH. (2009) Long-latency responses during reaching account for the mechanical interaction between the shoulder and elbow joints. Journal of Neurophysiology. 102(5):3004-3015. (PMID: 19710379) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00453.2009)

Ball SJ, Brown IE, Scott SH. (2009) Performance Evaluation of a Planar 3DOF Robotic Exoskeleton for Motor Assessment. Journal of Medical Devices. 3(2):021002. (DOI: 10.1115/1.3131727)

Pruszynski JA, Kurtzer IL, Lillicrap TP, Scott SH. (2009) Temporal Evolution of "Automatic Gain-Scaling". Journal of Neurophysiology. 102(2):992-1003. (PMID: 19439680) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00085.2009)

Nozaki D, Scott SH. (2009) Multi-compartment model can explain partial transfer of learning within the same limb between unimanual and bimanual reaching. Experimental Brain Research. 194(3):451-463. (PMID: 19205679) (DOI: 10.1007/s00221-009-1720-x)

Herter TM, Korbel T, Scott SH. (2009) Comparison of Neural Response in Primary Motor Cortex to Transient and Continuous Loads During Posture. Journal of Neurophysiology. 101(1):150-163. (PMID: 19005005) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.90230.2008)

Chalmers N, Seaborn G, Jung J, Glasgow JI, Scott SH. (2009) Recombination of common sensory-motor impairment evaluation techniques using a committee of classifiers. Proceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. (pp 857-860). (PMID: 19963477) (DOI: 10.1109/IEMBS.2009.5332555)


Scott SH. (2008) Cortical-based neuroprosthetics: when less may be more. Nature Neuroscience. 11(11):1245-1246. (PMID: 18956010) (DOI: 10.1038/nn1108-1245)

Pruszynski JA, Kurtzer IL, Scott SH. (2008) Rapid motor responses are appropriately tuned to the metrics of a visuo-spatial task. Journal of Neurophysiology. 100(1):224-238. (PMID: 18463184) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.90262.2008)

Kurtzer IL, Pruszynski JA, Scott SH. (2008) Long-Latency Reflexes of the Human Arm Reflect an Internal Model of Limb Dynamics. Current Biology. 18(6):449-453. (PMID: 18356051) (DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2008.02.053)

Scott SH. (2008) Inconvenient Truths about neural processing in primary motor cortex. The Journal of Physiology. 586(5):1217-1224. (PMID: 18187462) (DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2007.146068)

Jung J, Glasgow JI, Scott SH. (2008) Feature selection and classification for assessment of chronic stroke impairment. Proceedings of the 8th Annual IEEE International Conference on BioInformatics and BioEngineering. (DOI: 10.1109/BIBE.2008.4696781)

Jung J, Glasgow JI, Scott SH. (2008) A hierarchical ensemble model for automated assessment of stroke impairment. Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE International Joint Conference on Neural Networks. (pp 3187-3191). (DOI: 10.1109/IJCNN.2008.4634249)

Jung J, Glasgow JI, Scott SH. (2008) Trial map: A visualization approach for verification of stroke impairment assessment database. Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE International Joint Conference on Neural Networks. (pp 4114-4117). (DOI: 10.1109/IJCNN.2008.4634390)


Ball SJ, Brown IE, Scott SH. (2007) MEDARM: A rehabilitation robot with 5DOF at the shoulder complex. Proceedings of the 2007 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics. Zurich, Switzerland, during September 4-7, 2007. (DOI: 10.1109/AIM.2007.4412446)

Ball SJ, Brown IE, Scott SH. (2007) A planar 3DOF robotic exoskeleton for rehabilitation and assessment. Proceedings of the 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. (pp 4024-4027). (PMID: 18002882) (DOI: 10.1109/IEMBS.2007.4353216)

Ball SJ, Brown IE, Scott SH. (2007) Designing a robotic exoskeleton for shoulder complex rehabilitation. 30th Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Conference. Toronto, Canada, during June 16-19, 2007.

Kurtzer IL, Scott SH. (2007) A multi-level approach to understanding upper limb function. Progress in Brain Research. 165:347-362. (PMID: 17925256) (DOI: 10.1016/S0079-6123(06)65021-8)

Herter TM, Kurtzer IL, Cabel DW, Haunts KA, Scott SH. (2007) Characterization of torque-related activity in primary motor cortex during a multijoint postural task. Journal of Neurophysiology. 97(4):2887-2899. (PMID: 17267758) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00757.2006)


Kurtzer IL, Herter TM, Scott SH. (2006) Nonuniform distribution of reach-related and torque-related activity in upper arm muscles and neurons of primary motor cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 96(6):3220-3230. (PMID: 17005623) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00110.2006)

Scott SH. (2006) Converting thoughts into action. Nature. 442(7099):141-142. (PMID: 16838004) (DOI: 10.1038/442141a)

Nozaki D, Kurtzer IL, Scott SH. (2006) Limited transfer of learning between unimanual and bimanual skills within the same limb. Nature Neuroscience. 9(11):1364-1366. (PMID: 17028583) (DOI: 10.1038/nn1785)

Rodgers KC, Munoz DP, Scott SH, Pare M. (2006) Discharge properties of monkey tectoreticular neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology. 95(6):3502-3511. (PMID: 16641382) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00908.2005)

Kurtzer IL, Pruszynski JA, Herter TM, Scott SH. (2006) Primate upper limb muscles exhibit activity patterns that differ from their anatomical action during a postural task. Journal of Neurophysiology. 95(1):493-504. (PMID: 16251262) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00706.2005)


Davidson PR, Wolpert DM, Scott SH, Flanagan JR. (2005) Common encoding of novel dynamic loads applied to the hand and arm. Journal of Neuroscience. 25(22):5425-5429. (PMID: 15930392) (DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0429-05.2005)

Scott SH. (2005) Conceptual frameworks for interpreting motor cortical function: New insights from a planar multiple-joint paradigm. Motor Cortex In Voluntary Movements. (pp 157-180) Riehle A and Vaadia E (Eds.) London: CRC Press. 

Kurtzer IL, Herter TM, Scott SH. (2005) Random change in cortical load representation suggests distinct control of posture and movement. Nature Neuroscience. 8(4):498-504. (PMID: 15768037) (DOI: 10.1038/nn1420)


Scott SH. (2004) Optimal feedback control and the neural basis of volitional motor control. Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 5:532-546. (PMID: 15208695) (DOI: 10.1038/nrn1427)


Rose PK, Scott SH. (2003) Sensory-motor control: a long-awaited behavioural correlate of presynaptic inhibition. Nature Neuroscience. 6:1243-1245. (PMID: 14634653) (DOI: 10.1038/nn1203-1243)

Scott SH. (2003) The role of primary motor cortex in goal-directed movements: insights from neurophysioloical studies on non-human primates. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 13:671-677. (PMID: 14662367) (DOI: 10.1016/j.conb.2003.10.012)

Scott SH, Norman KE. (2003) Computational approaches to motor control and their potential role for interpreting motor dysfunction. Current Opinion in Neurology. 16:693-698. (PMID: 14624078)

Graham KM, Moore KD, Cabel DW, Gribble PL, Cisek P, Scott SH. (2003) Kinematics and kinetics of multi-joint reaching in non-human primates. Journal of Neurophysiology. 89(5):2667-2677. (PMID: 12612006) (DOI: 10.1152/jn.00742.2002)

Singh K, Scott SH. (2003) A motor learning strategy reflecting neural circuitry for limb control. Nature Neuroscience. 6(4):399-403. (PMID: 12627165) (DOI: 10.1038/nn1026)

Graham K, Scott SH. (2003) Morphometry of Macaca mulatta forelimb III. Moment arm of shoulder and elbow muscles. Journal of Morphology. 255(3):301-314. (PMID: 12520548) (DOI: 10.1002/jmor.10064)


Scott SH. (2002) Optimal strategies for movement: success with variability. Nature Neuroscience. 5(11):1110-1111. (PMID: 12404002) (DOI: 10.1038/nn1102-1110)

Gribble PL, Scott SH. (2002) Overlap of internal models in motor cortex for mechanical loads during reaching. Nature. 417:938-941. (PMID: 12087402) (DOI: 10.1038/nature00834)

Singh K, Melis EH, Richmond FJR, Scott SH. (2002) Morphometry of Macaca mulatta forelimb. II. Fiber-type composition in shoulder and elbow muscles. Journal of Morphology. 251(3):323-332. (PMID: 11835368) (DOI: 10.1002/jmor.1092)

Gribble PL, Scott SH. (2002) Method for assessing directional characteristics of non-uniformly sampled neural activity. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 113(2):185-195. (PMID: 11772440) (DOI: 10.1016/S0165-0270(01)00492-7)


Cabel DW, Cisek P, Scott SH. (2001) Neural activity in primary motor cortex related to mechanical loads applied to the shoulder and elbow during a postural task. Journal of Neurophysiology. 86(4):2101-2108. (PMID: 11600665)

Scott SH, Gribble PL, Graham KM, Cabel DW. (2001) Dissociation between hand motion and population vectors from neural activity in motor cortex. Nature. 413:161-165. (PMID: 11557980) (DOI: 10.1038/35093102)

Scott SH. (2001) Vision to action: new insights from the flip of wrist. Nature Neuroscience. 4:969-970. (PMID: 11574828) (DOI: 10.1038/nn1001-969)


Scott SH. (2000) REPLY TO: 'One motor cortex, two different views'. Nature Neuroscience. 3:964-965. (PMID: 11017159) (DOI: 10.1038/79888)

Scott SH. (2000) Role of motor cortex in coordinating multi-joint movements: Is it time for a new paradigm? Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. 78:923-933. (PMID: 11100941)

Cheng EJ, Scott SH. (2000) Morphometry of Macaca mulatta forelimb. I. Shoulder and elbow muscles and segment inertial parameters. Journal of Morphology. 245:206-224. (PMID: 10972970) (DOI: 10.1002/1097-4687(200009)245:3<206::AID-JMOR3>3.0.CO;2-U)

Scott SH. (2000) Population vectors and motor cortex: neural coding or epiphenomenon? Nature Neuroscience. 3:307-308. (PMID: 10725914) (DOI: 10.1038/73859)


Cisek P, Scott SH. (1999) An alternative interpretation of population vector rotation in macaque motor cortex. Neuroscience Letters. 272:1-4. (PMID: 10507528) (DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3940(99)00338-9)

Scott SH. (1999) Apparatus for measuring and perturbing shoulder and elbow joint positions and torques during reaching. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 89:119-127. (PMID: 10491942) (DOI: 10.1016/S0165-0270(99)00053-9)


Sergio LH, Scott SH. (1998) Hand and joint paths during reaching movements with and without vision. Experimental Brain Research. 122:157-164. (PMID: 9776514)


Kalaska JF, Scott SH, Cisek P, Sergio LH. (1997) Cortical control of reaching. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 7:849-859. (PMID: 9464979) (DOI: 10.1016/S0959-4388(97)80146-8)

Scott SH, Sergio LH, Kalaska JF. (1997) Reaching movements with similar hand paths but different arm orientations. II. Activity of individual cells in dorsal premotor and parietal area 5 cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 78:2413-2426. (PMID: 9356393)

Scott SH. (1997) Comparison of onset time and magnitude of activity for proximal arm muscles and motor cortical cells prior to reaching movements. Journal of Neurophysiology. 77:1016-1022. (PMID: 9065865)

Scott SH, Kalaska JF. (1997) Reaching movements with similar hand paths but different arm orientations. I. Activity of individual cells in motor cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology. 77:826-853. (PMID: 9065853)


Smith AM, Scott SH. (1996) The subjective scaling of smooth-surface friction. Journal of Neurophysiology. 75(5):1957-1962. (PMID: 8734594)

Loeb GE, Brown IE, Scott SH. (1996) Current issues in directional motor control. Trends in Neuroscience. 18(11):506-510. (PMID: 8592761) (DOI: 10.1016/0166-2236(95)92775-L)

Brown IE, Scott SH, Loeb GE. (1996) Mechanics of feline soleus: II. Design and validation of a mathematical model. Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility. 17:219-232. (PMID: 8793724) (DOI: 10.1007/BF00124244)

Scott SH, Brown IE, Loeb GE. (1996) Mechanics of feline soleus: I. Effect of fascicle length and velocity on force output. Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility. 17:207-219. (PMID: 8793723) (DOI: 10.1007/BF00124243)


Scott SH. (1995) Commentary: Can the λ model be used to interpret the activity of single neurons? Brain and Behavioural Sciences. 18(4):778-779. (DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X00041005)

Scott SH, Kalaska JF. (1995) Changes in motor cortex activity during reaching movements with similar hand paths but different arm postures. Journal of Neurophysiology. 73:2563-2567. (PMID: 7666162)

Scott SH, Loeb GE. (1995) The mechanical properties of the aponeurosis and tendon of the cat soleus muscle during whole-muscle isometric contractions. Journal of Morphology. 224:73-86. (PMID: 7723049) (DOI: 10.1002/jmor.1052240109)


Scott SH, Loeb GE. (1994) The computation of position-sense from spindles in mono- and multi-articular muscles. Journal of Neuroscience. 14:7529-7540. (PMID: 7996193)


Young RP, Scott SH, Loeb GE. (1993) The distal hindlimb musculature of the cat. I. Multiaxis moment arms at the ankle joint. Experimental Brain Research. 96:141-151. (PMID: 8243576) (DOI: 10.1007/BF00230447)

Scott SH, Engstrom CM, Loeb GE. (1993) Morphometry of human thigh muscles. Determination of fascicle architecture from magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of Anatomy. 182:249-258. (PMID: 8376199)

Scott SH, Winter DA. (1993) Biomechanical model of the human foot: kinematics and kinetics during the stance phase of walking. Journal of Biomechanics. 26(9):1091-1104. (PMID: 8408091) (DOI: 10.1016/S0021-9290(05)80008-9)


Young RP, Scott SH, Loeb GE. (1992) An intrinsic mechanism to stabilize posture - joint-angle-dependent moment arms of the feline ankle muscles? Neuroscience Letters. 145:137-140. (PMID: 1465209) (DOI: 10.1016/0304-3940(92)90005-R)

Scott SH, Thomson DB, Richmond FJR, Loeb GE. (1992) Neuromuscular organization of feline anterior sartorius: II. Mechanics during stimulation of nerve branches containing asymmetrically distributed motor units. Journal of Morphology. 213:171-183. (PMID: 1518070) (DOI: 10.1002/jmor.1052130204)


Thomson DB, Scott SH, Richmond FJR. (1991) Neuromuscular organization of feline anterior sartorius: I. Asymmetric distribution of motor units. Journal of Morphology. 210:147-162. (PMID: 1836236) (DOI: 10.1002/jmor.1052100205)

Winter DA, Scott SH. (1991) Technique for interpretation of EMG for concentric and eccentric contractions of gait. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 1(4):263-269. (PMID: 20870517) (DOI: 10.1016/1050-6411(91)90013-U)

Scott SH, Winter DA. (1991) Talocrural and talocalcaneal joint kinematics and kinetics during the stance phase of walking. Journal of Biomechanics. 24(8):743-752. (PMID: 1918097) (DOI: 10.1016/0021-9290(91)90338-N)

Scott SH, Winter DA. (1991) A comparison of three muscle pennation assumptions and their effect on isometric and isotonic force. Journal of Biomechanics. 24(2):163-167. (PMID: 2037616) (DOI: 10.1016/0021-9290(91)90361-P)


Scott SH, Winter DA. (1990) Internal forces at chronic running injury sites. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 22(3):357-369. (PMID: 2381304) (DOI: 10.1249/00005768-199006000-00013)

Technical Reports

Gregor S, Scott SH. (2014) Learning Effects Study: Report. (PDF, 615 KB)

Peterson J, Scott SH. (2015) Perturbation Task Technical Report. (PDF, 807 KB)