Queen's Experiential Learning Hub

Experiential Learning Hub
Experiential Learning Hub

If you are interested in exploring the topic of experiential education in greater depth, please refer to a list of relevant publications below.

Aronson, L. (2011). Twelve tips for teaching reflection at all levels of medical education. Medical Teacher, 33(3), 200-205.

Ash, S. L., & Clayton, P. H. (2004). The articulated learning: an approach to reflection and assessment. Innovative Higher Education, 29(2), 137-154.

Ash, S. L., & Clayton, P. H. (2009). Generating, deepening, and documenting learning: the power of critical reflection in applied learning. Journal of Applied Learning in Higher Education, 1, 25-48.

Atkins, S., & Murphy, K. (1993). Reflection: a review of the literature. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 18, 1188-1192.

Baker, C., Pulling, C., McGraw, R., Dagnone, J. D., Hopkins-Rosseel, D. and Medves, J. (2008), Simulation in interprofessional education for patient-centred collaborative care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 64: 372–379. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04798.x

Baker, M. A. (2012). The effect of Kolb’s experiential learning model on successful secondary student intelligence and student motivation (Dissertation). Available from ProQuest Database. (3554889).

Balsys, A. How to be alone: an exploration of activities in solitude and connections to processes of learning (Thesis). Available from Qspace. (http://hdl.handle.net/1974/6788)

Bartkus, K., & Stull, W. (2001). Supervisor/Manager perceptions of cooperative education/internship students: Implications for the development of a needs-based program. Journal of Cooperative Education, 36(3), 46-57.

Beard, C., & Wilson, J. P. (2013). Experiential learning: a handbook for education, training and coaching (3rd ed.). London, UK: Kogan Page Publishers.

Beatty, Stephanie Hayne et al. The Effects of an Alternative Spring Break Program on Student Development. Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, [S.l.], v. 20, n. 3, p. 90-119.

Bell, D., & Benes, K. (2012). Transitioning graduates to work: Improving the labour market success of poorly integrated new entrants (PINEs) in Canada. Retrieved from Canadian Career Development Foundation website http://www.ccdf.ca/ccdf/index.php/research/reports.

Billett, S, (2009). Realising the educational worth of integrating work experiences in higher education. Studies in Higher Education, 34(7), 827-843.

Billett, S. (2015). The practices of using and integrating practice-based learning in higher education. In M. Kennedy, S. Billett, S. Gherardi & L. Grealish (eds.), Practice-based learning in higher education: jostling cultures (pp. 15-30). New York: Springer.

Blaschke, L.M., & Brindley, J. (2011). Establishing a foundation for reflective practice: A case study of learning journal use. European Journal of Open, Distance, and E-Learning (EURODL), Special Issue. Retrieved from http://www.eurodl.org/materials/special/2011/Blaschke_Brindley.pdf

Bolton, G. (2001). Reflective practice: writing and professional development. London, UK: Paul Chapman Publishing.

Bowes, L., & Harvey, L. (1999). The impact of sandwich education on the activities of graduates six months post-graduation. London, UK: National Centre for Work Experience.

Bradshaw, J. (2013, May 17). Class of 2013 demands more from universities: Help us find jobs. The Globe & Mail. Retrieved from: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/education/class-of-2013-demands-more-from-universities-help-us-find-jobs/article12006916/

Braunstein, L., & Stull, W. (2001). Employer benefits of, and attitudes toward postsecondary cooperative education. Journal of Cooperative Education, 36(1), 7-17.

Braxton, J.M, Milem, J.F. & Sullivan, A. S. (2000). The influence of active learning on the college student departure process. The Journal of Higher Education, 71, 569 -590.

Bringle, R.G., & Hatcher, J.A. (1996). Implementing service learning in higher education. Journal of Higher Education, 67, 221-239.

Bristol, C.L. Knapp. T.D. & Fisher, B.J. (2010). The effectiveness of service-learning: It’s not always what you think. The Journal of Experiential Education, 33 (3), 208-224.

Business Higher Education Roundtable (2016). Taking the Pulse of Work-Integrated Learning in Canada. Retrieved from http://bher.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/BHER-Academica-report-full.pdf

Callanan, G., & Benzing, C. (2004). Assessing the role of internships in the career-oriented employment of graduating college students. Education & Training, 46(2), 82-89.

Canadian Association for Co-operative Education (2000). Co-operative Education Manual: A Guide to Planning and Implementing Co-operative Education Programs in Post-Secondary Institutions. Retrieved from http://www.cafce.ca/_Library/_documents/coopmanual.pdf

Canadian Chamber of Commerce. (2012). Skills development discussion paper. Ottawa: Canadian Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved from http://sudburychamber.ca/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/1203SkillsDevelopmentDiscussionPaper.pdf

Canadian Council of Chief Executives (2014). Preliminary Survey Report: the skill needs of major Canadian employers. Retrieved from http://thebusinesscouncil.ca/publications/preliminary-survey-report-the-skill-needs-of-major-canadian-employers/

Canadian Council on Learning (2008). Lessons in learning: The benefits of experiential learning. Ottawa: Canadian Council on Learning. Retrieved from http://en.copian.ca/library/research/ccl/benefits_learning/benefits_learning.pdf

Canning, N. & Callan, S. (2010). Heutagogy: Spirals of reflection to empower learners in higher education. Reflective Practice, 11(1), 71-82.

Chan, Cecilia Ka Yuk (2012). Assessment for community service types of experiential learning in the engineering discipline. European Journal of Engineering Education, 37:1, 29-38, DOI: 10.1080/03043797.2011.644763 or http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03043797.2011.644763

Chavan, M. (2011): Higher education students' attitudes towards experiential learning in international business, Journal of Teaching in International Business, 22 (2), 126-143

Chin, P., H. Munby, H., Hutchinson, N. L., Taylor, J. & Clark, F. (2004). Where's the science? Understanding the form and function of workplace science. In Eileen Scanlon, Patricia Murphy, Jeff Thomas & E. Whitelegg (Eds.),  Reconsidering science learning  (118-134). London: Routledge Falmer.

Chin, P., Hutchinson, N. L., Versnel, J., & Munby, H. (2010). Principles for research on workplace learning: At the intersection of the individual and the context. In M. Van Woerkom & R. Poell (Eds.), Workplace learning: Concepts, measurement, and application (41-54) New York: Routledge.

Chisholm, C. & Davis, M. (2007). Analysis and evaluation of factors relating to accrediting 100% of prior experiential learning in UK work-based awards. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 32

(1), 45-49.

Cooper, L., Orrell, J., & Bowden, M. (2010). Work integrated learning: a guide to effective practice. New York: Routledge.

Council of Ontario Universities (2012). Transforming Ontario Universities. Retrieved from http://cou.on.ca/reports/transforming-ontario-universities/

Council of Ontario Universities, 2014. Bringing Life to Learning at Ontario Universities. Retrieved from http://cou.on.ca/reports/bringing-life-to-learning/.

Cowart, M.R. (2010). Growing and funding experiential learning programs: A recipe for success. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 2010 (124), 63-68.

Degravel, D. (2011). Internships and small business: A fruitful union? A conceptual approach. Journal of Management Policy and Practice, 12(2), 27-43.

DeLuca, C., Klinger, D., Pyper, J., Shulha, L., & Woods, J. (2014). Instructional Rounds as a professional learning model for systemic implementation of Assessment for Learning. Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice, (ahead of print) p. 1-18.

Dewey, J. (1910). How we think. Boston, MA: D.C. Heath and Company

Dewey, J. (1933). How we think: a restatement of the relation of reflective thinking to the educative process. Boston, MA: D.C. Heath.

Dewey, J. (1938). Experience and education. New York: Collier Macmillan.

Dewey, D.I. (2009). Teaching experiential learning in geography: Lessons from planning. Journal of Geography, 107 (4), 167-174.

Dodge, R., & McKeough, M. (2003). Internship and the Nova Scotia experience. Education & Training, 45(1), 45-55.

Duan N. & H. Schmidt. (2011). Writing to learn: can reflection journals be used to promote self-reflection and learning? Higher Education Research & Development, 30(4): 519-532.

Education Advisory Board (2013). Internship Program Management: Managing Internship Programs at Large Universities. The Advisory Board Company, Washington, D.C. Retrieved from: https://www.eab.com/research-and-insights/student-affairs-forum/custom/2013/05/internship-program-management.

Education Advisory Board (2015). Reimagining Experiential Learning: Skill-Building Opportunities Outside the Classroom. The Advisory Board Company, Washington, D.C. Retrieved from https://www.eab.com/research-and-insights/student-affairs-forum/studies/2015/reimagining-experiential-learning

Einfeld, A. & Collins, D. (2008). The relationships between service-learning social justice, multicultural competence, and civic engagement. Journal of College Student Development, 49 (2), 95-109.

Estes, C.A. (2004). Promoting student-centered learning in experiential education. Journal of experiential education, 27 (2), 141-160.

Eyler, J. (2001). Creating your reflection map. New Directions for Higher Education, 114, 35-43.  DOI: 10.1002/he.11

Eyler, J. (2002). Reflecting on service: helping nursing students get the most from service learning. Journal of Nursing Education, 41(10), 453-456.

Eyler, J. (2009). The power of experiential education. Liberal Education (Fall), 24-31.

Feldman, A. M., Moss, T., Chin, D., Marie, M., Rai, C., & Graham, R. (2006). The impact of partnership centered, community-based learning on first-year students' academic research papers. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 13(1), 16-29.

Field, Caroline M.J (2002). Exploring cross-cultural experiential education. Masters Thesis, Faculty of Education, Queen’s University, Kingston.

Fink, L. D. (2003). Creating significant learning experiences: an integrated approach to designing college courses. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Fitzpatrick, J. L., Sanders, J. R., & Worthen, B. R. (2011). Program evaluation: alternative approaches and practical guidelines (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

Fook, J., & Gardner, F. (2007). Practicing critical reflection: a resource handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

Fredericksen, P.J. (2000). Does service learning make a difference in student performance? The Journal of Experiential Education, 23 (2), 64-74.

Gault, J, Redington, J., and Schlager, T. (2000). Undergraduate business internships & career success: are they related? Journal of Marketing Education, 22 (1), 45 – 53.

Gault, J., Leach, E., & Duey, M. (2010). Effects of business internships on job marketability: The employers’ perspective. Education & Training, 52(1), 76-88.

Goff, L., Potter, M. K., Pierre, E., Carey, & T., Gullage, A. (2015). Learning outcomes assessment: a practitioner’s handbook. Toronto, ON: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario.

Guile, D., & Griffiths, T. (2001). Learning through work experience. Journal of Education and Work, 14(1), 113-131.

Hamer, L. (2000). The Additive Effects of Semistructured Classroom Activities on Student Learning: An Application of Classroom-Based Experiential Learning Techniques. Journal of Marketing Education, 22 (1), 25-34

Hansen, H. (2007). Education and Early Labour Market Outcomes in Canada. Learning Policy Directorate, Human Resources and Social Development Canada. Retrieved from http://publications.gc.ca/site/archivee-archived.html?url=http://publications.gc.ca/collection_2008/hrsdc-rhdsc/HS28-126-2007E.pdf

Hatry, H. P., Wholey, J. S., & Newcomer, K. E. (2010). Evaluation challenges, issues, and trends. In J. S. Wholey, H. P. Hatry & K. E. Newcomer (Eds.), Handbook of practical program evaluation (3rd ed., pp. 668-679). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Healey, M., & Jenkins, A. (2000). Kolb’s experiential learning theory and its application in geography in higher education. Journal of Geography, 99(5), 185-195.

Hernández‐March, J., Martín del Peso, M., & Leguey, S. (2009). Graduates’ skills and higher education: The employers’ perspective. Tertiary Education and Management, 15(1), 1-16.

Holly, M. E. (2014). Experiential learning and student engagement: meaningful learner outcomes as articulated by Drexel University Sacramento Ed.D. graduates (Doctoral dissertation). Available from ProQuest Database UMI Number: 3628187

Hynie, M., Jensen, K., Johnny, M., Wedlock, J., & Phipps, D. (2011). Student intern-ships bridge research to real world problems. Education and Training, 53(1), 45-56.

Johnson, R. Dean Ed. Teachable moments: essays on experiential education. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2006.

Katula, R.A. & Threnhauser, E. (1999). Experiential education in the undergraduate curriculum. Communication Education, 48 (3), 238-255.

Kember, D., Mckay, J., Sinclair, K., & Wong, K., Y. (2008). A four-category scheme for coding and assessing the level of reflection in written work. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 33 (4), 369-379.

Kennedy, M., Billett, S., Gherardi, S., & Grealish, L. (2015). Practice-based learning in higher education: jostling cultures. In M. Kennedy, S. Billett, S. Gherardi & L. Grealish (Eds.), Practice-based learning in higher education: jostling cultures (pp. 1-14). New York: Springer.

Kirkpatrick, D. L., & Kirkpatrick, J. D. (2006). Evaluating training programs: the four levels (3rd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.

Kirkpatrick, D. L., & Kirkpatrick, J. D. (2007). Implementing the four levels: a practical guide for effective evaluation of training programs. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.

Kitchen, J., & Russell, T. (Eds.) (2012). Canadian perspectives on the self-study of teacher education practices (Vol. 2 in the CATE Polygraph Series). Ottawa, ON: Canadian Association for Teacher Education.

Klassen, T. (2013). The university myth of good employment: The transition from school to work can be less stressful with more realistic expectations and more preparation. The Toronto Star.  Retrieved from: https://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2013/06/23/the_university_myth_of_good_employment.html

Knouse, S. B., & Fontenot, G. (2008). Benefits of the business college internship: a research review. Journal of Employment Counseling, 45(2), 61-66.

Kolb, D. A. (1984). Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J.

Kolb, D. A. (1998). Experiential learning: from discourse model to conversation. Lifelong Learning in Europe, 3, 148-153.

Kolb, D. A., Boyatzis, R. E., & Mainemelis, C. (2001). Experiential learning theory: previous research and new directions. Perspectives on Thinking, Learning, and Cognitive Styles, 1, 227-247.

Kolb, A. Y., & Kolb, D. A. (2005). Learning styles and learning spaces: Enhancing experiential learning in higher education. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 4(2), 193-212.

Larkin, I. & Beatson, A. (2010). Assessing and learning in internships: Reflecting on pedagogy and progress. Presented at the. International Conference on Work Related Learning : "University-Industry Collaboration for Real Life Education" 2010 World Association of Collaborative Education (WACE) Conference, Hong Kong. Retrieved from  www.waceinc.org.

Laverty, C. (2017). Experiential Learning in a Faculty of Education Library. In McDonnell, P. (Ed), The Experiential Library: Transforming Academic and Research Libraries through the Power of Experiential Learning (16-26).  Cambridge, MA: Chandos Publishing.

Ledvinka, G. (2006) Reflection and Assessment in Clinical Legal Education: Do You See What I See? International Journal of Clinical Legal Education, 9:29-56. Retrieved from: http://www.northumbriajournals.co.uk/index.php/ijcle/article/viewFile/86/89

Maher, A. (2004). Learning outcomes in higher education: implications for curriculum design and student learning. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, 3(2), 46-54.

Mann, K., Gordon, J., & MacLeod, A. (2009). Reflection and reflective practice in health professions education: a systematic review. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 14(4), 595-621.

Martin, A., & Hughes, H. (2009). How to make the most of work integrated learning: a guide for students, lecturers and supervisors. Palmerston, NZ: Massey University Press.

McGill University. Teaching and Learning Services, 2014. Guidelines for Assessment of Experiential Learning, Teaching and Learning Services. McGill University, Montreal. Retrieved from http://www.mcgill.ca/tls/teaching/policies.

McLaughlin, J. & Johnson, K. (2006). Assessing the Field Course Experiential Learning Model: Transforming Collegiate Short-term Study Abroad Experiences into Rich Learning Environments. Frontiers: the Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 8: 65-85. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ891485.pdf

Mertens, D. M., & Wilson, A. T. (2012). Program evaluation theory and practice: a comprehensive guide. New York: Guilford Press

Mezirow, J., & Associates. (1990). Fostering critical reflection in adulthood: a guide to transformative and emancipatory learning. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Miettinen, R. (2000). The concept of experiential learning and John Dewey’s theory of reflective thought and action. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 19(1), 54-72.

Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities (now Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development) (2012). Strengthening Ontario’s Centres of Creativity, Innovation and Knowledge (205 kB PDF)

Mooney, L. A. & Edwards B. (2001). Experiential learning in sociology: Service learning and other community-based learning initiatives. Teaching Sociology, 29 (2), 181-194.

Moore, D. T. (2010). Forms and issues in experiential learning. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 124, 3-13.

Mpofu, E. (2007). Service-learning effects on the academic learning of rehabilitation services students. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning, 14(1), 46-52.

Munby, H., Chin, P. and Hutchinson, N. L. (2003) Co-operative education, the curriculum, and working knowledge.  In D. Trueit, W. Doll, H. Wang and W. Pinar (Eds.), The Internationalization of Curriculum (205–18), New York: Peter Lang.

Munby, H., Hutchinson, N. L., & Chin, P. (2009). Workplace learning: Metacognitive Strategies for learning in the knowledge economy. In R. Maclean & D. Wilson (Eds.), International handbook on education for the world of work: Bridging academic and vocational education. New York: Springer.

Nolan, A. (2008). Encouraging the reflection process in undergraduate teachers using guided reflection. Australian Journal of Early Childhood, 33(1), 31-36.

Ogilvie, A., & Douglas, K. (2007). Online role plays and the virtual placement: aiding reflection in work-integrated learning. Proceedings, ASCILITE, Singapore

Paul, P. & Mukhopadhyay, K. (2005). Experiential learning in international business education. Journal of Teaching in International Business, 16 (2), 7-25.

Pee, B., Woodman, T., Fry, H., & Davenport, E. (2002). Appraising and assessing reflection in students’ writing on a structure worksheet. Medical Education, 36, 575-585.

Peters, Julie, Academica Group Inc. (2012). Faculty Experiences with and Perceptions of Work-Integrated Learning (WIL) in the Ontario Postsecondary Sector. Toronto: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario. Retrieved from http://www.heqco.ca/en-ca/Research/ResPub/Pages/Faculty-Experiences-with-and-Perceptions-of-Work-Integrated-Learning-WIL-in-the-Ontario-Postsecondary-Sector.aspx

Qualters, Donna M. & Wehlburg, Catherine M. Eds. Experiential education: making the most of learning outside the classroom. San Francisco, Calif. : Jossey-Bass ; New York : Wiley, c2010.

Roberts, Jay W. Beyond Learning by Doing: Theoretical Currents in Experiential Education. NY: Routledge, 2012.

Rogers, R. R. (2001). Reflection in higher education: a conceptual analysis. Innovative Higher Education, 26 (1), 37-57.

Rubin, S. (2002). Developing community through experiential education. New Directions for Higher Education, 2000 (109), 43-50.

Russell, T., & Martin, A. K. (2013). Challenges to promoting quality in preservice practicum experiences. In M. A. Flores, A. A. Carvalho, F. Ferreira, & T. Vilaça (Eds.), Back to the future: Legacies, continuities and changes in educational policy, practice and research (219-230). Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Sense Publishers.

Russell, T. (1993). Reflection-in-Action and the Development of Professional Expertise Teacher Education Quarterly 20(1), 51-62 Published by: Caddo Gap Press Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23475150

Russell, T & Munby, H Eds. (1992). Teachers and teaching: from classroom to reflection. London ; New York: Falmer Press.

Sattler, P. (2011). Work-Integrated learning in Ontario’s postsecondary sector. Toronto: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario. Retrieved from http://www.heqco.ca/en-ca/Research/ResPub/Pages/Work-Integrated-Learning-in-Ontario-s-Postsecondary-Sector-The-Pathways-of-Recent-College-and-University-Graduates-.aspx.

Sattler, P. & Peters, J. (2012). Work-integrated learning and post secondary graduates: The perspective of Ontario Employers. Toronto: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario. Retrieved from http://www.heqco.ca/en-ca/Research/ResPub/Pages/Work-Integrated-Learning-and-Postsecondary-Graduates-The-Perspective-of-Ontario-Employers.aspx.

Schwartz, M. 2012. Best Practices in Experiential Learning. Ryerson University Teaching and Learning Office. Retrieved from http://ryerson.ca/content/dam/lt/resources/handouts/ExperientialLearningReport.pdf

Schwartz, M. 2012. Assessing experiential learning in Engineering. Ryerson University Learning and Teaching Office. Retrieved from www.ryerson.ca/content/dam/lt/resources/handouts/engineering_experiential_assessment.pdf

Smith, Thomas E. & Knapp, Clifford E. Eds. Sourcebook of experiential education: key thinkers and their contributions. New York : Routledge, 2011.

Stevens, D. & Levi, A. (2013). Introduction to Rubrics: An assessment tool to save grading time, convey effective feedback and promote student learning. 2nd Ed. Sterling, Virginia: Stylus Publishing, LLC.

Stirling, A. E. (2013). Applying Kolb’s theory of experiential learning to coach education. Journal of Coaching Education, 6(2), 34-51.

Stirling, A., Kerr, G., Banwell, J., MacPherson, E., Bandealy, A., & Battaglia, A. (2014). What is an internship? Inventory and analysis of “internship” opportunities available to postsecondary students in Ontario. Toronto: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario. Retrieved from http://www.heqco.ca/en-ca/Research/ResPub/Pages/What-is-an-internship-An-inventory-and-analysis-of-internship-opportunities-available-to-Ontario-postsecondary-students.aspx

Stirling, A., Kerr, G, Banwell, J., MacPherson, E, & Heron, A. (2016). A Practical Guide for Work-Integrated Learning: Effective Practices to Enhance the Educational Quality of Structured Work Experiences Offered through Colleges and Universities. Retrieved from http://www.heqco.ca/en-ca/Research/ResPub/Pages/A-Practical-Guide-for-Work-integrated-Learning.aspx von Treuer, K., Sturre, V., Keele, S., & McLeod, J. (2011). An integrated model for the evaluation of work placements. Asia-Pacific Journal of Cooperative Education, 12(3), 195-204.

Turcotte, J.F., Nichols, L., Philipps, L. (2016) Maximizing Opportunity, Mitigating Risk: Aligning Law, Policy and Practice to Strengthen Work-Integrated Learning in Ontario. (1013 kB PDF). Toronto: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario.

Wald, H. S., Borkan, J. M., Taylor, J. S., Anthony, D., & Reis, S. P. (2012). Fostering and evaluating reflective capacity in medical education: developing the REFLECT rubric for assessing reflective writing. Academic Medicine, 87(1), 41-50.

Walters, D. and Frank, K. (2010). Exploring the Alignment between Postsecondary Education Programs and Labour Market Outcomes in Ontario. Toronto: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario. Retrieved from http://govdocs.ourontario.ca/node/6498

Weible, R. (2009). Are universities reaping the available benefits internship programs offer? Journal of Education for Business, 85(2), 59-63.

Wolf, K. (2010). Bridging the distance: the use of blogs as reflective tools for placement students. Higher Education Research and Development, 29, 589-602.

Wong, K., Kember, D., Chung, L., & Yan, L. (1995). Assessing the level of student reflection from reflective journals. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 22, 48-57.

Wright, M.C. (2000). Getting more out of less: The benefits of short-time experiential learning in undergraduate sociology courses. Teaching Sociology, 28 (2), 116-126.

Yates, C. & Axelrod, P. (July 3, 2013). Is the BA a ticket to nowhere? ’No. Employers want independent, critical thinking workers. The Hamilton Spectator. Retrieved from http://www.thespec.com/opinion-story/3874383--is-the-ba-a-ticket-to-nowhere-/