Meditation is a practice that encourages silent contemplation and awareness through an altered mode of consciousness. Meditation has a long-standing tradition within most faiths. Although it appears more prominent in some faiths over others, it is a core practice for many.
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As a central practice of Buddhism, meditation techniques have been preserved in religious texts and through teacher-student relations. Buddhists practice meditation in the pursuit of spiritual enlightenment towards Nirvana. There is a large number and diversity within Buddhist meditation practices.
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Christian meditation is a form of prayer used to gain awareness of the revelations of God. The practice is based on techniques involving deliberate reflection on holy texts and bible passages to discover the love of God.
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Meditation in Islam
Dhikr or 'Remembrance of God' in Islam is interpreted through various meditative techniques in Sufism or Islamic mysticism. Dhikr is used as a meditative practice through which one reflects on the Creation of Allah. There are many cultural and regional variations in the practice of Dhikr, which reflects the inherent diversity of practices among the various sects of Islam.
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