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Glenn Willmott


I always wanted to be an artist but was too shy. I began my university career as an engineering student and loved it—I once designed a lifelike artificial ear to test hearing protectors. But when I heard the siren call of literature, no ear plugs could save me. Even so, science, literature and art are all about the same thing for me: expanding my understanding and renewing my representation of reality. In my teaching and research, I like to wander among the many forms of creative experimentation from the 1890s to today—in popular arts as well as in the avant-garde. I am motivated by questions about the nature and consequences of aesthetic power and am drawn to radically alternative visions of the good life and the social forces arrayed against it.

Some facts: I was once an American citizen and studied in the South; returning to Toronto, I never liked winter again. I loved my first job as a temporary professor at Dalhousie, and I’ve been fortunate to teach at Queen’s since 1995. Some of my favourite authors are the modernists Djuna Barnes and D. H. Lawrence, the pulp fiction writers C. L. Moore and Raymond Chandler. My most recent favourite author is Ayse Papatya Bucak. In comics I am devoted to George Herriman and Lynda Barry, among many others. I also love the Western classics, from Sappho and the Odyssey to Moby Dick and Middlemarch.

Research Interests

Modernist avant-garde literature, arts, and culture; Ecocriticism and animal studies; Comic strips and graphic novels; Science fiction, crime, and other pulp genres; New media; Reading, empathy, and affect.

Selected Publications

"Modern Animalism": Habitats of Scarcity and Wealth in Comics and Literature

University of Toronto Press

From T. S. Eliot’s Sweeney to C. S. Lewis’s Aslan, modern writing has been filled with strange new hybrid human-animal creatures. Feeding on consumer society, these ‘modern primitive’ figures often challenge mainstream ideals by discovering wealth in habitats and resources rather than in economic exchange. What compels our post-human identification with these characters?

Modern Animalism explores representations of the human-animal ‘problem creature’ in a broad assortment of literature and comics from the late nineteenth century to the present — including authors such as Woolf, Joyce, Lawrence, Moore, Murakami, Pullman, Coetzee, and Atwood, and comics creators such as McCay, Herriman, Miyazaki, and Morrison. Drawing on a wide range of scholarship, from environmental economics to psychology, Glenn Willmott examines modern and post-modern allegories of the environment, the animal, and economics, highlighting the enduring and seductive appeal of the modern primitive in an age when living with less remains a powerful cultural wish.

Modernist Goods: Primitivism, the Market and the Gift

University of Toronto Press

The politicised interpretation of literature has relied on models of economic and social structures that oscillate between idealized subversion and market fatalism. Current anthropological discussions of mixed gift and commodity economies and the segmented politics of house societies offer solutions to this problem and suggest invaluable new directions for literary studies. Modernist Goods uses recent discussions of gift and house practices to counter an influential revisionist trend in modernist studies, a trend that sees the capitalist marketplace and its public sphere as the uniquely determining institutional structures in modern arts and culture.

Glenn Willmott argues that a political unconscious forged by the widespread marginalisation of pre-capitalist institutions comes to the fore in modernist primitivism. Such primitivism, he insists, is not superficially exoticist or simply appropriative of the cultural heritage of others. Rather, it is at once parodic and authentic, and often, in the language of Julia Kristeva, abject. Modernist Goods examines such writers as Yeats, Conrad, Eliot, Woolf, Beckett, H.D., and Joyce to uncover what the author views as their displaced aboriginality and to investigate the relationship between literary modernism and aboriginal modernity. By bringing current anthropological developments to literary studies, it aims to rethink the economic commitments of modernist literature and their political significance.

  • “The Animalized Character and Style” in Animal Comics: Multispecies Storyworlds in Graphic Narratives, ed. David Herman (Bloomsbury, 2018)
  • “Cat People,” Modernism/Modernity (2010).
  • “Modernism, Economics, Anthropology,” Disciplining Modernism, ed. P. Caughie (2009)
  • "Unreal Country": Modernity in the Canadian Novel in English (McGill Queen University Press, 2002)
  • McLuhan, or Modernism in Reverse (University of Toronto Press, 1996).
Graduate Supervision

A Political History of Wonder Woman

Modernist Writing and Dance

Transmedial Nonsense in Comics and Zines

The Feminized Robot, from Pulp Fantasy to Mainstream Icon

Additional Information

On reading, empathy, and wonder: see my research website”

Department of English, Queen's University

Watson Hall
49 Bader Lane
Kingston ON K7L 3N6


Telephone (343) 363-2140


Queen's University is situated on traditional Haudenosaunee and Anishinaabe territory.