Timothy Chan (University of Toronto)
DateFriday April 1, 2022
2:30 pm - 3:30 pm
LocationOnline (via Zoom)
Math & Stats Department Colloquium
Friday, April 1st, 2022
Time: 2:30 p.m. Place: Online (via Zoom)
Speaker: Timothy Chan (University of Toronto)
Title: An Inverse Optimization Approach to Measuring Clinical Pathway Concordance
Abstract: Clinical pathways outline standardized processes in the delivery of care for a speciﬁc disease. Patient journeys through the healthcare system, however, can deviate substantially from these pathways. Given the positive beneﬁts of clinical pathways, it is important to measure the concordance of patient pathways so that variations in health system performance or bottlenecks in the delivery of care can be detected, monitored, and acted upon. This paper proposes the ﬁrst data-driven inverse optimization approach to measuring pathway concordance in any problem context. Our speciﬁc application considers clinical pathway concordance for stage III colon cancer. We develop a novel concordance metric and demonstrate using real patient data from Ontario, Canada that it has a statistically signiﬁcant association with survival. Our methodological approach considers a patient’s journey as a walk in a directed graph, where the costs on the arcs are derived by solving an inverse shortest path problem. The inverse optimization model uses two sources of information to ﬁnd the arc costs: reference pathways developed by a provincial cancer agency (primary) and data from real-world patient-related activity from patients with both positive and negative clinical outcomes (secondary). Thus, our inverse optimization framework extends existing models by including data points of both varying “primacy” and “alignment”. Data primacy is addressed through a two-stage approach to imputing the cost vector, whereas data alignment is addressed by a hybrid objective function that aims to minimize and maximize suboptimality error for diﬀerent subsets of input data.
Timothy Chan is the Canada Research Chair in Novel Optimization and Analytics in Health, a Professor in the department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, the Director of the Centre for Analytics and AI Engineering, the Associate Director, Research and Thematic Programming of the Data Sciences Institute, and a Senior Fellow of Massey College at the University of Toronto. His primary research interests are in operations research, optimization, and applied machine learning, with applications in healthcare, medicine, sustainability, and sports.