Department of Mathematics and Statistics

Department of Mathematics and Statistics
Department of Mathematics and Statistics
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Dynamics, Geometry, & Groups Seminar

Dynamics, Geometry, & Groups - Rylee Lyman (Tufts University)

Friday, January 24th, 2020

Time: 10:30 a.m Place: Jeffery Hall 319

Speaker: Rylee Lyman (Tufts University)

Title: Train tracks and pseudo-Anosov braids in automorphisms of free products.

Abstract: The Nielsen–Thurston classification of surface homeomorphisms says that every homeomorphism of a surface either has a finite power isotopic to the identity, preserves the isotopy class of some essential multi-curve, or is isotopic to a pseudo-Anosov map, the most interesting kind. Bestvina and Handel introduced a similar classification for automorphisms of free groups. Here the analogue of a pseudo-Anosov homeomorphism is a train track map for an outer automorphism which is fully irreducible, a homotopy equivalence of a graph with extra structure. The analogy really is correct: pseudo-Anosov mapping classes of once-punctured surfaces induce fully irreducible outer automorphisms preserving a nontrivial conjugacy class and vice-versa. We discuss extensions of the train track theory to automorphisms of free products. Here the analogy is to mapping classes of punctured spheres. We show that fully irreducible automorphisms of free products of finite subgroups of SO(2) may be represented as pseudo-Anosov braids on orbifolds if and only if they preserve a non-peripheral conjugacy class.

Dynamics, Geometry, & Groups - Kasun Fernando (U of T)

Friday, January 17th, 2020

Time: 10:30 a.m Place: Jeffery Hall 319

Speaker: Kasun Fernando (University of Toronto)

Title: Edgeworth Expansions for (mostly) hyperbolic dynamical systems.

Abstract: Given a dynamical system which shows hyperbolicity on a large part of phase space, one would expect it to exhibit good statistical properties like rapid decay of correlations, the Central Limit Theorem (CLT), Large Deviation Principle and etc. In this talk, I will discuss sufficient conditions for such mostly hyperbolic dynamical systems to admit Edgeworth expansions in the CLT. Our focus is on systems that admit a Young tower with return times with an exponentially decaying tail. This is an on-going joint work with Françoise Pène.

Dynamics, Geometry, & Groups - Neil MacVicar (Queen's University)

Friday, November 22nd, 2019

Time: 10:30 a.m Place: Jeffery Hall 319

Speaker: Neil MacVicar (Queen's University)

Title: Bratteli Diagrams and Cantor Minimal Systems.

Abstract: A Bratteli diagram is a kind of infinite graph for which a transformation can be defined on its path space. This talk will introduce the diagrams, their associated dynamical systems, and the relationship between these systems and systems described by a minimal homeomorphism acting on a Cantor space.

Dynamics, Geometry, & Groups - Elizabeth Field (UIUC)

Friday, November 15th, 2019

Time: 10:30 a.m Place: Jeffery Hall 319

Speaker: Elizabeth Field (University of Illionois Urbana-Champagn)

Title: Trees, dendrites, and the Cannon-Thurston map.

Abstract: When 1 -> H -> G -> Q -> 1 is a short exact sequence of three word-hyperbolic groups, Mahan Mitra (Mj) has shown that the inclusion map from H to G extends continuously to a map between the Gromov boundaries of H and G. This boundary map is known as the Cannon-Thurston map. In this context, Mitra associates to every point z in the Gromov boundary of Q an ``ending lamination'' on H which consists of pairs of distinct points in the boundary of H. We prove that for each such z, the quotient of the Gromov boundary of H by the equivalence relation generated by this ending lamination is a dendrite, that is, a tree-like topological space. This result generalizes the work of Kapovich-Lustig and Dowdall-Kapovich-Taylor, who prove that in the case where H is a free group and Q is a convex cocompact purely atoroidal subgroup of Out(F_n), one can identify the resultant quotient space with a certain R-tree in the boundary of Culler-Vogtmann's Outer space.

Dynamics, Geometry, & Groups - Giulio Tiozzo (Queen's University)

Friday, November 1st, 2019

Time: 10:30 a.m Place: Jeffery Hall 319

Speaker: Giulio Tiozzo (Queen's University)

Title: Entropy and drift for Gibbs measures on geometrically finite manifolds.

Abstract: The boundary of a simply connected, negatively curved manifold carries two natural types of measures: on one hand, Gibbs measures such as the Patterson-Sullivan measure and the SRB measure. On the other hand, harmonic measures arising from random walks. We prove that the absolute continuity between a harmonic measure and a Gibbs measure is equivalent to a relation between entropy, drift and critical exponent, extending the previous formulas of Guivarc’h, Ledrappier, and Blachere-Haissinsky-Mathieu. This shows that if the manifold (or more generally, a CAT(-1) space) is geometrically finite but not convex cocompact, harmonic measures are singular with respect to Gibbs measures.

Dynamics, Geometry, & Groups - Heejoung Kim (UIUC)

Thursday, October 17th, 2019

Time: 3:30 p.m Place: Jeffery Hall 319

Speaker: Heejoung Kim (University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign)

Title: Algorithms detecting stability and Morseness for finitely generated groups.

Abstract: For a word-hyperbolic group G, the notion of quasiconvexity is independent on the choice of a generating set and a quasiconvex subgroup of G is quasi-isometrically embedded in G. Kapovich provided a partial algorithm which, on input a finite set S of G, halts if S generates a quasiconvex subgroup of G and runs forever otherwise. However, beyond word-hyperbolic groups, the notion of quasiconveixty is not as useful. For a finitely generated group, there are two recent generalizations of the notion of a quasiconvex subgroup of a word-hyperbolic group, a ``stable'' subgroup and a ``Morse'' subgroup. In this talk, we will discuss various detection and decidability algorithms for stability and Morseness of a finitely generated subgroup of mapping class groups, right-angled Artin groups, toral relatively hyperbolic groups.

Dynamics, Geometry, & Groups - Ian Frankel (Queen's University)

Friday, September 20th, 2019

Time: 10:30 a.m Place: Jeffery Hall 319

Speaker: Ian Frankel (Queen's University)

Title: Local geometry of Teichmüller space: flat and quasiconformal.

Abstract: The Teichmüller distance between two homeomorphic Riemann surfaces X and Y is a number that quantifies the following question: Given a homeomorphism from X to Y, how non-conformal does the map have to be?

The optimal quasiconformal maps, i.e. those with smallest quasiconformal constant, are characterized by choices of special singular flat metrics on X and Y, and in fact fit into a large familes of maps, and the dynamics of SL(2,R) acting on this family have been the subject of many celebrated results in the past decade.

Now, suppose we are given X and Y but with singular flat metrics that are not related to the optimal map. We will describe how we can still estimate the Teichmüller distance from X to Y.

Dynamics, Geometry, & Groups - James Mingo (Queen's University)

Friday, September 13th, 2019

Time: 10:30 a.m Place: Jeffery Hall 319

Speaker: James Mingo (Queen's University)

Title: Can a free group have a fractional number of generators? In the free world it can.

Abstract: Starting with a countable discrete group G we complete the group ring in a suitable topology to get L(G), the group von Neumann algebra. We let L(n) be the group von Neumann algebra for the free group on n ≥ 2 generators. Using random matrix theory Voiculescu showed that if we tensor L(m) with the k x k matrices we get an algebra isomorphic to L(n). The relation between k, m, and n is the same as in Schreier's index theorem for subgroups of free groups. With this we can define L(t) for any real t > 1 as the group algebra of the free group with t generators. I will explain the main ideas in the proof. No prior knowledge of free probability will be assumed.

Dynamics, Geometry, & Groups - Catherine Pfaff (Queen's University)

Tuesday, August 27th, 2019

Time: 1:30 p.m Place: Jeffery Hall 319

Speaker: Catherine Pfaff (Queen's University)

Title: Typical Trees: An Out(F_r) Excursion.

Abstract: Random walks are not new to geometric group theory (see, for example, work of Furstenberg, Kaimonovich, Masur). However, following independent proofs by Maher and Rivin that pseudo-Anosovs are generic within mapping class groups, and then new techniques developed by Maher-Tiozzo, Sisto, and others, the field has seen in the past decade a veritable explosion of results. In a 2 paper series, we answer with fine detail a question posed by Handel-Mosher asking about invariants of generic outer automorphisms of free groups and then a question posed by Bestvina as to properties of R-trees of full measure in the boundary of Culler-Vogtmann outer space. This is joint work with Ilya Kapovich, Joseph Maher, and Samuel J. Taylor.

Dynamics, Geometry, & Groups - Marco Lenci (Universita di Bologna)

Friday, August 23rd, 2019

Time: 10:30 a.m Place: Jeffery Hall 319

Speaker: Marco Lenci (Universita di Bologna)

Title: Infinite-volume mixing and the case of one-dimensional maps with an indifferent fixed point.

Abstract: I will first discuss the question of mixing in infinite ergodic theory, which will serve as a motivation for the introduction of the notions of "infinite-volume mixing". Then I will focus on a prototypical class of infinite-measure-preserving dynamical systems: non-uniformly expanding maps of the unit interval with an indifferent fixed point. I will show how the definitions of infinite-volume mixing play out in this case. As it turns out, the most significant property, and the hardest to verify, is the so-called global-local mixing, corresponding to the decorrelation in time between global and local observables. I will present sufficient conditions for global-local mixing, which will cover the most popular examples of maps with an indifferent fixed point (Pomeau-Manneville and Liverani-Saussol-Vaienti). If time permits, I will also present some peculiar limit theorems that can be derived for these systems out of the property of global-local mixing.