Academic Calendar 2021-2022

Chemistry (CHEM)

CHEM 112  General Chemistry  Units: 6.00  

A survey of modern chemistry: structure and bonding, phases of matter, thermodynamics, acids, bases, electrochemistry, equilibria, kinetics and organic chemistry. Using information technology, labs, and problem-solving strategies, students will develop an appreciation for the relevance of chemistry to the solution of modern-day societal challenges.
NOTE Also offered at the Bader International Study Centre, Herstmonceux. Learning Hours may vary.
NOTE Lab coat estimated cost $27; goggles estimated cost $17; blue lab book estimated cost $9.
LEARNING HOURS 288 (72L;36Lb;36G;48O;96P).

Requirements: Prerequisite None. Exclusion CHEM 113; CHEM 114. Recommended 4U Chemistry or equivalent.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 113  General Chemistry I (with Virtual Laboratory): From Atoms to Matter  Units: 3.00  

A quantitative treatment of chemical phenomena and materials. Critical thinking and problem solving are emphasized. Topics include atomic structure and molecular bonding, nomenclature, thermodynamics, phase-transitions and condensed phases. The virtual laboratory provides basic practice in different types of chemistry.
NOTE Only offered online. Consult Arts and Science Online.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (72O;54P).

Requirements: Prerequisite None. Exclusion CHEM 112. Recommended 4U Chemistry. Note Not normally intended for on-campus degree plans and certificates. Not appropriate for pre and upper level courses that have a laboratory component.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 114  General Chemistry II (with Virtual Laboratory): Thermodynamics and Kinetics  Units: 3.00  

A quantitative treatment of chemical phenomena and materials. Critical thinking and problem solving are emphasized. Topics include thermodynamics, chemical equilibria, acids and bases, kinetics, electrochemistry and organic reactions. The virtual laboratory provides basic practice in different types of chemistry.
NOTE Only offered online. Consult Arts and Science Online.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (72O;54P).

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 113. Exclusion CHEM 112. Note Not normally intended for on-campus degree plans and certificates. Not appropriate for pre and upper level courses that have a laboratory component.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 118  General Chemistry  Units: 6.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 128  Bonding Struct. & Properties  Units: 3.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 138  Chemical Processes  Units: 3.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 211  Main Group Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

An introduction to chemistry of main group inorganic and organic compounds with the use of fundamental quantum mechanics, molecular orbital diagrams and Lewis structures to describe the structure and bonding. The stereochemistry and chirality of organic compounds, solid state inorganic chemistry, and descriptive chemistry of compounds of the main group elements will be covered. The laboratory will introduce skills in inorganic and organic synthesis.
NOTE Lab coat estimated cost $27; goggles estimated cost $17; blue lab book estimated cost $16.
LEARNING HOURS 144 (36L;36Lb;9T;63P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 112.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 212  Principles of Chemical Reactivity  Units: 3.00  

An introduction to the kinetics and mechanisms of reactions in gaseous and condensed phases, including acid-base and nucleophilic substitution reactions at carbon and other main group centers. Other topics will include molecular dynamics and reactions in solution. The laboratory illustrates measurement techniques and develops laboratory skills.
NOTE Lab coat estimated cost $27; goggles estimated cost $17; blue lab book estimated cost $9.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (36L;18Lb;9T;63P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 112 and (MATH 120 or MATH 121 or [MATH 123 and MATH 124]). Exclusion CHEM 281.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 213  Introduction to Chemical Analysis  Units: 3.00  

Introduction to analytical chemical methods and science. Topics include statistical analysis of data, titrations and equilibrium theory, spectrophotometry and instrumental elemental analysis.
NOTE Lab coat estimated cost $27; goggles estimated cost $17; blue lab book estimated cost $9.
LEARNING HOURS 144 (36L;36Lb;9T;63P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 112.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 221  Material, Solutions, Interfaces  Units: 3.00  

A survey of the thermodynamic properties of gases and liquids, including phase and chemical equilibria and electrochemistry. An introduction to the properties of materials, interfaces, surfaces and aqueous solutions. The laboratory uses modern software to facilitate equilibrium calculations, illustrates measurement techniques and develops laboratory skills. Winter Term.
NOTE Lab coat estimated cost $27; goggles estimated cost $17; blue lab book $9.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (36L;18Lb;18T;54P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 112 and (MATH 120 or MATH 121 or [MATH 123 and MATH 124]).  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 222  Methods of Structure Determination  Units: 3.00  

A survey of practical spectroscopic and spectrometric methods for the determinations of the structures of organic and inorganic compounds. Methods will include nuclear magnetic resonance, electronic, infrared/Raman spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. Tutorials will involve solving compound structures using spectroscopic data, and include an introduction to computational methods in spectroscopy.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (36L;18T;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 112.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 223  Organic Reactions  Units: 3.00  

Mechanistically oriented study of organic reactions with emphasis on applications to synthesis. The laboratory affords experience in organic synthesis.
NOTE Lab coat estimated cost $27; goggles estimated cost $17; carbon lab book $16.
LEARNING HOURS 144 (36L;36Lb;9T;63P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 211 and CHEM 212. Exclusion CHEM 282; CHEM 285.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 244  Thermodynamic Propert Of Fluid  Units: 4.00  

Requirements: (CHEM120 AND PHYS113) OR (APSC131 AND APSC132) OR (APSC131 AND APSC172) OR (CHEM120 AND MATH129) OR (CHEM120 AND CHEM121) OR (APSC131 AND APSC132) OR (APSC131 AND APSC172) OR (APSC131 AND APSC111)  
Offering Term: W  
Offering Faculty: Fac of Engineering Appl Sci  
CHEM 245  Applied Organic Chemistry I  Units: 3.00  

A survey of organic functional group reactivity from a mechanistic perspective, including substitution, addition, elimination, rearrangement and redox reactions; extensive use of examples from industrial process chemistry. The laboratory provides experience in organic synthesis, including the preparation, purification and characterization of organic compounds. NOTE: Laboratory consumables: estimated cost $20. (0/38/0/16/0)

Requirements: (APSC131 AND APSC132) OR (CHEM211 AND CHEM212)  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 278  Analytical Chem. For Engineers  Units: 4.50  

Requirements: (CHEM120 AND CHEM121) OR (APSC131 AND APSC132)  
Offering Term: F  
Offering Faculty: Fac of Engineering Appl Sci  
CHEM 280  General Organic Chemistry  Units: 6.00  

Requirements: (APSC131 AND APSC132) OR CHEM112 OR CHEM116 OR (CHEM120 AND CHEM121)  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 281  General Organic Chemistry I (with Virtual Laboratory)  Units: 3.00  

An introduction to the basic principles of organic chemistry with emphasis on bonding, stereochemistry, reaction intermediates and reaction mechanisms, and structure-reactivity correlations. Intended for students in biological and life sciences. Students in chemistry or biochemistry programs should not enrol in this course.
NOTE Also offered online. Consult Arts and Science Online. Learning Hours may vary.
NOTE Molecular model set $25.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;24O;48P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 112 or CHEM 114. Exclusion CHEM 212.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 282  General Organic Chemistry II  Units: 3.00  

A continuation from CHEM 281/3.0 intended for students in biological sciences, life sciences, and other programs taking no further courses in organic chemistry. Students in chemistry or biochemistry programs should not enrol in this course. Organic molecules and their reactions; relevance to biological systems. Illustrations using biomolecules such as carbohydrates, amino acids and proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. The laboratory affords experience in elementary organic syntheses.
NOTE Lab coat estimated cost $27; goggles estimated cost $17; carbon lab book $16.
LEARNING HOURS 141 (36L;33Lb;12O;60P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 112 and CHEM 281. Exclusion CHEM 223; CHEM 285.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 285  General Organic Chemistry II (with Virtual Laboratory)  Units: 3.00  

A continuation from CHEM 281/3.0 intended for students in biological sciences, and other plans taking no further courses in organic chemistry. Students in chemistry or biochemistry plans should not enrol in this course. Organic molecules and their reactions; relevance to biological systems. Illustrations using biomolecules such as carbohydrates, amino acids and proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. The virtual laboratory provides knowledge of elementary organic syntheses.
NOTE Offered only online. Consult Arts and Science Online.
NOTE Life Sciences Honours students should not enroll in this course.
LEARNING HOURS 99 (60O;39P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 281. Exclusion CHEM 223; CHEM 282. Note Students in CHEM or BCHM plans or LISC (Hons) should not enroll in this course.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 311  Mechanistic Organic Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

Fundamental mechanistic concepts of organic reactions, structure-activity relationships, solvent effects and catalysis. Mechanistic aspects of substitution, addition, elimination and pericyclic reactions.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 223 or CHEM 282.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 312  Transition Metal Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

Introduction to the chemistry, bonding and structures of coordination compounds of the transition metals; transition metals in the solid state and in biological systems; industrial and environmental aspects of transition metal chemistry.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 211.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 313  Quantum Mechanics  Units: 3.00  

Elementary principles and applications of wave mechanics with special reference to molecular orbitals and chemical bonding.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite (CHEM 211 or CHEM 222) and (MATH 110 or MATH 111 or MATH 112) and (MATH 120 or MATH 121 or [MATH 123 and MATH 124]) and (PHYS 104 or PHYS 106 or PHYS 117). One-Way Exclusion May not be taken with or after PHYS 344. Equivalency CHEM 346.  
Course Equivalencies: CHEM313, CHEM346  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 321  Instrumental Chemical Analysis  Units: 3.00  

Overview of instrumental methods of chemical analysis. Topics include gas and liquid chromatography, mass spectrometric detection, new separation methods, electrochemical analysis, inductively coupled plasma-based elemental analysis.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 213. Exclusion ENSC 471.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 322  The Chemical Bond: Computation and Spectroscopy  Units: 3.00  

The application of quantum mechanics to the structures and internal motions of molecules. The foundations of electronic, vibrational, rotational and NMR spectroscopy will be discussed together with their applications.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 313 or CHEM 346 or PHYS 344.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 323  Biological Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

Introduction to the chemical basis of biological systems and biomolecules, protein structure and synthesis, enzyme catalysis, nucleic acids (DNA, RNA), carbohydrates, membranes, cell signalling, biosynthetic and metabolic pathways.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 223 or CHEM 282.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 326  Environmental and Green Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

The first part examines chemical contaminants in the atmosphere, water, soils and sediments, including sources, behaviour, transport, and distribution among these environments. The second part introduces Green Chemistry, examining industrial sources of contaminants and the modification of industrial processes in order to minimize environmental impact.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (33L;3G;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite (CHEM 223 or CHEM 281) and 6.0 units in (CHEM at the 200-level).  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 345  Applied Organic Chemistry II  Units: 3.00  

A detailed study of organic reactions and processes of industrial and economic importance, with application of the principles developed in CHEM 245.  Case studies involving process development in the pharmaceutical industry are used extensively.  (0/24/0/12/0)

Requirements: CHEM245 OR CHEM245 OR CHEM245 OR CHEM288  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 346  Quantum Mech/Molecular Sim  Units: 3.50  

This course introduces quantum mechanics and molecular simulation as engineering tools for the understanding and design of molecular structure and properties. It is aimed at providing an overview of the principles of quantum mechanical theory and molecular simulation with strong emphasis on applications to engineering problems. Key mathematical concepts will be discussed and applied using state-of-the-art modeling software. (0/21/0/21/0)

Requirements: (CHEM244 AND MATH226) OR (CHEE210 AND MATH225) OR (MATH226 AND CHEE210) OR (MATH226 AND CHEM244) OR (CHEE210 AND MATH226) OR (CHEM244 AND MATH225) OR (CHEM244 AND MATH226)  
Course Equivalencies: CHEM313, CHEM346  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 347  Applied Surface and Colloid Science  Units: 3.00  

The course covers four major topics. 1. The thermodynamic properties of interfaces (surface energy, wetting, surface area and porosity, capillary effects, work of adhesion/cohesion). 2. Models of adsorption/desorption phenomena. 3. The dynamics of phase transitions (meta-stability, nucleation, spinoidal decomposition). 4. The stability and characterization of colloidal systems. Student appreciation for the importance of these phenomena is cultivated using examples drawn from industrial processes/products including inks, paints, foods, polymer blends, and nanocomposites.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 221.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 397  Experimental Chemistry  Units: 6.00  

Laboratory course introducing modern experimental methods in chemistry, including synthesis, analytical instrumentation and computational methods. The integration of several methods will be emphasized in the synthesis and characterization of molecules.
NOTE Lab coat estimated cost $27; goggles estimated cost $17; carbon lab book $16.
LEARNING HOURS 300 (144Lb;12T:144P)

Requirements: Prerequisite (CHEM 222 and CHEM 223) and 6.0 units in (CHEM at the 200-level). Corequisite 6.0 units in (CHEM at the 300-level). Exclusion CHEM 398; CHEM 399.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 398  Experimental Chemistry I  Units: 3.00  

Laboratory course. In consultation with the course coordinator, and subject to availability, students may select experiments as are relevant to their degree program including synthesis, analytical instrumentation and computational methods. The integration of several methods will be emphasized in the design and characterization of molecules.
NOTE Lab coat estimated cost $27; goggles estimated cost $17; carbon lab book $16.
LEARNING HOURS 156 (72Lb;12T:72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite (CHEM 222 and CHEM 223) and 3.0 units in (CHEM at the 200-level). Corequisite 3.0 units in (CHEM at the 300-level). Exclusion CHEM 397.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 399  Experimental Chemistry II  Units: 3.00  

Laboratory course. In consultation with the course co-coordinator, and subject to availability, students may select experiments as are relevant to their degree program including synthesis, analytical instrumentation and computational methods. The integration of several methods will be emphasized in the design and characterization of molecules.
NOTE Lab coat estimated cost $27; goggles estimated cost $17; carbon lab book $16.
LEARNING HOURS 156 (72Lb;12T;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite (CHEM 222 and CHEM 223) and 3.0 units in (CHEM at the 200-level). Corequisite 3.0 units in (CHEM at the 300-level). Exclusion CHEM 397.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 411  Advanced Analytical Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

A discussion of recent advances in analytical chemistry and its applications to the environmental, materials and biomedical fields. At least four topics will be covered from sample preparation, separation methods, multidimensional chromatography, elemental spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, and surface analysis methods. Additional topics will be selected from the current literature.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 213.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 412  Statistical Mechanics  Units: 3.00  

The fundamentals of statistical mechanics with applications to thermodynamic properties of gases, liquids and solids and to chemical equilibrium in dilute gases.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite (CHEM 221 and CHEM 313) or (PHYS 345 and PHYS 372). Exclusion PHYS 472.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 413  Computational Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

The application of quantum mechanics to chemical structures, energetics, internal motions of molecules, and chemical reactions. An introduction to the use of modern electronic structure software in chemistry.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 313 or CHEM 346 or PHYS 345.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 414  Catalysis  Units: 3.00  

An advanced treatment of the concepts and applications of catalysis, including the kinetics of catalysis and topics selected from the areas of homogeneous, heterogeneous, and biocatalysis.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 223 and CHEM 312.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 415  Electrochemistry and Electrocatalysis  Units: 3.00  

The course covers concepts of equilibrium electrochemistry and examines the structure of the electrode-solution interface. It discusses the basics of electron transfer and derives electrochemical kinetics equations. It shows examples of several electrochemical reactions and overviews experimental methods used to study electrochemical phenomena.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12O;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 212 and CHEM 221.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 417  Research Project  Units: 9.00  

In this course, projects will be assigned requiring design and synthesis in the solution of problems in engineering chemistry, using principles and concepts discussed in previous courses. Originality and innovation are encouraged. Students are required to significantly contribute to the design of original experiments, and independently analyze, interpret and communicate the results, both orally and in writing. (0/76/0/32/0)

Requirements: Must be registered in BASC  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 421  Advanced Methods Physical Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

Modern spectroscopic methods for the structural and electronic characterization of molecules will be discussed, including: NMR, X-ray and synchrontron-based spectroscopies, laser spectroscopy, surface spectroscopic methods and scanning probe methods.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 313 or PHYS 345. Corequisite CHEM 322.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 422  Synthetic Organic Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

Modern synthetic methods in organic chemistry. Principles of strategy in planning organic syntheses based on simple classifications of reagents and reactions, and on the control of stereochemistry.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 311.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 423  Topics in Inorganic and Organometallic Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

An examination of aspects of modern inorganic and organometallic chemistry. Topics will include metal-ligand bonding in organometallic complexes, applications of organometallics in organic synthesis, metal-metal bonding in dinuclear and polynuclear metal complexes, and may include reaction mechanisms of transition metal complexes, bioinorganic chemistry, and symmetry.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 312.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 424  Polymer Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

Specific properties of polymers (glass transition, crystallinity, polydispersity, etc.) and their dependence on macromolecular structure and isomerism. Polymer synthesis overview: step and chain polymerization (free-radical, ionic and insertion mechanisms) and reactions on polymers. Examples of polymers and their uses.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 223.  
Course Equivalencies: CHEM424, CHEM450  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 425  Self Assembly and Materials  Units: 3.00  

Four topics covering a range of self-assembled molecular systems will be discussed: monolayers and bilayers, block co-polymers, nanoparticles, and liquid crystals. Material properties, synthetic methods and application of these systems in current and emerging technologies, including nanotechnologies, will be covered.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 221 and CHEM 223.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 490  Computer Control&Data Process  Units: 4.50  

Requirements: (CHEM272 AND CHEM244)  
Offering Term: F  
Offering Faculty: Fac of Engineering Appl Sci  
CHEM 497  Research Project  Units: 6.00  

A full-year research project on a topic in chemistry, supervised by a member of staff. Normally limited to students in the final year of a major or subject of specialization concentration in Chemistry. May be taken in the Summer Term with permission. Additional restrictions may apply.
NOTE Lab coat estimated cost $27; goggles estimated cost $17.
LEARNING HOURS 240 (216Lb;24P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 397. Exclusion CHEM 498; CHEM 499.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 498  Research Project I  Units: 3.00  

A Fall Term research project on a topic in chemistry, supervised by a member of staff. Normally limited to students in the final year of a major or subject of specialization concentration in Chemistry; where appropriate, students in a  Chemistry Medial program may take the course with permission of the Department. Additional restrictions may apply.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (108Lb;12P)

Requirements: Prerequisite Review the information included in the course description and/or contact the Chemistry Department. Exclusion CHEM 497.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 499  Research Project II  Units: 3.00  

A Winter Term research project on a topic in chemistry, supervised by a member of staff. Normally limited to students in the final year of a major or subject of specialization concentration in Chemistry; where appropriate, students in a Chemistry Medial program may take the course with permission of the Department. Additional restrictions may apply.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (108Lb;12P)

Requirements: Prerequisite Review the information included in the course description and/or contact the Chemistry Department. Exclusion CHEM 497.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 594  Independent Study  Units: 3.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 595  Independent Study  Units: 6.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 598  Independent Study  Units: 9.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 801  Safety In The Laboratory  Units: 3.00  

An introduction to safety procedures and the safe handling of chemical compounds and equipment in the laboratory.  This non-credit course is offered every year to students from other departments.  Fall.  R. Boswell.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 802  Chemistry Seminar Program  Units: 3.00  

Based on the regular departmental seminar program offered during the fall, winter and summer, this non-credit course is to be taken every year by all graduate students. As part of this course Master's and Ph.D. students must attend a minimum number of departmental seminars. In addition, Ph.D. students will present one seminar on their research prior to their Ph.D. thesis submission. Fall/Winter/Summer.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 803  Principles of Scientific Communication  Units: 3.00  

Principles of scientific verbal and written communication in Chemistry. Topics include computer literature searching, scientific writing techniques (for research reports, journal manuscripts, and theses), oral and poster conference presentations, and communication skills as teaching assistantships. Assignments will include completion of online course modules on scientific communication from MyGradSkills.ca. Winter term.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 805  NMR Methods for Structural Identification  Units: 1.50  

An introductory course on identification of organic and organometallic compounds using multinuclear NMR techniques. The focus will be on practical applications for those working in synthetic chemistry.  Fall. F. Sauriol.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 806  Multidimensional NMR Techniques  Units: 1.50  

Advanced methods for the identification of organic and organometallic compounds using multinuclear NMR techniques. The focus will be on practical applications for those working in synthetic chemistry. Fall; F. Sauriol.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 810  Materials Charateriz. Methods  Units: 1.50  

A survey of materials characterisation methods with an emphasis on practical applications in materials and polymer chemistry.Techniques will include electron microscopy, scanning probe methods, photoelectron & Auger spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry and powder X-ray diffraction methods. Fall;  P. Loock.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 814  Carbohydrate Chemistry  Units: 1.50  

An introduction to the chemistry of carbohydrates: Monosaccharides and their derivatives; Strategies for making glycosidic bonds and synthesizing oligosaccharides; Chemical and biochemical aspects of complex oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates. (1.5 credit units)

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 817  Industrial Syn. Of Fine Chem.  Units: 1.50  

Industrial processes for the synthesis of vitamins, pharmaceuticals and related fine chemicals represent practical solutions to complex problems in chemical synthesis; selected case studies will be examined.  Fall; M.M. Green

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 819  Topics In Phys & Theo Chem  Units: 1.50  

A critical review of the current research literature with strong emphasis on student discussions and presentations. Topics are selected from recent examples in the literature and may include light-matter interactions, nanostructures, surface probe studies, computational methods and other examples in physical chemistry and molecular physics. Fall. P. Loock.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 820  Magnetic Resonance  Units: 1.50  

This course will cover subject areas of magnetic resonance spectroscopy including nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Not offered 2010-2011. 

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 834  Molec Orbitals & Structures  Units: 1.50  

An overview of modern computational techniques and software for the determination of molecular orbitals and structures. Intended as a general introduction for graduate students of all disciplines. Winter; N. Cann

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 838  Numerical Methods In Chemistry  Units: 1.50  

Topics include numerical integration, numerical treatment of differential equations, interpolation, Fourier transforms, regression. Concepts in Fortran programming are also introduced. Winter; N. Mosey.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 840  Modern Mass Spectrometry  Units: 1.50  

An introduction to modern mass spectrometry. Instruments and the various methods of forming or introducing ions into the gas phase will be discussed and mass spectra will be interpreted.  Fall; D. Beauchemin.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 842  Appls Modern Mass Spectrometry  Units: 1.50  

This module focuses after a brief review of ionisation techniques and current mass spectrometric equipment on novel hybrid-tandem-MS instruments and current applications of mass spectrometry in different areas of the life sciences. Topics include, but are not limited to, atomic composition determination, identification methods for proteins and determination of post-translational modifications such as phosphorylation or glycosylation now widely used in the evolving field of proteomics, studies of non-covalent biomolecule interactions and new high-throughput screening techniques as employed in drug or catalyst development.  Winter; J. Wang. 

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 850  Polymer Physical Chemistry  Units: 1.50  

Specific properties of polymers (glass transition, crystallinity, poly-dispersity, etc.) and their dependence on macromolecular structure and isomerism.  Not offered 2010-2011. 

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 853  Polymer Synthesis  Units: 1.50  

Polymer synthesis overview: step and chain polymerization (free-radical, ionic and insertion mechanisms) and reactions on polymers. Examples of polymers and their uses.  Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 854  Polymer Character. In Solution  Units: 1.50  

Dilute polymer solutions and phase separation behaviour. Polymer characterization including vapour pressure lowering, ebulliometry, osmometry, viscometry, gel permeation chromatography, light scattering and ultracentrifuge methods. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 855  Poly. Character In Solid State  Units: 1.50  

An overview of various methods to characterize polymers in the solid state, including thermal analysis, spectroscopy (infrared, ultraviolet-visible, and nuclear magnetic resonance), microscopy, and mechanical analysis.  Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 857  Engr. Properties Of Polymers  Units: 1.50  

Relationships between macromolecular structure, the physical properties of polymeric materials, and applications. Topics include conformation and configuration, the glass transition, rubber elasticity, flammability, viscoelasticity, yielding, and fracture. Case studies in material selection will be included.  Fall. S. Hesp.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 860  X-Ray Crystallography I  Units: 1.50  

X-ray diffraction theory, crystal symmetry and International Tables in space groups. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 861  X-Ray Crystallography II  Units: 1.50  

The practical aspects of x-ray diffraction analysis, including data collection, structural solution and refinement. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 863  Transition metal catalysis for organic synthesis  Units: 1.50  

A review of the basic reactions involving transition metal catalysts in transformations of organic compounds. Fundamental reactions such as oxidative addition, reductive elimination, migratory insertions and transmetallations will be covered. Different types of ligands and their bonding properties will also be covered. Reactions of importance to organic chemistry including hydrogenations, oxidations,cross coupling reactions, metathesis and other pertinent reactions will be covered. Offered jointly with CHEM-414.
EXCLUSION: CHEM-414

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 866  Supramolecular Chemistry  Units: 1.50  

A Study of the intramolecular forces responsible for molecular recognition and host/guest interactions in organic and inorganic supramolecular cpmplexes, including rotaxanes and catenanes. Synthesis, characterization, and applications of supramolecular complexes in catalysis, biomimicry, and nanotechnology. Winter; D. Macartney

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 867  Bio-Inorganic Chemistry  Units: 1.50  

Kinetics and mechanisms of reactions of transition metals in biological systems, including metalloproteins and metalloenzymes. Roles of metals in hydrolytic and redox enzymes, oxygen transport, development of model systems. Winter. D. Macartney. 

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 869  Inorganic/Organometallie Chem.  Units: 1.50  

Topics to be covered in this course include (a) luminescent/ electroluminescent compounds, (b) fullerene chemistry and (c) magnetic and electronic materials.  Fall. M. Baird.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 873  Optical Spectros Chem Analysis  Units: 1.50  

An examination of advanced methods of analysis using optical spectroscopic methods, with an emphasis on instrument components, such as laser light sources, charge-coupled and other solid state detectors, fibre-optics and optical waveguide technologies.  Examples will be selected from  ultraviolet-visible and infrared absorbance and luminescence measurements, spectroscopic imaging, cavity and loop ringdown spectroscopy, graphite furnace atomic absorption and ICP optical emission spectroscopy. Winter. S. Brown.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 879  Chemical Separations  Units: 1.50  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 880  Modern Synthetic Methods  Units: 1.50  

A discussion of some modern methods used in organic synthesis with an emphasis on stereoselective reactions; illustrations of the value and scope of the methods and applications in the synthesis of complex molecules.  Winter. R. Whitney.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 882  Mechanistic Organic Chemistry  Units: 1.50  

Physical basis for organic chemistry, dealing with specific mechanistic pathways and the tools necessary for the understanding of organic reaction mechanisms. Fall. R. Stanley Brown.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 883  Bio-Organic Chemistry  Units: 1.50  

Enzyme mechanisms and inhibition, catalytic antibodies, stereochemical and other biological probes. Phosphoryl group transfer reactions. Winter. A. Petitjean.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 891  Topics In Chirality  Units: 1.50  

A review of topics in chirality research to be given by a changing group of experts in the field. Topics may include: Chirality transfer; Chiral catalysis; Chiral materials; Chiral photonics; and Chiral separations.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 892  Scientific Ethics  Units: 1.50  

A survey of the principles of scientific ethics, particularly for those who plan to supervise and conduct research in an academic or industrial setting. Topics will include an introduction to morals and ethical theory, the concept and development of professions, and ethical problem solving. The course will include a series of case studies.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 893  Experimental Design  Units: 1.50  

The statistical design of experiments and the analysis of data in chemical synthesis and chemical process investigations are considered. Empirical modelling of process behaviour is studied. Applications of factorial and fractional factorial experimental designs in screening studies and methods of response surface exploration are examined.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 894  Business skills in the chemical industry  Units: 1.50  

A review of business skills critical for success of the technical professional in the chemical industry. Topics may include an introduction to financial accounting, organizational design, managing systems, marketing and business strategy, and planning for innovation.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 899  Master's Thesis Research  Units: 6.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 904  Science Leadership and Management  Units: 3.00  

The Science Leadership and Management course will be delivered over twelve 3-hour sessions to Chemistry and Physics students in either of the first two years of their PhD studies (or other graduate students with permission from the course coordinator and supervisor). The first and last four-week sessions will focus on the development and application of leadership skills, and the second four-week session will focus on the development of management skills, that are useful in scientific positions in industry and academia. To be offered every fall; graded Pass/Fail. Exclusion: PHYS-904*

Offering Faculty: School of Graduate Studies  
CHEM 905  CO2: A Scientific & Social Perspective  Units: 3.00  

This multidisciplinary course main objective is to learn about the social and scientific concepts behind CO2 utilization. The participants will learn the basic chemistry of CO2 and the current ways to sequester and use CO2 at the laboratory and industrial scales. They will also learn about the impact of CO2 on society and climate change, the economic advantages of CO2 utilization and the legal and political aspects related to this modem challenge. This online course will consist of 13 lectures of 2-3 hours given by specialists in the field of CO2 utilization. They are members and collaborators of the CREATE center on CO2 utilization and are professors in chemistry, chemical engineering, geological engineering, economy and law.

Offering Faculty: School of Graduate Studies  
CHEM 910  Drug Discovery  Units: 3.00  

The role of the medicinal chemist in industry will be explained by way of lectures covering general drug discovery concepts.A team-based exercise mirroring a real-life drug discovery project will also take place in conjunction with the lectures.  Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 912  Green Chemistry  Units: 1.50  

An introduction to the design of chemical products, reagents, syntheses and solvents for the reduction of the environmental impact of human activities. Design strategies and impact prediction will be emphasized.Offered biannually. Not offered 2010-2011. 

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 913  Organic Free Radical Chemistry  Units: 1.50  

Structure, stability, persistence, and reactions of organic free radicals; common chain and non-chain radical reactions; mechanisms of initiation, propagation and termination; methods of studying the kinetics of radical reactions; common radical reactions in organic synthesis and applications in natural product synthesis; radicals in biology: lipid peroxidation, radical-trapping antioxidants, radical-based enzymes. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 914  Asymmetric Synthesis  Units: 1.50  

Asymmetric hydrogenations and oxidations will be covered with a mechanistic perspective (Nobel prize 2001).Carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions will then be described including nucleophilic additions and cyclopropanations. Asymmetric epoxidation and aziridination will be described. Modern asymmetric reactions including organo catalytic reactions and autocatalytic reactions will also be discussed. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 915  Biosynthesis of Natural Products  Units: 1.50  

This course will serve as an introduction to altering protein structure and function, including catalysis, using rational design and directed evolution (or "irrational") approaches. Basic principles will be discussed in the context of examples selected from the literature. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 916  Strategies In Total Synthesis  Units: 1.50  

A discussion of syntheses of complex organic molecules selected from pharmaceutical, natural product, and materials science areas using retrosynthetic analysis concepts. Illustrated syntheses will incorporate fundamentally important and currently significant synthetic methodologies as practiced in small scale academic and process scale industrial laboratories. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: School of Graduate Studies  
CHEM 917  Microfluidics  Units: 1.50  

This course will cover subject areas ranging from the fundamentals of microfluidics and nanofluidics suitable for beginners to the examination of applications of microfluidics for end users. A range of devices will be shown and described with various applications ranging from organic synthesis to biochemical analysis. Class participants will learn fabrication and characterization strategies for microfluidic components as well as fluid manipulation and detection methodologies applied to minute volume fluid samples. Winter. R. Oleschuk.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 918  Scanning Probe Methods  Units: 1.50  

The theory and practice of scanning probe techniques, including scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) and related techniques. Applications to modern research in surface and interfacial chemistry. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 919  Solid State Chemistry  Units: 1.50  

Introductory solid state theory from the chemist's perspective: free electron metals, Bloch functions and LCAO description of solids.Experimental determination of band structure using photoelectron spectroscopy. Application to material properties such as conductivity, superconductivity, and semiconductors. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 920  Photochemistry & Spectroscopy  Units: 1.50  

Topics include photon absorption, potential energy surfaces and conservation laws, experimental observables and techniques. Laser techniques and molecular beam techniques will be discussed. Laboratory experiments will be related to atmospheric and environmental chemistry. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 931  Angular Momentum Theory  Units: 3.00  

Topics include the density matrix formulation, coupling of more than two angular momenta, spherical tensor representations and the Wigner-Eckart theorem. Emphasis will be placed on applications in molecular physics. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 933  Organic Electronics  Units: 1.50  

A survey of the basis of molecular electronics, from the molecule properties, to the device behaviour. A critical discussion of organic semiconductors is given in view of its differences with inorganic semiconductors. Future developments such as single molecule devices, molecular sensing and bio-compatible devices are emphasized. Fall. J.M. Nunzi.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 936  Advanced Quantum Mechanics  Units: 1.50  

Topics selected from relativistic electron theory, scattering theory, quantum field theory, wavepacket dynamics, approximation methods, semiclassical limits, and tunnelling. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 937  Advanced Statistical Mechanics  Units: 1.50  

The application of statistical mechanics to fluids and interfaces. Topics include classical intermolecular and intramolecular potentials, molecular dynamics simulations, Monte Carlo simulations, and analytical theories. Fall. N. Cann.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 938  Density Functional Theory  Units: 1.50  

An introduction to the techniques and applications of density functional theory. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 939  Quantum Mechs In Continuum  Units: 1.50  

Most undergraduate quantum courses treat only bound states but much of chemistry occurs in the continuum. This course offers an introduction to the ideas used to understand how molecules fall apart and combine allowing us to apply quantum mechanics to study photodissociation and chemical reactions. Fall. T. Carrington.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 942  Density Matrix Theory  Units: 1.50  

The theoretical background of density matrix theory and its applications in spectroscopy, particularly multi-dimensional NMR. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 945  Interfacial Electrochemistry  Units: 1.50  

Topics to be covered in this module may include: (a) definition of the electrochemical solid-liquid electrified interface, (b) selected electrochemical techniques (cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical quartz-crystal nanobalance, STM under electrochemical conditions), (c) adsorption at electrode surfaces, (d) under-potential deposition of hydrogen, (e) under-potential deposition of metals, (f) interfacial thermodynamics, and (g) electro-oxidation of noble-metal electrodes. Winter. G. Jerkiewicz.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 954  Polymer Supramolecular Organ.  Units: 1.50  

Liquid crystalline polymers, spontaneous order and induced order in polymers specifically designed to mimic supramolecular association and recognition. Dendrimers, block structures, and associated surfaces will be included. Fall. G. Liu.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 960  Luminescent Materials Chem.  Units: 1.50  

This course introduces the current topics in luminescent materials chemistry including photophysical and photochemical properties of transition metal and main group compounds, and characterization methods.The design and synthetic aspects of luminescent materials and their applications in sensing and optoelectronic devices, and photocatalysis will also be discussed. Winter. S. Wang

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 972  Environmental Chemical Sensors  Units: 1.50  

An overview of chemical sensor and biosensor technology as applied to environmental monitoring. Electrochemical and optical sensors will be discussed, including the fundamental principles behind sensor operation. Performance parameters, such as sensitivity, selectivity, reusability, stability and response will be covered.  Detection applications include solvents in air and groundwater, organic contaminants and heavy metals in water and wastewater, and biological contaminants in drinking water. Fall. I. Kozin.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 975  Icp - Mass Spectrometry  Units: 1.50  

A detailed description of the technique, means of circumventing its limitations and expanding its capabilities. Examples of applications, including environmental analysis. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 983  Solving Reaction Mechanisms  Units: 1.50  

The practical application of basic principles of mechanistic organic chemistry in solving reaction mechanism problems drawn from the chemical literature. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 984  Liquid Crystals  Units: 1.50  

Fundamental aspects of liquid crystal science at the interface of chemistry and condensed matter physics. Topics will include mesophase structure and characterization, chiral liquid crystals, polymeric liquid crystals, and liquid crystal technology.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 987  Biomimetic Chemistry  Units: 1.50  

Topics covered include enzyme models, synzymes, effective molarity, supramolecular chemistry and binding, nucleic acid and peptide mimics, and enzyme inhibitors. Not offered 2010-2011.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 999  Ph. D. Thesis Research  Units: 6.00  

NOTE: All courses offered in the Civil Engineering Department are of one term in length. Examinations are held at the end of each term. All listed courses may not be offered each year.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science