Date Initially Approved: January 2015
Date of Last Revision: February 2017, December 2020
Approver: The person with the authority to make approvals under this policy. Normally the manager or supervisor of the claimant. Research related travel must also be approved by the Principal Investigator (PI) or their delegate.
Claimant: Any person making a claim under the terms of this policy including requesting a cash advance.
Claimant Delegate: Employees who can prepare expense reports on behalf of the Claimant.
Approver Delegate: Employees who can approve expense reports on behalf of the Approver.
Purpose/Reason for Policy:
The travel and expense policy provides a framework for reimbursement of reasonable business expenses while ensuring the effective use of public resources, transparency, and accountability.
Scope of this Policy:
This policy applies to all University travel and related expenses and other expense reimbursements from all sources of funding administered by the University. When funding agency guidelines, the terms of a specific award, or the Professional Expense Reimbursement Procedure impose greater restrictions, the more stringent requirements will apply. All non-travel expense reimbursements must also comply with Procurement policy and procedures, and legislation, as applicable.
Queen's University is considered a designated Broader Public Sector (BPS) organization and is required to comply with directives issued under the authority of the Broader Public Sector Accountability Act.
This policy applies to all Queen's Faculty, staff, students, and non-employees who incur business related expenses on behalf of the University.
The BPS Expense Directive prohibits reimbursement of incidental or food expenses for consultants or contractors.
Queen's University will reimburse reasonable and necessary travel or other expenses incurred while conducting University business. This policy is in accordance with applicable federal and provincial legislation including but not limited to legislation issued by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) and the Broader Public Sector (BPS) Accountability Act, 2010 and all related directives. Further information on expenses eligible for reimbursement is presented in Appendix I.
Responsibilities & Approvals:
Beginning January 1, 2021, all claims for reimbursements of expenses incurred by Queen’s Faculty, staff, and graduate students must be submitted through the university’s electronic expense reimbursement system (ERS).
Expense reimbursements may be audited by Internal Audit or external auditors, including funding agencies. Reimbursement of expenses does not, in itself, constitute ultimate approval and reimbursement may be subject to subsequent audit adjustment if expenses claimed are not allowable within this policy and/or applicable granting agency guidelines or awards.
One-over-one approval is required for all expense reimbursements, such that the approver is the person to whom a claimant reports. In addition, approval is required from the person with signing authority for the department, research project, or fund, if different from the individual exercising one up approval. Amounts claimed by a Principal Investigator on a research project must be approved by the Department Head or Dean.
Visiting researchers must have their expenses approved by the Department Head.
Requests for reimbursement should be submitted to the Financial Services Main Office within thirty (30) days following completion of each trip, or the date the expense was incurred, whichever is later. In the limited exceptional cases where an advance was received, claims to account for the advanced funds must be submitted within fifteen (15) days following the completion of the trip.
It would be unreasonable to expect reimbursement more than one year after related expenses have been incurred. If it has been more than one year after related expenses have been incurred, the request for reimbursement will require approval as per the exceptions section below.
It is the claimant's responsibility to:
- obtain pre-approval from the person to whom they report before committing funds for a trip involving any overnight stay as required;
- include an appropriate description of the purpose of travel or nature of expense claim;
- only claim reimbursement for actual out-of-pocket expenses for legitimate university business purposes (do not claim reimbursement for rewards points used);
- claim for reimbursement only expenses that are allowable within this policy and/or applicable granting agency guidelines or awards, whichever imposes greater restrictions;
- as applicable, include the affiliation of the claimant to the Principal Investigator (some funding agencies will disallow the expenses without this information);
- maintain appropriate documentation to justify the cost effectiveness of their travel arrangements, particularly if travel is funded from a research grant;
- retain original documentation to support the request for reimbursement;
- obtain proper approval for all expense claims;
- repay any overpayments or unused travel advances within 15 days of the return from travel, as these are considered a debt owing to the University;
- submit any claims for expense reimbursements before termination date, if leaving employment with Queen’s;
- in the case of receipts or documents scanned into the electronic reimbursement system:
- ensure image quality and authenticity of electronic receipts; and
- dispose of the original receipts and any other copies after payment of the claim.
It is the approver's responsibility to:
- ensure that the expenses have been incurred for legitimate university business purposes and are reasonable in the context of the university business activity;
- ensure that expenses claimed include all appropriate documentation, are coded to the correct chartfield(s), and are in accordance with this policy;
- ensure that you have the authority to approve the claim, or that delegated approval authority is documented (when applicable). Individuals with delegated signing authority cannot approve their own expense report or the expense reports of those to whom they report; and
- verify image quality of electronic receipts.
For research related travel, it is the Principal Investigator's responsibility to:
- ensure that expenses have been incurred for legitimate research purposes and are reasonable in the context of the research grant;
- ensure that expenses claimed are in accordance with applicable granting agency requirements, or with the terms of the specific award, whichever imposes the greater restrictions; and
- find another eligible source of funding for the travel in a situation where a Principal Investigator has no grant funding to cover expense reimbursements. If no other eligible source of funding exists, the Principal Investigator will not be reimbursed.
Financial Services is responsible for reviewing travel and expense claims to ensure that:
- claims have been approved;
- expense reimbursements are in accordance with the existing policy and procedures, applicable granting agency requirements, or the terms of the specific award, whichever imposes the greatest restrictions; and
- verify image quality of electronic receipts.
Financial Services is responsible for withholding reimbursement that contravenes university policies, granting agency requirements, or the terms of a research award.
Exceptions to this policy can be made by the Principal, or a Vice-Principal, Associate Vice-Principal, Dean, Associate Dean, Vice-Dean, Vice-Provost, University Librarian, or Associate University Librarian. In all cases, one over one approval is required for exceptions. For example, a Dean may not approve an exception for him or herself. All such exceptions must be documented for audit purposes. The approval documentation must be included with the expense report. For paper (non-ERS) claims, the documentation may consist of a hard copy original signature, or an email directly from the Individual who is giving approval.
Appendix I - Travel and Expense Reimbursement Policy
Text in this document that has been prefaced with "information specific to research travel" is supplementary information that has been included to assist Principal Investigators in maintaining compliance with funding agency requirements.
All travel and other expenses must be incurred for approved University business. Personal expenses will not be reimbursed.
Any travel or other expenses paid for by the University may not be used by the claimant for income tax purposes.
All requests for reimbursement must provide an explanation of the nature of the University business along with the date(s) and place of the event.
Individuals are responsible for making travel arrangements that provide adequate standards of comfort, convenience, safety and efficiency, and is the most economical option under the circumstances. The University has made special arrangements with certain suppliers to help claimants obtain the best price for services needed. For the most current list of preferred suppliers please visit the Strategic Procurement Services website.
In instances not covered by this policy or in unusual circumstances, the claimant and the approver should apply judgment to ensure that the expense is reasonable under the circumstances. Claimants should refer questions to approvers. If the approver is unsure, they should consult with Financial Services.
Travel arrangements booked and invoiced through a travel agency must be approved by the traveler’s one-up. If you plan to use a travel agent to book travel that will be paid for by a research grant, please review this important information on paying travel agents using a research grant before booking your travel.
Individual, itemized receipts must be attached to each expense report. This is a mandatory requirement for all travel related expenses, except for the following four expense types for which no receipt is required: Per diems for meals (as noted in Section C); gratuitous accommodations; mileage; and minor expenses (non-meal items under $10).
The university uses electronic images of original paper and electronic invoices and receipts as part of its usual course of business. The preparer of the payment / reimbursement request is responsible for ensuring the quality, accuracy, reliability and authenticity of the scanned images in the university’s expense reimbursement system (ERS). The university considers the payment / reimbursement records in the ERS to be the originals for business retention and audit purposes. The electronic image shall be stored in the ERS for a minimum of seven years.
Faculty and Staff that are travelling on University business may request a Travel Credit Card (Tcard), to eliminate the need to incur such costs on personal credit cards. Individuals that receive a TCard need to comply with the Travel Credit Card (Tcard) Policy and related procedures. Faculty and Staff are encouraged to use these cards, as they reduce University costs (such as insurance costs) and eliminate the need for the majority of travel advances. Faculty and Staff will not be issued travel advances for costs that can be paid for through a Queen’s TCard.
For any costs pre-paid through a TCard, reimbursement can be claimed any time after booking is finalized. Any later credits due to changes or cancellations must also be submitted through an expense reimbursement claim. Any subsequent reimbursement claims submitted for the related trip shall reference any expense prepayment claims made previously, in the comments for the claim in the ERS.
For paper (non-ERS) claims, if the receipts submitted are not original paper copies, then it must be noted on the claim that that is the case, and that the Approver has verified that those expenses have not been included in any previous claims.
Claimants are expected to obtain the lowest logical fare by taking advantage of seat sales, one stop flights, connection flights, penalty or non-refundable fares, Saturday night stay overs, and advance purchase fares, all of which may result in a fare much lower than economy.
1. Air Travel
Because significant savings can be realized by making reservations in advance, all employees should plan their travel at least 14 days prior to departure, if possible. Claimants are expected to book economy air fare when making travel reservations.
Cost of flight cancellation insurance is an allowable expense. However, there are very few categories of cancellation that are covered by this insurance, and most claimants will find that it is not economical.
The university does not reimburse for airfare purchased with frequent flyer points. Only the out-of-pocket expense is reimbursable to the Claimant.
For a list of suppliers offering preferential rates to individuals travelling on Queen's University business, please visit the Strategic Procurement Services website.
Information specific to research travel - If expenses are being funded by a US Federal Government research grant and travel is in the US, the "Fly America Act" must be adhered to.
i. Class of Service
The standard class of service for air travel is economy fare. Under extenuating circumstances, such as documented medical reasons or for continuous air travel exceeding nine hours, business class service may be reimbursable provided it is preapproved by a Vice-Principal, Associate Vice-Principal, Dean, Associate Dean, Vice-Dean, Vice-Provost, University Librarian, or Associate University Librarian. In all cases, one over one approval is required. Continuous air travel starts at the scheduled departure time, and ends with the arrival at destination or with an overnight stop or layover equivalent to an overnight stop.
The lack of availability of economy seats due to late travel arrangements which could reasonably have been avoided through better planning would generally not be viewed as adequate justification for business class travel.
Information specific to research travel - Business class travel is not permitted by most research funding agencies unless there is a medical reason for the requirement and the funding agency pre-approves the expense.
ii. Receipt Requirement
Itemized Receipts which would indicate the method of payment, the amount paid by the claimant, and the amount of taxes levied must be submitted with expense reports. Submissions must include one of the following items:
- For a paper ticket: customer portion of ticket identified as “Customer / Passenger Coupon” and/or “Not good for passage”.
- For an electronic ticket: Copy of the ticket confirmation. If proof of payment is not indicated on the above items, additional proof of payment is required (i.e. a copy of credit card statement).
While a boarding pass is not required other acceptable documentation that identifies the city and dates travelled (for example, hotel bill, meal receipts, taxi chits) must be provided. In cases where the only expense being claimed is the airfare, and it was not a prepayment made through a Travel Credit Card (TCard), a paper boarding pass or a copy of the electronic boarding pass that clearly indicates the flight information is required.
Itemized receipts must be attached to each expense report. If receipts are lost, destroyed, or stolen, an explanation and alternative evidence of expenditure must be provided as part of the request for reimbursement (a Missing Receipt Affidavit in the Expense Reimbursement System (ERS)) must be provided by the claimant and approved by the approver before the expense report will be processed.
iii. Other Charges
Charges for use of airport lounges are not allowed. Cost of advanced seat selection or flight cancellation insurance are allowed in situations where it is required. If such costs are incurred, the reasoning must be documented in the claim submitted.
2. Rail Travel
Rail travel is expected to be at the best value for money consideration. Queen’s University employees are eligible for a corporate discount with VIA Rail Canada which should be noted at time of booking (employee ID is required, discount code 709508).
Information specific to research travel - Business class (Via 1) must be demonstrated to be the most economical method of travel and be approved by the traveler’s one-up.
3. Vehicle Rental
Rental cars should be used when they provide the most economical form of transportation. In many cases one-day vehicle rental is more economical than public transportation or use of private automobile. The standard for vehicle rental is a mid-size car. The costs of the rental vehicle plus fuel are allowable expenses. All vehicle rentals should be paid for on a Travel Credit Card (TCard), for insurance purposes.
For a list of suppliers offering preferential rates to individuals travelling on Queen’s University business, please visit the Strategic Procurement Services website.
Traffic fines (such as parking or speeding tickets) are not allowable expenses.
The University carries collision damage and comprehensive perils insurance, so the purchase of additional insurance on rental cars should be unnecessary in most cases if renting a vehicle in North America, when paid for on a Travel Credit Card (TCard). If rental vehicle charges are not placed on the TCard, then the renter will not have Collision Damage Waiver coverage for the rental under university policies, and this coverage would need to be purchased from the rental company. All vehicle rental agreements must be in the name of ‘Queen’s University’ to avoid being personally liable, and should adhere to the procedures and requirements as described on the Queen’s Insurance website which includes a list of covered vehicles under the Corporate Travel Card.
4. Use of Employee Owned Vehicle
It is recommended that a personally owned vehicle be used only for short journeys where this constitutes the most economical and effective means of transportation considering all factors such as costs, time constraints, itinerary etc. The current rate of reimbursement is fixed at $0.55 per km.
Personally owned vehicles may only be used for trips within a 500km radius of Kingston. If a private automobile is used out of personal preference beyond this radius, reimbursement will be limited to the cost of the most economical alternative mode of travel. The cost must be evaluated on a person by person basis. An individual cannot claim mileage for a vehicle unless it is owned by themselves or a spouse or partner. For the protection of all parties, the university does not permit the borrowing of a vehicle; instead a rental vehicle should be used. Traffic fines (such as parking or speeding tickets) are not allowable expenses.
If a private automobile is used for approved University purposes, the owner must ensure that the personal car insurance on the vehicle is adequate. A minimum of $1,000,000 third party liability insurance is recommended. It is highly recommended that prior to the use of personally owned vehicles for business use, the Queen’s Insurance website be reviewed for further information related to auto insurance.
The standard for accommodation is a single room with a private bath in a business class hotel. Use of luxury accommodation will not be reimbursed. Within Canada, the CAUBO website may serve as a guide for the cost, location, and selection of accommodation. Outside Canada, the federal government hotel directory may serve as a guide for the location and selection of accommodation. For a list of suppliers offering preferential rates to individuals travelling on Queen's University business, please visit the Strategic Procurement Services website.
i. Accommodation with Friends and Relatives (Gratuitous Accommodation)
Persons staying with relatives or friends may claim $30 per night in lieu of accommodation cost. No receipt is required.
ii. Accommodation for Extended Periods of Time
Persons required to stay in one location for a continuous period of one month or more shall obtain appropriate approvals in advance of travel, to make reasonable living arrangements. Where possible and more cost-effective, accommodation bookings on a weekly or monthly basis should be arranged.
Travelers may obtain reimbursement for meals using either per diems, or actual costs by submitting itemized receipts. Only one method may be used per claim.
When meals are included in the transportation fare, or in the cost of the conference fees, no claim for meals should be made.
Per diem amounts are limited to daily maximums as detailed in the table below. No receipts are required.
Travel in Canada
Travel Outside of Canada
If travelling for one meal period, the claimant will only be reimbursed for the per diem allowance for that particular meal. For example, if breakfast and lunch are included in a conference fee, only a dinner allowance may be claimed.
Reimbursements based on receipts
For reimbursements based on receipts, meal reimbursement is limited to Treasury Board of Canada Meal Allowances (Appendix C, Module 1.2). Amounts are stated in Canadian dollars for travel within Canada and in US dollars for travel in the USA. If travelling for more than one meal period, the maximum daily reimbursement will be calculated based on the total for all applicable meals, rather than by individual meal. If travelling for one meal period, the claimant will only be reimbursed up to the amount stipulated under the Treasury Board of Canada Meal Allowance for that particular meal. Alcohol will not be reimbursed, except in the limited circumstances as defined by the Hospitality Policy. Fully itemized receipts are required for each meal to be reimbursed based on receipts.
Tips and Gratuities
For all tips or gratuities in excess of $10 for a single receipted meal in addition to the itemized meal receipt proof of payment of the gratuity must accompany the request for reimbursement. This situation is expected to occur only in unusual circumstances.
D. OTHER ELIGIBLE EXPENSES
In general, an expense incurred as a result of business conducted on behalf of Queen's University is permissible and reimbursable.
i. Bus (intercity) and taxi fares
Receipts must accompany the request for reimbursement. The business purpose of the travel must be indicated on the expense report.
ii. Telephone charges
Employees travelling on business trips will be reimbursed for reasonable, necessary personal calls home for each night away; and additional business expenses such as:
- Business calls
- Internet connections and computer access charges
- Facsimile transmissions
- Photocopying services
Cost of parking and tolls may be claimed. Receipts must accompany the expense report.
iv. Health Insurance
The supplementary medical plan provided to Queen's employees provides coverage for most medical costs outside of Canada not covered by OHIP. If you are unsure of your eligibility for coverage under this plan, contact Human Resources. In the event that additional health insurance is required, the cost of additional health insurance during travel outside of Canada is eligible for reimbursement.
v. Visas and Immunization
The cost of a visa plus the cost of required immunizations for international travel will be reimbursed.
vi. Conference/Course Fees
Registration fees for courses, conferences, or seminars should be paid by procurement card whenever possible. Requests for reimbursement for courses, conferences, or seminars must be accompanied by the course or conference itinerary or syllabus. Submission of course fees for reimbursement must be accompanied by proof of successful completion of the course. If the course is to be funded through the Human Resources Tuition Assistance Program Professional Development Fund, it must follow the guidelines of that program.
E. PROFESSIONAL EXPENSE REIMBURSEMENTS
Members of the Queen’s University Faculty Association (QUFA) will be reimbursed for expenses related to maintaining and enhancing their academic and professional competence, and respective disciplinary or specialist expertise in accordance with the QUFA Collective Agreement. Expenditures must be incurred by the member for actual out-of-pocket expenses during the period of employment with Queen’s University for expenses that are allowable within this policy and all related policies, procedures, and guidelines. All goods and equipment reimbursed remain the property of Queen’s University.
Personal expenses, such as fines, interest charges, personal living expenses, and home office items are not allowable expenses. Office furniture purchased for use on Queen’s University property must adhere to the technical furniture specifications as set out by Queen’s Furniture Standards. Queen’s Vendor of Record should be used for all office furniture purchases.
F. MISCELLANEOUS MATTERS
i. Foreign Exchange
The ERS will perform currency exchange calculations based on the location of the expense and the date of the receipt and enter the Canadian amount in the expense report. A claimant may over-ride the exchange rate if the amount charged to the claimant's credit card is higher than the exchange rate showing in the ERS. If overridden, a comment or documentation supporting the rate applied must be submitted with the expense report.
For claimants not able to use the ERS, amounts expended in foreign currencies must be translated to Canadian dollars using the Bank of Canada exchange rate unless a credit card statement rate or foreign exchange cash receipt rate is attached. Documentation supporting the rate applied must be submitted with the expense claim. Amounts can be converted using actual daily exchange rates, or the average rate for the month in which the travel occurred.
ii. Combining Personal with Business Travel
If an employee combines business travel with personal travel, expenses related to direct travel to the business event are reimbursable. The University will only reimburse the claimant for accommodation and meal costs for business travel days.
iii. Spousal/Family Member Travel
Expenses related to an employee’s spouse or family member are considered personal expenses and are not reimbursable. If there is a business purpose for their presence, pre-approval is required by the Principal, a Vice-Principal, Associate Vice-Principal, Dean, Associate Dean, Vice-Dean, Vice-Provost, University Librarian, or Associate University Librarian. Childcare expenses are not allowable, except on external research funds where allowed by the granting agency.
iv. Harmonized Sales Tax (HST)/Goods and Services Tax (GST) – as applicable
The University is eligible for a rebate on a portion of HST/GST paid. The ERS will automatically calculate the HST/GST portion of the receipts entered in most cases. If the Claimant is not using the ERS, they are responsible for indicating on the claim form, in the space provided, the amount of HST/GST paid. Specifically, the claimant must identify and add up all HST/GST detailed on invoices attached to their claim.
v. Sabbatical Leave Expenses
No living expenses will be reimbursed while on sabbatical, however, travel for approved University business to and from the sabbatical location and appropriate expenses will be reimbursed.
Information specific to research travel - The Tri-Council agencies (NSERC, SSHRC and CIHR) have very specific rules surrounding expenses incurred by grant holders while on sabbatical leave. Expenses incurred to conduct research field trips while on sabbatical leave are deemed eligible by the Tri-agencies and may include travel, accommodation and meal expenses. However, accommodation and meal expenses incurred at the official sabbatical location are deemed living expenses by the agencies and are thereby ineligible.
|Associate Director, General Accounting
|Date for next review
|Related Policies, Procedures, and Guidelines
|Policies Superseded by this Policy
|Policy for Travel and Related Expenses, Feb 2012